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Demi Lovato

Demetria Devonne Lovato is an American singer, songwriter and television personality. She began her career in 2002 appearing on the children's television series Barney & Friends, before rising to prominence for portraying Mitchie Torres in the Disney Channel musical television film Camp Rock and its sequel Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam. Lovato has released six studio albums: Don't Forget, Here We Go Again, Demi and Tell Me You Love Me, she has earned seven top-20 tracks on the Billboard Hot 100 with "This Is Me", "Here We Go Again", "Skyscraper", "Give Your Heart a Break", "Heart Attack", "Cool for the Summer", "Sorry Not Sorry". In total, she has sold over 20 million singles in the United States. On television, Lovato has starred as the titular character on Sonny with a Chance, served as a judge and mentor on The X Factor USA in its second and third seasons, appeared as a recurring character on Glee, her struggles. Lovato is a pop, pop rock, R&B artist, she has earned numerous awards and nominations, including an MTV Video Music Award, 14 Teen Choice Awards, five People's Choice Awards, two Latin American Music Awards, one American Music Award nomination, four Billboard Music Award nominations, three Brit Award nominations, two Grammy Awards nominations.

She holds one Guinness World Record and was included on the annual Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world in 2017. Outside the entertainment industry, Lovato is an activist for several social causes. Lovato was born on August 20, 1992 in Albuquerque, New Mexico to former Dallas Cowboys cheerleader Dianna De La Garza and engineer and musician Patrick Martin Lovato, she has an older sister named Dallas. Lovato's parents divorced in mid-1994, shortly after her second birthday. Lovato's father was of Mexican descent, with Spanish and Native American ancestors, came from a family, living in New Mexico for generations, her mother is of Irish ancestry. Through her father, Lovato is a descendant of Civil War Union veteran Francisco Perea and Santa Fe de Nuevo México governor Francisco Xavier Chávez. Lovato claims that through DNA testing she discovered that she is of 16 percent Scandinavian descent and one percent of African descent. Lovato was raised in Texas, she began playing piano at age seven and guitar at ten, when she began dancing and acting classes.

In 2002, she began her career on the children's television series Barney & Friends, portraying the role of Angela. Lovato told Ellen DeGeneres that due to her acting career she was bullied so harshly that she asked for homeschooling, received her high-school diploma through homeschooling in May 2009, one year early. In 2006, Lovato appeared on Prison Break, on Just Jordan the following year. From 2007 to 2008, Lovato played Charlotte Adams on the Disney Channel short series As the Bell Rings. Lovato auditioned for the channel's television film Camp Rock and series Sonny with a Chance during 2007 and got both roles. Lovato played aspiring singer Mitchie Torres, in Camp Rock; the film premiered on June 2008, to 8.9 million viewers. Gillian Flynn of Entertainment Weekly wrote that Lovato's acting skills were underwhelming and that she "has the knee-jerk smile of someone, told she has a great smile"; the film's soundtrack was released three days earlier. It debuted at number three on the US Billboard 200, with 188,000 units sold in its first week of release.

Lovato sang four songs on the soundtrack, including "We Rock" and "This Is Me". The latter, Lovato's debut single, debuted at number 11 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and peaked at number nine, marking her first entry on the chart; that summer, Lovato signed with Hollywood Records and began her Demi Live! Warm Up Tour before the release of her debut studio album, appeared on the Jonas Brothers' Burnin' Up Tour. Lovato's debut studio album, Don't Forget, was released on September 23, 2008, was met with positive reviews from critics. Michael Slezak of Entertainment Weekly said, "Demi Lovato might satisfy her'tween fans but she won't be winning any rockers over with Don't Forget"; the album debuted at number two with first-week sales of 89,000 copies. Ten of its songs were co-written with the Jonas Brothers. Don't Forget was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America for US sales of over 500,000 copies, its lead single, "Get Back", was praised for its pop rock style and peaked at number 43 on the Billboard Hot 100 selling over 560,000 copies in the United States.

The album's second single, "La La Land", was cited for its strong rock elements and peaked at number 52 in the US, cracked the top 40 in Ireland and the United Kingdom. The music video for the song was directed by Tim Wheeler; the third single and title track, "Don't Forget", peaked at number 41 in the US. In 2009, Lovato recorded "Send It On", a charity single and the theme song for Disney's Friends for Change, with costars the Jonas Brothers, Miley Cyrus and Selena Gomez. All proc

Serbian Progressive Party (historical)

The Serbian Progressive Party was a conservative liberal political party in Serbia that existed from 1881 to 1919. The origin of the Progressive Party can be traced back to a political grouping known as "Young Conservatives" that had existed from 1871, their leadership consisted of young Western trained intellectuals who took part in the Editorial Board of Serbian journal Videlo. This journal was established in January 1880 as an organ of political opposition against the government of Jovan Ristić, in power from October 1878 until November 3, 1880; the journal advocated freedom of speech, freedom of associations, full personal protection and protection of property rights, constitutional responsibility of cabinet ministers, access of experts to the National Assembly, full independence of the Judiciary, autonomy of municipalities. In the field of foreign policy the Progressive Party was not inclined to Russia contrary to the other two political parties in Serbia, it rather advocated close relations with Austria-Hungary.

In economy the party advocated liberal reforms. In terms of political ideologies the party was. Faced to choose between democracy and various freedoms the progressivists were prone to advocate and enforce freedoms; this made them too tied to the ruler and diminished their popularity among electorate. Nonetheless they encouraged and paved the way for the modernization of Serbia by introducing modern institutions and progressive laws; the Progressive Party was founded in January 1881. It did not have a clear leader but was rather headed by a quartet consisting of: Milan Piroćanac, Milutin Garašanin, Stojan Novaković and Čedomilj Mijatović; the party was in power in the 1880s and was favoured by Prince/King Milan Obrenović. Party’s opponents viewed the progressivists as a personal party of the king; the party advocated freedom of speech, freedom of associations, full personal protection and protection of property rights, constitutional responsibility of cabinet ministers, access of experts to the National Assembly, full independence of the Judiciary, autonomy of municipalities and free market economy.

In the field of foreign policy the Progressive Party was not inclined to Russia contrary to the other two political parties in Serbia. It rather advocated close relations with Austria-Hungary. Faced to choose between democracy and various freedoms the progressivists were prone to advocate and enforce freedoms; this made them too tied to the ruler and diminished their popularity among electorate. Nonetheless they encouraged and paved the way for the modernisation of Serbia by introducing modern institutions and progressive laws; the first progressivist government was led by Milan Piroćanac from November 2, 1880 until October 3, 1883. In that period he was an unofficial leader of the party; the next Progressivist Government was formed in February 1884 by Milutin Garašanin who thus became a new party leader. He formed three short governments. Afterwards the Progressive party was subjected to serious persecutions by its rivals in 1887, in 1889 after the abdication of King Milan Obrenović. Since Serbia had universal male suffrage since 1869, the Progressivists could not win any free elections since their electoral base was only in few towns and total Serbian urban population was in 1900 around 14%.

Their victory in 1884 was achieved due to the previous state of emergency introduced to suppress the Timok Rebellion in October/November 1883. In the late 1880s the Progressive party lost its position in Serbia and it never recovered; the new Serbian king Aleksandar Obrenović succeeded his father in 1889 but was not of legal age and therefore a Regency was established headed by Jovan Ristić. In 1894 king Alexander took all power. Afterwards he used Progressivist politicians to fill in places in subsequent governments. However, by the time of the death of Milutin Garašanin in 1898 the party ceased to exist in organisational terms, it was renewed in 1906 and was headed by Stojan Novaković. It remained a small party. After the World War I, the party merged into the Democratic Party. Michael Boro Petrovich, A History of Modern Serbia ISBN 0-15-140950-1 Gale Stokes, Politics as Development: the Emergence of Political Parties in Nineteenth-Century Serbia, ISBN 0-8223-1016-3 Слободан Јовановић, Влада Милана Обреновића.

Слободан Јовановић, Влада Александра Обреновића

Breslau-Dürrgoy concentration camp

Breslau-Dürrgoy concentration camp or KZ Dürrgoy was a short-lived Nazi German concentration camp set up in the southern part of Wrocław in Germany, before World War II on the grounds of the old fertilizer factory "Silesia". It was located in what, since 1945, has become known as the Tarnogaj neighbourhood of Wrocław, at the Strehlener Chaussee or Strzeliński Street, opposite the cemetery of the Holy Ghost; the camp, intended for the opponents of Nazism, was established at a place of the former POW camp for French prisoners of World War I, converted and utilized by the fertilizer factory. The new camp was founded on the initiative of the commander of SA in Silesia, SA-Obergruppenführer Edmund Heines, on 12 March 1933, liquidated on 10 August 1933 with all prisoners transported to a larger concentration camp at Osnabrück. Around 200 people were sent to the camp, followed by more arrests and confinement. Overall, between eight hundred and one thousand prisoners were kept in the camp, including Social Democrats and Jews.

Among the prisoners in Dürrgoy were Hermann Lüdemann, Fritz Voigt, Karl Mache, Wilhelm Winzer, Paul Löbe and Ernst Eckstein. The prisoners worked in a nearby chemical plant "Silesia"; the camp was one of the so-called "wild" concentration camps, one of many created at that time in Germany. They were organized in temporary barracks or railway cars using low cost materials available on the site. Setting up the Dürrgoy camp only took two weeks; the existence of'wild' camps, the treatment of prisoners detained in them, became public quickly, under pressure from public opinion they were shut down. The result was a centralization of the system of repression and the transfer of prisoners to official camps. KZ Dürrgoy closed on 10 August 1933, the last 343 prisoners were transported by train to a special camp Esterwegen, located near Osnabrück; the barracks which remained in the camp furnished shelter for the homeless. Today on the site of the camp and the factory "Silesia" is a landfill waste management site of Wzgórze Gajowe, created after the Second World War