Johan Gudmann Rohde was a Danish painter and designer. He was the founder of Den Frie Udstilling, established in 1891 to allow artists to exhibit works which did not fall within the Academys selection criteria. Born in Randers where he matriculated from school in 1875. After studying privately under Wenzel Tornøe, he entered the Academy in 1882, unhappy with the institutions refusal to accept modern trends, he left less than a year together with a number of other students. Thereafter he studied at the newly established Kunstnernes Studieskole under Laurits Tuxen, Rohde first exhibited at Charlottenborgs spring exhibition in 1888 with an everyday scene, En Beværtningshave i Udkanten af København. In 1890, with J. F. Willumsen, Hammershøi, Harald and Agnes Slott-Møller and Christian Mourier-Petersen and he had eye for works of value, buying a painting by Van Gogh in Paris in 1892 (now in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. He arranged an exhibition of Van Goghs works in Den Frie in 1893 and his own works from the 1890s are influenced by Symbolism, especially his portraits.
Rohde played an important part in the development of Danish craftsmanship with his high-quality silver designs (for Georg Jensen as well as furniture in both classical and Japanese styles, in 1934, Rohde was awarded the Thorvaldsen Medal. ArtNet, More works by Rohde, including furniture and silverware
Julius Paulsen was a Danish painter. From 1879 to 1882 he studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts where he was a professor and he had strong connections with several of the Skagen Painters and visited Skagen in the early 1900s. Paulsen was influenced by Rembrandt and French salon art and he is remembered above all for his portraits. Born in Odense, Paulsen was the son of a shopkeeper, after completing an apprenticeship as a house painter, he attended the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, graduating in 1882. In 1885, he travelled to the Netherlands and Belgium together with Viggo Johansen, Paulsens works bear the influence of Realism and Impressionism but he was inspired by Dutch 17th century art as can be seen in his painting Portrætgruppe from 1902 in Skagens Museum. Paulsen associated with several of the Skagen Painters who gathered each summer in the north of Jutland and he painted several portraits of Laurits Tuxen and his family as well as a number of landscapes. Krøyer hangs in the Museum of National History in Frederiksborg Palace, from 1908 to 1920, Paulsen was a professor at the Royal Danish Academy.
Biography at the Dansk biografisk Lexikon Examples of Paulsens work from Nordic Attic
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Peder Henrik Kristian Zahrtmann, known as Kristian Zahrtmann, was a Danish painter. He was known especially for his paintings, and especially those depicting strong, tragic. He produced works of other genres including landscapes, street scenes, folk scenes. He had an effect on the development of Danish art through his effective support of individual style among his students during the many years he taught. He was born in Rønne, Denmark on the island of Bornholm to chief doctor for the island Carl Vilhelm Zahrtmann and he was the oldest child among seven boys and two girls. After graduating from Rønne Realskole at seventeen years of age, he was sent to Sorø Academy and he graduated in 1862, and received his cand. phil in 1863. During these years he lived with a family whose daughter was a painter, after graduating he came to Copenhagen, where during the winter 1863-1864 he studied drawing at the Technical Institute under Christian Hetsch and architect Ferdinand Vilhelm. He received instruction from genre painter Wenzel Ulrich Tornøe during this same time.
Classmates included August Jerndorff, Peder Severin Krøyer and Rasmus Frederik Hendriksen and he graduated from the Academy in 1868, and exhibited for the first time at Charlottenborg the following year with En Konfirmandinde paa Bornholm. He exhibited regularly at Charlottenborg 1869-1891, and sporadically afterwards and he became friends with painter Otto Haslund and Pietro Købke Krohn, Museum Director, with whom he shared a studio. She was imprisoned for 22 years in the Blue Tower in Copenhagen Castle, Zahrtmann commemorated her story in a series of 18 large paintings over many years. The first of paintings was made public in 1871, Slotsfogden skjæmter med Kvinderne i den nylig fængslede Kongedatters Kammer paa Blaataarn. The painting won him a Neuhausen Prize, was sold to Niels Laurits Høyens influential Art Union and these paintings established his reputation as one of the leading artists of his time. At the same time he explored other motifs, although Leonora Christina was an obsession that followed him throughout life, in 1872 he made a portrait of Georg Brandes, who summered near Zahrtmann at Christiansholm near Klampenborg north of Copenhagen.
The final painting of Job and His Friends won him the Academy’s gold medallion in 1887, in 1873 he painted Scene from the Court of Christian VII1772 to retell the tragic story of Queen Caroline Matilda on the centenniel of the fall of Johann Friedrich Struensee. The painting is in the Hirschsprung Collection, characteristically for Zahrtmann he made several other paintings over the years depicting the story of these main characters. Professor David Loshack was interested in Zahrtmanns works and rather special colours and he tried to extract a travel stipend from the Academy three times, which should have been due him as winner of the large gold medal, but the funds were not forthcoming until two years later. Zahrtmann spends the summer of 1873 at Hornbæk in the company of fellow painters Peder Severin Krøyer and he finally traveled to Italy in December 1875 with financing from his father, before he received a travel grant from the Academy
Malthe Odin Engelsted was a Danish M. A. and painter. The psychological approach is the strength of Engelsted’s artistic activity, giving his work a special value. He is buried at Fakse Cemetery and he was awarded the Neuhausenske Prize in 1883. With his own resources and partially with the Academy scholarship fund, he made in 1881,1883 and again between 1887-1889, study tours in Germany, the Netherlands, France and Greece. With much humor he portrayed an old couple in Domino Players, Engelsted’s work has a deep and serious feeling, as shown in Sara awakens Isaac for his departure to Mount Moriah, and in the small, but so significant painting of Christ and Nicodemus. The spiritual message of his work is supported by a proper plan, color is consistent with the subject, as seen in Bright and Smiling at the Ladies Drinking with Uncle, and even in the excellent Painter in his Studio, as well as in other serious biblical images. This article is based mainly on H. R. Baumanns biography in the first version of the DBL, published by CF Bricka, Volume 4, p.521, Penguin Books and this article is based on the translation of the corresponding article of the Danish Wikipedia.
A list of contributors can be there at the History section
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin was a French post-Impressionist artist. Underappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his use of color. His work was influential to the French avant-garde and many artists, such as Pablo Picasso. Many of his paintings were in the possession of Russian collector Sergei Shchukin and he was an important figure in the Symbolist movement as a painter, printmaker and writer. He was a proponent of wood engraving and woodcuts as art forms. Gauguin was born in Paris, France to Clovis Gauguin and Alina Maria Chazal on June 7,1848 and his birth coincided with revolutionary upheavals throughout Europe that year. His father, a 34-year-old liberal journalist, came from a family of petit-bourgeoisie entrepreneurs residing in Orléans and he was compelled to flee France when the newspaper for which he wrote was suppressed by French authorities. Gauguins mother, the 22-year-old Aline Marie Chazal, was the daughter of Andre Chazal, an engraver, and Flora Tristan and their union ended when Andre assaulted his wife Flora and was sentenced to prison for attempted murder.
Paul Gauguins maternal grandmother, Flora Tristan, was the daughter of Thérèse Laisnay. Details of Thérèses family background are not known, her father, Don Mariano, was a Spanish nobleman, members of the wealthy Tristan Moscoso family held powerful positions in Peru. Nonetheless, Don Marianos unexpected death plunged his mistress and daughter Flora into poverty, when Floras marriage with Andre failed, she petitioned for and obtained a small monetary settlement from her fathers Peruvian relatives. She sailed to Peru in hopes of enlarging her share of the Tristan Moscoso family fortune and this never materialized, but she successfully published a popular travelogue of her experiences in Peru which launched her literary career in 1838. An active supporter of early socialist societies, Gauguins maternal grandmother helped to lay the foundations for the 1848 revolutionary movements, placed under surveillance by French police and suffering from overwork, she died in 1844. Her grandson Paul idolized his grandmother, and kept copies of her books with him to the end of his life.
In 1850, Clovis Gauguin departed for Peru with his wife Alina and he died of a heart attack en route, and Alina arrived in Peru a widow with the 18-month-old Paul and his 2 ½ year-old sister, Marie. Gauguins mother was welcomed by her granduncle, whose son-in-law would shortly assume the presidency of Peru. To the age of six, Paul enjoyed an upbringing, attended by nursemaids. He retained a vivid memory of period of his childhood which instilled indelible impressions of Peru that haunted him the rest of his life
Kunsthal Charlottenborg in Copenhagen is the official exhibition gallery of the Royal Danish Academy of Art. The palatial residence was constructed in 1672–83 for Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve, in the Baroque architectural idiom shared by Holland, the structure contains an extensive library of the fine arts. The dowager queen Charlotte Amalie bought the palace in 1700, the corps de logis was rebuilt facing Kongens Nytorv in 1827 by C. F. Hansen, and contains the Academys Festhall and Antiksalen, the Charlottenborg has become famous for its open spring exhibition, to which anyone may submit work, which is vetted by a jury before a selection is shown. The fall exhibition, Efterårsudstilling, is by invitation