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Defence Council of the United Kingdom

The Defence Council of the United Kingdom is the body entrusted with the defence of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories and with control over the British armed forces, is part of the Ministry of Defence. Prior to 1964, there were five bodies responsible for the British Armed Forces: the Admiralty, the War Office, the Air Ministry, the Ministry of Aviation, a smaller Ministry of Defence. By Orders-in-Council issued under the Defence Act 1964, the functions of these bodies were transferred to the Defence Council and the Secretary of State for Defence, who heads a larger Ministry of Defence; the Secretary of State for Defence, a member of the Cabinet, chairs the Defence Council, is accountable to the Queen and to Parliament for its business. The letters patent constituting the Defence Council vest it with the power of command over Her Majesty's Forces and give it responsibility for their administration, or in the words of the letters patent: …to administer such matters pertaining to Our Naval Military and Air Forces as We through Our Principal Secretary of State for Defence direct them to execute And to have command under Us of all Officers Ratings Soldiers and Airmen of Our Naval Military and Air Forces… In practice, the Defence Council is a formal body, all its work is conducted by the Defence Board.

In addition, the three service boards, which are sub-committees of the Defence Council meet annually for each service chief to report to the Secretary of State on the health of their respective services. As of March 2020, membership of the Defence Council is as follows: The Defence Board is described as the highest committee of the Ministry of Defence, responsible for the full range of defence business other than the conduct of operations, it provides strategic direction and oversight of defence matters. Ministry of Defence news item on new letters patent issued to the Defence Council Ministry of Defence Our Governance

Rouge (cosmetics)

Rouge called blush or blusher, is a cosmetic for coloring the cheeks in varying shades, or the lips red. It is applied as a cream; the Ancient Egyptians were known for their creation of cosmetics their use of rouge. Ancient Egyptian pictographs show women wearing lip and cheek rouge, they blended fat with red ochre to create a stain, red in color. Greek men and women mimicked the look, using crushed mulberries, red beet juice, crushed strawberries, or red amaranth to create a paste; those who wore makeup were viewed as wealthy and it symbolized status because cosmetics were costly. In China, Rouge was used as early as the Shang Dynasty, it was made from the extracted juice of leaves from blue flowers. Some people added bovine pig pancreas to make the product denser. Women would wear the heavy rouge on their lips. In Chinese culture, red symbolizes good happiness to those who wear the color. In Ancient Rome and women would create rouge using lead II,Iv and cinnabar; the mixture was found to have caused cancer and death.

In the 16th century in Europe and men would use white powder to lighten their faces. Women would add heavy rouge to their cheeks in addition. Modern rouge consists of a red-colored talcum-based powder, applied with a brush to the cheeks to accentuate the bone structure; the coloring is either the petals of safflower, or a solution of carmine in ammonium hydroxide and rosewater perfumed with rose oil. A cream-based variant of rouge is schnouda, a colorless mixture of Alloxan with cold cream, which colors the skin red. Today, rouge is a term used to identify blush of any color, including: brown, pink and orange, it is not used to identify lipstick, some may use the term to refer to the red color of the product. When the fashion trend of matching lipsticks with nail polish took hold and the color range of lipstick increased, people no longer used the term to identify lip color; the shade range for blush remained limited, keeping the name rouge. Blush comes in the form of a cream, powder, or gel. Modes In Makeup, a brief history of cosmetics The History of Makeup The Pervasion of Rouge, by Max Beerbohm

Charleston church shooting

The Charleston church shooting was a mass shooting on June 17, 2015, in Charleston, South Carolina, in which nine African Americans were killed during a Bible study at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church. Three victims survived; this church is one of the oldest black churches in the United States, it has long been a center for organizing related to civil rights. The morning after the attack, police arrested Dylann Roof in North Carolina, he was found to have targeted members of this church because of its stature. Roof was found competent to stand trial in federal court. In December 2016 he was convicted of 33 federal hate murder charges. On January 10, 2017, he was sentenced to death for these crimes. Roof was separately charged with nine counts of murder in the South Carolina state courts. In April 2017, Roof pleaded guilty to all nine state charges in order to avoid a second death sentence, was sentenced to life imprisonment for each, he will receive automatic appeals of his death sentence, but may be executed by the federal justice system.

Roof espoused racial hatred in both a website manifesto published before the shooting, a journal written from jail afterward. Roof posted photos on his website with emblems associated with white supremacy and with the Confederate battle flag; the shooting triggered debate on modern display of the flag and other memorialization of the Confederacy. Following these murders, the South Carolina General Assembly voted to remove the flag from State Capitol grounds. At the time, this was one of two of the deadliest mass shootings at an American place of worship, alongside a 1991 attack at a Buddhist temple in Waddell, Arizona. Fatalities at the 2017 Sutherland Springs church shooting and the 2018 Pittsburgh synagogue shooting have since exceeded it. Founded in 1816, the church has played an important role in the history of South Carolina, including the slavery era and Reconstruction, the civil rights movement, Black Lives Matter. Founded in 1816, this is the oldest African Methodist Episcopal Church in the South referred to as "Mother Emanuel".

The AME Church was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1814 as the first independent black denomination. It is an black congregation, one of the oldest south of Baltimore; when one of the church's co-founders, Denmark Vesey, was suspected of planning a slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822, 35 people, including Vesey, were hanged and the church was burned down. Charleston citizens accepted the claim that a slave rebellion was to begin at the stroke of midnight on June 16, 1822, to erupt the following day; as the rebuilt church was formally shuttered with other all-black congregations by the city in 1834, the congregation met in secret until 1865 when it was formally reorganized, acquired the name Emanuel. It rebuilt based on a design by Denmark Vesey's son; that structure was badly damaged in the 1886 Charleston earthquake. The current building dates from 1891; the church's senior pastor, the Rev. Clementa C. Pinckney, had held rallies after the shooting of Walter Scott by a white police officer two months earlier, in nearby North Charleston.

As a state senator, Pinckney pushed for legislation requiring police to wear body cameras. Several commentators noted a similarity between the massacre at Emanuel AME and the 1963 16th Street Baptist Church bombing of a politically active African-American church in Birmingham, where the Ku Klux Klan killed four black girls and injured fourteen others, during the civil rights movement; this attack created support for federal civil rights legislation. Numerous scholars, journalists and politicians have emphasized placing the attack within the broader context of racism in the United States rather than seeing it as an isolated event. In 1996, Congress had passed the Church Arson Prevention Act, making it a federal crime to damage religious property because of its "racial or ethnic character", in response to a spate of 154 suspicious church burnings since 1991. More recent arson attacks against black churches included a black church in Massachusetts, burned down the day after the first inauguration of Barack Obama in 2009.

At around 9:05 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, June 17, 2015, the Charleston Police Department began receiving calls of a shooting at Emanuel AME Church. A man described as white, with sandy-blond hair, around 21 years old and 5 feet 9 inches in height, wearing a gray sweatshirt and jeans and opened fire with a Glock 41.45-caliber handgun on a group of people inside the church at a Bible study attended by Pinckney. He had first attended the meeting as a participant that evening; the shooter fled the scene. He had been carrying eight magazines holding hollow-point bullets. During the hour preceding the attack, 13 people including the shooter participated in the Bible study. According to the accounts of people who talked to survivors, when the shooter walked into the historic African-American church, he asked for Pinckney and sat down next to him listening to others during the study, he disagreed with some of the discussion of Scripture. After other participants began praying, he stood up, aimed a gun he pulled from a fanny pack at 87-year-old Susie Jackson.

Jackson's nephew, 26-year-old Tywanza Sanders, tried to talk him down and asked him why he was attacking churchgoers. The shooter said, "I have to do it. You rape our women and you're taking over our country, and you have to go." When he said he intended to shoot


ZogSports is the United States' largest charity-focused, adult co-ed sports league, with operations in New York City, New Jersey, Washington, DC, San Francisco, Los Angeles. ZogSports offers weekly, recreational co-ed sports leagues including basketball, bocce ball, cornhole, football, kickball, soccer, ultimate frisbee and wiffle ball. At the end of every season, financial donations are made to charities designated by winning teams; as of March 2015, over $2,611,440 have been donated to teams' charities. ZogSports was founded in 2002 by Robert Herzog. Herzog worked on the 96th floor of the World Trade Center's North Tower as a vice president of operations for Marsh & McLennan. Herzog says he was inspired by the altruism he witnessed after the attacks and decided to incorporate charity as a major component of ZogSports. In its first season, ZogSports had 500 participants; as of June 2014, ZogSports has over 115,000 annual participants, making it the largest co-ed, recreational sports league in the United States.

ZogSports was listed in Inc. 5000's America's Fastest-Growing Companies in 2011 and 2012. ZogSports was recognized by Crain's New York in 2014 as one of the Best Places to Work in New York City

Lars Rehmann

Lars Rehmann is a former professional tennis player from Germany. Rehmann was a successful junior player, winning the Boys' Doubles at the 1993 Australian Open, with countryman Christian Tambue, they defeated the American pairing of Scott Humphries and Jimmy Jackson 6–7, 7–5, 6–2. In the same year he was the junior single and doubles champion at Germany's national championship and reached the final of the doubles at the 1993 Ansett Australian Indoor Championships. Along the way he and partner Alexander Mronz were victorious over top seeds Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde. In 1994, he partnered Australian Joshua Eagle at the Wimbledon Championships but they lost in the opening round to number six seeds Tom Nijssen and Cyril Suk, he reached his first ATP final that year, at Zaragoza where he lost to Magnus Larsson. The following year he competed in the singles of the 1995 Australian Open, the only other Grand Slam that he got to compete in, he defeated Luiz Mattar of Brazil 6–3, 6–4, 6–1 and make it into the second round, but lost to eventual quarter finalist Andriy Medvedev 5–7, 4–6, 1–6.

In Seoul he was defeated again, this time to Greg Rusedski. He is married to former WTA player Melanie Schnell


Tirrases is a district of the Curridabat Canton in the San José Province in Costa Rica. The Curridabat canton was founded on 21 August 1929, as the 18th province of San José. With the creation of the canton was created the district; the district takes its name of the Tirrá tree. Men: 9,622 Women: 9,257 Total: 18,879 Almost the half of the district's population is under 20 years old 6.98% of the population doesn't have any education. The district has two public schools: Escuela 15 de Agosto. Tirrases has a public high school called Colegio Técnico Profesional Uladislao Gámez Solano; this high school is located at the Catholic Church of Las Mercedes and had a population of 60 students in 2007. The health services are provided by the EBAIS located at Hacienda Vieja, 200 north and 25 east from the Liceo de Curridabat; as per the official statements domestic violence is the most common security issue, but non-official data shows that drugs and gang warfare are the main problems in this zone. Official page of Municipalidad de Curridabat Information about Curridabat canton