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Dewsbury

Dewsbury is a minster town in the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England. It is to east of Huddersfield and south of Leeds, it lies by an arm of the Calder and Hebble Navigation. A part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, after undergoing a period of major growth in the 19th century as a mill town, Dewsbury went through a period of decline. More there has been redevelopment of derelict mills into flats, regenerating of city areas. According to the 2011 census the Dewsbury urban sub-area had a population of 62,945. Dewsbury is the largest town in a conurbation of small mill towns; the Domesday Book of 1086 records the name as Deusberie, Deusbereia, or Deubire "Dewi's fort", Dewi being an old Welsh name and "bury" coming from the old English word "burh", meaning fort. Other, less supported, theories exist as to the name's origin. For example, that it means "dew hill", from Old English dēaw, "dew", beorg, "hill", it has been suggested. Other origins were proposed, such as "God's fort", from Welsh Duw, "God".

"Antiquarians supposed the name, Dewsbury, to be derived from the original planter of the village, Dui or Dew, who … had fixed his abode and fortified his "Bury". Another conjecture holds, that the original name is Dewsborough, or God's Town" In Anglo-Saxon times, Dewsbury was a centre of considerable importance; the ecclesiastical parish of Dewsbury encompassed Huddersfield and Bradford. Ancient legend records that in 627 Paulinus, the Bishop of York, preached here on the banks of the River Calder. Numerous Anglian graves have been found in Thornhill. Dewsbury Minster lies near the River Calder, traditionally on the site; some of the visible stonework in the nave is Saxon, parts of the church date to the 13th century. The tower houses "Black Tom", a bell, rung each Christmas Eve, one toll for each year since Christ's birth, known as the "Devil's Knell", a tradition dating from the 15th century; the bell was given by Sir Thomas de Soothill, in penance for murdering a servant boy in a fit of rage.

The tradition was commemorated on a Royal Mail postage stamp in 1986. Dewsbury market was established in the 14th century for local clothiers. Occurrences of the plague in 1593 and 1603 closed the market and it reopened in 1741. Throughout the Middle Ages, Dewsbury retained a measure of importance in ecclesiastical terms, collecting tithes from as far away as Halifax in the mid-14th century. John Wesley visited the area five times in the mid-18th century, the first Methodist Society was established in 1746. Centenary Chapel on Daisy Hill commemorates the centenary of this event, the Methodist tradition remained strong in the town. In 1770, a short branch of the Calder and Hebble Navigation was completed, linking Dewsbury to the canal system giving access to Manchester and Hull. By the time of the Industrial Revolution, Dewsbury was a centre for the shoddy and mungo industries which recycled woollen items by mixing them with new wool and making heavy blankets and uniforms; the town benefited economically from the canal, its location at the heart of the Heavy Woollen District, its proximity to coal mines.

The railway arrived in 1848 when Dewsbury Wellington Road railway station on the London and North Western Railway opened. Other stations were Dewsbury Central on the Great Northern Railway which closed in 1964 and Dewsbury Market Place on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway which closed in 1930. In 1985 a bypass road was built on the site of Central Station and its adjacent viaduct, nothing remains of Market Place railway station; the 19th century saw a great increase in population, rising from 4,566 in 1801 to around 30,000 by 1890. The town's rapid expansion and commitment to industrialisation resulted in social instability. In the early 19th century, Dewsbury was a centre of Luddite opposition to mechanisation in which workers retaliated against the mill owners who installed textile machinery and smashed the machines which threatened their way of life. In the 1830s, Dewsbury was a centre of Chartist agitation. In August 1838, after a speech by Chartist leader Feargus O'Connor, a mob of between five and seven thousand people besieged the Dewsbury Poor Law Guardians in the town's Royal Hotel.

The mob was dispersed by troops. Trouble flared in 1840 when radical agitators seized control of the town, troops were stationed to maintain order; this radical tradition left a legacy in the town's political life, its first elected MP in 1867 was John Simon, a Jewish lawyer from Jamaica and a Liberal. The tradition of firing the "Ten o'Clock" gun dates from 1815 and was a hangover from the Luddite problems, it was fired from Walker's Mill to reassure that all was well. It could be heard all over the area; the actual gun was replaced with a specially made firework but the tradition was discontinued in 1983 with the closure of the mill. The mills were family businesses and continued manufacturing after the wool crisis in 1950–51, which saw Australian sheep farmers begin to charge higher prices. However, the recovery of the late 1960s was reversed by the 1973 oil crisis, the textile industry in Dewsbury declined, with only bed manufacturing remaining a large scale employer. After 2005, Dewsbury was labelled a troubled town after negative press reports and became "the town that dare not speak its name" after high-profile crimes brought it i

WOW Christmas: Red

WOW Christmas: Red is the first release in the WOW Christmas series. The double CD contains 31 Christmas songs performed by top Contemporary Christian Music artists, it peaked at 45 on the Billboard 200 and in first place on Billboard's Top Contemporary Christian album chart in the year 2002. The album was certified platinum in 2006 by the Recording Industry Association of America. Avalon - Winter Wonderland – 2:41 Michael W. Smith - Emmanuel – 5:26 Point of Grace - O Holy Night – 5:30 Steven Curtis Chapman - Christmas Is All In The Heart – 5:16 Yolanda Adams - Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas – 3:35 Jaci Velasquez - Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow – 2:36 CeCe Winans - Away In A Manger – 4:24 Soulful Celebration - Hallelujah! – 5:53 4Him - A Strange Way To Save The World – 4:32 Amy Grant - Breath Of Heaven – 5:30 Nicole C. Mullen - O Come, O Come Emmanuel – 4:17 Mark Schultz and Nichole Nordeman - Silent Night – 3:18 Kirk Franklin - The Night That Christ Was Born – 4:33 Kathy Mattea - Mary, Did You Know?

– 3:14 Donnie McClurkin - Hark! The Herald Angels Sing – 5:23 Rachael Lampa - Ave Maria – 4:54 Third Day - Do You Hear What I Hear? – 3:58 Jennifer Knapp - Sing Mary Sing – 4:05 ZOEgirl - Angels We Have Heard On High – 3:46 MercyMe - What Child Is This? – 3:49 tobyMac - This Christmas – 3:15 Sixpence None the Richer - Christmastime Is Here – 3:03 Jars of Clay - God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen – 3:03 Caedmon's Call - It Came Upon A Midnight Clear – 2:48 Plus One - A Prayer For Every Year – 4:21 Rebecca St. James - Sweet Little Jesus Boy – 3:35 FFH - The First Noel – 4:48 Out of Eden - O Little Town Of Bethlehem – 3:34 Fred Hammond - Go Tell It On The Mountain – 3:52 Stacie Orrico - O Come All Ye Faithful – 3:58 Audio Adrenaline - Little Drummer Boy – 3:07 Review at Amazon.com. Retrieved 21 March 2007

2012 Federated Auto Parts 400

The 2012 Federated Auto Parts 400 was a NASCAR Sprint Cup Series stock car race held on September 8, 2012 at Richmond International Raceway in Richmond, Virginia. Contested over 400 laps, it was the twenty-sixth and final race leading into the Chase for the Sprint Cup in the 2012 Sprint Cup Series season. Clint Bowyer of Michael Waltrip Racing won his second of the season. Jeff Gordon finished second to clinch the second wild card spot in the Chase, Mark Martin finished third. Richmond International Raceway is one of five short tracks to hold NASCAR races; the NASCAR race makes use of the track's standard configuration, a four-turn short track oval, 0.75 miles long. The track's turns are banked at fourteen degrees; the front stretch, the location of the finish line, is banked at eight degrees while the back stretch has two degrees of banking. The racetrack has seats for 94,063 spectators; the race was set to start at 7:43 p.m. EDT but the start was delayed 90 minutes, the cars were running under caution speed, Jeff Gordon was leading when the race restarted on lap 8, The second caution came out on lap 48, this was a planned competition caution, The race restarted on lap 52, the third caution came out on lap 53 for a one-car spin in the back straightaway, the race restarted on lap 57, a couple of laps the fourth caution came out for rain on lap 139, by lap 153, the cars were brought down pit road the race was red flagged as rain returned again, After a delay of fifty-one minutes and 45 seconds, the cars started rolling again, the race restarted on lap 156.

The fifth caution came out on lap 235 when Clint Bowyer spun out in the back straightaway, the race restarted on lap 239, The race was under longer green flag runs until the end, Clint Bowyer stretched his fuel mileage and despite a late charge from Jeff Gordon, the lead was too big to overcome for Gordon, Bowyer score his second win in Richmond, as well as the second win in the season. Gordon rallied back from going one lap down to finish 2nd, knocked Kyle Busch out of the Chase by 3 points. Mark Martin clinched third