Dexter Gordon was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He was one of the first players of the instrument in the bebop idiom of musicians such as Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Bud Powell. Gordon's height was 6 feet 6 inches, so he was known as "Long Tall Dexter" and "Sophisticated Giant", his studio and performance career spanned over 40 years. Gordon's sound was characterized as being "large" and spacious and he had a tendency to play behind the beat, he was known for humorously inserting musical quotes into his solos, with sources as diverse as popular tunes like "Happy Birthday" to the operas of Wagner. This is not unusual in common-practice jazz improvisation, but Gordon did it enough to make it a hallmark of his style. One of his major influences was Lester Young. Gordon, in turn, was an early influence on Sonny Rollins. Rollins and Coltrane influenced Gordon's playing as he explored hard bop and modal playing during the 1960s. Gordon was known for his humorous stage presence, he was an advocate of playing to communicate with the audience.
One of his idiosyncratic rituals was to recite lyrics from each ballad before playing it. A photograph by Herman Leonard of Gordon taking a smoke break at the Royal Roost in 1948 is one of the iconic images in jazz photography. Cigarettes were a recurring theme on covers of Gordon's albums. Gordon was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his performance in the Bertrand Tavernier film Round Midnight, he won a Grammy for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, for the soundtrack album The Other Side of Round Midnight, he had a cameo role in the 1990 film Awakenings. In 2019, Gordon's album Go was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Recording Registry for being "culturally or aesthetically significant". Dexter Keith Gordon was born on February 1923 in Los Angeles, California, his father, Dr. Frank Gordon, was one of the first African American doctors in Los Angeles who arrived in 1918 after graduating from Howard Medical School in Washington, D.
C. Among his patients were Duke Ellington and Lionel Hampton. Dexter's mother, Gwendolyn Baker, was the daughter of Captain Edward Baker, one of the five African American Medal of Honor recipients in the Spanish–American War. Gordon played clarinet from the age of 13, before switching to saxophone at 15. While still at school, he played in bands with such contemporaries as Chico Hamilton and Buddy Collette. Between December 1940 and 1943, Gordon was a member of Lionel Hampton's band, playing in a saxophone section alongside Illinois Jacquet and Marshal Royal. During 1944 he was featured in the Fletcher Henderson band, followed by the Louis Armstrong band, before joining Billy Eckstine; the 1942–44 musicians' strike curtailed the recording of the Hampton and Armstrong bands. In 1943 he was featured, alongside Harry "Sweets" Edison, in recordings under Nat Cole for a small label not affected by the strike. By late 1944, Gordon was resident in New York, a regular at bebop jam sessions, a featured soloist in the Billy Eckstine big band.
During early 1945 he was featured on recordings by Sir Charles Thompson. In late 1945 he was recording under his own name for the Savoy label, his Savoy recordings during 1945-46 included Blow Mr. Dexter, Dexter's Deck, Dexter's Minor Mad, Long Tall Dexter, Dexter Rides Again, I Can't Escape From You, Dexter Digs In, he returned to Los Angeles in late 1946 and in 1947 was leading sessions for Ross Russell's Dial label. After his return to Los Angeles, he became known for his saxophone duels with fellow tenorman Wardell Gray, which were a popular concert attraction documented in recordings made between 1947 and 1952; the Hunt gained literary fame from its mention in Jack Kerouac's On The Road, which contains descriptions of wild tenormen jamming in Los Angeles. Cherokee, Byas a Drink, Disorder at the Border are other live recordings of the Gray/Gordon duo from the same concert as The Hunt. In December 1947, Gordon recorded again with the Savoy label. Through the mid-to-late 1940s he continued to work as a sideman on sessions led by Russell Jacquet, Benny Carter, Ben Webster, Ralph Burns, Jimmy Rushing, Helen Humes, Gerry Mulligan, Wynonie Harris, Leo Parker, Tadd Dameron.
During the 1950s, Gordon's recorded output and live appearances declined as heroin addiction and legal troubles took their toll. Gordon made a concert appearance with Wardell Gray in February 1952 and appeared as a sideman in a session led by Gray in June 1952. After an incarceration at Chino Prison during 1953-55, he recorded the albums Daddy Plays the Horn and Dexter Blows Hot and Cool in 1955 and played as a sideman on the Stan Levey album, This Time the Drum's on Me; the latter part of the decade saw him in and out of prison until his final re
Old Boy is a Japanese comic book series written by Garon Tsuchiya and illustrated by Nobuaki Minegishi. The narrative follows the protagonist Shinichi Gotō, a man who, after a decade of incarceration in a private prison, is freed. After his release, Gotō must discover the reason for his confinement. Old Boy was serialized in the Futabasha magazine Weekly Manga Action from 1996 to 1998, with a total of 79 chapters among eight collected volumes released during that time; the series was picked up for North American localization by Dark Horse Comics and released between 2006 and 2007. The manga was adapted into an award-winning South Korean film, directed by Park Chan-wook in 2003. In 2013, Spike Lee directed an American remake of the 2003 Park Chan-wook film. Twenty-five-year-old Shinichi Gotō was kidnapped one fateful night and locked up in a private jail for unknown reasons. After ten years of solitary confinement in a maximum security cell, with only a television for company, he is released; the story follows his mission to hunt down the identities of his captors and uncover the reason behind his imprisonment.
Shinichi Gotō The main character of the story, kidnapped and locked up for 10 years. Takaaki Kakinuma The main villain of the story, once an elementary school classmate of Gotō and is now seeking revenge for Gotō inadvertently shattering his sense of self-worth. Yukio Kusama A writer and former teacher, she was Kakinuma's 6th grade teacher. Eri A lady who became Goto's girlfriend, she is a paid actress under hypnosis placed upon her by Kakinuma. Kyoko Kataoka Takaaki Kakinuma's henchwoman. Old Boy was serialized in the Futabasha magazine Weekly Manga Action from 1996 to 1998. A total of 79 chapters among eight tankōbon were released in Japan from May 28, 1997 to October 28, 1998. Between June 19 and July 17, 2007, Futabasha re-released the entire series in larger volumes. In 2005, Dark Horse Comics bought the rights to make an English translation of the book for its customers worldwide. All eight volumes were released from July 5, 2006 to October 10, 2007. In 2003, it was adapted into the award-winning Korean film Oldboy by South Korean director Park Chan-wook.
The film was a huge international success and went on to win various awards including the Grand Prix of the Jury at the 57th Cannes Film Festival awards ceremony. In 2006, an Indian version titled Zinda and directed by Sanjay Gupta received flak for its unofficial, unauthorized remake. A subsequent American film adaptation was directed by Spike Lee in 2013. In 2007, the Old Boy manga won an Eisner Award in the category of "Best U. S. Edition of International Material - Japan." Eduardo Chavez of Mania.com noted that "titles like Old Boy... take their time to create a wonderful of paranoia and drama". Anime News Network's Carlo Santos praised the artwork, which "fits the tone of the series well" and the pacing of the story, but mentioned poorly developed characters. Page at Dark Horse Comics Old Boy at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
1998 WX4, provisional designation 1998 WX4, is a dark Jupiter trojan from the Greek camp 66 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 19 November 1998, by astronomers with the Catalina Sky Survey at the Catalina Station near Tucson, Arizona, in the United States; the assumed C-type asteroid belongs to the 60 largest Jupiter trojans. It has a rotation period of 21.43 hours and a spherical shape. It has not yet been named since its numbering in June 2000. 1998 WX4 is a dark Jovian asteroid orbiting in the leading Greek camp at Jupiter's L4 Lagrangian point, 60° ahead of the Gas Giant's orbit in a 1:1 resonance. It is a non-family asteroid in the Jovian background population, it orbits the Sun at a distance of 5.2 -- 5.4 AU once 2 months. Its orbit has an inclination of 29 ° with respect to the ecliptic; the body's observation arc begins with a precovery published by the Digitized Sky Survey and taken at the Palomar Observatory in November 1951, or 47 years prior to its official discovery observation at Catalina.
1998 WX4 is an assumed C-type asteroid. It has a typical V–I color index of 0.97. Since January 2013, a large number of a rotational lightcurve of 1998 WX4 have been obtained from photometric observations by Robert Stephens at the Center for Solar System Studies in California. Analysis of the best-rated lightcurve from June 2017 gave a longer-than-average rotation period of 21.43±0.02 h hours with a low brightness amplitude of 0.09±0.02 magnitude, indicative of a rather spherical shape. According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite, the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, 1998 WX4 measures between 62.52 and 71.88 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.072 and 0.092. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.0585 and a diameter of 66.04 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 9.6. This minor planet was numbered on 21 June 2000; as of 2018, it has not been named.
Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 1998 WX4 at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 1998 WX4 at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters