Desiré Wilson

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Desiré Wilson
Born (1953-11-26) 26 November 1953 (age 64)
Brakpan, South Africa
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality South Africa South African
Active years 1980
Teams non-works Williams
Entries 1 (0 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums 0
Career points 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First entry 1980 British Grand Prix
Last entry 1980 British Grand Prix

Desiré Randall Wilson (born 26 November 1953)[1] is a former racing driver from South Africa and one of only five women to have competed in Formula One.[2] Born in Brakpan,[1] she entered one Formula One World Championship Grand Prix in 1980 with a non-works RAM Racing-prepared Williams FW07, but failed to qualify.[3] She also raced in the 1981 non-world championship South African Grand Prix in a one off deal with Tyrrell Racing, this race was not part of the 1981 world championship due, in part, to the FISA–FOCA war.[4] She qualified 16th and, after a disastrous start where the car stalled, she moved up though the field in wet conditions, as conditions dried she fell back and damaged the car when it touched a wall while she was letting the race leader through.[5]

She became the only woman to win a Formula One race of any kind when she won at Brands Hatch in the short-lived British Aurora F1 Championship in 1980,[3] as a result of this achievement, she has a grandstand at Brands Hatch named after her.[5] Following her attempts in Formula One, Wilson participated in other disciplines including CART[6] and sports car racing;[5] in 1982, Wilson entered the Indianapolis 500, but failed to qualify. She did not qualify for 1983 and 1984 Indy 500s as well.[5]

She is married to fellow South Africa-native and road course architect, Alan Wilson.[2]

Career[edit]

Since 1978, Desiré Wilson has been recognised as the most accomplished female racing driver in the world. To date, she is the only woman to have been licensed to drive in a CART Indycars event, as well as holding a FIA Super License, which enabled her to race at the highest level, FIA Formula One World Championship. In 1980, she won both the Monza 1000km and the Silverstone 6 Hours World Championship for Makes races, thereby becoming the first female to have outright victories in any FIA World Championship race.[7]

Although Wilson is probably most famous for not qualifying for the 1980 British Grand Prix, she was a big success; in 1967, at the age of twelve, Wilson came second in the South African nationals, driving midget cars. By 1972, she had made her full racing debut and was fourth in her first season of the South African Formula Vee Championship, after two more seasons on the Formula Vee circuit, finishing 4th and 2nd respectively, Wilson decided to pursue the international acclaim associated with Formula One. She won the South African Formula Ford Championship in 1975 and defended the title the following season, as well as securing the "Driver to Europe" award, as a result, Wilson moved to Europe for the 1977 season, competing mainly in Formula Ford 2000 races, in the Benelux and British Championships, where she finished third and fourth respectively, winning races at Zandvoort and Colmar-Berg.[5][7][8][9]

She took another huge step forward in 1978, racing a Formula One March 751, updated to 761 specifications, after impressing many team bosses, she signed up to race in the Aurora AFX F1 Championship for Mario Deliotti Racing. Driving their Cosworth-powered Ensign N175, her best finish was a third place at the Thruxton Circuit, as her knowledge of the European tracks improved, so did her results. Whilst racing F1, she still drove a Lola T490 in the British Sports 2000 Championship, despite it being a minor national championship.[5][7][9]

In 1979, she became the first woman to lead an F1 race, she headed the field at Zolder for Melchester Racing, in their Tyrrell 008, although she spun in the wet on the penultimate lap, but fought back to finish third, whilst claiming the fastest lap of the race. In addition, Wilson took three more 3rd places at Oulton Park, Brands Hatch and Thruxton, she ended the season in 7th place. She continued to race in Sports 2000, finishing third in the championship with her Lola.[5][7][9]

1980 was to be her big year, although it started sponsor-less, racing Formula Pacific in New Zealand. Teddy Yip and his Theodore Racing team came to her rescue, giving her a Wolf WR4 for the Aurora series. Yip's faith was repaid by round two, when Wilson won the Evening News Trophy at Brands Hatch, beating Norman Dickson and Eliseo Salazar; in doing so, she became the first woman, and so far the only woman to win an F1 race. She recorded two more podium finishes, a fine 2nd place at Thruxton and a 3rd at Mallory Park, before her team ran out of money.[5][7][9]

Her successes did not stop there in 1980, when she formed a partnership with Alain de Cadenet and shared the driving duties of his De Cadenet LM1, after an impressive outing where the pair took third in the Brands Hatch 1000km, the pair went on the win both the Monza 1000km and the Silverstone 6 Hours races.[5][7][9]

Desiré's victories drew the attention of John Macdonald and his F1 RAM Racing team, during a private test at Brands Hatch, driving a year-old Williams FW07, things looked promising, where she was twelfth overall. However, by the weekend of the British Grand Prix, the car had been replaced with an inferior model, which she had been beaten in several times in the Aurora AFX series, the car lacked aerodynamics modifications, and her lack of experience at this level meant she did not qualify.[5][7][9]

This run of bad luck did not stop at Brands Hatch; after a practice accident for the 1980 24 Hours of Le Mans, she and de Cadenet were not allowed to start in view of this earlier incident, despite setting eighth fastest lap in qualifying.[7][9]

She got the chance to redeem herself, when she accepted a drive with Tyrrell Racing for her home Grand Prix. However, the ongoing FISA-FOCA war within F1, lead to the 1981 South African Grand Prix being a non-championship race, which nevertheless still attracted a strong field. Wilson qualified 16th, moved through the field to 6th before spinning out her Tyrrell 010, with gearbox troubles. But, she had managed to impress Ken Tyrrell, and was offered further drives. Due to lack of sponsorship and political situation, she was unable to take up Tyrrell's offer and the drive went to Ricardo Zunino, and then Michele Alboreto, the remainder of the season consisted of outing in Formula Atlantic and Sportscars.[1][5][9]

Sportscars now became her main focus, after finished 8th in the 1981 Brands Hatch 1000km; in 1982, she raced in the IMSA series, failing to finish any races. A trip to France, for the Le Mans 24 hours did not fare any better, with her Grid S1, lasting only 24 minutes before the engine expired, her only result of 1982 came in the Brands Hatch 1000km, when she finished 4th with Jonathan Palmer aboard a works Ford C100.[5][7][9]

Wilson's career in American single-seaters started in 1982. Back with Teddy Yip's Theodore Racing, she passed her Indianapolis 500 rookie test without a problem, and during qualifying set the fastest ever lap by a female racer (191.042 mph). However, she failed to qualify for the event due to repeated engine failures and the early ending of the qualifying session in which her team-mate, Gordon Smiley, was killed, she returned the following year, but failed to qualify again. Meanwhile, she did race eight other Indycar races, with a best finish of 10th in the Grand Prix of Cleveland, her finishing record with Wysard Racing was poor, though not always due to driver error. She was an impressive novice, especially considering her rapid recovery from a broken leg suffered in a terrifying crash in an IMSA race at Brainerd International Raceway, during the race, her Momo Corse March 83G's front suspension broke. Three weeks later, she was back in an Indycar. A third attempt in qualifying for the Indy 500, in 1984 also resulted in a DNQ.[5][7][9][10]

During this time, sportscars had definitely not been forgotten, she competed around the world in various series and cars, scoring some decent results in the process, but the highlight of 1983 was her 7th place at Le Mans, sharing an Obermaier Racing entered Porsche 956 with Axel Plankenhorn and Jürgen Lässig. With the help of these Germans, she finally broke her major-race duck with an excellent result. A return to Brands Hatch for the 1984 1000 km race, saw her take the Kremer Racing's Porsche 956 to 4th place, with the help of David Sutherland and fellow South African, George Fouché.[5][9]

Although her international racing schedule started to thin out, her competitive spirit remained and in 1987, Wilson took a class win in the SCCA/Escort Endurance Challenge at Sears Point, sharing a Saleen Mustang with Lisa Cacares. While with Saleen Motorsport, she took a class win Sebring 6 hours alongside Scott Pruett, assisting Saleen to the constructors' title, after a few more outings in Porsche 962C's in Britain and Japan, she had one last shot at Le Mans in 1991 in a Spice SE90C. This all-female crew, with co-drivers Lyn St. James and Cathy Muller, lasted only 47 laps before crashing out.[5][7][9]

Although Wilson returned to race a Mazda Xedos in the North American Super Touring Car Championship in 1997, she now only occasionally races at the Goodwood Revival.[5][9]

Racing record[edit]

Career summary[edit]

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
1973 South African Formula Vee Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 4th
1974 South African Formula Vee Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 2nd
1975 South African Formula Ford Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 1st
1976 South African Formula Ford Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 1st
1977 Benelux Formula Ford 2000 Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 3rd
Dutch Formula Ford 2000 Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 3rd
British Formula Ford 2000 Championship ? ? ? ? ? ? 3rd
1978 USAC Mini-Indy Series 1 0 0 0 0 2 69th
Aurora AFX F1 Championship Mario Deliotti Racing 5 0 0 0 1 34 10th
1979 Aurora AFX F1 Championship Melchester Racing 15 0 0 1 4 28 7th
1980 Aurora AFX F1 Championship Theodore Racing Hong Kong 6 1 0 2 3 21 6th
World Challenge for Endurance Drivers Alain de Cadenet 3 2 3 0 0 39 41st
Formula One Brands Hatch Racing 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
Macau Grand Prix Susie Racing 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 6th
Aurora AFX New Zealand International Formula Pacific Series 8 0 0 0 0 0 NC
1981 MCD British Formula Atlantic Championship Goodwin Racing 1 0 0 0 0 3 15th
World Championship for Drivers and Makes T-Bird Swap Shop 1 0 0 0 0 14 187th
1982 FIA World Endurance Championship Grid Racing 1 0 0 0 0 10 46th
Ford Motor Company 1 0 0 0 0
1983 IMSA Camel GT Championship Momo Corse 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
FIA World Endurance Championship Obermaier Racing 1 0 0 0 0 4 63rd
PPG Indy Car World Series Wysard Motor Co 8 0 0 0 0 3 28th
1984 FIA World Endurance Championship Kremer Racing 1 0 0 0 0 10 44th
1986 American Racing Series 1 0 0 0 0 8 24th
PPG Indy Car World Series Machinists Union Racing 3 0 0 0 0 0 NC
1989 All Japan Sports Prototype Car Endurance Championship Team Davey 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
World Sports Prototype Championship 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
British Formula 3000 GA Motorsport 1 0 0 0 0 3 12th
1991 World Sports Car Championship Euro Racing (A.O. Racing) 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
Firestone Indy Lights Championship Leading Edge Motorsport 1 0 0 0 0 1 24th
1993 IMSA Exxon Supreme GT Series - GTS-1 Tom Gloy Racing 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
1997 North American Super Touring Championship Schader Motorsports 3 0 0 0 0 18 15th
1999 Speedvision World Challenge - GT Speedvision/Vortech 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC
Source:[11][5]

Complete British Formula One Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Pos. Pts
1978 Mario Deliotti Racing Ensign N175 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 OUL BRH SNE MAL ZAN DON THR OUL
Ret
MAL
6
BRH
4
THR
3
SNE
6
10th 34
1979 Melchester Racing Tyrrell 008 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ZOL
3
OUL
3
BRH
3
MAL
11
SNE
Ret
THR
3
ZAN
4
DON
Ret
OUL
5
NOG
4
MAL
Ret
BRH
7
THR
7
SNE
6
SIL
5
7th 28
1980 Theodore Racing Hong Kong Wolf WR4 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 OUL
Ret
BRH
1
SIL
8
MAL
Ret
THR
2
MNZ 6th 21
Wolf WR3 MAL
3
SNE BRH THR OUL SIL

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 WDC Pts
1980 Brands Hatch Racing Williams FW07 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ARG BRA RSA USW BEL MON FRA GBR
DNQ
GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA NC 0
Source:[12]

Complete Formula One Non-Championship results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3
1979 Melchester Racing Tyrrell 008 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 ROC
9
GUN DIN
1981 Tyrrell Racing Team Tyrrell 010 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 RSA
Ret
Source:[13]

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1982 United Kingdom Grid Racing Spain Emilio de Villota
United Kingdom Alain de Cadenet
Grid Plaza S1-Ford Cosworth C 7 DNF DNF
1983 West Germany Obermaier Racing West Germany Axel Plankenhorn
West Germany Jürgen Lässig
Porsche 956 C 347 7th 7th
1991 Netherlands Euro Racing
Japan A.O. Racing
United States Lyn St. James
France Cathy Muller
Spice SE90C-Ford Cosworth C1 47 DNF DNF
Source:[14]

Complete 24 Hours of Daytona results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1982 United States Thunderbird Swap Shop United States Preston Henn
United States Marty Hinza
Porsche 935 GTP 229 DNF DNF
1993 United States Tom Gloy Racing Canada Ron Fellows
Japan Tomiko Yoshikawa
Canada Pieter Baljet
Ford Mustang GTS 189 DNF DNF
Source:[14]

Complete 12 Hours of Sebring results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1982 United States North American Racing Team United States Janet Guthrie
United States Bonnie Henn
Ferrari 512 BB GTP 163 DNF DNF
Source:[14]

American open-wheel racing results[edit]

PPG Indy Car World Series[edit]

Year Team Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Pos. Pts
1983 Wysard Motor Co March 82C Cosworth DFX V8t ATL INDY
DNQ
MIL 28th 3
March 83C CLE
10
MCH ROA
20
POC
31
RIV
14
MDO
16
MCH CPL
23
LAG
19
PHX
13
1984 Wysard Motor Co March 83C Cosworth DFX V8t LBH
DNQ
PHX INDY
DNQ
MIL POR MEA CLE MCH ROA POC MDO SAN MCH PHX LAG CPL NC 0
1986 Machinists Union Racing March 86C Cosworth DFX V8t PHX LBH INDY MIL POR MEA CLE TOR MCH POC MDO
13
SAN MCH ROA
19
LAG
16
PHX MIA 38th 0

Indianapolis 500[edit]

Year Chassis Engine Start Finish Team
1982 Eagle 81 Cosworth DNQ Theodore Racing
1983 March 82C Cosworth DNQ Wysard Motor Co
1984 March 83C Cosworth DNQ Wysard Motor Co

Indy Lights[edit]

Year Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Pos. Pts
1986 PHX
6
MIL MEA TOR POC MDO ROA LAG PHX MIA 24th 8
1991 Leading Edge Motorsport LBH PHX MIL DET POR CLE MEA TOR DEN
12
MDO NAZ LAG 24th 1

North American Touring Car Championship[edit]

(key)

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Alan Wilson. Driven by Desire: The Desiré Wilson story. Veloce Publishing. ISBN 978-1845843892.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Desiré Wilson in the media – page 1". Wilson Motorsport Inc. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Taylor, S. (2010) Lunch with... Desiré Wilson. Motor Sport, 86/2, 62–68.
  3. ^ a b Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who. Enfield: Guinness Publishing. p. 415. ISBN 0-85112-702-9. 
  4. ^ Diepraam, Mattijs; Muelas, Felix; Ferner, Michael (2000). "The one that didn't count". FORIX 8W. Autosport.com. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Desiré Wilson – Biography". F1 Rejects. 21 August 2005. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Diepraam, Mattijs (October 1998). "F1's only female winner". FORIX 8W. Autosport.com. Why?. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Desiré Wilson". Wilson Sahara Motorsports. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Hilary Resteck and Casey Schuster. "Desire Wilson" (PDF). The Henry Ford. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m [1][dead link]
  10. ^ [2][dead link]
  11. ^ "Desiré Wilson - Career details". driverdb.com. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Desiré Wilson - Grands Prix not started". statsf1.com. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Desiré Wilson - Involvement Non World Championship". statsf1.com. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c "All Results of Desiré Wilson". racingsportscars.com. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 

External links[edit]