Dehradun spelled Dera Doon, is the capital of Uttarakhand, a state in India. Located in the Garhwal region, it lies 236 kilometres north of India's capital New Delhi and 168 kilometres from Chandigarh, it is one of the "Counter Magnets" of the National Capital Region being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Delhi metropolitan area and to establish a smart city at Dehradun. During the days of British Raj, the official name of the town was Dehra. Dehradun is located in the Doon Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between the river Ganges on the east and the river Yamuna on the west; the city is famous for its picturesque landscape and milder climate and provides a gateway to the surrounding region. It is well connected and in proximity to Himalayan tourist destinations such as Mussoorie, Auli and the Hindu holy cities of Haridwar and Rishikesh along with the Himalayan pilgrimage circuit of Chota Char Dham. Dehradun is known for its Basmati rice and bakery products.
Dehradun is made up of two words: Dehra is derived from the word Dera, meaning camp or temporary settlement. Dun or Doon in Garhwali language refers to a valley that lies between the middle Himalayas and the "Shivaliks". Other prominent Doon valleys are Patli Doon and Pinjore Doon; when Guru Ram Rai, son of Guru Har Rai, came to this region with his followers, he established a camp here for them. Around this time, the modern city of Dehradun started to develop; this is when the word Dehra was linked to Dun, thus the city was named Dehradun. In Skanda Purana, Dun is mentioned as a part of the region called Kedarkhand, the abode of Shiva. In ancient India during the Mahabharata epic era, Dronacharya the great teacher of Kauravas and Pandavas, lived here hence the name, "Dronanagari"; some historians believe. The history of the city of Uttarakhand, Dehradun is linked to the story of Mahabharata, it is believed that after the battle between Ravana and Lord Rama, Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana visited this site.
Dronacharya known as ‘Dronanagari’ on the name of legendary Royal guru to the Kauravas and Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata, is believed to have been born and resided in Dehradun. Evidences such as ancient temples and idols have been found in the areas surrounding Dehradun which have been linked to the mythology of Ramayana and Mahabharata; these relics and ruins are believed to be around 2000 years old. Furthermore, the location, the local traditions and the literature reflect this region's links with the events of Mahabharata and Ramayana. After the battle of Mahabharata, the Pandavas had influence on this region as the rulers of Hastinapura with the descendants of Subahu ruled the region as subsidiaries. Rishikesh is mentioned in the pages of history when Lord Vishnu answered the prayers of the saints, slaughtered the demons and handed the land to the saints; the adjoining place called. In the seventh century this area was known as Sudhanagara and was described by the Chinese traveller Huen Tsang.
Sudhanagara came to be recognised as the name of Kalsi. Edicts of Ashoka have been found in the region along the banks of river Yamuna in Kalsi indicating the wealth and importance of the region in ancient India. In the neighbouring region of Haripur, ruins were discovered from the time of King Rasala which reflect the region's prosperity. Before the name of Dehradun was used, the place is shown on old maps as Gooroodwara. Gerard's map names the place as "Dehra or Gooroodwara". Surrounding this original Sikh temple were many small villages that are now the names of parts of the modern city. Dehradun itself derives its name from the historical fact that Ram Rai, the eldest son of the Seventh Sikh Guru Har Rai, set up his "Dera" in "dun" in 1676. This'Dera Dun' on became Dehradun; the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was impressed by the miraculous powers of charismatic Ram Rai. He asked the contemporary Maharaja of Garhwal. A Gurudwara was built in Dhamawala; the construction of the present building of Darbar Shri Guru Ram Rai Ji Maharaj was completed in 1707.
There are portraits of gods, saints and religious stories on the walls. There are pictures of flowers and leaves and birds, similar faces with pointed noses and big eyes on the arches which are the symbol of the colour scheme of Kangra-Guler art and Mughal art. High minarets and round pinnacles are the models of the Muslim architecture; the huge pond in the front measuring 230 x 80 feet had dried up for want of water over the years. People had been dumping rubbish. Dehradun was invaded by Mahmud of Ghazni during his campaigns into India followed by Timur in 1368, Rohilla chief Najib ad-Dawlah in 1757 and Ghulam Qadir in 1785. In 1806 Nepalese King Prithvi Narayan Shah united many of the Indian territories that now fell under places such as Almora, Kumaon, Sirmur, Shimla and Dehradun. On the western front Garhwal and parts of Himachal Pradesh up to Punjab and on the eastern front the state of Sikkim up to Darjeeling became parts of Nepal for a brief period until the British East India Company went on war from 1814 to 1816.
The war ended with signing of the Treaty of Sugowli where a third was ceded to British East India company. The British got Dehradun in 1816 and colonised Landour and Mussoorie in 1827–1828. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, was
Saratoga is a town in Wood County, United States. As of the 2015 census, the population of the town is 5,023 people; the west end of Saratoga, within three miles of the Wisconsin River, was in the "Indian strip," sold by the Menominee to the U. S. government in the 1836 Treaty of the Cedars. As such, it was surveyed early. In 1839 a crew working for the U. S. government first surveyed what would become parts of Saratoga, walking through the woods and crossing the river, measuring with chain and compass. In 1851 a different crew surveyed the section lines. For the six mile square that now contains western Saratoga, see their description under Port Edwards. For the eastern six miles of Saratoga, they gave this general description: The Character of this town is described, it is a uniform pine barren. Soil white sand. Poor & worthless for all farming purposes; the timber poor scrubby Pitch pines & there is not a single quarter section in it worth Entering either for soil or timber. Saratoga township was established in 1857.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.2 square miles, of which, 49.4 square miles of it is land and 1.8 square miles of it is water. According to the 2015 census, there is 5,023 people, 2,011 households, 1,560 families residing in the town; the population density is low, it amounts to 104 people per square mile. There were 2,058 housing units at an average density of 41.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.42% White, 0.17% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.32% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population. There were 2,011 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.4% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,500, the median income for a family was $52,750. Males had a median income of $41,518 versus $24,904 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,761. About 3.8% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over. Town of Saratoga, Wisconsin website 1852 plat maps of Saratoga west and east 1879 plat maps of west and east 1896 plat maps of west and east 1909 plat map 1928 plat map 1956 plat maps of west and east
Stijn Vreven is a Belgian former professional football and manager, leading Lokeren in the Belgian First Division B. Vreven's career began when he signed a professional contract with Y. R. K. V. Mechelen, making his first first-team appearance in 1993, at the age of 20. After four seasons in Mechelen he moved to K. A. A. Gent where he developed into a better player for another two seasons, he made the step abroad to play for Dutch side FC Utrecht. In four seasons Vreven developed from an unknown player into a hero among the FC Utrecht supporters. He's known for his determination and aggressiveness, which gave him the status of a real killer on the pitch. After his period in Utrecht he moved to Germany to play for Bundesliga side 1. FC Kaiserslautern, he was not able to become a first team regular and returned to The Netherlands the year after where he played for Vitesse Arnhem. At Vitesse he showed that he still became a regular from the start; when criticising his own team mates in December 2005 manager Edward Sturing placed Vreven in Vitesse's second team.
A few weeks he left the team to sign a new contract at AC Omonia in Cyprus. After playing just six matches he returned to The Netherlands once again, where he joined ADO Den Haag. In March 2007, Vreven was diagnosed with diabetes; this did not stop him, from continuing to play football. In August 2007, Vreven played for Sint-Truiden and joined in January 2008 K. S. K. Tongeren on loan, he returned in summer 2008 to K. Sint-Truidense V. V. and moved to K. E. S. K. Leopoldsburg. In November 2010 he left K. E. S. K. Leopoldsburg and signed a contract as player-coach by KFC Esperanza Neerpelt. From 2012 till June 2015 he was the coach of K. F. C. Dessel Sport, he was the coach of Waasland-Beveren from July 2015 to October 2016. Belgium profile at Belgian FA