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Des Moines, Iowa

Des Moines is the capital and the most populous city in the U. S. state of Iowa. It is the county seat of Polk County. A small part of the city extends into Warren County, it was incorporated on September 22, 1851, as Fort Des Moines, shortened to "Des Moines" in 1857. It is on and named after the Des Moines River, adapted from the early French name, Rivière des Moines, meaning "River of the Monks"; the city's population was 216,853 as of the 2018 population estimate. The five-county metropolitan area is ranked 89th in terms of population in the United States with 655,409 residents according to the 2018 estimate by the United States Census Bureau, is the largest metropolitan area located within the state. A portion of the larger Omaha, metropolitan area extends into three counties of southwest Iowa. Des Moines is a major center of the US insurance industry and has a sizable financial services and publishing business base; the city was credited as the "number one spot for U. S. insurance companies" in a Business Wire article and named the third-largest "insurance capital" of the world.

The city is the headquarters for the Principal Financial Group, the Meredith Corporation, Ruan Transportation, TMC Transportation, EMC Insurance Companies, Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield. Other major corporations such as Wells Fargo, Voya Financial, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, ACE Limited, Monsanto, DuPont Pioneer have large operations in or near the metropolitan area. In recent years, Hewlett Packard, Facebook have built data-processing and logistical facilities in the Des Moines area. Forbes ranked Des Moines as the "Best Place for Business" in both 2010 and 2013. In 2014, NBC ranked Des Moines as the "Wealthiest City in America" according to its criteria. Des Moines is an important city in U. S. presidential politics. Many presidential candidates set up campaign headquarters in Des Moines. A 2007 article in The New York Times said, "If you have any desire to witness presidential candidates in the most close-up and intimate of settings, there is arguably no better place to go than Des Moines."

Des Moines takes its name from Fort Des Moines, named for the Des Moines River. This was adopted from the name given by French colonists. "Des Moines" translates to either "from the monks" or "of the monks". The historian Virgil Vogel claimed that the name was derived from Moingona, an Algonquian clan name, which means "Loon"; some historians and researchers lacking linguistic or Algonquianist training concluded that Moingona meant "people by the portage" or something similar, a reference to the Des Moines Rapids. This was where the earliest known encounters between the European explorers took place. One popular interpretation of "Des Moines" ignores Vogel's research, concludes that it refers to a group of French Trappist monks, who in the 17th century lived in huts built on top of what is now known as the ancient Monks Mound at Cahokia, the major center of Mississippian culture, which developed in what is present-day Illinois, east of the Mississippi River and the city of St. Louis; this was some 200 miles from the Des Moines River.

Based on archeological evidence, the junction of the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers has attracted humans for at least 7,000 years. Several prehistoric occupation areas have been identified by archeologists in downtown Des Moines. Discovered in December 2010, the "Palace" is an expansive, 7,000-year-old site found during excavations prior to construction of the new wastewater treatment plant in southeastern Des Moines, it contains numerous graves. More than 6,000 artifacts were found at this site. State of Iowa archaeologist John Doershuk was assisted by University of Iowa archaeologists at this dig. At least three Late Prehistoric villages, dating from about AD 1300 to 1700, stood in or near what developed as downtown Des Moines. In addition, 15 to 18 prehistoric American Indian mounds were observed in this area by early settlers. All have been destroyed during development of the city. Des Moines traces its origins to May 1843, when Captain James Allen supervised the construction of a fort on the site where the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers merge.

Allen wanted to use the name Fort Raccoon. S. War Department preferred Fort Des Moines; the fort was built to control the Sauk and Meskwaki Indians, whom the government had moved to the area from their traditional lands in eastern Iowa. The fort was abandoned in 1846 after the Sauk and Meskwaki were removed from the state and shifted to the Indian Territory; the Sauk and Meskwaki did not fare well in Des Moines. The illegal whiskey trade, combined with the destruction of traditional lifeways, led to severe problems for their society. One newspaper reported: "It is a fact that the location of Fort Des Moines among the Sac and Fox Indians for the last two years, had corrupted them more and lowered them deeper in the scale of vice and degradation, than all their intercourse with the whites for the ten years previous". After official removal, the Meskwaki continued to return to Des Moines until around 1857. Archaeological excavations have shown that many fort-related features survived under what is now Martin Luther King, Jr.

Parkway and First Street. Soldiers stationed at Fort Des Moines opened the first coal mines in the area, mining coal from the riverbank for the fort's blacksmith. Settlers occupied nearby areas. On May 25, 1846, the state legislature designated Fort Des Moines as the seat of Polk County. Arozina Perkins, a

Roger Johnson (California)

Roger Johnson was an American businessman and government official. Johnson was born in Hartford, the son of an AFL-CIO leader. Although he was influenced by his father's Democratic Party politics, young Roger decided to join the Republican Party, according to him, the first time he had to pay taxes. Johnson was valedictorian at Clarkson University, where he graduated in 1956 with a degree in business, he had ambitions to play professional baseball. He went to work for General Electric. In 1969, he left GE to work for Memorex. In 1982, Johnson moved to Orange County. Under his control, the company's sales quadrupled, from $250 million to over $1 billion per year; the company went from 811 to 7,600 employees. He and his wife were active in several charitable organizations, he taught at the University of California, Irvine and at Claremont Graduate University. In 1991, Johnson was chairman of a prominent Orange County Republican fund-raising organization. However, he discussed with a reporter of the Los Angeles Times the possibility of leaving the Republican Party and joining the Democratic Party if the right Democrat came along.

Bill Clinton met with him to see if he could obtain his support. Johnson and seven other prominent Orange County Republicans announced that they would support Clinton's bid for President. In 1992, Clinton nominated Johnson to head the government's General Services Administration. Johnson said, he wrote It Can Be Fixed! Your Unmanaged Government, a book which discussed his beliefs as to how to end waste in government. Johnson boasted that he had cut the GSA's staff by 4000 and cut its operating costs by 17%, but he found himself at odds with professional bureaucrats, various investigations into his personal finances and use of government property led to his resignation in 1996. He was cleared of all charges the following year. Following his resignation, Johnson attacked the conservatism of the Congress under its leader Newt Gingrich, announced his switch from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party. In 1998, Johnson and his wife Janice pledged $500,000 to endow the Roger W. and Janice M. Johnson Chair in Civic Governance and the Social Ecology of Public Management.

The Johnsons saw the chair position as a way to improve civic participation. "I see the chair as a way to elevate professional management to a level similar to other recognized national policy issues such as health care and welfare," Roger Johnson said. "Only will professional management have sufficient political clout to be taken in government organizations." In 2003, Martha Feldman, an organizational and public management scholar from University of Michigan, was named the second Johnson Chair. Johnson died of lung cancer at his home in California. List of U. S. political appointments that crossed party lines "Public Problems, Public Potential": Johnson Chair Scholars Celebrated

Dan Sartain

Dan Sartain is an American rock and roll musician from Center Point, United States. His music encompasses a variety of genres including blues. After releasing two self-produced albums through independent record labels, in 2005 Sartain released Dan Sartain vs. the Serpientes, his first commercially-available studio album through the San Diego, California-based Swami Records. This was followed by Join Dan Sartain in 2006. In 2007 he toured as an opening act for The White Stripes and The Hives, releasing a new single on Jack White's Third Man Records entitled "Bohemian Grove". In 2010 Sartain released his fifth album, Dan Sartain Lives, his single "Walk Among the Cobras Pt.1" can be heard in the "Russell episode" of the video game The Walking Dead: 400 Days. Official website Dan Sartain's official Myspace profile