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Demographics of the Soviet Union

According to data from the 1989 Soviet census, the population of the Soviet Union was 70% East Slavs, 12% Turkic peoples, all other ethnic groups below 10%. Alongside the atheist majority of 60% there were sizable minorities of Russian Orthodox Christians and Muslims; the following demographic statistics are from the 1990 edition of the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Population: 290,938,469 0.7% 18 births/1,000 population 10 deaths/1,000 population 0 migrants/1,000 population 24 deaths/1,000 live births 65 years male, 74 years female 2.4 children born/woman 2.528 children born/woman 2.26 children born/woman noun - Soviet. There was the state as the employer; the Russian Empire lost territories with about 30 million inhabitants after the Russian Revolution. According to the Russian Academy of Sciences the Soviet Union suffered 26.6 million casualties during World War II, including an increase in infant mortality of 1.3 million. Total war losses include territories annexed by the Soviet Union in 1939-45.

Although the population growth rate decreased over time, it remained positive throughout the history of the Soviet Union in all republics, the population grew each year by more than 2 million except during periods of wartime and famine. The Soviet Union was one of the world's most ethnically diverse countries, with more than 100 distinct national ethnicities living within its borders. Other ethnic groups included Abkhaz, Aleuts, Avars, Bulgarians, Chechens, Chuvash, Evenks, Gagauz, Greeks, Ingushes, Jews, Karakalpaks, Kets, Lezgins, Mongols, Nenetses, Poles, Romanians, Tatars, Tuvans and Yakuts; the Soviet Union adhered to the doctrine of State atheism from 1928–1941, in which religion was discouraged and persecuted, a secular state from 1945 until its dissolution. However, according to various Soviet and Western sources, over one-third of the country's people professed religious beliefs: Russian Orthodox 20%, Muslim 15%, Georgian Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Roman Catholic 7%, Jewish less than 1%, atheist 60%.

There were some indigenous pagan belief systems existent in the Siberian and Russian Far Eastern lands in the local populations. Russian became the official language of the Soviet Union in 1990; until that time it was still necessary to have a language of common communication. The choice fell on Russian, the native tongue of most Soviet citizens. Overall there were dialects spoken. A newborn child in 1926-27 had a life expectancy of 44.4 years, up from 32.3 years thirty years before. In 1958-59 the life expectancy for newborns went up to 68.6 years. This improvement was seen in itself by some as immediate proof that the socialist system was superior to the capitalist system; the life expectancy in Soviet Union were stable during most years, although in the 1970s went down because of alcohol abuse. The improvement in infant mortality leveled out and after a while infant mortality began to rise. After 1974 the government stopped publishing statistics on this; this trend can be explained by the number of pregnancies went drastically up in the Asian part of the country where infant mortality was highest, while the number of pregnancies was markedly down in the more developed European part of the Soviet Union.

For example, the number of births per citizens of Tajikistan went up from 1.92 in 1958-59 to 2.91 in 1979-80, while the number in Latvia was down to 1.91 in 1979-80. The crude birth rate in the Soviet Union throughout its history had been decreasing - from 44.0 per thousand in 1926 to 18.0 in 1974 due to urbanization and rising average age of marriages. The crude death rate had been decreasing as well - from 23.7 per thousand in 1926 to 8.7 in 1974. While death rates did not differ across regions of the Soviet Union through much of Soviet history, birth rates in southern republics of Transcaucasia and Central Asia were much higher than those in the northern parts of the Soviet Union, in some cases increased in the post-World War II period; this was due to slower rates of urbanization and traditionally early marriages in southern republics. As a result of differential birthrates, with most of the European nationalities moving toward sub-replacement fertility and the Central Asian and other nationalities of southern republics having well-above replacement-level fertility, the percentage who were Russians was being reduced.

According to some Western scenarios of the 1990s, if the Soviet Union had stayed together it is that Russians would have lost thei

George Patterson (missionary)

George Neilson Patterson known as Khampa Gyau and Patterson of Tibet, was a Scottish engineer and missionary who served as medical officer and diplomatic representative of the Tibetan resistance movement during the Chinese invasion of Tibet. He was married to the surgeon Meg Patterson; the International Campaign for Tibet awarded him their Light of Truth Award on 25 March 2011. In a letter presented with the award, a simple butter-lamp symbolizing the light the recipient has shed on the cause of Tibet, the Dalai Lama's Special Envoy Lodi Gyaltsen Gyari said: "It is my honour to convey to you in writing the decision of the Board of the International Campaign for Tibet to award you the Light of Truth, the highest recognition in the Tibet world of service to Tibet; the Board of Directors, chaired by Mr. Richard Gere, took the unanimous decision with great enthusiasm and, on their behalf, I offer you heartfelt congratulations, it gives my added pleasure as a Khampa to be the person to bring this news to you, Khampa Gyau, the name by which His Holiness the Dalai Lama fondly and humorously called you."

Patterson, George Neilson. Tibetan Journey. UK: Faber & Faber. Patterson, George Neilson. God's Fool. United States: Doubleday. Patterson, George Neilson. Up and Down Asia. Patterson, George Neilson. Tragic Destiny. Patterson, George Neilson. Tibet in Revolt. Patterson, George Neilson. Peking Versus Delhi. United States: Praeger. Patterson, George Neilson; the Unquiet Frontier. United States: Dragonfly Paperbacks. Patterson, George Neilson. Christianity in Communist China. United States: Word. Patterson, George Neilson. Christianity and Marxism. UK: Paternoster Press. Patterson, George Neilson. Requiem For Tibet. London, UK: Aurum Press. Patterson, George Neilson; the China Paradox - Christ Versus Marx. UK: Word Books. Patterson, George Neilson. Patterson of Tibet. United States: Promotion Publishing. Patterson, George Neilson. Addictions Can Be Cured. UK: Lion. Patterson, George Neilson. Getting Off The Hook: Addictions can be cured by NET. Wheaton, Illinois: Harold Shaw. ISBN 978-0-87788-305-0. Patterson, George Neilson; the Power Factor.

UK: Word. Patterson, George Neilson; the Paradise Factor. UK: Word. Editor Klatt, Werner; the Chinese Problem. OUP & HKUP. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list editor Wint, Guy. Asia Handbook. Anthony Blond. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list 1964: Raid Into Tibet with Adrian Cowell and Chris Menges 1970 Chasing the Dragon 1980 Synanon Geoffrey Bull Article, including photograph of George Patterson on his Tibetan horse, at

Never the Twain

Never the Twain is a British sitcom that ran for eleven series from 7 September 1981 to 9 October 1991. It was created by Johnnie Mortimer, was the only sitcom he created without his usual writing partner, Brian Cooke. Mortimer wrote the entirety of the first two series, one episode of the seventh, five out of six episodes of the eighth, with the rest being written by John Kane and Vince Powell; the series starred Windsor Davies and Donald Sinden as rival antique dealers, co-starred Robin Kermode, Julia Watson, Honor Blackman, Teddy Turner, Derek Deadman, Maria Charles and Zara Nutley. It was made by Thames Television for the ITV network. Since it finished, it has been repeated a few times, including on UK Gold on ITV3, more on Forces TV; the title is taken from the Rudyard Kipling poem The Ballad of West. The show's theme tune was composed by Jack Trombey and the track was entitled Domino. Oliver Smallbridge, played by Windsor Davies, Simon Peel, played by Donald Sinden, are antiques dealers who are bitter enemies and next-door neighbours, both in their homes and shops.

They are engaged in a continuous game of one-upmanship, so both of them are shocked when they find out that their respective children are in love and want to marry as soon as possible. The fathers are forced to reluctantly accept the relationship and marriage, which takes place at the end of the first series, it is the impending marriage of Lyn and David and the early days of their marriage, alongside Oliver and Simon battling over the affection of middle-class widow Veronica Barton, that provides the basis for the first two series. The third series features a failed attempt by Simon and Oliver to try to renew their business partnership. After the third series and David move to Vancouver in Canada, leaving the daily goings on at Simon and Oliver's shops and in their private lives as the main themes of the show. Other notable characters in the series are Simon's butler Banks, a replacement for a foreign au pair that Simon had requested. Banks and Mrs. Sadler's amorous relationship provides humorous material in these series, with both of them marrying and leaving the show at the end of the seventh series.

The fourth to seventh series were written by a group of writers, Powell and Me and My Girl co-creator Kane being the most prominent. In the eighth series and David return from Canada with their son Martin, who provides a new platform on which Simon and Oliver can develop their long-standing rivalry, fighting over, the better grandfather. However, at the end of that series, Lyn and Martin move to a new flat in Friern Barnet. Simon and Oliver's daily personal and business lives are the primary focus of the final three series. In these series, another character begins to appear regularly: Simon's Aunt Eleanor, moves near Oliver and Simon. Appearing in some episodes of the series were Donald Sinden's sons Marc and Jeremy, while his wife Diana appeared in the last episode; the complete first series was released on DVD in June 2001 by Clear Vision and no other series were released. It was announced that a different company would release a DVD featuring the first two series, it was released in September 2010.

However, an 11-disc complete series set is scheduled for release on 21 October 2019. The outside filming location for the two antique shops in the early series was a double-fronted restaurant on The Green in the village of Claygate in Surrey, just six miles to the south of Thames Television’s Teddington studios, they used some shops in Hersham, Surrey. The churches used for the weddings were St Andrew's Church, Surrey and St Andrew's Church, Surrey; the houses used in the early series were on Thames Ditton, Surrey. One of these has since been demolished and another house built on the plot. Houses on Brook Farm Road and Oak Road, Cobham were used. Beginning in early 2006, ITV3 began showing repeats beginning with series one in a late afternoon timeslot with other classic series such as Rising Damp and On The Buses. From late January 2019, coincidentally a short time after the announcement of Windsor Davies's death, Forces TV started broadcasting the show as double bills from the start; the Bill Podcast: Jon Iles Never the Twain on IMDb Never the Twain at British Comedy Guide


Gustavianum is the oldest standing building of Uppsala University. It was built between 1622 and 1625, used as the main building of the university between 1778 and 1887. Since 1997 it is used as the university museum of Uppsala University. During the 16th century Uppsala University was in decline and by the latter part of the century tutoring had stopped entirely. However, during Uppsala Synod in 1593 there was an official decision to re-open the university. Due to the increasing number of students the old medieval university building, Academia Carolina, was no longer able to house the entire university, wherefore a second university structure became necessary. Gustavianum was built between 1622 and 1625; the name Gustavianum comes from Gustavus Adolphus who in the 1620s donated money for its construction. The building was designed by the Dutch architect Caspar van Panten and contained lecture halls, printing halls, housing for gifted students without means. In 1662 the professor of medicine and polymath Olaus Rudbeck expands the building by adding another floor as well as constructing the theatrum anatomicum within a large cupola on its roof.

The anatomical theatre is today the second oldest remaining anatomical theatre in the world. The anatomical theatre was used until the 1750s when new more modern anatomical facilities were inaugurated in the neighboring building Konsistoriehuset; the cupola was instead used as a university library until the construction of the current library Carolina Rediviva in 1841. The cupola was used as a zoological museum. In 1955 the anatomical theatre was restored according to Olaus Rudbecks original design. During the 18th century the building was renovated by the architect Carl Hårleman. After the demolition of Academia Carolina in 1778 Gustavianum was made main building of the university, it maintained this function until 1887. Teaching from the institutions of architecture and egyptology continued in the building until 1997 when it was rebuilt into a museum. Museum Gustavianum was inaugurated by King Carl XVI Gustaf on the 17 of June 1997; as the university museum all the exhibited objects are part of the university collections.

In 2016 the museum attracted 82 539 visitors. The museum has five permanent exhibitions: The Anatomical theatre containing the theatre itself together with objects concerning Uppsalas medicinal history; the Augsburg Art Cabinet, a 17th-century cabinet of curiosities containing 1 000 different artifacts. The Mediterranean Sea and the Gulf of the Nile, containing objects from classical antiquity, most of them being excavated by Uppsala University archaeologists. Uppsala university history containing lecture note from the first semester of the university in 1477 and exhibitions concerning Uppsala scientists such as Carl von Linne, Anders Celsius and Nils von Rosenstein. Valsgärde; the Vendel Period - The Viking Age containing objects excavated from the burial field in Valsgärde 7 kilometers north of Uppsala, used from the 6th to the 11th century. Museum Gustavianum

Wiseblood (Corrosion of Conformity album)

Wiseblood is the fifth album by Corrosion of Conformity. Its name comes from the novel Wise Blood, written by Southern Gothic author Flannery O'Connor. Metallica's lead vocalist, James Hetfield, provides his voice as backup on the album's ninth track, "Man or Ash"; the song "Drowning in a Daydream" was nominated for Best Metal Performance at the 40th Grammy Awards ceremony. Wiseblood received a mixed review from Allmusic writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, who gave the album four stars out of five, he describes Wiseblood as the "closest Corrosion of Conformity have gotten to old-school heavy metal, yet their fondness for industrial soundbites and thrash-metal keeps the group sounding contemporary." However, Erlewine states that it "doesn't have half the hooks of its predecessor, which means it sounds great while its playing, but it disappears into the abyss once it's finished."Despite receiving mixed reviews, Wiseblood is one of Corrosion of Conformity's most successful and best-selling albums to date, peaking at number 104 on the Billboard 200.

It peaked at number two on the Heatseekers chart. One of the album's singles, "Drowning in a Daydream", peaked at number 27 on the Mainstream Rock chart. Pepper Keenan – lead vocals, rhythm guitar Woody Weatherman – lead guitar Mike Deanbass guitar Reed Mullindrums James Hetfield - background vocals on "Man Or Ash" Billboard

Lefty Houtz

Fred Fritz "Lefty" Houtz was an outfielder in Major League Baseball. He played for the Cincinnati Reds in 1899 and had a 12-year minor league career. Houtz stood at 5' 10" and weighed 170 lbs. Lefty Houtz was born in Indiana, he started his professional baseball career in 1899 with the Texas League's Galveston Sand Crabs and made an immediate impact. In 78 games that year, he slugged.673 with 17 home runs. He led the league in triples, home runs, total bases, slugging percentage. Houtz was acquired by the Cincinnati Reds, he made his major league debut on July 23. Sporting Life wrote of that day: "All records were broken after acquisition of "Lefty" Houtz, hailed by the late Harry Weldon as the champion slugger of the Texas League; the afternoon that Houtz made his debut the stands were packed and overflow meetings were held along the lines." Houtz played five games for the Reds from July 23 to July 26. He went 4 for 17 for a. 381 on-base percentage. He finished out the season with St. Paul of the Western League.

On October 7, Sporting Life reported. He played for two teams in 1900 and batted just.220. In 1902, Houtz joined the Butte Miners of the Pacific Northwest League, he raised his batting average to.291, Butte won the league championship. The following season, he moved to the Pacific National League's San Francisco Pirates and batted.286. He broke out again with the Boise Fruit Pickers. Houtz was one of the PNL's top sluggers that season, batting.343 and pacing the circuit with 33 doubles and 18 triples while finishing second in total bases. In 1905, Houtz played in the Pacific Coast League, his batting average fell to.243. He was ordered to report to spring training with the National League's St. Louis Cardinals in early 1906 but did not play for the Cardinals in a regular season game, his five games in 1899 would remain the only major league experience of his career. Houtz instead spent 1907 playing for the Montgomery Senators of the Southern Association. In May 1906, the Spokane Daily Chronicle reported that he was "hitting the ball hard", but his batting average that year was just.244.

He hit.258 in 1907. Houtz went to the Central League's Zanesville Infants in 1908 and to the Ohio State League's Lima Cigarmakers in 1910. In 1911, he batted.323 and led the OSL in slugging percentage and total bases. It was the third time in his career, he retired from professional baseball after that season. Houtz died in 1959 in Ohio, he was buried in New St. Joseph Cemetery. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference