A deep-sky object is any astronomical object, not an individual star or Solar System object. The classification is used for the most part by amateur astronomers to denote visually observed faint naked eye and telescopic objects such as star clusters and galaxies; this distinction is practical and technical, implying a variety of instruments and techniques appropriate to observation, does not distinguish the nature of the object itself. Classifying non-stellar astronomical objects began soon after the invention of the telescope. One of the earliest comprehensive lists was Charles Messier's 1774 Messier catalog, which included 103 "nebulae" and other faint fuzzy objects he considered a nuisance since they could be mistaken for comets, the objects he was searching for; as telescopes improved these faint nebulae would be broken into more descriptive scientific classifications such as interstellar clouds, star clusters, galaxies. "Deep-sky object", as an astronomical classification for these objects, has its origins in the modern field of amateur astronomy.
The origin of the term is unknown but it was popularized by Sky & Telescope magazine's "Deep-Sky Wonders" column, which premiered in their first edition in 1941, created by Leland S. Copeland, written for the majority of its run by Walter Scott Houston, penned by Sue French. Houston's columns, book compilations of those columns, helped popularize the term, each month giving the reader a guided tour of a small part of the sky highlighting well known and lesser known objects for binoculars and small telescopes. There are many amateur astronomical activities associated with deep-sky objects; some of these objects are bright enough to see in binoculars and small telescopes. But the faintest objects need the light-gathering power of telescopes with large objectives, since they are invisible to the naked eye, can be hard to find; this has led to increased popularity in GoTo telescopes that can find DSOs automatically, large reflecting telescopes, such as Dobsonian style telescopes, with wide fields of view well suited for such observing.
Observing faint objects needs dark skies, so these portable types of telescopes lend themselves to the majority of amateurs who need to travel outside light polluted urban locations. To cut down light pollution and enhance contrast, observers employ "nebular filters" designed to admit certain wavelength and block others. There are organized activities associated with DSOs such as the Messier marathon, which occurs at a specific time each year and involves observers trying to spot all 110 Messier objects in one night. Since the Messier catalog objects were discovered with small 18th-century telescopes, it is a popular list with observers, being well within the grasp of most modern amateur telescopes. A much more demanding test known as the Herschel 400 is designed to tax larger telescopes and experienced amateur astronomers. There are many astronomical object types. Since the definition is objects that are non-Solar System and non-stellar the list includes: Star clusters Open clusters Globular clusters Nebulae Bright nebulae Emission nebulae Reflection nebulae Dark nebulae Planetary nebulae Galaxies Amateur telescope making Celestial cartography Shallow sky Star catalogue Star hopping Neil Bone, Wil Tirion, Deep Sky Observer's Guide.
Firefly Books, 2005. ISBN 1-55407-024-4. Jess K. Gilmour, The practical astronomer's deep-sky companion. Springer, 2003. ISBN 1-85233-474-6. Jack Newton, Philip Teece; the Guide to Amateur Astronomy. Cambridge University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-521-44492-6. W. H. Finlay, Concise Catalog of Deep-sky Objects: Astrophysical Information for 500 Galaxies and Nebulae. London: Springer, 2003. ISBN 1-85233-691-9. Includes the Messier objects, Herschel 400 & more. Roger Nelson Clark, Visual astronomy of the deep sky. CUP Archive, 1990. ISBN 0-521-36155-9. Burnham's Celestial Handbook by Jr.. Deep Sky Observer's Guide by Wil Tirion. Firefly Books, 2005. ISBN 1-55407-024-4; the practical astronomer's deep-sky companion by Jess K. Gilmour. Springer, 2003. ISBN 1-85233-474-6. Concise Catalog of Deep-sky Objects: Astrophysical Information for 500 Galaxies and Nebulae by W. H. Finlay. London: Springer, 2003. ISBN 1-85233-691-9. Includes the Messier objects, Herschel 400 & more Visual astronomy of the deep sky by Roger Nelson Clark.
CUP Archive, 1990. ISBN 0-521-36155-9. Deep Sky Observers Companion: Online deep sky object description database and observing planner Deep-sky object at Curlie clell.de, Deep Sky collections and catalogs similar to Messier's Sketch gallery of deep sky objects by Wes Stone
The Wheeler Dealers is a 1963 romantic comedy film produced by Martin Ransohoff, directed by Arthur Hiller, starring James Garner, Lee Remick, Phil Harris, Chill Wills, Jim Backus, Patricia Crowley. The film, distributed by Metro Goldwyn Mayer, was written by George Goodman and Ira Wallach, based on Goodman's 1959 novel of the same name. Garner called it "a borad comedy in which my character is a lot like Bret Maverick."Garner was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. Molly Thatcher is a stockbroker languishing in a New York company run by male chauvinist Bullard Bear; when the company does poorly, he has to fire somebody. As the only female broker, Molly is the obvious choice since dismissing a male broker would make people think the company is in trouble, he assigns her the impossible task of unloading shares of an obscure company called Universal Widgets, figuring that she will fail, he will have an excuse to fire her. Molly meets Henry Tyroon, an aggressive wheeler dealer who dresses and acts like a stereotypical Texas millionaire.
He is interested in her romantically, not Universal Widgets, but decides to help out in order to get closer to her. As they spend time together, Molly watches Henry make complicated business deals in partnership with his Texan cronies, Jay Ray, Ray Jay, J. R.. One example is speculative dealing in modern abstract art, with the aid of Stanislas, a cynical avant-garde painter. Molly and Henry have trouble figuring out Universal Widgets' reason for existence, it provides no services. It is just a corporation on paper whose sole asset is a huge block of shares in AT&T, bought long, long ago when the stock was ridiculously cheap. Now it pays out regular dividends to its few complacent shareholders; when Henry makes attempts to take control of Universal Widgets by what appears to be questionable methods, over-enthusiastic government regulator Hector Vanson takes him to court. Henry, against all advice, orders oil drilling done on the property, spreads rumors that investment banks are interested in the company, causing the share price to soar.
Further complications arise when Jay Ray, Ray Jay, J. R. get. She thinks, she discovers that he is an Easterner and a Yale University graduate. The judge dismisses the Federal Securities Commission case when it is determined that all the Universal Widgets shares are in the hands of just a handful of shareholders, not the general public. Henry and the Texan trio's shares are sold back to the original owners, the Whipple family and there, for a sizable profit; the trio confesses that they were the ones who had Molly fired from her job. Upon hearing this from them, she makes up with Henry, they kiss. James Garner as Henry Tyroon Lee Remick as Molly Thatcher Phil Harris as Ray Jay Fox Chill Wills as Jay Ray Spinelby Jim Backus as Bullard Bear Louis Nye as Stanislas John Astin as Hector Vanson Elliott Reid as Leonard Pat Harrington Jr. as Buddy Zack Joey Forman as Buster Yarrow Patricia Crowley as Eloise Cott Charles Watts as J. R. Martin Howard McNear as Mr. Wilson Don Briggs as Len Flink Vaughn Taylor as Thaddeus Whipple Robert Strauss as Feinberg, Taxi Driver John Marley as Achilles Dimitros Peter Leeds as Arthur Watkins Bosley Crowther of The New York Times was unimpressed, writing "somehow the script of George J. W. Goodman and Ira Wallach doesn't jell and isn't droll, Arthur Hiller's direction is too slow for romantic comedy.
What might be brightly satiric isn't because it lacks wit. Too much double entry and too little double entendre", he did, like Garner and Remick. Glenn Erickson characterized the film as an "entertaining trifle that, if I read it right, outsmarts itself. Nobody on either side of the camera seems to know that the joke is on them, us, our way of life", he thought both stars gave "outstanding performances" and rated the film "Good +". The Wheeler Dealers was released on June 27, 2011 by Warner Home Video as a widescreen Region 1 DVD through its Warner Archive DVD-on-demand service; the film was released on Blu-ray on April 25, 2017. List of American films of 1963 The Wheeler Dealers on IMDb The Wheeler Dealers at the TCM Movie Database The Wheeler Dealers at AllMovie
The Young Muslims UK was established in Leeds 1984 and celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 2009. It became the youth wing of the Islamic Society of Britain in 1990 with an aim to "provide a vehicle for committed young British Muslims to combine their knowledge and efforts for the benefit of one another and British society as a whole."The Young Muslims UK is an affiliate body of the Muslim Council of Britain. In 1995, the organisation participated in the Euro-Islam conference in Stockholm, organised on a directive from the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs; the youth section of this conference was dominated by participants with connections to the Muslim Brotherhood and similar forms of ideology, for instance the Jamat-i Islami, according to French islamologist Gilles Kepel. This conference resulted in the founding of the Forum of Student Organisations. YMUK has been praised for its forward thinking and ability to make Islam relevant to British society: "The establishment of organisations such as Young Muslims UK is a step in the right direction, offering as they do resources for Muslims seeking to make Islam relevant to their own hybrid condition."YMUK adopt and promote five principles: Inviting - "...invites all youth to the message of Islam."
Teamwork - "...organises all those who respond to its call into a committed and disciplined brotherhood." Educating - "...develops the talents and understanding of individuals and applies them for the benefit of all." Developing - "...promotes personal and moral development and building a relationship with God." Action - "...initiates various programmes to involve individuals to help society around them."A key feature that distinguishes YMUK from other Islamic organisations is its lack of discrimination to different Islamic schools of thought: "Some organisations, such as Young Muslims UK, have decided that one's choice of Madh'hab or school of jurisprudence should be a personal choice. Where the organisation needs to take a public position on some issue, this is decided by a process of Shura in which the views of various madhahhib are considered." These individuals were part of the organisation at some point in its history: Ajmal Masroor, television presenter and a candidate for the Liberal Democrats.
Inayat Bunglawala, Assistant Secretary-General of the Muslim Council of Britain. He Joined the YMUK in 1987. Sarah Joseph, editor of emel magazine. Heroes 2007 YM London Treasure Hunt The Young Muslims Talent Search The Muslim Teenager Tour YM360 The Young Muslims UK
The Wyoming Army National Guard Cavalry Stable in Newcastle, Wyoming was built between 1933 and 1936 for the Wyoming National Guard's horses. It is the last National Guard cavalry stable in Wyoming, it has been used as the Anna Miller Museum by the Weston County Historical Society since 1966. The Anna Miller Museums is a museum of local history, with exhibits about the area's pioneers, Native Americans and prehistoric history. Funding for the stables was provided by the Depression-era Civil Works Administration and Works Progress Administration; the Newcastle National Guard unit was formed in 1899 as Company A, Second Regiment, Wyoming National Guard, becoming Company A of the Third Wyoming Infantry Regiment in 1905. In 1921 the Third Infantry Regiment was reorganized as the First Cavalry becoming in 1942 Troop F, 115th Horse Mechanized Cavalry. Similar units with similar facilities existed in Sheridan, Douglas and Torrington; the original plans for the stables included a 190-foot by 75-foot riding hall adjacent to the stables, using the same materials.
Footings were started. Stone intended. Of the Wyoming units, only Torrington had a completed riding hall; the one story building measures 31.5 feet wide by 168 feet long, with a rock-faced sandstone exterior. The walls are solid stone 18 inches thick, with the stone obtained from a quarry on Salt Creek. Stonework was by the Sundstrom Brothers, who worked on the Weston County Courthouse; the building was built with a caretaker's residence within. Much of the interior has an open ceiling with the roof structure visible above; the roof structure is heavy timber trusses on 10-foot centers. The Wyoming Army National Guard Cavalry Stable was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994. Photographs of the Newcastle Stable at the National Park Service's NRHP database Wyoming Army National Guard Cavalry Stable at the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office Anna Miller Museum - Newcastle Area Chamber of Commerce site Anna Miller Museum - information from Planetware Museum information from Online Highway }
Butterfly is the debut studio album by the Colombian singer-songwriter Sara Tunes. It was released on June 6 on Colombia and October 15, 2010 in Latin America by EMI. Butterfly was her third studio album, but counted as a debut album as the other two had not had the success expected. "Asi Te Amo" was the first single, was released in April 8, 2010 by airplay and has a music video recorded in the city of Medellín. "Noche De Paz" was released on December 15, 2010. The video showed Tunes sitting on a piano. "Tú" was the second official single by Tunes, was released on March 11, 2011, has the collaboration of urban music duo of "Golpe a Golpe". The song did not have a music video. "Si Tu No Estas" is a song featuring the Colombian reggaeton musician J. Balvin; the song had elements of Colombian hip hop and reggaeton. "Butterfly" is a Latín pop song with a chorus in Spanish verses. Sara Tunes confirmed April 9, 2011 a tour that started in the U. S. and Canada, but Sara has not confirmed. The tour recorera by states like New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Boston and Orlando, among others.
Tour is expected to start in late 2011 or early 2012. All lyrics are written by Albeiro Agudelo, Leonardo Torres, Alexander Berrío. All lyrics are written by Sara Agudelo, Albeiro Agudelo, Leonardo Torres, Alexander Berrío
István Martin is a Franco-Hungarian ballet dancer. After studying at the Hungarian Dance Academy, Martin worked at Vaganova Ballet Academy of Saint Petersburg. In 1990, he was invited by Mikhail Baryshnikov to spend a month with the soloists of the American Ballet Theatre, his first professional experience was with Iván Markó, choreographer and artistic director of the Ballet of Györ. After his first engagement in 1990/1991 at the Ballet of Györ, Martin danced in several of Markó's pieces: Dance Meditation, Jerusalem Lights, he danced in Desert Wanderer and in the choreography of Tannhäuser. At the German Opera of the Rhine from 1993 to 1995, he danced the choreographies of Heinz Spoerli, Erich Walter, George Balanchine. Martin became a member of the Opéra National de Bordeaux ballet company in September 1995. With them, he danced in Don Quixote, Marco Polo, Électra, Danses Concertantes, Coppélia, The Prodigal Son, The Four Temperaments, The Four Seasons and Aunis; as a choreographer he created a Pas de deux titled Destinées for a gala organized by the Opéra de Nice, in homage to Janine Monin.
In 2002 he created a Pas de trois titled Baile Español for the Summer Festival of Formentera, in 2003 a choreography for the opera The Tsar's Bride performed in Bordeaux and in Paris's Châtelet. Martin's international tours include Romeo and Juliet and Diaghilev's pieces in the United States, Coppélia in Bilbao and The Nutcracker in Japan, Homage to Petipa in Kiev, Suite en Blanc in Kiev and in Biarritz, Saint Petersburg, the Netherlands, Italy, in Sicily with Nutcracker, in San Sebastian with Coppélia and in the Liceu of Barcelona with the program Picasso, he participated with the soloists of the Opéra National de Bordeaux in a gala in Oviedo, Málaga and Budapest. He danced Les Noces, The Rite of Spring and The Prodigal Son in Spain's Festival International de Musica y Danza de Granada, as well as Carlotta Ikuda's Zatoïchi; this page is based on the following external link