Denbighshire is a county in north-east Wales, whose borders differ from the historic county of the same name. It is the part of Wales known to have been inhabited longest – Pontnewydd Palaeolithic site has Neanderthal remains of 225,000 years ago, its several castles include Denbigh, Ruthin, Castell Dinas Bran and Bodelwyddan. St Asaph, one of Britain's smallest cities, has one of its smallest Anglican cathedrals. Denbighshire has coastline to the north and hills to the east and west; the River Clwyd creates a broad fertile valley down the centre of a rural county with little industry. Crops are grown in cattle and sheep reared in the uplands; the coast attracts tourists. Llangollen hosts the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod each July; the present main area was formed on 1 April 1996 under the Local Government Act 1994, from various parts of the county of Clwyd. It includes the district of Rhuddlan, the communities of Trefnant and Cefn Meiriadog from the district of Colwyn and most of the Glyndŵr district.
The part of the Glyndŵr district includes the entirety of the former Edeyrnion Rural District, part of the administrative county of Merionethshire before 1974, which covered the parishes of Betws Gwerfil Goch, Gwyddelwern, Llandrillo yn Edeirnion and Llansanffraid. Other principal areas including part of historic Denbighshire are Conwy, which picked up the remainder of 1974–1996 Colwyn, the Denbighshire parts of 1974–1996 Aberconwy, Wrexham, which corresponds to the pre-1974 borough of Wrexham along with most of the Wrexham Rural District and several parishes from Glyndŵr. Post-1996 Powys includes the historic Denbighshire parishes of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant and Llangedwyn, which formed part of Glyndŵr district. Researchers have found evidence. Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site is one of the most significant in Great Britain. Hominid remains of probable Neanderthals have been found, along with stone tools from the Middle Pleistocene. See List of places in Denbighshire; the eastern border of Denbighshire follows the ridge of the Clwydian Range, with a steep escarpment to the west, a high point at Moel Famau.
The Clwydian Range is, with the upper Dee Valley, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty – one of just five in the whole of Wales. The Denbigh Moors are in the west of the county and the Berwyn Range adjacent to the southern boundary; the River Clwyd in its broad, fertile Vale runs from south to north in the centre of the county. There is a narrow coastal plain in the north where there is much residential and tourist development; the highest point in the county is Cadair Berwyn. Denbighshire borders the counties of Conwy, Flintshire and Powys. Denbighshire's total population at the United Kingdom Census 2001 was 93,065, which increased to 93,734 at the 2011 census; the largest towns on the coast are Prestatyn. According to the 2011 Census returns, 24.6 per cent of the population stated they are able to speak Welsh. In 2019, research carried out by UnHerd in association with pollster FocalData showed that most people across the county support the British monarchy. Since the 20th-century demise of the coal and steel industries in the Wrexham area, there are no heavy industrial sites in the county.
Although most towns have small industrial parks or estates for light industry, the economy is based on agriculture and tourism. A high proportion of the working population is employed in the service sector; the uplands support sheep and beef cattle rearing, while in the Vale of Clwyd dairy farming and wheat and barley crops predominate. Many towns have livestock markets and the farming supports farm machinery merchants, feed merchants and other ancillary trades. With their incomes on the decline, farmers have found opportunities in tourism, rural crafts, specialist food shops, farmers' markets and value-added food products. Tourism is nowadays the main source of income; the upland areas with their sheep farms and small, stone-walled fields are attractive to visitors. Redundant farm buildings are converted into self-catering accommodation, while many farmhouses supply bed and breakfast; the travel trade began with the arrival of the railway on the coast in the mid-19th century, opening up the area from Merseyside.
This led to a boom in seaside guest houses. More caravan sites and holiday villages have thrived and there has been an increase in ownership of holiday homes. Various initiatives to boost the economy of North Wales are in progress in 2016, including a redevelopment project for the former Rhyl seafront and funfair; the North Wales Coast Line running from Crewe to Holyhead is served by Transport for Wales and Avanti West Coast services. Trains leaving Crewe pass through Chester, cross the River Dee into Wales, continue through Flint, Holywell junction, Prestatyn and stations to Bangor and Holyhead, from where there is a ferry service to Ireland. There are no motorways in Denbighshire; the A55 dual carriageway passes from Chester through St Asaph to the North Wales coast at Abergele, after which it runs parallel to the railway through Conwy and Bangor to Holyhead. The A548 passes from Chester to Abergele through Deeside and along the coast, before leaving the coast and terminating at Llanrwst; the main road from London is the A5 which passes north-westwards
Wayne Fleming was a Canadian ice hockey coach. He served as assistant coach in the National Hockey League for the Edmonton Oilers, Calgary Flames, Philadelphia Flyers, Phoenix Coyotes, New York Islanders and Tampa Bay Lightning, he served as a head coach for Leksands IF, EV Landshut and Avangard Omsk in Europe, as both assistant and head coach for Team Canada in international tournaments. Fleming began his coaching career in 1980 with the University of Manitoba Bisons, he spent nine seasons with the Bisons and was named the Canadian Interuniversity Athletic Union Coach of the Year in 1985. From 1992 until 1996, he was the head coach of Leksands IF of the Swedish Elitserien, he coached the Landshut Cannibals in Germany for one year before returning to North American to become an assistant coach with the New York Islanders in 1997. He served as assistant coach with the Edmonton Oilers under Pat Quinn. On July 23, 2010, it was announced that Fleming had signed with the Tampa Bay Lightning as their assistant coach.
Internationally, Fleming joined the Canadian Olympic team in 1990 as its General Manager and Assistant Coach, won a silver medal at the 1992 Winter Olympics. He returned to the national program in 2000 when he was named the Vice President, Hockey by Hockey Canada and served as an associate coach for the national team as it won a gold medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics and the 2004 World Cup of Hockey. Fleming died of brain cancer on March 25, 2013, at his home in Calgary. Wayne Fleming career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database
Dr. Faizan Mustafa was the Vice-Chancellor of NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad, he sits on the board of directors of the T-Hub. He had graduated from Aligarh Muslim University in History and Law and LL. M with distinction from Aligarh Muslim University, he has his doctorate in Copyright Law and a diploma from International Institute of Human Rights on International and Comparative Human Rights Law. Before taking charge as VC of NALSAR, he was the founder Vice-Chancellor of National Law University Odisha, located at Cuttack, Odisha. Besides teaching and research works in the field of law, he has authored several books and plenty of papers in national and international journals, he has been credited to explore new areas such as HIV law. His article on religious freedom was quoted by the Supreme Court in the Sabarimala Judgement