Deep South

The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States. It was differentiated as those states most dependent on plantations and slave societies during the pre-Civil War period, it became poor after 1865 and was a major site of racial tension, white supremacy and the Civil Rights Movement. The Deep South before 1945 was referred to as the Cotton States, given that the production of cotton was the primary cash crop; the term "Deep South" is defined in a variety of ways: Most definitions include the states Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Louisiana. Texas and Florida are sometimes included, due to being peripheral states, having coastlines with the Gulf of Mexico, their history of slavery and as being part of the historical Confederate States of America; the eastern part of Texas is the westernmost extension of the Deep South while North Florida is a part of the Deep South region that area north of Ocala. Arkansas is sometimes included or else considered "in the Peripheral or Rim South rather than the Deep South."

The seven states that seceded from the United States before the firing on Fort Sumter and the start of the American Civil War, who formed the Confederate States of America. In order of secession, they are South Carolina, Florida, Georgia and Texas; the first six states to secede were those. The Confederacy included eleven states. A large part of the original "Cotton Belt"; this was considered to extend from eastern North Carolina to South Carolina and through the Gulf States as far west as East Texas, including those parts of western Tennessee and eastern Arkansas in the Mississippi embayment. Some of this is coterminous with the Black Belt, a term used for much of the Cotton Belt, which had a high percentage of African-American slave labor. Studies of the Civil Rights Movement highlight the region, thus in 2012 political scientist Seth McKee concluded that in the 1964 presidential election, "Once again, the high level of support for Goldwater in the Deep South, their Black Belt counties, spoke to the enduring significance of white resistance to black progress."

Though used in history books to refer to the seven states that formed the Confederacy, the term "Deep South" did not come into general usage until long after the Civil War ended. Up until that time, "Lower South" was the primary designation for those states; when "Deep South" first began to gain mainstream currency in print in the middle of the 20th century, it applied to the states and areas of Georgia, southern Alabama, northern Florida, north Louisiana, southern Arkansas and East Texas, all historic areas of cotton plantations and slavery. This was the part of the South many considered the "most Southern"; the general definition expanded to include all of North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama and Louisiana, taking in bordering areas of East Texas and North Florida. In its broadest application today, the Deep South is considered to be "an area coextensive with the old cotton belt from eastern North Carolina through South Carolina west into East Texas, with extensions north and south along the Mississippi".

After the Civil War, the region was poor. After Reconstruction ended in 1877, a small fraction of the white population comprised the wealthy landowners and bankers who controlled the economy and the politics. Most white farmers had to do manual work on their farms to survive; as prices fell, their work became harder and longer because of a change from self-sufficient farms, based on corn and pigs, to the growing of a cash crop of cotton or tobacco. Cotton cultivation took twice as many hours of work as raising corn; the farmers lost their freedom to determine what crops they would grow, ran into increasing indebtedness, many were forced into tenancy or into working for someone else. There was some out-migration to Texas, but the population grew relentlessly and the farms were subdivided smaller and smaller. Growing discontent helped give rise to the Populist movement around 1890, it represented a sort of class warfare. Race relations were tense and white supremacy was a significant factor as imposed by the white Redeemers after 1877..

The 1200 lynchings in the Deep South in the 1880-1930 half-century comprised a majority of all American lynchings. After 1950, the region became a major locale for the civil rights movement, most famously the operations of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and Martin Luther King, the Freedom Summer in 1964; the Deep South is home to eight major combined statistical areas with populations exceeding 1,000,000 residents. The inclusion of these cities and exclusion of others is subject to geographic and historic definitions of the region. Houston the 9th largest CSA and Atlanta the 11th largest CSA the United States, are the Deep South's largest population centers. Metropolitan areas with more than 1,000,000 people: Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX CSA Atlanta–Athens–Clarke–Sandy Springs, GA CSA Birmingham–Hoover–Talladega, AL CSA Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA CSA New Orleans–Metarie–Hammond, LA–MS CSA Memphis–Forrest City, TN–MS–CSA Greenville–Spartanburg–Anderson, SC CSA In the 1980 census, of those people who identified by one European national ancestry, most European Americans identified as being of English ancestry in every Southern state except Louisiana, where more people identified as having French ancestry.

A significant number have Irish and Scotch-Irish ancestry. With regards to people in the Deep South wh

John H. H. Phipps

John H. H. Phipps was an American heir, plantation owner and polo player, he owned television stations in Florida and Georgia. His father was his mother, Margarita Celia Grace, he had two brothers, Michael Grace Phipps and Hubert Beaumont Phipps, one sister, Margaret Phipps Boegner. His paternal grandfather was Henry Phipps, Jr. and his maternal grandfather was Michael P. Grace, he grew up at Old Westbury Gardens in New York. He attended Groton School, a private boarding school in Groton, but he was expelled after he brought a skunk into the church, he transferred to another private boarding school in Exeter, New Hampshire. He graduated from Yale University, he purchased radio stations in the Tallahassee area in Georgia in the 1950s. He owned the WCTV television station in the Tallahassee-Thomasville, Georgia area, he was involved with the Phipps-Florida Foundation, the Caribbean Conservation Corporation, the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy. He served on the Board of Trustees of the New York Zoological Society from 1941 to 1980.

He was a patron of the American Museum of Natural History. He donated his land on Florida to The Nature Conservancy for the study of birdlife. Additionally, he funded a research project to restore the sturgeon breeding grounds in the Apalachicola River and Suwannee River in Florida, he played polo at the Gulfstream Polo Club, a polo club established by his family north of Delray Beach, Florida in 1923. In 1941, together with his brother Michael Grace Phipps, Charles Skiddy von Stade and Alan L. Corey, Jr. he won the U. S. Open Polo Championship at the Meadow Brook Polo Club against the Westbury team, he was married to Elinor Klapp Phipps. They had two sons: Colin Phipps. Eugene Phipps, they resided in New York City. Upon his father's death, he inherited the Orchard Pond Plantation, he developed the Ayavalla Plantation in Leon County, Florida as a quail-hunting plantation. He died at the Tallahassee Memorial Regional Medical Center in April 1982


Blokhedz is an independent comic book/graphic novel series created by the Madtwiinz and Mike Davis. Since the release of Issue #1 in 2004, the 4-book comic series has developed a small but dedicated underground fanbase, it is characterized by a gritty style, its "unflinching" look at the harsh realities of inner city life. In February 2009, the creators announced a partnership with Gatorade to create an animated web-series for Blokhedz; the trailer and webisodes can be viewed on Gatorade's Mission G website. Talib Kweli plays Young Blak. Lauren London plays Blak's love interest. Bobbito García plays the smart Puerto Rican b baller. Gary Sturgis plays the leader of the biker gang, Wild Dawgs. Dorian Harewood plays the Rastafarian store owner technician. Episode 1 "thinking of a Master Plan" Set in mythical, gang-ridden streets of Empire City, BLOKHEDZ is the animated story of a teenage rapper, Blak. With the help of his crew, “G-Pak, Blak fights off temptations of the streets and dreams of making it big in the rap game.

But when he gets caught in the middle of a crime lord-turned-media-mogul’s plan to control the city, Blak discovers his rhymes have supernatural abilities. Will Blak stay true to himself and use his magical gifts for good? Or will he be lured into using them for evil; the fate of Empire City hangs in the balance. Episode 2 "Paid In Full" BLOKHEDZ: In their attempt to hustle up some loot to repair Audio 2, G-Pak takes it to the basketball courts, but the local biker gang, The Wild Dawgs, has other ideas. Episode 3 "Pump up the Volume" BLOKHEDZ chronicles the saga of young Blak, a 17-year-old superhero in the form of an aspiring rapper, blessed with the gift of turning rhymes to reality. In act three and Flash dodge the Wild Dawgs, meet the lovely Essence, get confronted by a crew of shadow traveling thugs. Will the G-Pak escape the clutches of the Wild Dawgs? If they do, does Blak have any chance of surviving the vicious Dungeons of Rap? Genesis Volume 2 Glyph Awards: Rising Star Award for Best Self-Publisher New York Public Library’s Books for the Teen Age 2008.

YALSA 2008 Quick Pick Nomination Blokhedz official site Street Legends Ink Madtwiinz Interview at Complex BRANDON SCHULTZ ON IMAGE'S BLOKHEDZ at Newsarama Madtwiinz Interview at Format Mag The TrailerMission G Blokhedz episodes Missiong.comEpisode 1 "thinking of a Master Plan" Okayplayer post Pop Culture Shock postEpisode 2 "Paid in Full" Episode 3 "Pump up the Volume" Behind the scenes of blokhedz Nah