The Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany, is the world's largest museum of science and technology, with about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology. It receives about 1.5 million visitors per year. The museum was founded on 28 June 1903, at a meeting of the Association of German Engineers as an initiative of Oskar von Miller, it is the largest museum in Munich. For a period of time the museum was used to host pop and rock concerts including The Who, Jimi Hendrix and Elton John; the main site of the Deutsches Museum is a small island in the Isar river, used for rafting wood since the Middle Ages. The island did not have any buildings before 1772 because it was flooded prior to the building of the Sylvensteinspeicher. In 1772 the Isar barracks were built on the island and, after the flooding of 1899, the buildings were rebuilt with flood protection. In 1903 the city council announced that they would donate the island for the newly built Deutsches Museum; the island known as Kohleninsel was renamed Museumsinsel.
In addition to the main site on the Museumsinsel, the museum has two branches in and near Munich and one in Bonn. The Flugwerft Schleißheim branch is located some 18 kilometres north of Munich's city centre close to Schleißheim Palace, it is based on the premises of one of the first military airbases in Germany founded just before World War I. It comprises the old air control and command centre as well as modern buildings added in the late 2000s after strong endorsement from Franz Josef Strauss, former prime minister of the state of Bavaria, a passionate flyer; the Flugwerft Schleißheim displays various interesting airplanes for which there was insufficient room at the Museumsinsel site in downtown Munich. Among the more prominent exhibits is a Horten flying wing glider built in the 1940s, restored from the few surviving parts. A collection of the German constructions of VTOL planes developed in the 1950s and 1960s is unique. A range of Vietnam era fighter planes as well as Russian planes taken over from East Germany after the reunification are on display.
This outstation features a workshop dedicated to the restoration of all types of airplanes intended for static display. The latest branch opened in 2003 and is called the Deutsches Museum Verkehrszentrum, located at Theresienhöhe in Munich, focuses on transportation technology; the branch located in Bonn was opened in 1995 and focuses on German technology and research after 1945. Oskar von Miller studied electrical engineering and is otherwise known for building the first high voltage line from Miesbach to Munich in 1882 for the electrical technology exhibition at the Glaspalast in Munich. In 1883 he founded an engineering office in Munich; the Frankfurt electricity exhibition in 1891 and several power plants contributed to the reputation of Oskar von Miller. In the early years, the exhibition and the collection of the Deutsches Museum were influenced by Oskar von Miller. A few months before the 1903 meeting of the Society of German Engineers, Oskar von Miller gathered a small group who supported his desire to found a science and technology museum.
In a showing of support this group spontaneously donated 260,000 marks to the cause and elected a "Provisional Committee" to get the ball rolling. In June 1903, Prince Ludwig agreed to act as patron of the museum and the city of Munich donated Coal Island as a site for the project. In addition, exhibits began to arrive from Munich and abroad including collections from the Bavarian Academy; as no dedicated museum building existed, the exhibits were displayed in the National Museum. On 12 November 1906, the temporary exhibits at the National Museum were ceremonially opened to the public and on November 13 the foundation stone was laid for the permanent museum; the first name of the museum, the "German Museum for Masterpieces of Natural Science and Technology", was not meant to limit the museum to German advances in science and technology, but to express the importance of science and technology to the German people. Oskar von Miller opened the new museum on his 70th birthday, 2 May 1925, after a delay of ten years.
From the beginning, the museum displays are backed up by documents available in a public library and archives, which are open seven days a week to ensure access to the working public. Before and during World War II the museum was put on a shoestring budget by the Nazi party and many exhibits were allowed to get out of date with a few exceptions such as the new automobile room dedicated 7 May 1937. By the end of 1944 the museum was badly damaged by air bombings with 80% of the buildings and 20% of the exhibits damaged or destroyed; as Allied troops marched into Munich in April 1945, museum director, Karl Bässler managed to keep the last standing bridge to Museum Island from being blown up by retreating German troops. Following the war the museum had to be closed for repairs and temporary tenants, such as the College of Technology and the Post Office used museum space as their own buildings were being reconstructed; the Museum was home to the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews, representing Jewish displaced persons in the American Zone of Germany after the war.
In November 1945, the library was able to reopen, followed by the congress hall in January 1946. A special exhibit on fifty years of the Diesel engine opened in October 1947 and the regular exhibits began reopening in May 1948. Not until 1965, more than twenty years after the end of the war in Germany, did the exhibit area match
George Godfrey Wettling was an American jazz drummer. He was one of the young Chicagoans who fell in love with jazz as a result of hearing King Oliver's band at Lincoln Gardens in the early 1920s. Oliver's drummer, Baby Dodds, made a lasting impression on Wettling. Wettling went on to work with the big bands of Artie Shaw, Bunny Berigan, Red Norvo, Paul Whiteman, Harpo Marx, but he was at his best with bands led by Eddie Condon, Muggsy Spanier, himself. In these small bands, Wettling demonstrated the arts of dynamics and responding to a particular soloist that he had learned from Baby Dodds. Wettling was a member of some of Condon's bands, which included Wild Bill Davison, Billy Butterfield, Edmond Hall, Peanuts Hucko, Pee Wee Russell, Cutty Cutshall, Gene Schroeder, Ralph Sutton, Walter Page. In 1957 he toured England with a Condon band that included Davison and Schroeder. Towar the end of his life, like his friend clarinetist Pee Wee Russell, took up painting and was influenced by the American cubist Stuart Davis.
He has been said to have believed that "jazz drumming and abstract painting seemed different for him only from the point of view of craftsmanship: in both fields he felt rhythm to be decisive"
Lahash International is a Christian organization working in East Africa. Lahash works to help vulnerable children in communities affected by war and corruption; the work is accomplished through partnerships with existing East African churches and ministries that have a vision for serving vulnerable kids in a holistic manner. Lahash sponsors 450 children in Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. Child Sponsorship is the primary method of securing long-term international support for the work in East Africa. An office in Portland, Oregon is the headquarters of the organization; the ministry has created a month-long experiential event called Rice & Beans Month. This month offers an opportunity to the international community to pare back meal budgets for a month in order to share savings with people in East Africa who are facing nutritional shortages. A book was written in 2011 by Lyla Peterson about the journey of the organization and the partnership with Susan Tabia and her ministry in South Sudan and Uganda to the Sudanese.
Lahash was founded by Daniel Holcomb and several friends in 2005. A few years earlier, in 2002, Daniel had visited Northern Uganda and encountered the Amazing Grace Children's Home; the South Sudanese at the home asked Daniel if he would partner with them in their work of serving vulnerable refugee children. He began to partner with several additional ministries across East Africa. Over the years Lahash has served many disadvantaged communities. For several years the organization partnered with Mama Margaret Nyabuto at the Tenderfeet School. Lahash facilitates a discipleship and service program each year called Servant Teams. While participating in the program, several young adults enter into a time of classroom learning, serving Portland, Oregon neighborhoods and churches, serving in East Africa with the ministries that Lahash partners with. Lahash International Rice & Beans Month Whispered Prayer Glowing at a Grassroots Level