Des Moines River
The Des Moines River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the upper Midwestern United States, 525 miles long from its farther headwaters. The largest river flowing across the state of Iowa, it rises in southern Minnesota and flows across Iowa from northwest to southeast, passing from the glaciated plains into the unglaciated hills near the capital city of Des Moines, named after the river, in the center of the state; the river continues to flow at a southeastern direction away from Des Moines flowing directly into the Mississippi River. The Des Moines River forms a short portion of Iowa's border with Missouri in Lee County; the Avenue of the Saints, a four-lane highway from St. Paul, Minnesota to St. Louis, passes over this section; the Des Moines River rises in two forks. The West Fork rises out of Lake Shetek in Murray County in southwestern Minnesota, it flows south-southeast into Emmet County, past Estherville. The East Fork rises out of Okamanpeedan Lake in northern Emmet County on the Iowa-Minnesota border and flows south, through Algona.
The two forks join in southern Humboldt County 5 miles south of Humboldt at Frank Gotch State Park. The combined stream flows southward through Fort Dodge. South of Boone it passes through the Ledges State Park, it flows through downtown Des Moines turns southeastward, flowing through Ottumwa. It forms 20 miles of the border between Iowa and Missouri before joining the Mississippi from the northwest at Keokuk, it receives the Boone River from the northeast 20 miles southwest of Fort Dodge. It receives the Raccoon River from the west in the city of Des Moines. Above the city of Des Moines, it is impounded to create the Saylorville Lake reservoir. About midway below Saylorville and above Ottumwa, near Pella, the river is impounded to create the Lake Red Rock reservoir. One of the earliest French maps that depicts the Des Moines refers to it as "R. des Otentas," which translates to "River of the Otoe". The Meskwaki and Sauk people referred to the river as "Ke-o-shaw-qua", from which Keosauqua, derives its name.
The Dakota Indians, who lived near its headwaters in present-day Minnesota, referred to it as "Inyan Shasha" in their Siouan language. Another Siouan name was "Eah-sha-wa-pa-ta," or "Red Stone" river referring the bluffs at Red Rock or the reddish Sioux Quartzite bedrock near its headwaters; the origin of the name Des Moines is obscure. Early French explorers named it La Rivière des Moines meaning "River of the Monks." The name may have referred to early Trappist monks who built huts near the mouth of the river at the Mississippi. William Bright writes that Moines was an abbreviation used by the French for Moingouena or Moingona, an Algonquian subgroup of the Illinois people; the Native American term was /mooyiinkweena/, a derogatory name applied to the Moingouena by the Peoria people, a related subgroup. The meaning of the native word, according to an early French writer, is visage plein d'ordure, or in plain English, "shit-face", from mooy-, "face", -iinkwee, "shit", -na, "indefinite actor".
The 1718 Guillaume Delisle map labels it as "le Moingona R." During the mid-19th century, the river supported the main commercial transportation by water across Iowa. River traffic began to be superseded by the railroads constructed from the 1860s; the river has a history of seasonal flooding. For example, in May 1944 the Riverview Park had just opened for the season on May 19, 1944. At around dawn on May 23, the levee began to collapse; the river was too much to hold back. The breach in the levee grew to nearly 100 feet wide, the river water enveloped all of the park and the surrounding area; the Great Flood of 1993 on the river and its tributary the Raccoon, in the summer of 1993, forced the evacuation of much of the city of Des Moines and nearby communities. In another period of flooding, on June 13, 2008, officials issued a voluntary evacuation order for much of downtown and other areas bordering the Des Moines River; the river had reached flood stage in many locations, Mayor Frank Cownie said the evacuations were an attempt "to err on the side of citizens and residents."
According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Des Moines River has been known as: La Riviere des Moins Le Moine River Monk River Nadouessioux River Outontantes River River Demoin River of the Maskoutens River of the Peouareas List of Iowa rivers List of longest rivers of the United States List of Minnesota rivers List of Missouri rivers Illinois Country French colonization of the Americas Des Moines History DesMoinesRiver.org U. S. Army Corps of Engineers: Des Moines River Basin
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Air Choice One
Multi-Aero, Inc. doing business as Air Choice One, is an American airline with its headquarters in Concord, Missouri within the Greater St. Louis area, it operates as a regional airline offering commuter flights from St. Louis Lambert International Airport, O'Hare International Airport, Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport and Hartsfield Jackson Atlanta International Airport to smaller regional airports, subsidized under the Essential Air Service program. Air Choice One's callsign, ` Weber', is in honor of the airlines first Chief Pilot. Multi-Aero was founded in 1979 under the name Multi-Aero Corporation. In October 2009 Air Choice One won the EAS contract to serve Decatur and Burlington, Iowa. In December 2011, Air Choice One was awarded a one-year EAS contract to replace SeaPort Airlines in Jonesboro, Arkansas with the date to begin service set at February 13, 2012. In January 2013 the DOT granted Air Choice One a three-year contract extension for both Decatur and Burlington, Iowa; as a stipulation for obtaining both extensions Air Choice One implemented systems for electronic ticketing and baggage agreements via WorldSpan in December 2012.
This allows passengers to book tickets with connections to and from other major airlines on popular travel websites in a "one-click" process, as opposed to buying tickets at one airline and having to book tickets with another on two separate confirmations. In February 2014 Air Choice One was awarded by the DOT a four-year extension on its EAS contract to serve Jonesboro, Arkansas. In the same month, there were three proposals sent out by them to the following cities for EAS service: Ironwood, Fort Dodge and Mason City, Iowa. In March 2014 Muscle Shoals, Alabama city and airport leaders visited the Air Choice One headquarters to consider its EAS contract bid for Northwest Alabama Regional Airport, however the contract was awarded to SeaPort Airlines and Boutique Air to begin service in 2016. In 2011, Air Choice One submitted a proposal to the US DOT to serve Muscle Shoals with flights to either Atlanta, Nashville or Memphis. Pending acceptance of the proposal, the airline was planning to begin flights in as little as 30 days.
The airline never commenced service to Muscle Shoals. On April 18, 2014 the DOT awarded Air Choice One a two-year contract to serve Ironwood, Michigan with service to and from Chicago, Illinois, it began service in the summer of 2014. On August 19, 2014, Air Choice One was awarded a two-year contract from the DOT to serve Mason City, Iowa with service to and from Chicago, Illinois, it began service on November 17, 2014. On December 21, 2017 Air Choice One was granted a four year contract extension in Burlington and was not selected for another term in Decatur, marking the end of Air Choice One's nearly eight years of service to Decatur Airport. On January 18, 2018 Air Choice One was approved by the DOT to begin service to Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport from Jackson, Tennessee for a term beginning on March 1, 2018 until May 31, 2021. On March 14, 2018 the airline passed the FAA mandated proving runs with its Beechcraft 1900C, meaning that the aircraft is now approved to be used in daily line operations.
Air Choice One began operating the aircraft between Fort Dodge and both Minneapolis and St. Louis in May 2018 and continues to bid other essential air service routes proposing to use the Beechcraft 1900. Effective February 1, 2019 the 3-letter ICAO prefix changed from WBR to ACO. Air Choice One does not participate in any major global airline alliances, nor does it have any codeshare agreements. Air Choice One operates the following aircraft: Inc.. Air Choice One
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Polk County, Iowa
Polk County is a county in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 430,640, making it Iowa's most populous county, hosting over 14% of the state's residents; the county seat is Des Moines, the capital city of Iowa. Polk County is included in IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. On January 13, 1846, the legislative body of the Indiana Territory authorized creation of twelve counties in the Iowa Territory, with general descriptions of their boundaries. On January 17 they further enacted a resolution setting the effective date of the county government for Jasper and Polk Counties as March 1, 1846. Polk County's name referred to United States President James K. Polk, who served from 1845 to 1849; the first courthouse, a two-story structure, was built in Des Moines in 1846. Rapid settlement and commercial growth in the county soon rendered this building insufficient, so construction of a larger building was initiated in 1858. Due to construction delays and the onset of the Civil War, the structure was not completed until 1866.
The present courthouse was erected in 1906, in 1962 it was extensively renovated and enlarged. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 592 square miles, of which 574 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water; the county is bisected by the Des Moines River. Boone – northwest Dallas – west Jasper – east Madison - southwest Marion – southeast Story – north Warren – south Saylorville The 2010 census recorded a population of 430,640 in the county, with a population density of 756.371/sq mi. There were 182,262 housing units, of which 170,197 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 374,601 people, 149,112 households, 96,624 families residing in the county. The population density was 658 people per square mile. There were 156,447 housing units at an average density of 275 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.34% White, 4.84% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.63% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.22% from other races, 1.66% from two or more races.
4.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of German, 10.6% Irish, 9.0% English and 8.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 149,112 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.20% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04. Age spread: 25.70% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,116, the median income for a family was $56,560. Males had a median income of $37,182 versus $28,000 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $23,654. About 5.30% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over. The Iowa Department of Corrections Iowa Correctional Institution for Women is in Mitchellville and in Polk County; the population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Polk County.† county seat Polk County Courthouse Iowa State Capitol Terrace Hill known as Hubbell Mansion, Benjamin F. Allen House, or the Iowa Governor's Mansion National Register of Historic Places listings in Polk County, Iowa Polk County government website
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government