The Detroit Red Wings are a professional ice hockey team based in Detroit. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference, are one of the Original Six teams of the league. Founded in 1926, the team was known as the Detroit Cougars until 1930. For the 1930–31 and 1931–32 seasons the team was called the Detroit Falcons, in 1932 changed their name to the Red Wings; as of 2020, the Red Wings have won the most Stanley Cup championships of any NHL franchise based in the United States and are third overall in total Stanley Cup championships, behind the Montreal Canadiens and Toronto Maple Leafs. The Wings played their home games at Joe Louis Arena from 1979 until 2017, after playing for 52 years in Olympia Stadium, they moved into the new Little Caesars Arena beginning with the 2017–18 season. The Red Wings are one of the most popular and successful franchises in the NHL. Between the 1931–32 and 1965–66 seasons, the Red Wings missed the playoffs only four times.
Between the 1966–67 and 1982–83 seasons, the Red Wings made the playoffs only two times. However, from 1983–84 to 2015–16, they made the playoffs 30 times in 32 seasons, including 25-straight from 1990–91 to 2015–16, in 2006 this became the longest active streak of postseason appearances in all of North American professional sports and finished tied for the third longest streak in NHL history. Since 1983–84, the Red Wings have tallied six regular season first-place finishes and have won the Stanley Cup four times. Following the 1926 Stanley Cup playoffs, during which the Western Hockey League was reported to be on the verge of folding, the NHL held a meeting on April 17 to consider applications for expansion franchises, at which it was reported that five different groups sought a team for Detroit. During a subsequent meeting on May 15, the league approved a franchise to the Townsend-Seyburn group of Detroit and named Charles A. Hughes as governor. Frank and Lester Patrick, the owners of the WHL, made a deal to sell the league's players to the NHL and cease league operations.
The new Detroit franchise purchased the players of the WHL's Victoria Cougars, who had won the Stanley Cup in 1925 and had made the Finals the previous winter, to play for the team. The new Detroit franchise adopted the Cougars' nickname in honor of the folded franchise. Since no arena in Detroit was ready at the time, the Cougars played their first season at the Border Cities Arena in Windsor, Ontario. For the 1927–28 season, the Cougars moved into the new Detroit Olympia, which would be their home rink until December 15, 1979; this was the first season behind the bench for Jack Adams, who would be the face of the franchise for the next 36 years as either coach or general manager. The Cougars made the Stanley Cup playoffs for the first time in 1929 with Carson Cooper leading the team in scoring; the Cougars were outscored 7–2 in the two-game series with the Toronto Maple Leafs. In 1930, the Cougars were renamed the Falcons, but their woes continued, as they finished near the bottom of the standings though they made the playoffs again in 1932.
In 1932, the NHL let grain merchant James E. Norris, who had made two previous unsuccessful bids to buy an NHL team, purchase the Falcons. Norris' first act was to choose a new name for the team—the Red Wings. Earlier in the century, Norris had been a member of the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association, a multi-sport club whose winged-wheel emblem derived from its cycling roots, whose hockey team won the first Stanley Cup in 1893. Norris decided that a red version of the MAAA "Winged Wheelers" logo was perfect for a team playing in the "Motor City" and on October 5, 1932, the club was renamed the Red Wings. Norris placed coach Jack Adams on a one-year probation for the 1932–33 NHL season. Adams managed to pass his probationary period by leading the renamed franchise to its first-ever playoff series victory, over the Montreal Maroons; the team lost in the semi-finals to the New York Rangers. In 1934, the Red Wings made the Stanley Cup Finals for the first time, with John Sorrell scoring 21 goals over 47 games and Larry Aurie leading the team in scoring.
However, the Chicago Black Hawks defeated the Red Wings in the Finals, winning the best-of-five series in four games to claim their first title. Two seasons the Red Wings won their first Stanley Cup in 1936, defeating Toronto in four games. Detroit repeated as Stanley Cup champions in 1937. In 1938, the Montreal Canadiens and the Red Wings became the first NHL teams to play in Europe, playing in Paris and London; the Wings played nine games against the Canadiens and went 3–5–1. They did not play in Europe again until the pre-season and start of the 2009–10 NHL season, in Sweden, against the St. Louis Blues; the Red Wings made the Stanley Cup Finals in three consecutive years during the early 1940s. In 1941, they were swept by the Boston Bruins, in 1942, they lost a seven-game series to Toronto after winning the first three games. However, in 1943, with Mud Bruneteau and Syd Howe scoring 23 and 20 goals Detroit won their third Stanley Cup by sweeping the Bruins. Through the rest of the decade, the team made the playoffs every year, reached the Finals three more times.
In 1946, one of the greatest players in hockey history came into the NHL with the Red Wings. Gordie Howe, a right winger from Floral, only scored seven goals and 15 assists in his first season and would not reach his prime for a few more years, it was the l
Barbara Astman, RCA, is a Canadian artist who specializes in a hybrid of photography and new media using her own body as object and subject, merging art and technology. Astman was born in Rochester, New York, the second of three children of Bertha and George Astman She received her associate degree at the Rochester Institute of Technology's School for American Craftsmen. In 1970, she moved to Toronto, Canada to study at the Ontario College of Art and graduated with an associate degree. Astman's practice is composed of public art installations in Canada and abroad, including an installation at the Calgary Winter Olympics in 1987, she completed a project for the new Canadian Embassy in Berlin, Germany consisting of a fritted glass tower wall. She is a Professor in the Faculty of Art. In the 1970s, she began exploring Polaroid Xerography as a vehicle for art making, she moved to Toronto in 1970 to attend OCAD. Wanting to explore the city she found inspiration in Kensington Market, Spadina Avenue and Queen Street West.
Her first successful solo show was held at Toronto's Baldwin Street Gallery of Photography. Two years the Still Photography Division of the National Film Board of Canada now called the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Ottawa hosted her first museum show. Astman began the Colour Xerox Artist's Program at Visual Arts Ontario in 1977, she sat on the Board of Directors at the Art Gallery at Harbourfront from 1983-85. Since other board positions have included: the City of Toronto, Public Art Commission, her initial commercial venture was the creation of the album cover for the first Loverboy record for CBS Records. Liz Wylie curated Astman's mid-career retrospective, Barbara Astman: Person/Persona A 20 Year Survey Exhibition in 1995, it opened at the Art Gallery of Hamilton, toured three other Canadian museums. The Art Gallery of Ontario reopened after a year's redevelopment by architect Frank Gehry. Astman and AGO Assistant Curator Georgiana Uhlyarik were chosen to co-curate an exhibit focusing on Joyce Weiland and early feminist practice.
Barbara Astman has been inspired by stores creating her own as an art work: Dancing with Che: Enter Through the Gift Shop. Che Guevara's face appears on mugs and other novelty goods, though none are for sale, she works with fabrics and in 2013 Astman worked with designer Jeremy Liang to create a line of limited edition silk scarves based on her Newspaper Series for Jonathan and Olivia fashion boutique in Toronto. In 2000 she was elected to the Royal Canadian Academy. Astman's work is held in the following permanent collections: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, Kingston, ON Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, ON Art Gallery of Peterborough, Peterborough, ON Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, ON Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris Burnaby Art Gallery, British Columbia Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Ottawa Confederation Centre of the Arts, Charlottetown, P. E. I. Cornell University, Andrew White Museum, New York Department of Foreign Affairs, Ottawa The Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, AB Gallery Stratford, Stratford, ON The Government of Ontario Collection, Toronto The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, ON George Eastman Museum, New York Kitchener-Waterloo Art Gallery, Kitchener, ON Kamloops Art Gallery, Kamloops, BC Kelowna Art Gallery, Kelowna, BC Laurentian University Museum and Arts Centre, Sudbury, ON MacKenzie Art Gallery, Saskatchewan McIntosh Gallery, University of Western Ontario, London, ON Museum of Fine Arts, Houston National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa Nickle Arts Museum, Calgary, AB The University of Toronto art museum Oklahoma City Museum of Art Victoria and Albert Museum, London Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB The Clementine Suite "...a celebration of the human spirit."Dancing With Che "...echoes across more than a century of technological innovation and evolution of the medium".
George Frederick Perry was a British violinist and organist, composer of operas and oratorios. He was musical director of the Haymarket Theatre, was leader of the orchestra of the Sacred Harmonic Society. Perry was born in Norwich in 1793. Through Beckwith, Perry became a member of the cathedral choir, his musical ability was noticed. Perry locally learned violin and piano harmony and composition. About 1818 Perry became leader of the orchestra at the Theatre Royal, Norwich an institution enjoying a high reputation. Perry wrote an oratorio, The Death of Abel, first performed in Norwich, afterwards repeated by the Sacred Harmonic Society in 1841 and 1845. Shortly after his appointment to the theatre he wrote another oratorio and the Priests of Baal, to a text by James Plumptre, first performed in Norwich on 12 March 1819. About 1822 Perry was appointed musical director of the Haymarket Theatre in London, where he wrote a number of operas, his comic opera Morning and Night, with libretto by Thomas John Dibdin, included Madame Vestris in the cast.
A few years he produced the oratorio The Fall of Jerusalem, the text compiled from a poem by Henry Hart Milman. A song from the oratorio, "Fair are the flowers", was reviewed in 1828: "The song cannot be said to contain either novel or striking ideas, yet it is by no means commonplace, for there is a prevailing good taste which uniformly preserves it from falling into the beaten track of everyday compositions."While still holding his appointment at the Haymarket, Perry became organist of the Quebec Chapel, from 1846, organist of Trinity Church, Gray's Inn Road. In 1832 the Sacred Harmonic Society, an amateur choral society, was founded in London, Perry was chosen as leader of the orchestra, it performed sacred works. At their first concert, on 15 January 1833, the programme contained a selection from Perry's oratorios The Fall of Jerusalem and The Death of Abel. From 1836 the Society gave concerts in the Exeter Hall in London. Perry was connected with the society until 1848. In 1847 he led the orchestra in the first performance in London of the revised version of Mendelssohn's Elijah with the composer conducting.
The Times said: "Mr. Perry, the leader, was beating time with his fiddle-stick in such a manner as to obstruct the views of the Conductor and confuse the attention of the instrumentalists." A performance in 1838 of The Fall of Jerusalem by the Society at the Exeter Hall, with Perry "the zealous and enthusiastic leader" of the orchestra, was reviewed: "The prevailing defect is an absence of dramatic feeling.... The music is too tame, too sluggish, for the due expression of the passions, which the characters embody.... The style in which the composition is written, supplies evident proofs of Mr. Perry's intimate acquaintance with choral music.... Many of the movements, if they reveal no striking beauties, present no glaring defects.... The choral fugues are not elaborately worked, his Thanksgiving Anthem for the Birth of the Princess Royal was performed with great success by the Sacred Harmonic Society, the orchestra and chorus numbering five hundred, Caradori Allan being the solo vocalist. He wrote additional accompaniments to a number of Handel's works, made scores for piano of several more.
Perry died on 4 March 1862, was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery. Perry's undoubted gifts enabled him to imitate rather than to create, his fluency proved disastrous to the character of his work. It is said that he was in the habit of writing out the instrumental parts of his large compositions from memory before he had made a full orchestral score, he composed as many as four or five works writing a page of one while the ink of another was drying. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Legge, Robin Humphrey. "Perry, George". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 45. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 31–32