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Desert Hearts

Desert Hearts is a 1985 American romantic drama film directed by Donna Deitch. The screenplay written by Natalie Cooper is an adaptation of the 1964 lesbian-themed novel Desert of the Heart by Jane Rule. Set in Reno, Nevada in 1959, it tells the story of a university professor awaiting a divorce who finds her true self when she meets a free-spirited younger woman self-confident in her romantic and sexual attraction; the film stars Helen Patricia Charbonneau with a supporting performance by Audra Lindley. Desert Hearts was released theatrically in the United States on March 7, 1986, it was released in the United Kingdom on June 6, 1986. It is regarded as one of the first wide-release films to present a positive portrayal of lesbian sexuality. In 1959, Vivian Bell, a 35-year-old English professor at Columbia University in New York City, travels to Reno to establish residency in Nevada, in order to obtain a quickie divorce, she stays at a guest house ranch for women. The ranch is owned by Frances Parker.

Soon after her arrival in Reno, Vivian meets a younger, free-spirited sculptor. Frances was the longtime mistress of Cay's late father, who raised Cay after her biological mother abandoned her. Cay is employed as a change operator at a casino in Reno, is ending a relationship with Darrell, her controlling boss, saying that she was "attracted to his attraction" to her; when Vivian arrives, Cay takes an immediate interest in her. Frances, dismayed by Cay's lesbianism but frightened by the possibility of Cay leaving her alone, becomes resentful as Cay and Vivian grow closer. After they attend an engagement party for Silver, Cay's best friend and co-worker, Cay takes a mildly inebriated Vivian to see Lake Tahoe at twilight and kisses her. Vivian returns the kiss passionately, but becomes apprehensive and asks Cay to take her home; when they return to the ranch early the next morning, Frances angrily kicks Vivian out and accuses her of seducing Cay. Cay leaves the ranch and Vivian transfers to a hotel room near the casino for the rest of her stay.

Cay visits Vivian at the hotel, where they argue but consummate their love after Cay removes her clothes and waits in bed for Vivian to come to her, Vivian admits that she didn't know what to do. With the impending finalization of Vivian's divorce, the two struggle with the future of their relationship. At Silver's wedding and Frances tentatively reconcile. In the final scene, after Vivian's divorce has become finalized, she packs up and boards a train to return to New York City. Despite refusing to commit to leaving Nevada, Cay boards the train at the last minute as it begins to move away, agreeing to accompany Vivian at least until they reach the next station. Desert Hearts is loosely based on the 1964 romance novel Desert of the Heart by Jane Rule. In 1979, Donna Deitch was searching for a story about a lesbian romance that "was mainstream, not in the context of the women's community or the Village." The first draft of the screenplay, written by Deitch, followed the original story, but when Natalie Cooper was hired as the screenwriter she veered away from it.

The names of the main characters were changed: Evelyn Hall became Vivian Bell and Ann Childs became Cay Rivvers. Other characters were minimized or excluded, subplots were eliminated, the love scene was made explicit. Jane Rule described the film as "beautifully simplified". Deitch raised the $1.5 million needed for the production budget with a $20,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Arts and sales of $15,000 shares to stock brokers and individual investors. The largest group of investors were lesbian and feminist women in several cities of the U. S. and the largest single investor was a gay man. She gave fundraising parties and published a regular newsletter to keep investors informed about the project's development. Raising funds took four years, she sold her house to cover completion costs. In a 1991 interview with The Guardian, Deitch said that: "In San Francisco I sold it as politics. In New York as Art. In LA I convinced them it would be a box office hit." It took nearly six years for Deitch to bring Desert Hearts to theater screens.

Deitch encountered difficulty finding actresses who would portray lesbians without reserve with many refusing to audition for the film. Patricia Charbonneau was the first actress to be cast and went to Los Angeles with Deitch so she could audition with those reading for the role of Vivian Bell. Deitch noticed the chemistry between Helen Shaver immediately, she persuaded actors to work for scale, after casting completed, the film was shot on location in Reno in 31 days. Limited funds necessitated filming two scenes in one day, with little room for retakes. Renting space in a real casino was out of the question and a dressed set in a room of an abandoned hotel served as the gambling casino in the film; the contract with Charbonneau and Shaver obligated them to perform the sex scene in the hotel room without body doubles and to be nude on camera from the waist down. The scene was shot on the second-to-last day of filming, with cinematographer Robert Elswit and a boom operator as the only crew members present.

The Samuel Goldwyn Company insisted in having the scene cut down but Deitch refused. In a 1986 Los Angeles Times interview, Helen Shave

Blackwater (Altan album)

Blackwater is the fifth studio album by Altan, released in April 1996 on the Virgin Records label. Three of the songs are sung in Irish. "Ar Bhruach Na Carraige Baine" is sung in English and in Irish. "Blackwaterside" is sung in English. The final tune is a tribute to Frankie Kennedy written by Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh herself. "Johnny Boyle's/King of the Pipers" - 3.30 "Dark Haired Lass/Biddy From Muckross/Sean Maguire's" - 2:51 "Stór, A Stór, A Ghrá" - 2:51 "Strathspey/Con McGinley's/The Newfoundland Reel" -3:11 "Tá Mé'Mo Shuí" - 4:08 "An Gasúr Mor/Bunker Hill/Dogs Among the Bushes" - 2:36 "Molly Na gCuach Ní Chuilleanáin" - 2:35 "Jenny Picking Cockles/Farewell to Leitrim/John Doherty's" - 2:41 "Ar Bhruach Na Carraige Báine" - 2:38 "The Dance of the Honeybees" - 3:24 "Blackwaterside" - 3:43 "A Tune for Frankie" - 3:25 Mairéad Ní Mhaonaigh – Fiddle, vocals Ciaran Tourish – Fiddle, backing vocals Dermot Byrne – Accordion, melodeon Ciarán CurranBouzouki Mark KellyGuitar, backing vocals Dáithí Sproule – Guitar, backing vocals Steve CooneyBass, backing vocals Conan Doyle – Backing vocals Jimmy Higgins – Bodhrán, snare drum, wood block, clay drums Dónal Lunny – Bouzouki, bodhrán, keyboards Maighréad Ní Dhomhnaill – Backing vocals Tríona Ní Dhomhnaill – Backing vocals, piano Anna Ní Mhaonaigh – Backing vocals Brendan PowerHarmonica String quartet: Máire BreatnachViola Annette Cleary — Cello David James — Cello Tommy KaneViolin Brian Masterson – Producer, Engineer David Scheinmann – Photography The Design Corporation – Design Notes Blackwaterside on YouTube - Official video

Bill Morris (bishop)

William Martin Morris served as the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Toowoomba in Australia from 1992 to 2011. In May 2011, the Holy See removed Morris from pastoral care of the diocese, attracting international press coverage. Morris was born in Brisbane, where he was educated at St Joseph's College, Gregory Terrace, before studying for the priesthood at Pius XII Provincial Seminary in Banyo, he was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Brisbane in 1969. His parish appointments included Sunnybank, Nambour, Mt Gravatt and Surfers Paradise. During 1979 to 1984 he served as secretary to Archbishop Francis Rush in Brisbane and as Diocesan Director of Vocations. In 1992, Morris was appointed by Pope John Paul II to head the Toowoomba diocese, his consecration took place at St Patrick's Cathedral on 10 February 1993. He became known for his work with diocesan cases of sexual abuse. In 2009 he dismissed the principal of a Toowoomba Catholic primary school and two Catholic Education officials for failing to report to the police an early complaint from a schoolgirl.

There were reports of liturgical unorthodoxy and controversy about his support of the Third Rite of Confession. In 2006 Morris released a pastoral letter that discussed the declining number of priests in remote parishes like Toowoomba; the letter called for discussion of the ordination of women. To call for such a discussion could be interpreted as a challenge to the teaching of John Paul II's apostolic letter Ordinatio Sacerdotalis, which said that "the Church has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women." The letter suggested that the Catholic Church might consider recognising "Anglican and Uniting Church orders". In December 2006, Morris received a fax requesting that he come to Rome by February 2007 for meetings with three cardinals. Morris did not attend, citing "pastoral reasons", offered to present himself in May. An apostolic visitation of the diocese was conducted by Charles J. Chaput OFM Cap, Archbishop of Denver during April 2007. Chaput reported to the Congregation for Bishops in May 2007.

Morris says. He was given an unsigned document from the Congregation for Bishops indicating 13 separate issues. Morris negotiated with several Vatican congregations for several years. Attempts by Vatican administrators to reconcile Morris with the church's position included several meetings in Rome where, it has been reported, he was asked to resign several times. In December 2008, Morris wrote to Pope Benedict XVI requesting an audience, he was received by the Pope on 4 June 2009. Morris claimed that he was told that "it is God’s will that you resign". In February 2011 the Apostolic Nuncio to Australia, Giuseppe Lazzarotto, wrote to Morris requesting his resignation. On 1 May 2011, Morris stated in a letter to parishioners of his diocese that "it has been determined by Pope Benedict XVI that the diocese would be better served by the leadership of a new bishop", but that he felt that he was being denied "natural justice". Morris announced his early retirement at age 67. On 2 May, the Apostolic Nuncio to Australia announced that the Pope had "removed from pastoral care" of his diocese.

At this time, Morris was appointed Bishop Emeritus of Toowoomba. Several hundred people attended two separate vigils for Morris on 3 May in Toowoomba. On 13 May 2011, the Australian Catholic Bishops' Conference issued a statement, stating that they supported Pope Benedict's decision to remove Morris. In the statement they noted: "it was judged that there were problems of doctrine and discipline, we regret that these could not be resolved. We are hopeful that Bishop Morris will continue to serve the Church in other ways in the years ahead". At a meeting of the Permanent Committee of the ACBC on 2 August 2011, a petition was presented from many Catholics of the Diocese of Toowoomba in support of Morris. In a statement on 11 August the Permanent Committee said that "the reality of our ecclesial structure is that the Conference is not able to resolve the issues that have arisen. Not only do the local Bishops not have access to all the information on which Pope Benedict came to his decision, but what has happened in Toowoomba is a matter between the Holy Father and Bishop Morris."

During an Ad Limina visit in Rome that month, ACBC bishops held discussions regarding the situation in Toowoomba with both Cardinal Marc Ouellet and Cardinal William Levada and among themselves. Archbishop Mark Coleridge said that the talks "went positively" and "surpassed" their expectations. In a letter from the ACBC, released on 21 October: "What was at stake was the Church’s unity in faith and the ecclesial communion between the Pope and the other Bishops in the College of Bishops... we express our acceptance of the Holy Father’s exercise of his Petrine ministry... we return to Australia determined to do whatever we can to heal any wounds of division." Morris responded to the letter on 24 October 2011, writing: "The statement of the Australian Catholic Bishops contains inaccuracies and errors of fact evidenced by the documentation relating to the issues concerning myself and a number of Vatican Dicasteries. The Statement made by the Australian Bishops invites me to tell my story which I will publish in the foreseeable future."

In October 2011, it was reported that several lay Catholics in Toowoomba had expressed concern that Morris still had a high profile in the diocese, giving a public lecture, in-service talks to teachers and officiating at parish


The Shahab-3 is a medium-range ballistic missile developed by Iran and based on the North Korean Nodong-1. The Shahab-3 has a range of 1,000 kilometres, it was tested from 1998 to 2003 and added to the military arsenal on 7 July 2003, with an official unveiling by Ayatollah Khamenei on July 20. With an accuracy of 140 m CEP, the Shahab-3 missile is effective against large, soft targets. Given the Shahab-3’s payload capacity, it would be capable of delivering nuclear warheads. According to the IAEA, Iran in the early 2000s may have explored various fuzing and firing systems to make the Shahab-3 more capable of reliably delivering a nuclear warhead; the forerunners to this missile include the Shahab-1 and Shahab-2. The then-Iranian Defence Minister Admiral Shamkhani has denied that Iran plans to develop a Shahab-4; some successors to the Shahab have longer range and are more maneuverable. Operating under the Sanam Industrial Group, part of the Defense Industries Organization of Iran, the Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group, led the development of the Shahab missile.

US Air Force National Air and Space Intelligence Center estimates that as of June 2017 fewer than 50 launchers were operationally deployed. The Shahab-3B differs from the basic production variant, it has improvements to its guidance system and warhead with a greater range, a few small changes on the missile body, a new re-entry vehicle whose terminal guidance system and rocket-nozzle steering method are different from the Shahab-3A's spin-stabilized re-entry vehicle. The new re-entry vehicle uses a triconic aeroshell geometry which improves the overall lift to drag ratio for the re-entry vehicle; this allows greater range maneuverability. The triconic design reduces the overall size of the warhead from an estimated 1 metric ton to 700 kg; the rocket-nozzle control system allows the missile to change its trajectory several times during re-entry and terminal phase preventing interceptor guidance via trajectory prediction by early warning radar—a method nearly all long range ABM systems use. As a high-speed ballistic missile and pre-mission fueling capability, the Shahab-3 has an short launch/impact time ratio.

This means that the INS/gyroscope guidance would remain accurate until impact. The CEP is estimated to be at 30–50 metres or less. However, the accuracy of the missile is speculative and cannot be confidently predicted for wartime situations; these improvements would increase the Shahab-3B's survivability against ABM systems such as Israel's Arrow 2 missile defence system as well as being used for precision attacks against high-value targets such as command and communications centres. Shahab 3 image gallery Little is known about Shahab-3C and Shahab-3D. From what can be gathered, the missiles have an improved precision, navigation system, a longer range; the missiles were indigenously developed, are being mass-produced. Iran has a production capacity of 70 units per year; the Shahab-3 was first seen in public on 25 September 1998, in Azadi Square, Tehran, in a parade held to commemorate the Iranian Sacred Defence Week. Iran has conducted at least six test flights of the Shahab-3. During the first one, in July 1998, the missile exploded in mid-air during the latter portion of its flight.

S. officials wondered whether the test was a failure or the explosion was intentional. A second, successful test took place in July 2000. In September 2000, Iran conducted a third test, in which the missile exploded shortly after launch. In May 2002, Iran conducted another successful test, leading then-Iranian Defense Minister Ali Shamkhani to say the test improved the Shahab-3's "power and accuracy". Another successful test occurred in July 2002. On 7 July 2003, the foreign ministry spokesman said that Iran had completed a final test of the Shahab 3 "a few weeks ago", "the final test before delivering the missile to the armed forces", according to a New York Times report. On 9 November 2004, Shamkhani said. On 2 November 2006, Iran fired unarmed missiles to begin 10 days of military war games. Iranian state television reported "dozens of missiles were fired including Shahab-2 and Shahab-3 missiles; the missiles had ranges from 300 km to up to 2,000 km... Iranian experts have made some changes to Shahab-3 missiles installing cluster warheads in them with the capacity to carry 1,400 bombs".

These launches come after some United States-led military exercises in the Persian Gulf on 30 October 2006, meant to train for blocking the transport of weapons of mass destruction. On 8 July 2008, Iran test fired a non-upgraded version of the Shahab-3 as one of 9 medium- and long-range missiles launched as part of the Great Prophet III exercise, within a few weeks of a concluded military exercise by Israel. Other missiles fired include Zelzal missiles. Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps air and naval units conducted these tests in a desert location. Air Force commander Hossein Salami advised that Iran was ready to retaliate to military threats, saying "We warn the enemies who intend to threaten us with military exercises and empty psychological operations that our hand will always be on the trigger and our missiles will always be ready to l

Carole J. Olshavsky

Carole J. Olshavsky, FAIA, an American architect, she is the former state architect of Ohio and a recipient of the American Institute of Architects' 2014 Thomas Jefferson Award for her contributions to public architecture. She is the only woman to serve as state architect for Ohio, the first woman to be awarded the American Institute of Architects' Ohio Gold Medal, the highest honor awarded by AIA Ohio. Olshavsky is a graduate of Kent State University, earned her architecture license in 1973, she opened an architecture firm with her husband, Donald Olshavsky, in Ohio. In 1985, she was appointed state architect for the state of Ohio, stayed in that position until 1988. During her tenure, she oversaw projects including the construction of the Wexner Center for the Arts and the National Inventors Hall of Fame at the University of Akron. During her tenure, she contributed to new state legislation that established qualifications-based assessment of design bids, so contracts were obliged to not go to the least expensive proposal.

Between 1988 and 1991 Olshavsky took the position within Ohio's Department of Public Works as the deputy director. After 1991 she returned to the private sector she had left in 1985. In 2003, she rejoined the public sector as senior executive of capital improvements for Columbus City Schools. Columbus City Schools had 116 schools in 2002 and this include 16 high schools, she led a 15-year, $1.3 billion school reconstruction program. As of 2015, Olshavsky serves as president of the Architects Society of Ohio, chair on the AIA Committee on Public Architecture, AIA regional director and national vice president, chancellor for the AIA College of Fellows

William Lewis (Australian politician)

William Lewis JP was a businessman and politician in South Australia. He was born in Tredegar, the only surviving son of Rev. Lewis, at age 14 was forced by the death of his father to abandon studies for the ministry and find employment as a lawyer's clerk, as a stationer in London as a bailiff for his cousin Sep. Lewis in Wales. In 1853 he emigrated to South Australia on the Iris, soon found work with Hart & Co. ran a store at Sydenham Road, Norwood. He moved to Kapunda in 1857 to manage Carrington Smedley's drapery store at the corner of Main and Hill Streets, which he subsequently purchased, he sold the business to Andrew Thomson and retired to Allendale, a few miles to the north. He was a longtime supporter, treasurer, of the Kapunda and Light Agricultural Society, as well as chairman of the Kapunda School Board of Advice, he acted as local registrar of births and marriages. He was an agent for the Australian Mutual Provident Life Assurance Society and the South Australian Fire Insurance Company.

He was auditor for the Kapunda Corporation for six years. All a year before he died, he was a foundation member of the Kapunda Congregational Church and superintendent of the Sunday school for many years, president of the local branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society. Lewis was appointed to the inaugural Kapunda Council in 1865, he was member for Light in the South Australian House of Assembly from May 1868 to April 1870, with Captain John Hart as his colleague. In 1888 he was a candidate for the North Eastern district in the Legislative Council, but was soundly defeated by Henry Ayers, he died at his home in Allendale. He married Elizabeth Hughes around April 1839, their children included: Kate Hannah Lewis married George Church on 1 July 1864, lived in Port Adelaide Elizabeth Angharad Lewis married John Murch Stacy on 18 April 1862, lived in Adelaide Lydia Ceinwen Lewis married Dr. Ernst Heinrich Geyer on 26 June 1867, lived in Moonta Mary Lewis married August C. Geyer on 23 August 1877, lived in Wilcannia Agnes Rachel Lewis married John Church on 19 September 1872, lived in Fremantle Helen Lewis W. Walter Lewis married Euphemia "Phim" Hillam on 28 January 1891, lived at Baroota Florence Eos Lewis married Rev. Alfred George Fry on 12 November 1889, lived at Kapunda