Barbara Levy Boxer is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from California 1993 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she served in the U. S. House of Representatives 1983 to 1993. Born in Brooklyn, New York, Boxer graduated from Brooklyn College and she worked as a stockbroker for several years before moving to California with her husband. During the 1970s, she worked as a journalist for the Pacific Sun and she served on the Marin County Board of Supervisors for six years and became the boards first female president. With the slogan Barbara Boxer Gives a Damn, she was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1982 and she sat on the House Armed Services Committee, and was involved in government oversight, passing several procurement reforms. Boxer won the 1992 election for the U. S. Senate, Boxer is the ranking member of the Environment and Public Works Committee and the vice chair of the Select Committee on Ethics. She is the Democratic Chief Deputy Whip, on January 8,2015, Boxer announced that she would not seek re-election in 2016.
She was succeeded by California Attorney General Kamala Harris, Boxer was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Jewish parents Sophie and Ira Levy. She attended public schools, and graduated from George W. Wingate High School in 1958, in 1962, she married Stewart Boxer and graduated from Brooklyn College with a bachelors degree in Economics. While in college she was a member of Delta Phi Epsilon sorority and was a cheerleader for the Brooklyn College basketball team, Boxer worked as a stockbroker for the next three years, while her husband went to law school. Later, the moved to Greenbrae, Marin County, California. She first ran for office in 1972, when she challenged incumbent Peter Arrigoni, a member of the Marin County Board of Supervisors. Later during the 1970s, Boxer worked as a journalist for the Pacific Sun and as an aide to John Burton, in 1976, Boxer was elected to the Marin County Board of Supervisors, serving for six years. She was the Boards first woman president, Boxers husband, Stewart, a prominent attorney in Oakland, represents injured workers in workers compensation cases, keeping a very low political profile.
On May 28,1994, their daughter Nicole married Tony Rodham, before ending in divorce, they had a child Zachary, born in 1995. So Boxer is genetically tied to the Clintons through this union, Zachary held a unique distinction of being both the grandson and nephew of sitting U. S. senators. In 2006, the Boxers sold their house in Greenbrae, where they had lived for many years, Boxers first novel, A Time to Run was published in 2005 by San Francisco-based publishing company Chronicle Books. Her second novel Blind Trust was released in July 2009 by Chronicle Books, Boxer, a Marin County supervisor, was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1982, succeeding John Burton
San Mateo, California
San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California, in the high-tech enclave of Silicon Valley in the San Francisco Bay Area. The 2015 population was estimated to be 103,536, San Mateo was incorporated in 1894. Documented by Spanish colonists as part of the Rancho de las Pulgas and the Rancho San Mateo, in 1789 the Spanish missionaries had named a Native American village along Laurel Creek as Los Laureles or the Laurels. At the time of Mexican Independence there were 30 native Californians at San Mateo, an 1835 sketch map of the Rancho refers to the creek as arroyo de los Laureles. In the 21st century, most of the laurels are gone, in 1810 Coyote Point was an early recorded feature of San Mateo. Beginning in the 1850s, some wealthy San Franciscans began building summer or permanent homes in the milder mid-peninsula, while most of this early settlement occurred in adjacent Hillsborough and Burlingame, a number of historically important mansions and buildings were constructed in San Mateo. A. P.
Giannini, founder of the Bank of Italy and his mansion, Seven Oaks, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Located at 20 El Cerrito Drive, it has been deteriorating as it has not been preserved or occupied for years, in 1858 Sun Water Station, a stage station of the Butterfield Overland Mail route, was established in San Mateo. It was located 9 miles south of Clarks Station in what is now San Bruno and 9 miles north of the station at Redwood City. The Howard Estate was built in 1859 on the hill accessed by Crystal Springs Road, the Parrott Estate was erected in 1860 in the same area, giving rise to two conflicting names for the hill, Howard Hill and Parrot Hill. After use of the changed traffic patterns, neither historic name was commonly applied to that hill. The Borel Estate was developed near Borel Creek in 1874 and it has been redeveloped since the late 20th century for use as modern offices and shops. The property is managed and owned by Borel Place Associates and the Borel Estate Company, a smaller portion of the property and the mansion, was converted into The Peninsula Hotel in 1908, following Haywards death in 1904.
The Hotel burned down in a fire on 25 June 1920. In the early 20th century, Japanese immigrants came to San Mateo to work in the salt ponds, although Japanese-Americans only account for 2. 2% of the population today, they continue to be a major cultural influence and a draw for the rest of the region. The Eugene J. De Sabla Japanese Teahouse and Garden was established in 1894 at 70 De Sabla Road, designed by Makoto Hagiwara and he arranged for Japanese artisans to be brought to the United States primarily for its teahouse construction. The parcel was purchased in 1988 by San Francisco businessman Achille Paladini and wife Joan, the garden features hundreds of varieties of plants and several rare trees. A large koi pond surrounds an island, the property was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992
Lou Grant (TV series)
Lou Grant is an American drama series starring Ed Asner in the title role as a newspaper editor that aired on CBS from September 20,1977 to September 13,1982. The series was the third spin-off of the sitcom The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Lou Grant was created by The Mary Tyler Moore Show co-creators James L. Brooks and Allan Burns, along with Gene Reynolds. Lou Grant won 13 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Drama Series, Asner won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series in 1978 and 1980. In doing so, he became the first person to win an Emmy Award for both Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series and Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series for portraying the same character. Lou Grant won two Golden Globe Awards, a Peabody Award, an Eddie Award, three awards from the Directors Guild of America and two Humanitas Prizes, given the shift from comedy to drama in this show, the nature of Grants interactions with others is toned down. References to Grants oftentimes excessive drinking, which had been a comedic theme on Mary Tyler Moore, were deemphasized on the new show.
Recurring actors who played editors of various departments included Gordon Jump and Emilio Delgado, Peggy McCay had a role as Charlie Humes wife. However, lead actors from other MTM shows did appear in guest roles as other characters, including Jane Rose, Richard Schaal and Julie Kavner. The younger reporters are seen turning to Lou for guidance and mentorship over some of the hard questions. There were glimpses into the lives of the Tribune staff. Lou Grant was a spin-off from The Mary Tyler Moore Show, unlike The Mary Tyler Moore Show, which was a 30-minute sitcom, Lou Grant was a one-hour drama. When The Mary Tyler Moore Show ended its run, that series co-creators and producers, James L. Brooks and they decided that it was easier to retain the popular Lou Grant character and make it a spinoff series. And Mary Tyler Moore had already established that the character had a newspaper career. Gene Reynolds, who was producing the TV show M*A*S*H at the time, was brought on as a co-creator. Gary David Goldberg was a producer for the series, the theme music Lou Grant was composed by Patrick Williams.
Lou Grant aired on CBS from September 1977 to September 1982, a total of 114 episodes were produced. Lou Grant won several honors during its run, including 13 Primetime Emmy Awards. Ed Asner served two terms as president of the Screen Actors Guild, in capacity during the 1980s he opposed U. S. policy in Central America
San Mateo High School
San Mateo High School is a National Blue Ribbon comprehensive four-year public high school in San Mateo, United States. It serves grades 9–12 and is part of the San Mateo Union High School District, in its first year, San Mateo High School was located in the Dixon Cottage on Ellsworth Avenue with an enrollment of just 14 students. The faculty was composed of A. G. Van Gorder and teacher, the school was opened on September 15,1902, at 8,30 am, in the two-story Dixon Cottage at 54 North Ellsworth Street. Its courses included foreign languages, the arts and varied courses in science, in the beginning, only two years were required for graduation, but many students continued the full four years with intentions of going to college. Textbooks were well preserved, as the students had to buy their own, reimbursement could usually be had by selling the used books to the incoming freshmen. Princeton University, with the orange and black, was King of Sports in 1902. Following suit, San Mateo High chose the orange and black as its colors, early in 1903, the high school on Ellsworth Street became too small to accommodate the increased enrollment, which was 27.
Following a bond election, the Board of Education appropriated $24,000 for the purchase of Brewer Tract and this was a three-story structure situated on the corner of Baldwin Avenue and San Mateo Drive. During the summer, in addition to remodeling and refurnishing the building, SMHS gained a set of reference books at $75 and three Remington typewriters at $70 each. Classes were conducted in building from 1903 until 1911. Although the school building was damaged in the earthquake of 1906. The building was one of the first to be repaired after the earthquake, by 1907 there were 90 students enrolled. In 1906, all of the departments were accredited by the University of California. Since then, San Mateo High School has been recognized as an institution of learning in the San Mateo community. In 1991, the school was named a National Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education, in 2005, it was recognized with a Gold Standard Award for Academic Excellence by California Business for Education Excellence in conjunction with the California State University system.
The first graduates of San Mateo High left their school days behind to take part in the leadership of the century on June 5,1905. The students of the first class included Elizabeth Dingwell, Emily Donnelly, Kenneth Green, Freda Hagerup, Eva Leavy, Mabel Moore, and Lena Sullivan. On February 4,1911, an appeared in the San Mateo Times stating that the new San Mateo High School building on the Baldwin Avenue campus was almost completed
24 (TV series)
24 is an American crime thriller television series produced for the Fox network, created by Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran, and starring Kiefer Sutherland as counter terrorist agent Jack Bauer. Each season, comprising 24 episodes, covers 24 hours in Bauers life using the real method of narration. Premiering on November 6,2001, the show spanned 192 episodes over eight seasons, in addition, a television film,24, was broadcast between seasons six and seven, on November 23,2008. 24 returned as a 12-episode series titled 24, Live Another Day,24, Legacy, a spin-off series featuring new characters, premiered on February 5,2017, after Super Bowl LI. Throughout the series most of the plot elements unfold like a political thriller. At the conclusion of its season,24 became the longest-running U. S. espionage/counterterrorism-themed television drama ever. 24 is a drama that stars Kiefer Sutherland as Jack Bauer. Each episode typically follows Bauer, officials in the U. S. government, the episodes take place over the course of one hour, depicting events as they happen, in real time.
Season 1 begins at midnight on the day of the California presidential primary, Season 2, set 18 months later, begins at 8,00 a. m. Season 3, set three years later, begins at 1,00 p. m, Jack must infiltrate a Mexican drug cartel to seize a deadly virus being marketed underground. President Palmer must deal with potential scandal that could cost him his presidency, Season 4, set 18 months later, begins at 7,00 a. m. Jack must save the lives of his new boss, Secretary of Defense James Heller, Season 5, set 18 months after, begins at 7,00 a. m. Jack is believed to be dead by everyone except a few of his closest friends and he is forced to resurface when some of those friends are murdered and he is framed by terrorists with connections to the American government. The acquisition of nerve gas by the terrorists poses a new threat, Season 6, set 20 months later, begins at 6,00 a. m. Jack is released after being detained in a Chinese prison following the events of Season 5, terrorists who hold a vendetta against Jack plot to set off suitcase nuclear devices in America.
Later, Jack is forced to choose between those he loves and national security when the Chinese set their sights on sensitive circuitry that could trigger a war between the U. S. and Russia. Redemption, set years later, begins at 3,00 p. m. Jack finds himself caught up in a coup in the fictional African nation of Sangala
Pacific Ocean theater of World War II
The Pacific Ocean theater, during World War II, was a major theater of the war between the Allies and Japan. It officially came into existence on March 30,1942, when US Admiral Chester Nimitz was appointed Supreme Allied Commander Pacific Ocean Areas. In the other theatre in the Pacific region, known as the South West Pacific theatre. Both Nimitz and MacArthur were overseen by the US Joint Chiefs, most Japanese forces in the theater were part of the Combined Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was responsible for all Japanese warships, naval aircraft, and marine infantry units. The Rengō Kantai was led by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, until he was killed in an attack by U. S. fighter planes in April 1943, Yamamoto was succeeded by Admiral Mineichi Koga and Admiral Soemu Toyoda. The General Staff of the Imperial Japanese Army was responsible for Imperial Japanese Army ground and air units in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific. The IJN and IJA did not formally use joint/combined staff at the level, and their command structures/geographical areas of operations overlapped each other.
In the Pacific Ocean theater, Japanese forces fought primarily against the United States Navy, US Marine Corps, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia and other Allied nations contributed forces. Pacific Crucible, War at Sea in the Pacific, 1941–1942, the Official Chronology of the U. S. Navy in World War II. In the Service of the Emperor, Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army, a History of Us, War and all that Jazz. Kafka, Pepperburg, Roy L. Warships of the World, the Campaigns of the Pacific War
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a South African male choral group that sings in the vocal styles of isicathamiya and mbube. They rose to prominence as a result of singing with Paul Simon on his 1986 album Graceland. They were formed by Joseph Shabalala in 1960 and one of South Africas most prolific recording artists, with their releases receiving gold. The group has now become an academy, teaching people about South Africa. Joseph Shabalala formed Ladysmith Black Mambazo because of a series of dreams he had in 1964, following their local success at wedding ceremonies and other gatherings, Shabalala entered them into isicathamiya competitions. The group was described as so good that they were forbidden to enter the competitions. Although they had recognised as an isicathamiya group in 1964. They released their first album, Amabutho, in 1973, the album, along with many other releases by the group, received gold disc certification. Ladysmith Black Mambazos collaboration with Paul Simon in 1986 paved the way for international releases, the first incarnation of Ladysmith Black Mambazo was Ezimnyama, formed by Joseph Shabalala in December 1960.
The members of the group were relatives of Shabalala, with many having sung with him while he was growing up on the farm where he was born. Although the group did sing well together and captured the sound of cothoza mfana and mbube groups of the time, in 1964, Shabalala had a series of recurring dreams during his sleep, over a period of six months, featuring a choir singing in perfect harmony. Shabalala described this as a sound, and one not yet achieved by his group of the time. As a result, he reformed the group, bringing on board newer relatives and he strove to teach them the harmonies from his dreams, creating what was to become a signature tune for the group, Nomathemba. The group managed to win every competition that was held. As a result, Shabalala decided to change the name of the group to be descriptive of its talent. The name Ezimnyama was replaced by Ladysmith Black Mambazo, eventually, by the early 1970s, the group was forbidden to compete in the competitions because of their continual success.
They were, welcome to perform without taking part in the competition itself, in 1967, the group began to make recordings for the SABC station Radio Zulu, appearing in DJ Alexius Buthelezis popular Cothoza Mfana programme, which spotlighted the music of several local choirs. Their success was so great that music producers began enticing the group to sign a recording contract, in 1972 the group signed with Gallo Record Company under producer West Nkosi at the organisations African music division, Mavuthela Music Company
President of the United States
The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president directs the executive branch of the government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is considered to be one of the worlds most powerful political figures, the role includes being the commander-in-chief of the worlds most expensive military with the second largest nuclear arsenal and leading the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP. The office of President holds significant hard and soft power both in the United States and abroad, Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The president is empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves. The president is responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of the party to which the president is a member. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the United States, since the office of President was established in 1789, its power has grown substantially, as has the power of the federal government as a whole.
However, nine vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having elected to the office. The Twenty-second Amendment prohibits anyone from being elected president for a third term, in all,44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. On January 20,2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th, in 1776, the Thirteen Colonies, acting through the Second Continental Congress, declared political independence from Great Britain during the American Revolution. The new states, though independent of each other as nation states, desiring to avoid anything that remotely resembled a monarchy, Congress negotiated the Articles of Confederation to establish a weak alliance between the states. Out from under any monarchy, the states assigned some formerly royal prerogatives to Congress, only after all the states agreed to a resolution settling competing western land claims did the Articles take effect on March 1,1781, when Maryland became the final state to ratify them.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies, with peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. Prospects for the convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washingtons attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. It was through the negotiations at Philadelphia that the presidency framed in the U. S. The first power the Constitution confers upon the president is the veto, the Presentment Clause requires any bill passed by Congress to be presented to the president before it can become law. Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options, Sign the legislation, the bill becomes law. Veto the legislation and return it to Congress, expressing any objections, in this instance, the president neither signs nor vetoes the legislation
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving in which the scuba diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater. They may include additional cylinders for decompression gas or emergency breathing gas, closed-circuit or semi-closed circuit rebreather scuba systems allow recycling of exhaled gases. The volume of gas used is reduced compared to that of open circuit, scuba divers engaged in armed forces covert operations may be referred to as frogmen, combat divers or attack swimmers. A scuba diver primarily moves underwater by using fins attached to the feet, scuba divers are trained in the procedures and skills appropriate to their level of certification by instructors affiliated to the diver certification organisations which issue these certifications. A minimum level of fitness and health is required by most training organisations, the closed-circuit rebreathers were first developed for escape and rescue purposes, and were modified for military use, due to their stealth advantages, as they produce very few bubbles.
The first commercially successful closed-circuit scuba was designed and built by English diving engineer, Henry Fleuss in 1878, while working for Siebe Gorman in London. Sir Robert Davis, head of Siebe Gorman, improved the oxygen rebreather in 1910 with his invention of the Davis Submerged Escape Apparatus, rebreathers have been increasingly used by civilians for recreation, especially since the end of the Cold War. This reduced the risk of attack by Communist Bloc forces. After that, the armed forces had less reason to requisition civilian rebreather patents. The single hose two stage scuba regulators trace their origins to Australia, where Ted Eldred developed the first example of type of regulator. This was developed because patents protected the Aqualungs twin hose design, the single hose regulator separates the demand valve from the cylinder, giving the diver air at the ambient pressure at the mouth, rather than ambient pressure at the cylinder valve. The term SCUBA originally referred to United States combat frogmens oxygen rebreathers, SCUBA was originally an acronym, but is now generally used as a common noun or adjective, scuba.
It has become acceptable to refer to equipment or scuba apparatus—examples of the linguistic RAS syndrome. Scuba diving may be performed for a number of reasons, both personal and professional, recreational diving is done purely for enjoyment and has a number of technical disciplines to increase interest underwater, such as cave diving, wreck diving, ice diving and deep diving. Divers may be employed professionally to perform tasks underwater, some of these tasks are suitable for scuba. There are divers who work, full or part-time, in the diving community as instructors, assistant instructors, divemasters. Other specialist areas of diving include military diving, with a long history of military frogmen in various roles. Their roles include direct combat, infiltration behind enemy lines, placing mines or using a manned torpedo, in some cases diver rescue teams may be part of a fire department, paramedical service or lifeguard unit, and may be classed as public service diving
The Incredible Hulk (1978 TV series)
The Incredible Hulk is an American television series based on the Marvel Comics character The Hulk. The series aired on the CBS television network and starred Bill Bixby as David Banner, Lou Ferrigno as the Hulk, in his travels, Banner earns money by working temporary jobs while searching for a way to control his condition. All the while, he is pursued by a tabloid newspaper reporter, Jack McGee. The series was originally broadcast by CBS from 1978 to 1982, the two-hour pilot movie, which established the Hulks origins, aired on November 4,1977. It was developed and produced by Kenneth Johnson, who wrote or directed some episodes. After the series ended, the fate of David Banner was a cliffhanger until 1988, the filming rights were purchased from CBS by rival NBC. They produced three films, The Incredible Hulk Returns, The Trial of the Incredible Hulk and The Death of the Incredible Hulk. Since its debut, The Incredible Hulk series has garnered a fan base. D. Ph. D. is a physician and scientist employed at the Culver Institute who is traumatized by the car accident that killed his beloved wife, Laura.
Banner has even higher levels of adenine/thymine than any of the subjects, working late one night, Banner hypothesizes that high levels of gamma radiation from sunspots contribute to the subjects increase in strength. Impatient to test his theory, Dr. Banner conducts an experiment in the lab. Unknown to Dr. Banner, the equipment has been upgraded, despite this, he exhibits no immediate increase in strength, and leaves the lab in frustration. Driving home in a rainstorm, Dr. Banners frustration peaks when his car has a flat tire. This triggers his transformation into the Incredible Hulk, a 7-foot-tall, 330-pound, green-skinned savage creature, with a sub-human mind, the Hulk destroys Banners car and wanders off into the nearby woods. As the sun rises, the Hulk stumbles upon a girl, in the ensuing confusion, the Hulk is shot by the girls father, and responds by breaking his rifle and throwing him into the pond. Leaving the area, the Hulk eventually transforms back into Dr. Banner, with no memory of his time as the Hulk and confused, he visits Dr.
Marks. Her amazement at Dr. Banners healing powers is replaced by shock, drs. Banner and Marks relocate to a laboratory isolated from the rest of the Culver Institute but still on its grounds. Marks locks him in a pressure chamber designed for deep underwater usage in an attempt to simulate the conditions which preceded the hole in his memory
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the countrys first black head of state and the first elected in a representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism, ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress party from 1991 to 1997. A Xhosa, Mandela was born in Mvezo to the Thembu royal family and he studied law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of the Witwatersrand before working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. There he became involved in anti-colonial and African nationalist politics, joining the ANC in 1943, after the National Partys white-only government established apartheid—a system of racial segregation that privileged whites—he and the ANC committed themselves to its overthrow. Mandela was appointed President of the ANCs Transvaal branch, rising to prominence for his involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign and he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the 1956 Treason Trial.
Influenced by Marxism, he joined the banned South African Communist Party. Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961, in 1962, he was arrested for conspiring to overthrow the state and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial. Mandela served 27 years in prison, initially on Robben Island, amid growing domestic and international pressure, and with fears of a racial civil war, President F. W. de Klerk released him in 1990. Mandela and de Klerk negotiated an end to apartheid and organised the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory, internationally, he acted as mediator in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial and served as Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999. He declined a presidential term and in 1999 was succeeded by his deputy. Mandela became a statesman and focused on combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the charitable Nelson Mandela Foundation.
Mandela was a figure for much of his life. Widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice, he received more than 250 honours—including the Nobel Peace Prize—and became the subject of a cult of personality. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba. Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtata, given the forename Rolihlahla, a Xhosa term colloquially meaning troublemaker, in years he became known by his clan name, Madiba. His patrilineal great-grandfather, was king of the Thembu people in the Transkeian Territories of South Africas modern Eastern Cape province, one of Ngubengcukas sons, named Mandela, was Nelsons grandfather and the source of his surname. In 1926, Gadla was sacked for corruption, but Nelson was told that his father had lost his job for standing up to the magistrates unreasonable demands
William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to the Presidency he was the 40th Governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981, before that, he served as Arkansas Attorney General from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideogically a New Democrat, Clinton is married to Hillary Clinton, who served as United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013 and U. S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and served the Democratic nominee for President in 2016, Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham both earned degrees from Yale Law School, where they met and began dating. As Governor of Arkansas, Clinton overhauled the states education system, Clinton was elected President of the United States in 1992, defeating incumbent George H. W. Bush. At age 46, he was the third-youngest president and the first from the Baby Boomer generation, Clinton presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history and signed into law the North American Free Trade Agreement.
After failing to pass health care reform, the Democratic House was ousted when the Republican Party won control of the Congress in 1994. Two years later, in 1996, Clinton became the first Democrat since Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected to a second term, Clinton passed welfare reform and the State Childrens Health Insurance Program, providing health coverage for millions of children. Clinton was acquitted by the U. S. Senate in 1999, the Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus between the years 1998 and 2000, the last three years of Clintons presidency. In foreign policy, Clinton ordered U. S. Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U. S. President since World War II, since then, Clinton has been involved in public speaking and humanitarian work. He created the William J. Clinton Foundation to address international causes, such as the prevention of AIDS, in 2004, Clinton published his autobiography, My Life. In 2009, Clinton was named the United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti, since leaving office, Clinton has been rated highly in public opinion polls of U. S.
Presidents. Clinton was born on August 19,1946, at Julia Chester Hospital in Hope, Arkansas and he was the son of William Jefferson Blythe Jr. a traveling salesman who had died in an automobile accident three months before his birth, and Virginia Dell Cassidy. His parents had married on September 4,1943, but this proved to be bigamous. Soon after their son was born, his mother traveled to New Orleans to study nursing, leaving her son in Hope with her parents Eldridge and Edith Cassidy, who owned and ran a small grocery store. At a time when the Southern United States was segregated racially, in 1950, Bills mother returned from nursing school and married Roger Clinton Sr. who owned an automobile dealership in Hot Springs, with his brother and Earl T. Ricks. The family moved to Hot Springs in 1950, although he immediately assumed use of his stepfathers surname, it was not until Clinton turned fifteen that he formally adopted the surname Clinton as a gesture toward his stepfather. In Hot Springs, Clinton attended St.
Johns Catholic Elementary School, Ramble Elementary School, and Hot Springs High School—where he was a student leader, avid reader