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Barney's Beanery

Barney's Beanery is a chain of gastropubs in the Greater Los Angeles Area. John "Barney" Anthony founded it in 1920 in Berkeley, in 1927 he moved it to U. S. Route 66, now Santa Monica Boulevard, in West Hollywood; as of 2011, Barney's Beanery had locations in Burbank, Santa Monica, Redondo Beach at the Redondo Beach Pier and the original in West Hollywood. Barney's location, combined with the fact that the owner extended credit and gave away food, made the bar popular with people with diverse backgrounds, including artists and other celebrities. Older Hollywood actors such as Clara Bow, Clark Gable, Errol Flynn, Judy Garland and Rita Hayworth were all regulars in their day. By the 1960s, the neighboring Sunset Strip had become an important music center, Jim Morrison and Janis Joplin became regulars. Poet Charles Bukowski hung around, as did artists Ed Kienholz and others associated with the Ferus Gallery, located nearby on La Cienega Boulevard. Quentin Tarantino allegedly wrote most of the screenplay for his film Pulp Fiction sitting in his favorite booth at the original Barney's Beanery in West Hollywood.

In the 1930s, 1940s, or around 1953 John Anthony put up a sign among the old license plates and other ephemera along the wall behind the bar that read "FAGOTS – STAY OUT". Though Anthony was known to be antagonistic towards gays, going as far as posing for a picture in a 1964 Life article on "Homosexuality in America" over a caption where he exclaims "I don't like'em...", the sign was ostensibly put up as a response to pressure from the police who had a tendency towards discriminatory practices against homosexuals and establishments that catered to the group. After Anthony died in 1968, efforts to remove the sign continued. A coalition of gay activist groups organized a zap of the restaurant on February 7, 1970, to push for its removal; the sign was put up and taken down several times over the next 14 years, the restaurant's matchbooks bore the line, but that practice ended in December 1984, days after the city of West Hollywood voted itself into existence. Then-mayor Valerie Terrigno, the entire city council and gay rights activists marched into Barney’s and relieved the wall of the offending sign.

It now rests in the ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives. Barney's received attention in early 2011 when one of their busboys, Ricardo Reyes, defeated LeBron James, Kobe Bryant, Carmelo Anthony, Charles Barkley, Lamar Odom, Glen Davis and Blake Griffin in Pop-A-Shot, a mini basketball shooting competition, on Jimmy Kimmel Live! Parts of Oliver Stone's film The Doors were filmed at Barney's Beanery. In the TV film series Columbo, Columbo ordered chili at Barney's Beanery. However, the series was not filmed in the actual location. In 1965 Edward Kienholz created “The Beanery,” a life-size sculpture tableaux of the interior, inhabited by poorly dressed store mannequins whose “faces” are clocks set at 10:10. An audiotape of barroom chatter, the odor of beer, accompanied the display. A newspaper in a vending machine is headlined "Children Kill Children in Vietnam.” The work was first unveiled in the restaurant parking lot, is now in the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. On the cover of the Big Brother and the Holding Company album Cheap Thrills, vibes on the song "Turtle Blues" are credited to Barney's Beanery.

There is an illustration of the diner by R. Crumb, who did the artwork for the album. Country rock band New Riders of the Purple Sage talk of hanging out at Barney's Beanery in their song Lonesome L. A. Cowboy. Clendinen and Nagourney, Adam. Out for Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in America. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-81091-3 Collins, Judy. Sweet Judy Blue Eyes: My Life in Music. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-307-71734-8 Kenney, Moira. Mapping Gay L. A.: The Intersection of Place and Politics. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-884-3. Lawson and Rufus, Anneli.. California Babylon. New York: St. Martin's. ISBN 0-312-26385-6 Pincus, Robert L.. On a Scale that Competes with the World: The Art of Nancy Reddin Kienholz. California: UC Press. Teal, Donn; the Gay Militants: How Gay Liberation Began in America, 1969–1971. New York, St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-11279-3. White, C. Todd. Pre-Gay LA: A Social History of the Movement for Homosexual Rights. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

ISBN 0-252-07641-9 Official website

USS Hollis (DE-794)

USS Hollis was a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy, named in honor of Ensign Ralph Hollis, killed on the battleship Arizona during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Hollis was launched by Consolidated Steel Corp. Orange, Texas, on 11 September 1943. Hollis, widow of Ensign Hollis. Following shakedown in the Atlantic, Hollis made two escort voyages along the East Coast and reported to Quonset Point, R. I. to assist in sonic research. The aim was to find countermeasures for the German acoustic torpedo, the destroyer escort remained on this important duty until 28 May, when she sailed to Casablanca in an aircraft carrier screen. Returning to New York on 17 June, Hollis was soon at sea again, this time as part of an escort and hunter-killer unit, she operated from July to mid-August escorting convoys in the Mediterranean, escorted a convoy to the southern France invasion area on 15 August as Allied troops stormed ashore. In the months that followed, as the offensive gained momentum, Hollis continued to act as an escort in the Mediterranean, ensuring the flow of vital supplies and men.

She sailed for the United States on 28 December, arrived on 18 January to undergo conversion to a high-speed transport at Philadelphia Navy Yard. Fitted out to carry amphibious assault troops, Hollis was reclassified APD-86, on 24 January 1945, conducted her shakedown in April and May off the Atlantic coast. Sailing from Miami, Florida on 10 May, the ship transited the Panama Canal and sailed for Pearl Harbor and the Pacific War, she arrived on 30 May and began training with Underwater Demolition Teams, the Navy's famed "frogmen", on Maui island. Converted to a UDT flagship, Hollis sailed to Eniwetok and Guam as the Japanese were accepting surrender terms, arriving Apra Harbor on 23 August 1945. Hollis, now flagship for Pacific UDT forces, sailed to Tokyo Bay to assist in the occupation, arriving on 1 September. There she witnessed the formal surrender ceremonies of the Japanese Empire the next day. Following occupation duties the ship sailed for San Diego California, where she arrived on 23 October, thence via the Panama Canal to Boston.

Arriving on 15 February 1946, the transport spent four months at Charleston, S. C. before arriving at Green Cove Springs, Florida, on 13 October 1946. Hollis entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. With the increase in fleet strength brought about by the Korean War, Hollis recommissioned on 6 April 1951 and conducted shakedown training out of Norfolk, Virginia; the ship sailed from her home port, Little Creek, Va. on 8 October to take part in amphibious exercises in the Caribbean and on the coast of North Carolina, returning 20 November. For the next five years Hollis continued to participate in amphibious exercises, antisubmarine training, maneuvers. In 1954 and 1955 she served as school ship for Fleet Sonar School, Key West. In 1954 she took part in a North Atlantic cold weather exercise off Labrador, in 1955 her schedule included a month of NROTC midshipman training. Hollis arrived Green Cove Springs, Fla. on 17 July 1956, decommissioned there 16 October 1956. Stricken from the Navy Register on 15 September 1974, Hollis was sold for scrap on 1 July 1975.

Hollis received one battle star for World War II service. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. History.navy.mil: USS Hollis navsource.org: USS Hollis hazegray.org: USS Hollis