The Devonian is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic, spanning 60 million years from the end of the Silurian, 419.2 million years ago, to the beginning of the Carboniferous, 358.9 Mya. It is named after Devon, where rocks from this period were first studied; the first significant adaptive radiation of life on dry land occurred during the Devonian. Free-sporing vascular plants began to spread across dry land, forming extensive forests which covered the continents. By the middle of the Devonian, several groups of plants had evolved leaves and true roots, by the end of the period the first seed-bearing plants appeared. Various terrestrial arthropods became well-established. Fish reached substantial diversity during this time, leading the Devonian to be dubbed the Age of Fishes; the placoderms began dominating every known aquatic environment. The ancestors of all four-limbed vertebrates began adapting to walking on land, as their strong pectoral and pelvic fins evolved into legs. In the oceans, primitive sharks became more numerous than in the Late Ordovician.
The first ammonites, species of molluscs, appeared. Trilobites, the mollusc-like brachiopods, the great coral reefs were still common; the Late Devonian extinction which started about 375 million years ago affected marine life, killing off all placodermi, all trilobites, save for a few species of the order Proetida. The palaeogeography was dominated by the supercontinent of Gondwana to the south, the continent of Siberia to the north, the early formation of the small continent of Euramerica in between; the period is named after Devon, a county in southwestern England, where a controversial argument in the 1830s, over the age and structure of the rocks found distributed throughout the county was resolved by the definition of the Devonian period in the geological timescale. The Great Devonian Controversy was a long period of vigorous argument and counter-argument between the main protagonists of Roderick Murchison with Adam Sedgwick against Henry De la Beche supported by George Bellas Greenough.
Murchison and Sedgwick named the period they proposed as the Devonian System. While the rock beds that define the start and end of the Devonian period are well identified, the exact dates are uncertain. According to the International Commission on Stratigraphy, the Devonian extends from the end of the Silurian 419.2 Mya, to the beginning of the Carboniferous 358.9 Mya – in North America, at the beginning of the Mississippian subperiod of the Carboniferous. In nineteenth-century texts the Devonian has been called the "Old Red Age", after the red and brown terrestrial deposits known in the United Kingdom as the Old Red Sandstone in which early fossil discoveries were found. Another common term is "Age of the Fishes", referring to the evolution of several major groups of fish that took place during the period. Older literature on the Anglo-Welsh basin divides it into the Downtonian, Dittonian and Farlovian stages, the latter three of which are placed in the Devonian; the Devonian has erroneously been characterised as a "greenhouse age", due to sampling bias: most of the early Devonian-age discoveries came from the strata of western Europe and eastern North America, which at the time straddled the Equator as part of the supercontinent of Euramerica where fossil signatures of widespread reefs indicate tropical climates that were warm and moderately humid but in fact the climate in the Devonian differed during its epochs and between geographic regions.
For example, during the Early Devonian, arid conditions were prevalent through much of the world including Siberia, North America, China, but Africa and South America had a warm temperate climate. In the Late Devonian, by contrast, arid conditions were less prevalent across the world and temperate climates were more common; the Devonian Period is formally broken into Early and Late subdivisions. The rocks corresponding to those epochs are referred to as belonging to the Lower and Upper parts of the Devonian System. Early DevonianThe Early Devonian lasted from 419.2 ± 2.8 to 393.3 ± 2.5 and began with the Lochkovian stage 419.2 ± 2.8 to 410.8 ± 2.5, followed by the Pragian from 410.8 ± 2.8 to 407.6 ± 2.5 and by the Emsian, which lasted until the Middle Devonian began, 393.3± 2.7 million years ago. During this time, the first ammonoids appeared. Ammonoids during this time period differed little from their nautiloid counterparts; these ammonoids belong to the order Agoniatitida, which in epochs evolved to new ammonoid orders, for example Goniatitida and Clymeniida.
This class of cephalopod molluscs would dominate the marine fauna until the beginning of the Mesozoic era. Middle DevonianThe Middle Devonian comprised two subdivisions: first the Eifelian, which gave way to the Givetian 387.7± 2.7 million years ago. During this time the jawless agnathan fishes began to decline in diversity in freshwater and marine environments due to drastic environmental changes and due to the increasing competition and diversity of jawed fishes; the shallow, oxygen-depleted waters of Devonian inland lakes, surrounded by primitive plants, provided the environment necessary for certain early fish to develop such essential characteristics as well developed lungs, the ability to crawl out of the water and onto the land for short periods of time. Late DevonianFinally, the Late Devonian started with the Frasnian, 382.7 ± 2.8 to 372.2 ± 2.5, during which the first forests took shape on land. The first tetrapods appeared in the fossil record in the ensuing Famennian subdivision, the beginning and end of whi
Ernestina Sugehit Salazar Martínez is a Mexican luchadora, best known under the ring name Princesa Sugehit. She is working for the Mexican professional wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre portraying a ruda/heel wrestling character, her name has appeared differently in different publications her employer CMLL has not always spelled her name it has appeared as "Princesa Sujei", "Princesa Sugey",'Princesa Sujey", "Princesa Sugeth", "Princesa Sugehit" and variations thereof. Salazar was a fan of professional wrestling or lucha libre from a young age and was one of the first people to show up when a new wrestling school opened in her native Monterrey, Nuevo León, she was the only female in the wrestling school, which meant that the diminutive woman had to wrestle against men as she was taught to wrestle by Bello Kalifa, Centurión Negro, Carnicero Aguilar. The butterfly design on her wrestling mask came from one of her trainers who said she would fly high like a monarch butterfly, she decided on the name "Princesa Sujei" with "Sujei" being the name of a queen of the stars.
She made her professional wrestling debut on September 22, 1996, in Arena La Junta teaming up with Flor de Loto to face off against Reina Salvaje and La Intrusa in a tag team match. In the years following her debut Princesa Sujei worked for Lucha Libre AAA World Wide, one of Mexico's largest wrestling promotions. In 1999 Princesa Sujei participated in AAA's first Reina de Reinas tournament, losing to Miss Janeth in the qualifying round. On November 23, 2001, Princesa Sujei teamed up with Esther Moreno and Estrellita to defeat Martha Villalobos, Mujer Demente, Tiffany on the undercard of the 2001 Guerra de Titanes event. Princesa Sujei worked for Lucha Libre Feminil, a local promotion in her hometown of Monterrey where she held the LLF Extreme Championship, the LLF Juvenil Championship and the LLF Tag Team Championship along with Poly Star. While in LLF she developed a rivalry with Canadian wrestler Dark Angel throughout 2004, which led to a forty-five long minute Luchas de Apuestas between the two, which saw Princesa Sujei pin Dark Angel, forcing her to unmask afterward.
She participated in the All Pro Wrestling-promoted "ChickFight" tournament, defeating Candice LeRae in the first round, Nikki Roxx in the second round and Cheerleader Melissa in the finals to win the first ChickFight tournament. In 2005, she participated in that year's Reina de Reinas tournament alongside Lady Apache, Cynthia Moreno, Dark Angel, Faby Apache, Golden Girl, La Chola, Martha Villalobos, Nikki Roxx, Poly Star, Princesa Blanca, Simply Luscious, Veronica in a torneo cibernetico elimination match but was eliminated early in the match, she participated in the "ChickFight II" tournament, defeating Luscious in the first round, but losing to Mariko Yoshida in the second round. In early 2005 Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre decided to renew their female's division after several years of low activity, adding a number of wrestlers to their roster including Princesa Sujei. On April 27, 2007, she competed to in a tournament to crown a new Mexican National Women's Champion when previous champion Lady Apache won the higher ranked CMLL World Women's Championship.
Princesa Blanca was one of 14 women competing in a torneo cibernetico to qualify for the finals. The torneo cibernetico was won by Princesa Marcela; the two faced off a week with Marcela winning the match and the championship Princesa Sujei developed a storyline rivalry with tecnica Goddess, a strong rivalry that built to Luchas de Apuestas, mask vs. mask match between the two in October, 2008. The Apuestas match is the most prestigious "prize" in Lucha Libre more than a championship match, a prize that Princesa Sujei claimed when she pinned Goddess and forced her to unmask, she was given several opportunities to travel to Japan and work for several Japanese wrestling promotions through her CMLL contacts. One such chance came in March 2010 when she appeared on the final Fuka Matsuri event on March 28, 2010, where Sujei and Hiroka lost to promotion owner Tigre Fuka and Leon. On June 14, 2010 Princesa Sujei defeated Lady Apache to win the PWR World Women's Champion on a CMLL promoted show in Puebla, Puebla.
Sujei held the championship for over a year, 454 days in total, before losing the championship back to Lady Apache. Over the years Princesa Blanca developed a professional relationship with Princesa Sujei and Hiroka, creating a group known as Las Zorras and when Hiroka retired the two Princesas became known as Las Ladies de Polanco, The ladies of Polanco, an affluent neighborhood in Mexico City. In June 2012 Los Ladies traveled to Japan to compete in a tournament for the vacant Reina World Tag Team Championship, losing in the first round to eventual tournament winners "Muscle Venus". On April 28, 2015, Sujei defeated Narumiya to win the CMLL-Reina International Championship, she lost the title back to Narumiya in a rematch in Tokyo on May 17. On February 25, 2017, Princesa Sujei defeated long time rival Zeuxis to win the Mexican National Women's Championship. On September 16, 2017, at the annual CMLL 84th Anniversary Show, Sugehit lost her mask in a lucha de apuestas two out of three falls against Zeuxis, revealing herself as Ernestina Sugehit Salazar Martinez with 21 years experience in the sport.
On June 16, 2017, WWE announced Sugehit as part of the Mae Young Classic. On August 28, Sugehit defeated Kay Lee Ray in the first round. On September 4, Sugehit was eliminated in the second round by Mercedes Martinez. ChickFight ChickFight I Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre CMLL-Re
The Transat Québec–Saint-Malo is a sailing transoceanic race taking place every four years, from Quebec City, Canada, to Saint-Malo, France. The first edition, in 1984, was organized to celebrate the 450th anniversary of Jacques Cartier's voyage from Saint-Malo to Quebec; the race is opened to crewed multihulls of 40, 50 and 60 feet. It has two particularities: It is the only west-to-east transatlantic race at this level, it starts by going down the Saint Lawrence River for 12% of its length. In 2016 a new course record of 6 days, 1 hour and 17 minutes was set by Spindrift 2 skippered by fr:Yann Guichard and Donna Bertarelli; this new time beats by 2 days the previous course record held by Loïck Peyron for 20 years. Loïc Caradec on Royale in 8 d 19 h 57 min Pierre Follenfant on Charente-Maritime in 8 d 20 h 13 min Philippe Poupon on Fleury Michon in 9 d 15 h 59 min Serge Madec on Jet Services in 7 d 21 h 35 min Loïck Peyron on Lada Poch in 10 d 23 h 40 min Bruno Peyron on VSD Paca in 10 d 23 h 58 min Laurent Bourgnon on Primagaz in 8 d 5 h 49 min.
Florence Arthaud on Groupe Pierre 1er in 8 d 7 h 17 min Paul Vatine on Haute-Normandie in 9 d 14 h 18 min Loïck Peyron on Fujicolor II in 7 d 20 h 24 min Francis Joyon on Banque Populaire in 7 d 23 h 28 min Paul Vatine on Région Haute-Normandie in 8 d 0 h 31 min Franck Cammas on Groupama in 9 d 23 h 16 min Marc Guillemot on Biscuits La Trinitaine in 9 d 23 h 26 min Yvan Bourgnon on Bayer en France in 9 d 23 h 43 min Karine Fauconnier on Sergio Tacchini in 7 d 21 h 00 min Franck Cammas on Groupama in 7 d 21 h 59 min Michel Desjoyeaux on Géant in 7 d 22 h 01 min Classe 50 feet Open: Franck-Yves Escoffier on Crêpes Whaou! in 11 d 3 h 19 min Pierre Antoine on Imagine Hervé Cléris on Prince de Bretagne Class40: Halvard Mabire on Pogo Structures Oliver Krauss on Mistral Loisirs - Pôle santé Elior Tanguy de Lamotte on NOVEDIA Group - S. E. T. Environnement FICO: Christophe Bullens on An Ocean of Smiles Yannick Bestaven on Cervin ENR Denis Douillez on Saint Malo Team Mono Class 40: 1Campagne de France Halvard Mabire & Miranda Merron France 03/08/2012 10:50 11j 17h 30m 3028,2 10,18 2Mare Jörg Riechers Allemagne 03/08/2012 12:21 11j 19h 1m 3094,5 10,13 3Eole Generation - GDF-SUEZ Sébastien Rogues France 03/08/2012 16:04 12j 0h 44m 43s 3098,9 9,93 4Geodis Fabrice Amedeo & Armel Tripon France 03/08/2012 17:52 12j 2h 32m 50s 3036,2 9,87 5Roaring forty 2 Michel Kleinjans Belgique 03/08/2012 22:13 12j 4h 53m 8s 3043,8 9,79 6Comiris-Elior Thierry Bouchard France 03/08/2012 23:04 12j 5h 44m 5s 3063,7 9,76 7IXBlue Stéphane Le Diraison France 03/08/2012 23:07 12j 5h 47m 50s 3036,8 9,76 8Jack in the box Aloys Le Claquin France 04/08/2012 05:08 12j 11h 48m 58s 3102,1 9,56 9Groupe Picoty Jacques Fournier France 04/08/2012 07:04 12j 13h 44m 27s 3071,1 9,50 10Red Mathias Blumencron Allemagne 04/08/2012 07:56 12j 14h 36m 2s 3033,6 9,47 11Partouche Christophe Coatnoan France 04/08/2012 08:25 12j 15h 5m 33s 3087,9 9,46 12Bodacious Dream David Rearick Etats-Unis 04/08/2012 11:11 12j 17h 51m 45s 3074,8 9,37 13Sevenstar Yachttransport Jean-Édouard Criquioche / Anna-Maria Renken France 04/08/2012 14:59 12j 21h 39m 06s 3046 9,26 14Latitude Neige / Longitude Mer Aurélien Ducroz France 04/08/2012 15:32 12j 22h 12m 13s 3054 9,24 15EDF Energies Nouvelles David Augeix France 05/08/2012 03:44 13j 10h 24m 25s 3047 9,45 16Bleu Éric Tabardel Canada 05/08/2012 07:20 13j 14h 00m 08s 3111 8,79 17Transport COHERENCE Benoit Parnaudeau France 05/08/2012 10:44 13j 17h 24m 02s 3037 8,70 18Avis immobilier Louis Duc France 05/08/2012 12:17 13j 18h 57m 11s 3060 8,66 19Proximedia Denis Van Weynbergh Belgique 05/08/2012 22:57 14j 05h 37m 09s 3047 8,39 20Persévérance Robert Patenaude Canada 06/08/2012 16:45 14j 23h 25m 37s 3031 7,97 Open: 1Multi50 FenêtréA Cardinal 3 Erwan Leroux France 01/08/2012 01:56 9j 14h 21m 5s 3287,6 12,59 2Multi60 Défi Saint-Malo Agglo Gilles Lamiré France 02/08/2012 14:09 11j 2h 34m 4s 3224,3 10,88 3Multi50 Vers un Monde sans SIDA Erik Nigon France 02/08/2012 14:30 11j 2h 55m 23s 3159,6 10,86 4Mono50 Vento di Sardegna* Andrea Mura Italie 03/08/2012 02:35 11j 15h 0m 59s 3086,9 10,39 5Mono65 Océan Phénix Georges Leblanc Canada 05/08/2012 14:36 14j 03h 1m 16s 3124 8,55 Transat Quebec-Saint-Malo official site Transat Quebec-Saint-Malo organization changes