Atglen is a borough in Chester County, United States. According to the 2016 Census, its population is 1,402; the land upon which Atglen now stands was once a wilderness. Cutting through it were paths made by Indians who traveled from Paxtang to present day New Castle, Delaware to trade with the Swedes and the English; the Great Minquas Path was one of these trails. In 1717, Sadsbury township was organized, it included all of present-day Sadsbury Township as well as Fallowfield and Valley townships. In August 1728, several inhabitants petitioned the court to separate Sadsbury from Fallowfield because of the former's size. In November of that year, the township was subdivided into East and West Sadsbury, in 1729, upon the division of Chester County into Lancaster and Chester counties, the line between the two divisions of the township was made to conform to the county line. During the mid 18th century more settlers arrived; the Indian trails became horse tracks and wagon tracks as farmers shipped their goods to market in Philadelphia, Newport and New Castle, Delaware.
The old Provincial Highway as authorized by the government was laid out in 1730 and the Newport Road to the ore mines at Cornwall in Lebanon County, was laid out in 1796. The earliest organized religious group in the area were the Presbyterians, who in 1720 formed what is known today as the Upper Octorara Presbyterian Church, they were followed by the Quakers. A year the English settlers formed St. John's Church. Andrew Moore, influential with Samuel Miller in founding Sadsbury Meeting House, built a tub mill on his property. Atglen is located at 39°56′53″N 75°58′26″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles, all of it land. At the 2010 census, the borough was 85.6% White, 7.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.5% were two or more races. 5.8% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,217 people, 413 households, 317 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,377.2 people per square mile.
There were 429 housing units at an average density of 485.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 88.17% White, 8.38% African American, 0.16% Asian, 2.30% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.93% of the population. There were 413 households, out of which 46.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.2% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.33. In the borough the population was spread out, with 34.2% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $59,167 according to 2016 Census figures.
Males had a median income of $38,553 versus $25,125 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,732. About 11.9% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. History: Annals of Atglen Borough of Atglen Atglen Borough Weather
Charlestown Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
Charlestown Township is a township in Chester County, United States. The population was 5,671 at the 2010 census. Part of the Valley Forge Christian College's campus the location of the Valley Forge General Hospital, is located in Charlestown Township; the other part is located in Schuylkill Township. The campus straddles the township line; the Charlestown Village Historic District, Middle Pickering Rural Historic District, Martin-Little House, Oskar G. Stonorov House, John Williams Farm, Jacob Wisner House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 12.6 square miles, of which, 12.5 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. Adjacent Townships Schuylkill Township Tredyffrin Township East Whiteland Township West Whiteland Township Uwchlan Township West Pikeland Township East Pikeland Township No incorporated municipalities are adjacent to Charlestown Township. At the 2010 census, the township was 84.4% non-Hispanic White, 2.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 9.0% Asian, 1.8% were two or more races.
2.6% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,051 people, 1,340 households, 1,003 families residing in the township; the population density was 323.3 people per square mile. There were 1,397 housing units at an average density of 111.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 95.36% White, 1.56% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.38% of the population. There were 1,340 households, out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.1% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.1% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 5.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.21. In the township the population was spread out, with 25.8% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the township was $89,813, the median income for a family was $101,922. Males had a median income of $77,386 versus $46,026 for females; the per capita income for the township was $41,878. About 1.4% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over. The township is served by Great Valley School District. Charlestown Elementary is in the township and is located at 2060 Charlestown Rd, Malvern, PA 19355. Kimberton Fire Company Charlestown Township Charlestown Township - official website
East Bradford Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
East Bradford Township is a township in Chester County, United States. The population was 9,942 at the 2010 census; the Cope's Bridge, Gibson's Covered Bridge, Worth-Jefferis Rural Historic District, Carter-Worth House and Farm, East Bradford Boarding School for Boys, Hance House and Barn, Col. John Hannum House, Paradise Valley Historic District, Strode's Mill, Strode's Mill Historic District, Taylor-Cope Historic District and Taylor House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 15.1 square miles, of which 15.0 square miles is land and 0.07% is water. Adjacent townships East Caln Township West Whiteland Township West Goshen Township Westtown Township Birmingham Township Pocopson Township West Bradford Township West Chester, the county seat, is on the east side, between East Bradford and West Goshen townships. At the 2010 census, the township was 91.5% non-Hispanic White, 3.3% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 1.4% were two or more races.
2.0% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,405 people, 3,076 households, 2,408 families residing in the township; the population density was 625.6 people per square mile. There were 3,150 housing units at an average density of 209.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 93.45% White, 3.49% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population. There were 3,076 households, out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 3.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.24. In the township the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $100,732, the median income for a family was $109,459. Males had a median income of $82,811 versus $38,220 for females; the per capita income for the township was $41,158. About 0.9% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over. It is served by the West Chester Area School District. Elementary schools serving sections of East Bradford township include East Bradford, Mary C. Howse, Sarah Starkweather. All areas of East Bradford township are zoned to Pierce Middle School and West Chester Henderson High School, while a small portion is zoned to G. A. Stetson Middle School and Rustin High School. A portion of West Chester University South Campus is in East Bradford Township. Eli Kirk Price, Pennsylvania State Senator, commissioner of Fairmount Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Richard J. Baldwin, Pennsylvania State Senator and Representative East Bradford Township official website West Chester Fire Department West Bradford Fire Company
Caln Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
Caln Township is a township in Chester County, United States. The population was 13,817 at the 2010 census; the township was founded by settlers from Calne, Wiltshire in England in 1714. The relationship with Calne, continues today as the two towns are sister cities. Caln is a Township of the First Class; the governing body is a Board of Commissioners. The Board President is President Cynthia Eshleman, Vice President Jennifer Breton, Board Members Joshua Young, John Contento and George Chambers; the Township Manager is Gregory Prowant. The township owns over 200 acres of open space and parks. There are 53 employees including 20 police officers. Caln Township contains. Within Thorndale there is a SEPTA train station. U. S. Route 30 is a major arterial roadway through Caln Township. There is a public hospital called the Brandywine Hospital and a major Veterans Administration hospital called the Coatesville VA Hospital. Caln Township is a part of the Coatesville School District; the western end of the township along US Business 30 is sometimes referred to as the village of Caln.
There have been places named Reeceville, Ingleside and Galagherville although these names have fallen out of usage except for the roads named after them. The Caln Meeting House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.8 square miles, of which 0.11% is water. Adjacent townships Valley Township West Brandywine Township East Brandywine Township East Caln Township West Bradford Township East Fallowfield Township The city of Coatesville is on the west side of the township; the borough of Downingtown is on the east side of the township. At the 2010 census, the township was 72.8% non-Hispanic White, 16.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 2.2% were two or more races. 5.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,916 people, 4,363 households, 3,067 families residing in the township.
The population density was 1,360.6 people per square mile. There were 4,535 housing units at an average density of 517.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 78.78% White, 15.76% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.24% of the population. There were 4,363 households, out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.10. In the township the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males. The median income for a household in the township was $60,198, the median income for a family was $65,520. Males had a median income of $43,169 versus $33,193 for females; the per capita income for the township was $25,494. About 3.6% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. Township website
Catholic schools are parochial schools or education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church. As of 2011, the Church operates the world's largest non-governmental school system. In 2016, the church supported 43,800 secondary schools, 95,200 primary schools. Catholic schools participate in the evangelizing mission of the Church, integrating religious education as a core subject within their curriculum. Irish immigration provides the main contribution to the increases in Catholic communities across the globe; the Irish immigration established the revival of Catholicism through movement to countries across North America, United Kingdom and Australia. The establishment of Catholic schools in Europe encountered various struggles following the creation of the Church of England in the Elizabethan Religious settlements of 1558-63. Anti-Catholicism in this period encouraged Catholics to create modern Catholic education systems to preserve their traditions; the Relief Acts of 1782 and the Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 increased the possibility to practice Catholicism in England and to create charitable institutions by the Church.
This led to the development of numerous native religious congregations which established schools, orphanages and workhouses. Traditionally, Catholic schools originated as single sex schools. Catholic schools were required to depend on school fees and endowments. Endowments dropped off causing fees to rise; this prevented some students from enrolling due to their inability to pay. Catholic schools are distinct from their public school counterparts in focusing on the development of individuals as practitioners of the Catholic faith; the leaders and students are required to focus on four fundamental rules initiated by the Church and school. This includes the Catholic identity of the school, education in regards to life and faith, celebration of life and faith, action and social justice. Like other Christian-affiliated institutions, Catholic schools are nondenominational, in that they accept anyone regardless of religion or denominational affiliation, race or ethnicity, or nationality, provided the admission or enrollment requirements and legal documents are submitted, rules & regulations are obeyed for a fruitful school life.
However, non-Catholics, whether Christian or not, may need to participate in or be exempted from required activities those of a religious nature. These are in keeping with the spirit of social inclusiveness; the religious education as a core subject is a vital element of the curriculum where individuals are to develop themselves: “intellectually, physically emotionally and of course, spiritually.” The education involves: “the distinct but complementary aspect of the school's religious dimension of liturgical and prayer life of the school community.” In Catholic schools, teachers teach a Religious Education Program provided by the Bishop. Both teacher and Bishop therefore, contribute to the planning and teaching Religious Education Lessons. Catholic education has been identified as a positive fertility factor. Catholic schools in Malaysia have been the backbone of formal education in the country. Catholic schools have undergone many changes since independence in the late early 60s; the education policy in Malaysia is centralized.
In 1988, all Catholic religious brothers older than 55 were asked to retire with immediate effect, creating vacancies for lay teachers to take over. Any new brother wanting to join the teaching profession in Malaysia have to be in the civil service and share the same status as lay teachers. Many of the Lasallian traditions such as inter-La Salle games or sports are now integrated into other larger government funded programmes. With Islam being the state religion, compulsory or elective Bible lessons today are limited only to those of the Catholic faith; the missionaries who opened schools in Malaysia gave a solid education framework. Today, there are 68 Sisters of the Infant Jesus,11 Parish Convents and 46 La Salle Brothers schools in the country; the Catholic Church in Pakistan is active in education, managing leading schools in addition to its spiritual work. The Catholic Church runs 534 schools, 53 hostels, 8 colleges, 7 technical institutes, according to 2008 statistics; the Catholic Board of Education is the arm of the Catholic Church in Pakistan, responsible for education.
Each diocese has its own board. The Government of Pakistan nationalised most church schools and colleges in Punjab and Sindh in 1972. Leading schools such as St Patrick's High School, Karachi, St Joseph's Convent School and St Michael's Convent School were never nationalised; the Government of Sindh oversaw a denationalization program from 1985 to 1995, the Government of Punjab began a similar program in 1996. In 2001, the Federal Government and the courts ordered the provincial governments to complete the denationalization process. In the Philippines, private schools have been operated by the Catholic Church since the time of Spanish colonization; the Philippines is one of two predominantly Roman Catholic nations in Southeast Asia, the other being East Timor, with a 2004 study by UNESCO indicating that 83% of the population as identifying themselves as Catholics. The oldest existing university in Asia, University of Santo Tomas, is located in the Philippines, it is the largest single Catholic university in the world.
The university was established by the Order of Preachers known as the Dominican Order, on
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Kennett Square, Pennsylvania
Kennett Square is a borough in Chester County, United States. It is known as the Mushroom Capital of the World because mushroom farming in the region produces over a million pounds of mushrooms a year, totaling half of the United States mushroom crop. To celebrate this heritage, Kennett Square has an annual Mushroom Festival, where the town shuts down to have a parade, tour mushroom farms, buy and sell food and other goods, it is home to the corporate headquarters of Genesis HealthCare which administers elderly care facilities. The local high school is Kennett High School, its population was 6,072 at the 2010 census. The area to become known as Kennett Square was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans; the town was called Kennet Square, with the name "Kennet", "Square" coming from the original land grant from William Penn of one square mile. General Sir William Howe marched through Kennett to the Battle of Brandywine during the American Revolution, it was known as an important part of the Underground Railroad, which helped slaves escaping to the North for freedom.
Many of its prominent citizens helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad. In 1853, a group asked for Kennett Square to be incorporated, by 1855 it held elections. Kennett Square's founder is credited with introducing mushroom growing to the area, he grew carnations, a popular local commodity around 1885, wanted to make use of the wasted space under the elevated beds. He started experimenting with mushroom cultivation. Kennett Square is the subject and setting of the novel The Story of Kennett, written by 19th-century American author Bayard Taylor, who lived nearby at Cedarcroft. Kennett Square is located at 39°50′39″N 75°42′38″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all of it land other than two small lakes. At the 2010 census, the borough was 42.8% non-Hispanic White, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 3.3% were two or more races. 48.8% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2010, there were 6,072 people, 1,868 households, 1,242 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 4,679.2 people per square mile. There were 1,967 housing units at an average density of 1,745.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 73.58% White, 10.26% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.63% Asian, 12.48% from other races, 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.88% of the population. There were 1,868 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families. Of all households 28.2% were made up of individuals, 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.39. In the borough the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $46,523, the median income for a family was $54,948. Males had a median income of $35,978 versus $27,246 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $22,292. About 7.5% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. The borough is governed by the Council-Manager form of government. There are a mayor who are elected by the citizens; the Borough Manager is an employee of the Borough, hired by the Council. The present interim Borough manager is Joseph Scalise; the Kennett Mushroom Festival is held annually in early September. The festival has been highlighted on Food TV. Annual parades are held on Memorial Day and before the Christmas holidays. Kennett Square celebrates Cinco de Mayo, organized by Casa Guanajuato, other local companies. A free summer concert series is held on Wednesday evenings at the beautiful Anson B Nixon park.
In mid-May, the famous Kennett Run occurs. The Kennett Brewfest is held each Fall, featuring unlimited tastings of select brewers pouring different, exclusive, limited, or seasonal beers; the local art galleries and independent boutiques participate in First Friday Art Strolls each month, presented by Historic Kennett Square. During temperate months there is an outdoor farmers market at the Genesis Walkway on State St. every Friday afternoon. These a few of the events for families and visitors throughout the year. Kennett Square schools are all part of the Kennett Consolidated School District; this grouping of districts was the first consolidation of schools in the history of Pennsylvania. Students enrolled in kindergarten attend the Mary D. Lang Kindergarten Center. Grades 1 through 5 attend Bancroft Elementary or New Garden Elementary. For grades 6 through 8, all students attend Kennett Middle School. For grades 9 through 12, students attend Kennett High School; some homes, north of the US Route 1 by-pass, just north of Kennett Square, are assigned to the Unionville-Chadds Ford School District.
Unionville High school, the only one in the Unionville-Chadds Ford School District, is located on Unionville Road 2 miles north of the Borough of Kenne