Seeking Susan is a 1985 American comedy-drama film directed by Susan Seidelman and starring Rosanna Arquette and Madonna. Set in New York, the plot involves the interaction between two women – a bored housewife and a bohemian drifter – linked by various messages in the personal column of a newspaper; the film was Madonna's first major screen role and provided early roles for a number of other well-known performers, such as John Turturro, Laurie Metcalf, Aidan Quinn, Steven Wright. The New York Times named it one of the ten best films of 1985. Roberta, an unfulfilled housewife in Fort Lee, New Jersey, is fascinated by messages between lovers Susan and Jim in the personals section of a New York City tabloid an ad from Jim with the headline “Desperately Seeking Susan”, seeking a rendezvous in Battery Park. In an Atlantic City hotel, the itinerant Susan reads the ad after a tryst with mobster Meeker, she steals a pair of ornate Egyptian earrings from his coat before departing. Arriving in New York City, Susan dons one of the earrings, stashing the other in her suitcase in a Port Authority locker.
She asks to stay with her friend Crystal, a magician’s assistant at the Magic Club, learns Meeker was killed at the hotel. Hoping to spot the lovers, Roberta goes to Battery Park and sees Jim reunite with Susan before leaving with his band for Buffalo. Roberta follows Susan to a vintage store, watching her trade in her jacket before losing sight of her, buys the jacket. Finding Susan’s locker key, she posts another “Desperately Seeking Susan” ad to meet with her to return it. Concerned about the ad and Susan’s connection to Meeker’s death, Jim asks his friend Dez to check on her. Waiting for Susan at Battery Park and wearing her jacket, Roberta is accosted by Nolan, mistaking her for Susan. Susan is arrested for not paying her cab fare. Dez rescues Roberta, who hits her head and loses her memory. Mistaking Roberta for Susan, Dez takes her to the Port Authority to collect Susan’s suitcase, finding the other earring, lets her stay at his apartment. Roberta, retraces Susan's steps with Nolan in pursuit.
She arrives at the Magic Club – narrowly missing Susan, released from jail and discovered her suitcase gone – and is hired as Crystal’s replacement. After Roberta’s disastrous first performance, Nolan attacks her, demanding the earrings, but he escapes as the police arrive. Roberta is mistaken for a prostitute and arrested. Searching for Roberta, her husband Gary finds his way to the vintage store and is put in touch with Susan, who believes Roberta and Dez are connected to Meeker’s death and want to frame her. Susan accompanies Gary home. Roberta hangs up when Susan and Gary answer. After calling Dez to bail her out, they find his apartment ransacked by Nolan, sleep together. At Gary’s house, Susan sees a TV report about Meeker and Nolan having stolen the earrings, once belonging to Nefertiti, she realizes the truth from Roberta’s diary, posts an ad to meet her at the Magic Club. Dez attacks an intruder in his apartment who turns out to be Jim, confesses to his relationship with “Susan” as Roberta slips away.
She reads the ad, as do Dez. During her act, Roberta recognizes Nolan. Dez leaves as Roberta tries to explain the events of her disappearance to Gary voicing her unhappiness and ending their marriage. Nolan is knocked out by Roberta. Roberta finds Dez at work in a theater projection booth, she "introduces" herself and they kiss, as Susan reunite in the theater below. A final newspaper headline reveals that Susan returned the earrings; the filmmakers wanted Diane Keaton and Goldie Hawn to play Roberta and Susan, but the director decided to cast newcomers Arquette and Madonna instead and the studio wanted the film to have younger actors in order to appeal to younger filmgoers. Bruce Willis was up for the role of Dez and Melanie Griffith was up for the part of Susan. Madonna beat out Ellen Barkin and Jennifer Jason Leigh for the part. Suzanne Vega auditioned for the role; the Statue of Liberty can be seen in the film when it was still covered in scaffolding during its two-year renovation. Costume designer Santo Loquasto designed Susan's distinctive jacket, basis of the plot of mistaken identity.
The film was inspired in part by the 1974 film Julie vont en bateau. It has an alternate ending included on the DVD, in which Susan and Roberta are invited to Egypt after helping return the earrings, they are depicted next to the pyramids on camels. Seidelman cut this scene, saying that it was unnecessary and audiences at the test screenings thought the film should have ended much earlier; the 1964 science fiction film The Time Travelers is playing in scenes 6 and 23. All the scenes featuring Dez working as a projectionist were filmed at Bleecker Street Cinema; the scene with Roberta and Gary in their kitchen shows Roberta watching Alfred Hitchcock's Rebecca. The movie was filmed during the late summer and early fall 1984, early in Madonna's rise to popularity, was intended to be an R-rated feature. After the success of her 1984–85 hits "Like a Virgin" and "Material Girl" from her Like a Virgin album, the film was trimmed in content by Orion Pictures to get a PG-13 rating in order to market the film to Madonna's teenage fan base.
Károly Hokky, was a politician and educator, who due to changing political circumstances, could be defined early on as being a Hungarian as an ethnic Hungarian in Czechoslovakia, as a Hungarian-American. Hokky was born in, he attended both Budapest Kolozsvár University. He was a school teacher in Budapest and in Kassa. With the outbreak of the First World War he was drafted and served as infantry officer in the 34th Reserve, on the Russian Front. After being wounded he was given non-combat occupation duties. After the war he returned to Košice, but after the Czechoslovak Legions took over the city in 1919 he, like other Hungarian teachers, was dismissed from work, his writings about this period after many decades, show considerable bitterness towards the Czechoslovaks. In 1921 he had a major role in founding the Christian Social Party of Carpathian Ruthenia and became its Secretary General. In 1928 he was elected as a Representative, one year as member of the National Assembly in Prague. In 1935 he was elected as a Czechoslovak Senator for a term, to last until 1939.
However, with the First Vienna Award he was deprived of his mandate, as his constituency was no longer part of Czechoslovakia. After the Hungarian army occupied Carpathian Ruthenia, the newly created Hungarian National Council invited him to serve as Member of Hungarian Parliament instead. On 1944 he fled before the advancing Soviet troops, as did many ethnic Hungarians in Carpathian Ruthenia, he reached the United States, where he spent the rest of his life, involved in Hungarian anti-Communist emigre circles. Hokky's papers in Hungarian and English for the 1954–1970 period, including correspondence and writings are deposited in the Hungarian American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota. "Ruthenia - Spearhead Toward the West", by Senator Charles J. Hokky, Former Member of the Czechoslovakian Parliament, published by the Danubian Research and Information Center, Florida, 1966
Territorial changes of the Baltic states refers to the redrawing of borders of Lithuania and Estonia after 1940. The three republics autonomous regions within the former Russian Empire and before that of former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, gained independence in the aftermath of World War I and the Russian Revolution of 1917. After a two-front independence war fought against both Bolshevist Russian and Baltic German nationalist forces, the countries concluded peace and border treaties with Soviet Russia in 1920. However, with World War II and the occupation and annexation of these republics into the Soviet Union twenty years after their independence, certain territorial changes were made in favour of the Russian SFSR; this has been the source of political tensions after they regained their independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Some of the disputes remain unresolved; the main issues are the territories which were part of Lithuania and Estonia in the interwar period, but which became incorporated into the Russian SFSR, Byelorussian SSR and Poland after World War II.
In addition, some territories that were not controlled by the independent Baltic republics were annexed during the Soviet era. Most notable case is Vilnius taken from Poland by the USSR to become the capital of Lithuania. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union the issue of these territories was raised by the Estonian and Latvian governments. Lithuania has never raised the question of its borders and has border treaties with all its neighbors. Only marginal political groups use the "issue of borders" in their political rhetoric; this is a list of actual territorial changes that happened when Lithuania and Estonia were incorporated into the Soviet Union and became the Baltic Soviet Socialist Republics. All the boundaries established by these changes exist up to modern days; the modern Russian, Belarusian or Polish official names of locations mentioned in this section are given in the first place, where applicable, the official interwar names are given in parenthesis. In January 1945, some territories of Estonian SSR were ceded to the Russian SFSR: the Russian–Estonian boundary in the north of Lake Peipus was moved westwards by about 12 kilometers from its interwar location.
The Russian-Estonian boundary that used to run in the middle of Lake Peipus did not change, while the boundary south of Lake Peipus was moved westwards. Overall, about 2000 km² of land changed hands, including Ivangorod, the town of Pechory, areas in and around Izborsk and Rotovo, the Kolpina Island in southern Lake Peipus. In the late 1944, a territory in northeastern Latvian SSR of about 1,300 square kilometers was ceded to Russian SFSR; this area includes towns of four rural districts. All these areas during the interwar constituted the eastern part of the Abrene County of Latvia, they were added to Pskov Oblast of Russian SFSR. Russian-Latvian boundary in the southeastern Latvia did not change. After the annexation of Lithuania into the Soviet Union in 1940, a new eastern boundary of Lithuania was delimited; the boundary, delimited in 1920 by Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty had not been the eastern and southern boundary of Lithuania during most of the period because the Vilnius region became part of Poland in early 1920s.
Lithuania, continued to claim the 1920 border as official and the Soviets continued to recognise these areas as part of Lithuania rather than Poland as well. In 1940, when Lithuania was incorporated into the Soviet Union, a new boundary was drawn, enlarging the de facto Lithuanian territory, though not to the full extent of the republic's claim; the notable gain was the city of Vilnius. The control of the Vilnius region was partitioned between the Lithuanian SSR, the Belarusian SSR and Nazi Germany. Main cities that were recognised by Soviets as a part of Lithuania by the 1920 treaty but were not added to Lithuanian SSR include Hrodna, Smarhon, Pastavy, Ašmiany, Brasłaŭ, Suwałki. Theoretically, the redistribution of lands after World War II was based on the ethnicity of local populations — some of the territories that had a clear non-Baltic majority were attached to other republics. In Latvia and Estonia, territories which had not belonged to the Governorate of Estonia, the Riga Governorate, Vitebsk Governorate or the Courland Governorate within the Russian Empire were detached.
Unlike Soviet Socialist Republics, imperial gubernyas were not based on ethnicity, so this historical reasoning is not accepted by Latvians and Estonians. In Lithuania's case, the detaching did not have any historical foundation. Under the Soviet rule the territories that were added to the Russian SFSR and the Byelorussian SSR were Russified, due to insufficient support for Lithuanian and Estonian languages, characterized by too few schools with curricula in these languages, they saw a significant migration of Russian-speaking people. In some of the territories that became part of Poland, Lithuanian language scho
Edward Michael O'Herron Jr. was a prominent American businessman and politician. He was a former chairman of the Eckerd drug store chain. O'Herron was born in Baltimore, but grew up in Charlotte, North Carolina, his father, Edward O'Herron, Sr. built up the Eckerd chain, named for his father-in-law, who opened a drug store in Erie, Pennsylvania, in 1898. The younger O'Herron attended the U. S. Naval Academy but left so he could marry Margaret Aston'Dosty' Blackman, who he would be married to for over sixty-five years, he graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In World War II, O'Herron served in the U. S. Marine saw action at Iwo Jima, he was awarded the Silver Star. After the war, O'Herron returned to Charlotte and worked with his father in the North Carolina Eckerd chain. In 1977, the North Carolina operation merged with the Florida Eckerd chain run by Jack Eckerd; the combination was the biggest in drug store history and brought the company's store count to 766, making it the second largest drug chain in the United States.
In the 1950s, O'Herron, a Democrat, was elected to three terms in the North Carolina General Assembly. There, he introduced the first legislation to create community colleges in the state, he supported private education through service on the boards of Converse College and St. Andrews Presbyterian College. In 1976, O'Herron unsuccessfully ran for Governor of North Carolina, losing in the Democratic primary to Jim Hunt, who won 53.4% to O'Herron's 23.3% and 18.0% for George Wood
The Scales Fine Arts Center is home to Wake Forest University's performing and visual arts departments. Named in 1979 in honor of James Ralph Scales, the 11th President of Wake Forest, the facility consists of two sections that are now referred to as Lower and Upper Scales but was once described as "one great hallelujah." Lower Scales houses the theatre and art departments while Upper Scales is home to the music department. Dedicated as "The Fine Arts Center" in 1976, the lower wing houses the Harold C. Tedford Main Stage Theatre, the Ring Theatre, the Eleanor Layfield Davis Painting Studio, the Mary Duke Biddle Greenroom. Located in the lower wing is the Hanes Art Gallery, named for Charlotte and Phillip Hanes, an arts slide library dedicated to Andrew Lewis Aycock, retired Professor of English, who made the collection possible; the music wing, dedicated in 1982, houses Brendle Recital Hall, a 630-seat performance space named for James David Brendle. A dedicated space for student performances, Brendle Hall is the home of the Secrest Artists Series as well as hosting visiting speakers and the Lilting Banshees Comedy Troupe
Marlingford is a village and former civil parish, 6 miles west of Norwich, now in the parish of Marlingford and Colton, in the South Norfolk district, in the county of Norfolk, England. In 1931 the parish had a population of 181. Marlingford has a church called St Mary, a pub called The Marlingford Bell on Bawburgh Road; the name "Marlingford" is uncertain but may mean'ford of Mearthel's people' or'ford at Marthing'. Marlingford was recorded in the Domesday Book as Marthingheforda/Merlingeforda. On 25 March 1885 part of Easton parish was transferred to Marlingford. On 1 April 1935 the parish of Colton was merged with Marlingford. In 2001 the new parish was renamed to "Marlingford and Colton". "Hundred of Forehoe: Marlingford". British History Online. Retrieved 6 September 2019