Dennis Ritchie

Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie was an American computer scientist. He created the C programming language and, with long-time colleague Ken Thompson, the Unix operating system and B programming language. Ritchie and Thompson were awarded the Turing Award from the ACM in 1983, the Hamming Medal from the IEEE in 1990 and the National Medal of Technology from President Bill Clinton in 1999. Ritchie was the head of Lucent Technologies System Software Research Department when he retired in 2007, he was the "R" in K&R C, known by his username dmr. Dennis Ritchie was born in New York, his father was Alistair E. Ritchie, a longtime Bell Labs scientist and co-author of The Design of Switching Circuits on switching circuit theory; as a child, Dennis moved with his family to Summit, New Jersey, where he graduated from Summit High School. He applied mathematics. In 1967, Ritchie began working at the Bell Labs Computing Sciences Research Center, in 1968, he defended his PhD thesis on "Program Structure and Computational Complexity" at Harvard under the supervision of Patrick C.

Fischer. However, Ritchie never received his PhD degree. During the 1960s, Ritchie and Ken Thompson worked on the Multics operating system at Bell Labs. Thompson found an old PDP-7 machine and developed his own application programs and operating system from scratch, aided by Ritchie and others. In 1970, Brian Kernighan suggested the name "Unix", a pun on the name "Multics". To supplement assembly language with a system-level programming language, Thompson created B. B was replaced by C, created by Ritchie, who continued to contribute to the development of Unix and C for many years. During the 1970s, Ritchie collaborated with James Reeds and Robert Morris on a ciphertext-only attack on the M-209 US cipher machine that could solve messages of at least 2000–2500 letters. Ritchie relates that, after discussions with the NSA, the authors decided not to publish it, as they were told that the principle was applicable to machines still in use by foreign governments. Ritchie was involved with the development of the Plan 9 and Inferno operating systems, the programming language Limbo.

As part of an AT&T restructuring in the mid-1990s, Ritchie was transferred to Lucent Technologies, where he retired in 2007 as head of System Software Research Department. Ritchie is best known as the creator of the C programming language, a key developer of the Unix operating system, co-author of the book The C Programming Language, they were so influential on Research Unix that Doug McIlroy wrote, "The names of Ritchie and Thompson may safely be assumed to be attached to everything not otherwise attributed."Ritchie liked to emphasize that he was just one member of a group. He suggested that many of the improvements he introduced "looked like a good thing to do," and that anyone else in the same place at the same time might have done the same thing. Nowadays, the C language is used in application, operating system, embedded system development, its influence is seen in most modern programming languages. Unix has been influential, establishing computing concepts and principles that have been adopted.

In an interview from 1999, Ritchie clarified that he saw Linux and BSD operating systems as a continuation of the basis of the Unix operating system, as derivatives of Unix: I think the Linux phenomenon is quite delightful, because it draws so on the basis that Unix provided. Linux seems to be among the healthiest of the direct Unix derivatives, though there are the various BSD systems as well as the more official offerings from the workstation and mainframe manufacturers. In the same interview, he stated that he viewed both Unix and Linux as "the continuation of ideas that were started by Ken and me and many others, many years ago." In 1983, Ritchie and Thompson received the Turing Award "for their development of generic operating systems theory and for the implementation of the UNIX operating system". Ritchie's Turing Award lecture was titled "Reflections on Software Research". In 1990, both Ritchie and Thompson received the IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, "for the origination of the UNIX operating system and the C programming language".

In 1997, both Ritchie and Thompson were made Fellows of the Computer History Museum, "for co-creation of the UNIX operating system, for development of the C programming language."On April 21, 1999, Thompson and Ritchie jointly received the National Medal of Technology of 1998 from President Bill Clinton for co-inventing the UNIX operating system and the C programming language which, according to the citation for the medal, "led to enormous advances in computer hardware and networking systems and stimulated growth of an entire industry, thereby enhancing American leadership in the Information Age". In 2005, the Industrial Research Institute awarded Ritchie its Achievement Award in recognition of his contribution to science and technology, to society with his development of the Unix operating system. In 2011, along with Thompson, was awarded the Japan Prize for Information and Communications for his work in the development of the Unix operating system. Ritchie was found dead on October 12, 2011, at the age of 70 at his home in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey, where he lived alone.

First news of his death c

Ahmed Ezz (actor)

Ahmed Ezz Eldine Ali Ezzat, known professionally as Ahmed Ezz, is an Egyptian actor. Ezz was raised in Maadi, Cairo, he earned his bachelor's degree from Ain Shams University. He modeled while working in the field of tourism. Ezz had a small role in the film Kalam El Lail directed by Inas El-Degheidy. After that, he joined Actor's Studio, a one-year program designed and maintained by working professionals in the field to teach the basics of acting and film making. Soon after, he was offered a role in Al Sharaf, which won an award from the Alexandria Film Festival, but it was not until he was offered the lead in Mozakarat Moraheqa, another El-Deghidy movie, that he rose to stardom. Ezz married the Egyptian singer Angham. Yet, they kept their marriage secret due to some family problems, their marriage ended in 2012. In 2014, Zeina accused Ezz of being the father of her twin boys after a customary marriage. Ezz refused to do a DNA test ordered by the court; the court registered the boys as his kids. On, another court ruled that he must spend three years in jail with a fine up to EGP 15,000 for slandering the actress Zeina.

1997: A Fish & 4 Sharks: One scene 1998: Night's Talk: Two Scenes 2002: Mozakarat Moraheqa 2003: Girl's Love 2004: Yom Al Karama 2004: Sana Oula Nasb 2004: Shabab Take Away 2005: Malaki Iskendiriya 2005: Al Bahithat An Al Horriya 2006: Al Rahina 2007: The Ghost 2008: Transit Prisoner 2009: Badal Faqed 2010: Ethalatha Yeshtaghalunha 2011: 365 Days of Happiness 2011: Midnight Party 2012: The Benefit 2012: Helm Aziz 2013: Al Hafla 2013: Hatuly Ragel 2015: Sons of Rizk 2017: The Cell 2019: El Mamar 2019: Sons of Rizk 2 1007 - 1998: Zezinia - Guest of Honor 2003: Malak Rohi 2009: The Clinic - Guest of Honor 2009: Al Adham 2014: The Excellence 2018: Abo Omar Masry 2013: Amir and the Journey of Legends 2005: Film Arabi 2007: Eid Fe Real Madrid 2008: Sindbad Emad 2009: Kolkasa Fe Wekalet NASA 2011: Mesbah Alaa El Din Zaazu 2014: Malek El Hawa 2015: Gharam Ala Instagram 2016: Tora Bora 2017: Diezle 2007: Pepsi- Ramadan Sehour 2010: Itisalat 2011: Ford 2011: Chevrolet Cruze 2011: Captin Shrimpo Kentucky 2012: KFC's 2013: Universal's 2017: Mountain View 2018: Indigo We Egypt 2000: Yassine & Bahia Cairo National Festival for Egyptian CinemaMurex D'Or Ahmed Ezz on IMDb

Pretty Polly (film)

Pretty Polly is a 1967 British film, directed by Guy Green and based on the short story Pretty Polly Barlow by Noël Coward. It stars Shashi Kapoor, Trevor Howard and Brenda De Banzie; the film is set in Singapore. Miss Polly Barlow decides to leave England and spend a few months with her wealthy spinster aunt as a traveling companion. While in Singapore, the sudden demise of her aunt leaves her alone to pursue her freedom and explore an arms'-length romance with a local Indian Singaporean tour guide, Amaz. Hayley Mills as Polly Barlow Trevor Howard as Robert Hook Shashi Kapoor as Amaz Brenda de Banzie as Mrs. Innes-Hook Dick Patterson as Rick Preston Kalen Liu as Lorelei Peter Bayliss as Critch Patricia Routledge as Miss Gudgeon Dorothy Alison as Mrs. Barlow David Prosser as Ambrose Toni Murphy as Lady Tourist Ric Young as Lim Kee Sarah Abdullah Anthony Chinn as Japanese Proprietor S. Y. Han as Oculist The film was based on a short story by Noël Coward, it was published in 1964 in a three-story collection titled Other Stories.

Coward wrote in his diary on 27 December 1964 that the collection "has not received one good notice. A few quite good, a lot bad and all brief and patronising, it is foolish for a writer to decry the critics. Coward admitted the story Pretty Polly Barlow was "conventional in theme, but it is at moments funny and eminently readable." The story was sold to British television. On 21 March 1965, Coward wrote that William Marchant, who adapted it "has done a fine job on the television script of Pretty Polly, so good is it that I would like him to do the movie script as well."The British televised film of the short story, starring Lynn Redgrave and Donald Houston, aired in July 1966 as part of Armchair Theatre. Bill Bain directed it. Lynn Redgrave as Polly Barlow Donald Houston as Robert Hook Zia Mohyeddin as Amaz Stuart Cooper as Rick Barlow Vincent Harding as Gunther Dandy Nichols as Mrs. Innes Hook Leon Sinden as Archie Critch Derek Smee as Ambrose Lillias Walker as Miss Gudgeon On 16 May 1965, Coward wrote "there have been great complications over the Pretty Polly film deal but we hope that everything will be straightened out."In November 1965, it was reported that the film rights had been purchased by the Broadway producing team of George W George and Frank Granat, who would make the movie in association with Universal.

Filming was to start the next June in Hong Kong with interiors shot in London. Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall were signed to write the screenplay, Coward would write a title song; the film was part of a slate of four movies that Universal was making in Britain under the auspices of Jay Kanter, the studio's head of operations there. The other films were The Countess from Fahrenheit 451 and Charlie Bubbles. Filming was delayed a number of months. In June 1966, it was announced. In September 1966, it was announced that Noël Coward would direct the film, which would star Carol Lynley, who had just made Bunny Lake is Missing with Coward. However, by December Hayley Mills was signed to star, with Guy Green to direct. Mills had done a nude scene for The Family Way and formed a relationship with that film's director, Roy Boulting. Of her Pretty Polly role, she said, "No nude scenes but it's pretty sexy."The male lead went to Shashi Kapoor on the strength of his performance in Shakespeare Wallah. He was the first Indian to play the lead in an international film.

Filming began in Singapore in February 1967. The cast and crew were based at Raffles Hotel. After six weeks in Singapore, the unit relocated to Pinewood Studios in London; the title song was sung by Matt Munro. On 22 June 1967, Coward wrote in his diary: I... watched, with mounting irritation, the film of Pretty Polly which, as I deduced from the first script, was common and vulgar. Nobody was good in it and Trevor Howard was horrid; when I think of his charm and subtley in Brief Encounter. Hayley, poor child, did her best. Guy Green should have remained a cameraman. Coward, Noel. Noel Coward Diaries. Pollyanna Pretty Polly on IMDb 1966 TV version at IMDb Extended review of film