Department for Work and Pensions

The Department for Work and Pensions is a British government department responsible for welfare and pension policy. It is the largest governmental department in terms of employees and budget; the department has four operational organisations: Jobcentre Plus administers working age benefits such as Jobseeker's Allowance, decides which claimants receive Employment and Support Allowance. The department was created on 8 June 2001 as a merger of the Department of Social Security, Employment Service and the policy groups of the Department for Education and Employment involved in employment policy and international issues; the department was tasked with creating Jobcentre Plus and the Pensions Service from the remains of the Employment Service and the Benefits Agency. The department is therefore responsible for pension policy, it aims "to help its customers become financially independent and to help reduce child poverty". In 2019 the department was found by an independent inquiry to have broken its own rules, in a case where a disabled woman killed herself in 2017 after her benefits were stopped when she missed a Work Capability Assessment because she had pneumonia.

Previous research published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health by Oxford University and Liverpool University had found that there were an additional 590 suicides between 2010 and 2013 in areas where such assessments were carried out. The researchers said that the DWP had introduced the policy of moving people off benefits without understanding the consequences; the DWP Ministers are: The Permanent Secretary is Peter Schofield. With the creation of the department in June 2001, the Pension Service was created, bringing together many different departments and divisions; the Pension Service is a'dedicated service for current and future pensioners'. The Pension Service consists of local Pension Centres and centrally-based centres, many of latter are based at the Tyneview Park complex in Newcastle upon Tyne. At Tyneview Park the following centres are found: Future Pension Centre provides state pension forecasts for people approaching retirement age. Newcastle Pension Centre dealt with the London area, the Home Counties, part of West Midlands.

Now the service is virtual. Pension Tracing Service helps track old pensions and pension schemes. International Pension Centre deals with all enquiries regarding the payment of state pension, bereavement benefits, incapacity benefits and other such benefits for those living abroad. Local Pension Centres deal with localised claims for retirement related benefits. Pension Centres are found all over the country. Benefits dealt with at local Pension Centres include: Pension Credit Winter Fuel Payments Cold Weather Payments The Disability and Carers Service offers financial support for those who are disabled and their carers, whether in or out of employment; the DCS have offices throughout the country and deal with the following benefits: Disability Living Allowance Attendance Allowance Carer's Allowance Vaccine Damage Payment Personal Independence PaymentThe department has been found to invite disabled people to interviews in buildings which are themselves not accessible to people with disabilities.

When the person does not attend the interview they deny the person disability benefits, causing malnutrition and destitution. The DWP systematically underpaid disabled claimants who were transferred from Incapacity Benefit to Employment and Support allowance risking hardship for claimants. A cross party committee of MP's, the Public Accounts Committee accused the DWP of a culture of indifference to claimants. Before 2008, The Pension Service and the Disability and Carers Service were two separate executive agencies. Both former agencies kept their corporate branding and provided services under their separate identities; the decision was made due to the two agencies sharing about half of the same customers. The status of PDCS as an executive agency was removed on 1 October 2011 with the functions being brought back inside the department. Prior to July 2012 the Child Support Agency was the operating arm of the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission. All are now operated wholly from within the department, with the names continuing as brand identifiers.

The department's public bodies include: the Health and Safety Executive the Pensions Ombudsman the Pensions RegulatorThe department has corporate buildings in London, Blackpool, Aberdeen, Newcastle upon Tyne, Warrington and Sheffield. Jobcentre Plus, The Pension Service and the Disability and Carers Service operate through a network of around 1,000 Jobcentres, contact centres and benefit processing centres across the UK; the total annual budget of the department in 2011-12 is £151.6 billion, representing 28% of total UK Government spending. The department spends a far greater share of national wealth than any other department in Britain, by a

André Caplet

André Caplet was a French composer and conductor now known through his orchestrations of works by Claude Debussy. Caplet was born on a boat sailing between Le Havre and Honfleur, the youngest child of a modest family, he exhibited an unusual talent and originality during his musical education, won the Prix de Rome in 1901 ahead of Maurice Ravel. He became a close friend of Claude Debussy, sometimes serving as translator, he orchestrated part of Debussy's Le Martyre de saint Sébastien, he collaborated with Debussy in the orchestration of La boîte à joujoux. In 1911, Caplet prepared an orchestration of Debussy's Children's Corner, along with his orchestration of Clair de lune from the Suite bergamasque is the most performed and recorded example of his work. Caplet was a composer in his own right, whose works have been overlooked for the most part in the modern repertoire. Interesting is his instrumental use of voices, as in his Septuor à cordes vocales et instrumentales from 1909 and in the oratorio-like Le Miroir de Jésus from 1923, which features "choeur de femmes" in an accompanying role Caplet termed "voix d'accompagnement".

He wrote two works based on the short story The Mask of the Red Death by Edgar Allan Poe: Conte fantastique for harp and string quartet, an orchestral symphonic study Le Masque de la mort rouge. Caplet served as conductor of the Boston Opera from 1910 to 1914. While serving in the military during the First World War, he was gassed, which resulted in the pleurisy that killed him, he died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, a suburb of Paris, at the age of 46. The next year the sculptor Jacques Zwobada, a native of Neuilly, was commissioned to create a monument to Caplet; this was one of Zwobada's earliest works. Viens!... Une flûte invisible, August 1900 Myrrha, cantata for second round competition of the Prix de Rome, July 1901 - Caplet won first prize set by Ravel and other second round contestants. Performed in Le Havre November 1901. Green, 1902 Il était une fois, January 1903 Poème de mai, 1902 Dans la fontaine, 1903 Papillons, February 1903 Le Livre rose, 1898–19011.) Le livre ou je veux lire 2.) Premier prix 3.)

Les pleurs de bébé 4.) Le furet du bois, mesdamesChanson d'automne, 1900 Paroles à l'absente, 19081.) Préludes 2.) Ce sable fin et fuyant 3.) AngoiseLes Prières, 1914–1917, 1.) Oraison dominicale 2.) Salutation angélique 3.) Symbole des apôtresLe vieux coffret, 1914–19171.) Songe 2.) Berceuse 3.) In una selva oscura 4.) ForêtEn regardant ces belles fleurs, October 1914 Nuit d'automne, 9 March 1915 Prière normande, 1916 Solitude, 1915 Quand reverrai-je, hélas!... 27 August 1916, La croix douloureuse, for the armed forces Détresse!... 9 November 1918 Trois Fables, 19191.) Le corbeau et le renard 2.) La cigale et la fourmi 3.) Le loup et l'agneauLe Pain quotidien, 1920 Cinq Ballades françaises, 1.) Cloche d'aube 2.) La ronde 3.) Notre chaumière en Yveline 4.) Songe d'une nuit d'été 5.) L'adieu en barqueL'hymne à la naissance du matin, November 1920 La cloche felée, January 1922 La mort des pauvres, June 1922 Le miroir de Jésus, Summer 1923 La part à Dieu, 1925 Pie Jesu, March 1919 Panis angelicus, 21 June 1919 Pater noster, November 1919 Tu es sacerdos, 27 July 1920 Les prières, 1914-1917 Corbeille de fruits, September 1924 Écoute mon coeur, 19 September 1924 Sonnet: "Doux fut le trait", 8 April 1924, published with Quand reverraije... by Lyra Deux Divertissements, 1924, published 1925, Durand Myrrha, scène lyrique, 1901 Il était une fois, Paroles a l'absente, 19081.)

Préludes 2.) AngoisseLe vieux Coffret, La croix douloureuse, Détresse!... Hymne à la naissance du matin, November 1920 Les prières Messe à trois voix, 1919-19201.) Kyrie eleison 2.) Gloria 3.) Sanctus 4.) Agnus Dei 5.) O Salutaris"Inscriptions champêtres, August 1914 Été, 1899 Paques citadines, 1920 Suite d'orchestre, 1900 Légende, 1905 Étude symphonique Le masque de la mort rouge pour harpe chromatique principale, 1908 Marche solennelle pour le centenaire de la Villa Medicis, 1903 Salammbô, 1902 Marche heroïque de la Ve Division, pour musique militaire, 1917 Epiphanie, fresque musicale pour violoncelle principal et orchestre, 1923 Children's Corner Pagodes Clair de lune from Suite bergamasque Le martyre de Saint Sébastien, Fragments symphoniques "Quintette" pour piano, flûte, clarinette et basson, 18981.) Allegro 2.) Adagio 3.) Scherzo 4.) Finale"Suite persane" pour 2 flûtes, 2 hautbois, 2 clarinettes, 2 bassons, et 2 cors, 1900, version originale1.) Scharki, 2.) Nihavend, 3.) Iskia Samaisi,"Septuor", pour quatour a cordes et 3 voix feminines, 1909 "Sonate" pour piano, violoncelle, 1919 "Conte fantastique" d'a

Karl Johnson (virologist)

Karl M Johnson is an American virologist known for discovering Machupo virus, Hantaan virus, Ebola virus. He has held key positions in the American Society of Tropical Hygiene. Johnson studied medicine at the University of Rochester, earned an M. D. and completed his medical residency at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York. He worked at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases with respiratory cold viruses. Johnson moved to the National Institutes of Health field laboratory in the Panama Canal Zone, studying hemorrhagic fever agents, his time at the Centers for Disease Control subsequently the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, led to field work in Africa and Korea, where he established the first suited Level-4 laboratory of “special pathogens” for the safe study of viruses capable of infection by the respiratory route. While at the CDC, Johnson’s team isolated and named Ebola virus in Zaire and was instrumental in the discovery of Hantaan virus in Korea, as well as serving as Chief of the Special Pathogens Branch, Virology Division.

He has contributed to the tropical virology field. In 1981, he left the CDC to work for the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases as the Program Director of Hazardous Viruses, he has served as an adjunct professor of Medicine and biology at the University of New Mexico, where his energy is focused on hantaviral disease and ecology. Johnson is coined with naming the Ebola virus. In an attempt to avoid stigmatization of communities, he sought alternate names that would give geographical relations, but not directly after specific communities, he named the Ebola virus after a nearby river of the Yambuku community in Northern Zaire, in which the virus was found - the Ebola river. Johnson was the 2011 recipient of the Ed Nowakowski Senior Memorial Clinical Virology Award. Zoonotic Diseases—An Interview with Karl M. Johnson, M. D.^ "Zoonotic Diseases—An Interview with Karl M. Johnson, M. D." Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 1: 243–248. Doi:10.1089/153036601753552611