A depth charge is an anti-submarine warfare weapon. It is intended to destroy a submarine by being dropped into the water nearby and detonating, subjecting the target to a powerful and destructive hydraulic shock. Most depth charges use high explosive charges and a fuze set to detonate the charge at a specific depth. Depth charges can be dropped by ships, patrol aircraft, helicopters. Depth charges were developed during World War I, were one of the first effective methods of attacking a submarine underwater, they were used in World War I and World War II. They remained part of the anti-submarine arsenals of many navies during the Cold War. Depth charges have now been replaced by anti-submarine homing torpedoes. A depth charge fitted with a nuclear warhead is known as a "nuclear depth bomb"; these were designed to be dropped from a patrol plane or deployed by an anti-submarine missile from a surface ship, or another submarine, located a safe distance away. By the late 1990s all nuclear anti-submarine weapons had been withdrawn from service by the United States, the United Kingdom, France and China.
They have been replaced by conventional weapons whose accuracy and range had improved as ASW technology improved. The first attempt to fire charges against submerged targets was with aircraft bombs attached to lanyards which triggered them. A similar idea was a 16 lb guncotton charge in a lanyarded can. Two of these lashed together became known as the "depth charge Type A". Problems with the lanyards tangling and failing to function led to the development of a chemical pellet trigger as the "Type B"; these were effective at a distance of around 20 ft. A 1913 Royal Navy Torpedo School report described a device intended for countermining, a "dropping mine". At Admiral John Jellicoe's request, the standard Mark II mine was fitted with a hydrostatic pistol preset for 45 ft firing, to be launched from a stern platform. Weighing 1,150 lb, effective at 100 ft, the "cruiser mine" was a potential hazard to the dropping ship; the design work was carried out by Herbert Taylor at the RN Torpedo and Mine School, HMS Vernon.
The first effective depth charge, the Type D, became available in January 1916. It was a barrel-like casing containing a high explosive. There were two sizes—Type D, with a 300 lb charge for fast ships, Type D* with a 120 lb charge for ships too slow to leave the danger area before the more powerful charge detonated. A hydrostatic pistol actuated by water pressure at a pre-selected depth detonated the charge. Initial depth settings were 40 or 80 ft; because production could not keep up with demand, anti-submarine vessels carried only two depth charges, to be released from a chute at the stern of the ship. The first success was the sinking of U-68 off Kerry, Ireland, on 22 March 1916, by the Q-ship Farnborough. Germany became aware of the depth charge following unsuccessful attacks on U-67 on 15 April 1916, U-69 on 20 April 1916; the only other submarines sunk by depth charge during 1916 were UC-19 and UB-29. Numbers of depth charges carried per ship increased to four in June 1917, to six in August, 30-50 by 1918.
The weight of charges and racks caused ship instability unless heavy guns and torpedo tubes were removed to compensate. Improved pistols allowed greater depth settings in 50 feet increments, from 50 to 200 ft. Slower ships could safely use the Type D at below 100 ft and at 10 kn or more, so the ineffective Type D* was withdrawn. Monthly use of depth charges increased from 100 to 300 per month during 1917 to an average of 1745 per month during the last six months of World War I; the Type D could be detonated as deep as 300 ft by that date. By the war's end, 74,441 depth charges had been issued by the RN, 16,451 fired, scoring 38 kills in all, aiding in 140 more; the United States requested full working drawings of the device in March 1917. Having received them, Commander Fullinwider of the U. S. Bureau of Naval Ordnance and U. S. Navy engineer Minkler made some modifications and patented it in the U. S, it has been argued. The Royal Navy Type D depth charge was designated the "Mark VII" in 1939. Initial sinking speed was 7 ft/s with a terminal velocity of 9.9 ft/s at a depth of 250 ft if rolled off the stern, or upon water contact from a depth charge thrower.
Cast iron weights of 150 lb were attached to the Mark VII at the end of 1940 to increase sinking velocity to 16.8 ft/s. New hydrostatic pistols increased the maximum detonation depth to 900 ft; the Mark VII's 290 lb amatol charge was estimated to be capable of splitting a 7⁄8 inch submarine pressure hull at a distance of 20 ft, forcing the submarine to surface at twice that. The change of explosive to Torpex at the end of 1942 was estimated to increase those distances to 26 and 52 ft; the British Mark X depth charge weighed 3,000 pounds and was launched from 21-inch torpedo tubes of older destroyers to achieve a sinking velocity of 21 ft/s. The launching ship needed to clear the area at 11 knots to avoid damage, the charge was used. Only 32 were fired, they were known to be troublesome; the teardrop-shaped United States Mark 9 depth charge entered service in the spring of 1943. The charge was 200 lb of Torpex with a sinking speed of 14.4 ft/s and depth settings of up to 600 ft. Versions increased depth to 1,000 ft an
Tescott is a city in Ottawa County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 319. Tescott was laid out in 1866; the city was named for T. E. Scott, an early settler. On May 1, 2018, an EF3 wedge tornado struck the area near the city. Tescott is located at 39°0′43″N 97°52′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.36 square miles, all of it land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tescott has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Tescott is part of the Salina Micropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 319 people, 129 households, 86 families residing in the city. The population density was 886.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 155 housing units at an average density of 430.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.3% Native American, 1.6% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population. There were 129 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.3% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 30.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 339 people, 133 households, 88 families residing in the city; the population density was 998.5 people per square mile. There were 151 housing units at an average density of 444.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 0.88% African American, 1.47% Native American, 0.29% from two or more races. There were 133 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families.
30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18. In the city, the population was spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $37,813, the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $15,938 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,839. About 11.0% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over. Tescott is part of Twin Valley USD 240 school district; the district has two high schools. The Tescott Trojans won the Kansas State High School boys class BB basketball championship in 1957.
List of Grand Army of the Republic Posts in Kansas List of tornadoes in the tornado outbreak of April 14–16, 2011 CityCity of Tescott Tescott - Directory of Public OfficialsSchoolsUSD 240, local school districtMapsTescott City Map, KDOT
Olivet University is a private Christian institution of biblical higher education, accredited by the Association for Biblical Higher Education to award Certificates, Bachelor's, Master’s, D. Min. and Ph. D. degrees. Olivet Theological College and Seminary was founded in 2000, in Seoul, South Korea, where it was co-located with the Southern Cross College Korea Campus, by evangelical pastor David J. Jang, in Los Angeles. Jang was a member of the faculty of Southern Cross College and the first director of its Korea campus; the bible college was intended to train the denomination’s ministers. OTCS functioned more as a "seedbed" for mission, offering multiple study fields and distance learning to ministry-bound students. By 2004, the seminary expanded and incorporated into a university comprising five colleges - Olivet Theological College & Seminary, Jubilee College of Music, Olivet College of Art & Design, Olivet College of Journalism, Olivet Institute of Technology - in the institution’s new home in San Francisco.
Ralph D. Winter advised Jang on the relocation and expansion plan, served as the honorary chairman of Olivet University; the university moved into the former University of California, Berkeley Downtown Extension Campus, near the Moscone Center in 2005. They founded Olivet Business School, which offers MBA programs and opened extension sites in Nashville, TN, New York City, San Francisco, Washington, D. C.. Olivet's flagship college, Olivet Theological College & Seminary, developed several major changes to accommodate the school’s diverse student body, it was broken into each offering different degree programs. These include: The Jubilee College of Music, Olivet Business School, Olivet Institute of Technology, Olivet School of Art & Design, Olivet School of Language Education, Olivet School of Media and Communication, Olivet School of Language Education. On 26 November 2018, the Manhattan District Attorney charged the University and three of its officials with money laundering and conspiracy in connection with the investigation into IBT Media.
The indictment alleged that the university and it officials overstated the university's financial health to lenders and created a fictional auditor to approve its financial statements laundered the money through affiliated companies. Tracy J. Davis is the current university President. Olivet University's main campus is located at 36401 Tripp Flats Road, in Anza, CA, with offices in San Francisco; the university has campuses in the Wingdale section of Dover, New York, Lower Manhattan, Riverside, California. Students at Olivet have no on-campus housing. Students are kept according to the school's website. Olivet University is divided into eight colleges: Jubilee College of Music, Olivet Business School, Olivet Institute of Technology, Olivet School of Art & Design, Olivet School of Language Education, Olivet School of Media & Communication, Olivet Theological College & Seminary, Zinzendorf School of Doctoral Studies; the university is approved by the BPPE to grant bachelors, master’s, doctoral degrees, certificates.
In July 2007, the Ralph D. Winter Library was named for missiologist and Olivet University Honorary Chairman, the late Ralph D. Winter; the library features 150,000 physical and electronic items for Biblical higher education and research, is a repository for academic and theological resources in multiple formats and languages in service for world mission. Its collection of educational resources are distributed throughout the University’s main library, the William L. Wagner Mission Library, the Asian library, seven specialized libraries supporting Olivet‘s educational programs. IBT Media says it has an ongoing "working relationship" with Olivet University which includes the school's providing design assistance and computer resources, IBT Media's providing internships for students. IBT characterizes this relationship as similar to those Silicon Valley companies have with local universities. However, publication Christianity Today alleges that IBT Media has a close relationship both with Olivet and with its founder, controversial evangelical pastor David J. Jang.
It claims that Jang is an investor in and has exercised control over IBT Media, that Davis was director of journalism at Olivet, that Uzac was its treasurer, at least at one time. Executives characterize the relationship as being between the institutions and not the founders, that it is purely operational. Additionally, students of Olivet worked for IBT Media in the early days of the International Business Times. Official website
Ana Belén García Milán, professionally known as Ana Milán, is a Spanish actress and model. She is the best known for her roles in television series 7 vidas, Camera Café, Yo soy Bea and Física o Química. Milán was born Ana Belén García Milán on 3 November 1973 in Comunidad Valenciana; as a child, she lived in Almansa and she wanted to become an astronaut. Milán worked for newspapers Tribuna and La Guia de Ocio, she shares a close friendship with actress Nuria González. Her favourite film is Love Actually. Milán began her career as a model. Milán has a son named Marco, born in 2002, from a relationship with actor Paco Morales, she and Morales split after six years of dating. Milán was engaged to basketball player Juan Antonio Corbalán, but they announced their split in 2008. Official Website Ana Milán on IMDb
Konatsu is a Japanese pink film actress. She has appeared in award-winning pink films, was herself given a "Best Actress" award for her work in this genre in 2005. Konatsu was born in Japan's Nagano Prefecture in 1982. After graduating from junior college, she moved to Tokyo where she worked in the beauty industry and did some gravure modeling in 2003, she made her acting debut in the July 2004 V-cinema production Forbidden Fruit directed by Yuji Tajiri. Konatsu had her film debut in director Mototsugu Watanabe's Beppin kyōshi: toiki no aibu, her first leading role was that same year, in Mitsuru Meike's Bitter Sweet. January 14, 2006, the premiere date of Shinji Imaoka's Paid Companionship Story: Girls Who Want to Do It aka Frog Song, was Konatsu's birthday; the director and staff presented Konatsu with a surprise birthday cake on stage at the occasion. The film was named the best pink release for 2005, Konatsu was given the award for Best Actress for her performance, she gave birth to her first child in February 2007 and as of 2011 was working for a "well-known clothing company".
Beppin kyōshi: toiki no aibu Bitter Sweet Paid Companionship Story: Girls Who Want to Do It Blind Love Ikusa Tokyo Zombie Riaru men: Sutando! Konatsu at AllMovie Konatsu on IMDb 向夏 こなつ. allcinema.net. Retrieved 2009-07-10. "進化する女優・向夏と傑作ピンクの甘い誘惑". Www.walkerplus.com. 2005-11-30. Retrieved 2009-07-10. "新着情報―ピンク映画女優 向夏さんに独占インタビュー". Www.otoshin.jp. 2005-11-25. Archived from the original on 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2009-07-12
Dobbs Ferry is a village in Westchester County, New York. The population was 10,875 according to the 2010 United States Census. In 2018, it's population rose to an estimated 11,027; the village of Dobbs Ferry is located in, is a part of, the town of Greenburgh. The village ZIP code is 10522. Most of the village falls within the boundaries of the Dobbs Ferry Union Free School District. Dobbs Ferry was ranked seventh in the list of the top 10 places to live in New York State for 2014 according to the national online real estate brokerage Movoto. Dobbs Ferry is the first village in New York State certified as a Climate Smart Community and was granted in 2014 the highest level given out in the state. Dobbs Ferry was named after Jeremiah Dobbs, a descendant of William Dobbs, of Swedish and Dutch ancestry whose family ran a ferry service that traversed the Hudson River at this location. Dobbs was a fisherman and settled near the southern part of what is now Dobbs Ferry, he "added to his meager income by ferriage of occasional travelers across the Hudson.
He used a style of boat known at that day as a periauger, a canoe hollowed out of a solid log... From this primitive ferry the village took its name."Dobbs Ferry played a vital role in the American Revolutionary War. The position of the village opposite the northernmost end of the Palisades gave it importance during the war; the region was raided by camp followers of each army. In July and August 1781, during the seventh year of the war, Continental Army troops commanded by General George Washington were encamped in Dobbs Ferry and neighboring localities, alongside allied French forces under the command of the Comte de Rochambeau. A large British army controlled Manhattan at the time, Washington chose the Dobbs Ferry area for encampment because he hoped to probe for weaknesses in the British defenses, just 12 miles to the south, but on August 14, 1781, a communication was received from French Admiral Comte de Grasse in the West Indies, which caused Washington to change his strategy. De Grasse's communication, which advocated a joint land and sea attack against the British in Virginia, convinced Washington to risk a march of more than 400 miles to the Chesapeake region of Virginia.
Washington's new strategy and designed in mid-August 1781, at the encampment of the allied armies, would win the war. The allied armies were ordered to break camp on August 19, 1781: on that date the Americans took the first steps of their march to Virginia along present-day Ashford Avenue and Broadway, en route to victory over General Cornwallis at the Siege of Yorktown and to victory in the Revolutionary War; the village was incorporated in 1873 as Greenburgh, but the name was changed to Dobbs Ferry in 1882. The current local government of Dobbs Ferry is headed by Mayor Vincent Rossillo. Rossillo was elected in November 2019; the Estherwood and Carriage House, Hyatt-Livingston House, South Presbyterian Church, United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,622 people, 3,792 households, 2,570 families residing in the village; the population density was 4,350.0 people per square mile. There were 3,941 housing units at an average density of 1,614.0 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the village was 80.70% White, 7.38% African American, 0.08% Native American, 7.56% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.93% from other races, 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.00% of the population. There were 3,792 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families. Of all households, 27.6% were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.13. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $70,333, the median income for a family was $93,127.
Males had a median income of $65,532 versus $50,091 for females. The per capita income for the village was $35,090. About 1.8% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Dobbs Ferry is located at 41°0′46″N 73°51′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.2 square miles, of which 2.4 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles, or 23.03%, is water. The village is bounded on the west by the Hudson River, on the east by the Saw Mill River. Wickers Creek runs east to west through the center of the village from its main source in the Juhring Nature Preserve, Todd's Pond; the village consists of a series of neighborhoods as defined in the 2010 Vision Plan, the Master Plan for the village. These neighborhoods are not popularly recognized as of 2014; as the Vision Plan states, "Sometimes the boundaries of these neighborhoods are defined, but other times less so. Where necessary, boundaries have been interp