Sudurpashchim Pradesh is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal, adopted on 20 September 2015. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Karnali Pradesh and Province No. 5 to the east, the Indian states of Uttarakhand to the west and Uttar Pradesh to the south. Known as Province No. 7, the newly elected Provincial Assembly adopted Sudurpashchim Pradesh as the permanent name for the province in September 2018. As per a 28 September 2018 Assembly voting, the city of Godawari has been declared the capital of the Province; the province is coterminous with Nepal. Doti was an ancient kingdom in far western region of Kumaon, formed after the disintegration of the Katyuri Kingdom of Kumaon around the 13th century. Doti was one of eight different princely states Katyuri Kingdom was divided into eight for their eight prince's and became different independent kingdoms. On, the whole land between Ramganga on the west and the Karnali on the east, came under the Raikas after the origin of Raikas of Katyuris in Doti.
"Brahma Dev Mandi" at Kanchanpur District of Mahakali Zone was established by Katyuri king Brahma Dev. Before announcement of new provinces in Nepal, the area of this province was known as Far-Western development region of Nepal. There was no changes made in this province. Niranjan Malla Dev was the founder of Doti Kingdom around the 13th century after the fall of the Katyuri Kingdom, he was the son of Last Katyuris of united Katyuris kingdom. Kings of Doti were called Raikas. On Raikas, after defeating the Khas Malla of Karnali Zone, were able to establish a strong Raikas Kingdom in Far Western Region and Kumaun, Doti. During the period of Akbar's rule in the 16th century, the Mughals had attacked the Raikas of Doti, they invaded capital of the Raika Kingdom. Ajemeru is now in Dadeldhura District of far western region of Nepal. Hussain Khan, army chief of Akbar residing in Lucknow had led the attack. According to `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni, Indo-Persian historian during Mughal Empire, Mughal Army chief of Lukhnow, Hussian Khan, lured by the wealth and treasures of the kingdom of the Raikas, wanted to plunder the state, this being the motive behind the assault.
The historic place of war between the Doti Kingdom and Nepal during the period of Gorkha Expansion in 1790, according to the history of Nepal, is Nari-Dang, on the bank of the Seti River. The Dumrakot was the base of Doti Kingdom for fighting against the Gorkhalis. Raja Deep Shahi was expelled from Nepal in 1790 A. D and on arriving to Terai of Oudh he established Khairgarh-Singhai State in Khairigarh under British India. Kanchanpur Praganna was the parts of his State or Zamindari, he succeeded in defeating the Banjaras rural of Khairigarh and establishing himself not only in that Pargana but in parts of Bhur. His state was merged with India In 1947 after Indian Independence; the Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Dipayal High Court is the head of the judiciary; the present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Mohan Raj Malla, Trilochan Bhatta and Yagya Prasad Basyal. The province has 53 provincial assembly constituencies and 16 House of Representative constituencies.
Sudurpashchim Pradesh has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years; the Provincial Assembly of Sudurpashchim is temporarily housed at the District Coordination Committee Hall in Dhangadhi. The province is divided into nine districts. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer; the districts are further dived to rural municipalities. The municipalities include one sub-metropolitan city and 33 municipalities. There are 54 rural municipalities in the province. Achham District Baitadi District Bajhang District Bajura District Dadeldhura District Darchula District Doti District Kailali District Kanchanpur District The province has a population of 2,552,517, 9.63% of the total population of Nepal. The population density is about 130 persons per square kilometre; the province has a population growth rate of 1.53%. The sex ratio is 912 males for 1000 females, with a total of 1,217,887 males and 1,334,630 females recorded in 2011.
The urban population of the region is 1,504,279 and the rural population is 1,048,238. List of provinces of Nepal List of districts of Nepal
Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world, it was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The state is divided into 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow; the main ethnic group is the Hindavi people. On 9 November 2000, a new state, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region; the two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It covers 243,290 square kilometres, equal to 7.33% of the total area of India, is the fourth-largest Indian state by area.
The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fourth-largest state economy in India with ₹15.79 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹57,480. Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy; the service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate and financial consultancies. President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days; the natives of the state are called Uttar Bhartiya, or more either Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Kannauji, or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group. Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of medieval India; the state has several historical and religious tourist destinations, such as Agra, Vrindavan and Allahabad. Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh since between around 85,000 and 72,000 years ago.
There have been prehistorical finds in Uttar Pradesh from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic dated to 21,000–31,000 years old and Mesolithic/Microlithic hunter-gatherer settlement, near Pratapgarh, from around 10550–9550 BC. Villages with domesticated cattle and goats and evidence of agriculture began as early as 6000 BC, developed between c. 4000 and 1500 BC beginning with the Indus Valley Civilisation and Harappa Culture to the Vedic period and extending into the Iron Age. The kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh. According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh; the aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira.
The kingdom of the Kurus corresponds to the Black and Red Ware and Painted Gray Ware culture and the beginning of the Iron Age in northwest India, around 1000 BC. Control over Gangetic plains region was of vital importance to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Maurya, Kushan and Gurjara-Pratihara empires. Following the Huns' invasions that broke the Gupta empire, the Ganges-Yamuna Doab saw the rise of Kannauj. During the reign of Harshavardhana, the Kannauj empire reached its zenith, it spanned from Punjab in the north and Gujarat in the west to Bengal in the east and Odisha in the south. It included parts of central India, north of the Narmada River and it encompassed the entire Indo-Gangetic plain. Many communities in various parts of India claim descent from the migrants of Kannauj. Soon after Harshavardhana's death, his empire disintegrated into many kingdoms, which were invaded and ruled by the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, which challenged Bengal's Pala Empire for control of the region.
Kannauj was several times invaded by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty, from the 8th century to the 10th century. After fall of Pala empire, the Chero dynasty ruled from 12th century to 18th century. Parts or all of Uttar Pradesh were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for 320 years. Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty, the Khalji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty, the Lodi dynasty. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley, swept across the Khyber Pass and founded the Mughal Empire, covering India, along with modern-day Afghanistan and Bangladesh; the Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks. In the Mughal era, Uttar Pradesh became the heartland of the empire. Mughal emperors Humayun ruled from Delhi. In 1540 an Afghan, Sher Shah Suri, took over the reins of Uttar Pradesh after defeating the Mughal king Humanyun. Sher Shah and his son Islam Shah ruled Uttar Pradesh from their capital at Gwalior.
After the death of Islam Shah Suri, his prime minister Hemu became the de facto ruler of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, th
The Fokker 100 is a medium-sized, twin-turbofan jet airliner from Fokker, the largest such aircraft built by the company before its bankruptcy in 1996. The type possessed low operational costs and had scant competition in the 100-seat short-range regional jet class, contributing to strong sales upon introduction in the late 1980s. However, an increasing number of similar airliners were brought to market by competitors during the 1990s, leading to a substantial decline in both sales and long-term prospects for the 100. Fokker encountered financial difficulties and was bought up by Deutsche Aerospace AG, which in turn had financial troubles of its own, restricting its ability to support multiple regional airliner programmes. Accordingly, in 1997, production of the Fokker 100 was terminated after 283 airframes had been delivered. By July 2017, a total of 113 Fokker 100 aircraft remained in airline service with 25 airlines around the world. Although airlines are retiring the aircraft, there are still large numbers in operation in both Australia and Iran.
The F28 Mark 0100 “Fokker 100” is based on the Fokker F28 Mark 4000 re-engineed with two Rolls-Royce RB.183 Tay high by-pass ratio turbofans and a fuselage stretched by 18.83 ft. Its wing is wider by 9.8 ft, has new flaps and larger ailerons, extended leading and trailing edges improve aerodynamics and increase the wing chord. The landing gear is strengthened and has new wheels and brakes, the horizontal stabilizer is widened by 4.6 ft. Maximum weights are increased while fuel capacity, max speed and ceiling remain the same, passenger capacity went from 85 to 109; the flight deck went digital with a flight management system, an autopilot/flight director including CAT III autoland, thrust management system, electronic flight instrument displays and full ARINC avionics. The new wing was claimed to be 30% more efficient in cruise, while retaining the simplicity of a fixed leading edge; the cockpit was updated with a Rockwell Collins DU-1000 EFIS. Like the Fokker Fellowship, the Fokker 100 retained the twin rear fuselage-mounted engines and T-tail configuration, like the Douglas DC-9 family.
It lacks the F28 eyebrow windows above the cockpit. A Type Certificate was applied for on 25 March 1983; the program was announced in 1983. A pair of prototypes were built. On 30 November 1986, the first prototype, PH-MKH, flew for the first time, while the second, PH-MKC, followed on 25 February 1987; the variant was approved on 20 November 1987. In February 1988, the first deliveries of the Tay 620-15 powered versions started to Swissair. Major customers included American Airlines with 75 orders, TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais with 50 and USAir with 40, their aircraft were powered by the more powerful Tay 650-15. During the early 1990s, Fokker and DASA explored a commercial relationship for regional aircraft. DASA purchased 40% of Fokker in 1993. However, by 1995, both Fokker and DASA were suffering financial difficulties, leading to DASA leaving the regional aircraft market. In June 1996, DASA sold the majority of Dornier to Fairchild Aircraft, leading to the creation of Fairchild Dornier, emerging as the third largest regional aircraft manufacturer.
Although the Fokker 100 was successful, Fokker accumulated losses for several years, contributing to its collapse in 1996. Fokker 100 production stopped in early 1997. Discussions regarding the potential for either portions or the entirety of Fokker being purchased by Bombardier Inc. are known to have taken place, but talks fell through without a deal being reached. Dutch firm Stork B. V. has since acquired the maintenance business for the type and has since been providing services to existing operators, having adopted the name Fokker Aviation. Like any number of regional airliner designs, the Fokker 70/100 was being squeezed from below by stretched versions of the Bombardier and Embraer regional jets. At one point, there was a proposal for a stretched version of the Fokker 100, known as the Fokker 130, however this was never built. In 1999, it was announced that an Amsterdam-based group, Rekkof Restart, had entered into negotiations with the intention of reopening both the Fokker 70 and 100 lines.
During the 2000s, the Netherlands Aircraft Company was formed for the purpose of restarting production. However, the ambition has suffered some delays, including some false starts. In March 2010, NG Aircraft stated that it had securing funding from the Ministry of Economic Affairs to adapt an existing Fokker 100 to serve as a prototype for a planned improved new-build series. In March 2011, it was announced that the government of Brazil had formed a partnership for the revival of the Fokker 100. In July 2014, Maarten Van Eeghen, chief executive of NG Aircraft, revealed more details about the pending revival and the new generation of aircraft that would be produced. Dubbed the F120NG, it would be a new-build aircraft, seating a maximum of 125 to 130 passengers, that would be a stretched model of the base Fokker 100, it would adopt a new powerplant, the Pratt & Whitney PurePower PW1X17G turbofan engine rated at 17,600 lb thrust, claimed to result in the new generation airliner burning 50 per cent less fuel per seat than the original Fokker 100.
It was claimed in 2014 that the earliest entry-to-service date for the F120NG would be 2019, based on a five-year development and te
The Nepali Congress is a social-democratic political party in Nepal. It is the largest opposition party in the House of the National Assembly; the party was formed in 1950 by the merger of Nepali National Congress and Nepal Democratic Congress. Nepali Congress prime ministers led four governments between the fall of the Rana dynasty and the start of the Panchayat era, including the first democratically elected government of Nepal in 1959. In the 2017 elections, NC emerged as the second largest party in the House of Representatives, winning 63 out of 275 seats. In 1947, Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, published an appeal for a unified struggle of Nepali people against the Rana regime; the same year, some Nepalese got together in Benaras and formed an organization by the name All Indian Nepali National Congress where an ad-hoc committee was established. The initial officers were Devi Prasad Devkota, Balchandra Sharma, vice-president, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, general secretary, Gopal Prasad Bhattarai, publicity minister.
Its Working Committee included Narayan Prasad Bhattarai and Narendra Regmi. Its coordinator was Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala. Around the same time, Nepalese located in Calcutta formed another organization by the name All Indian Nepali Gorkha Congress whose Chairman was Dharma Narayan Pradhan. Koirala traveled extensively to places such as Benaras, Darjeeling, Assam and Dehradhun and established contact with the Nepalese there, he met with Ganesh Man Singh during the same period. Nepalese representatives from different areas of Nepal and India organized one session in Calcutta. Koirala, Dilli Raman Regmi Dharma Narayan Pradhan and Dhan Man Singh Pariyar were present. In the same session, dropping Akhil Bharatiya from its name, the organization was named Nepali National Congress. Tanka Prasad Acharya, facing a life-sentence in Kathmandu, was made its chairman; the flag was square-shaped with white and red colors in succession, with the moon and the sun in its center. The major four proposals passed by the session were: Assist the Indians in their Independence movement.
Support Vietnam struggling for freedom against French colonization. Ask for the immediate release of imprisoned members of the Praja Parishad. Initiate a non-violence movement in Nepal for the establishment of an accountable ruling system; the organization's modus operandi was chosen. The organization attached itself to the civil conscience process in Nepal by establishing Tanka Prasad Acharya as its chairman; the Nepali Congress Party was formed by the merger of Nepali National Congress and Nepal Democratic Congress. The Nepali National Congress was founded by Matrika Prasad Koirala in Calcutta, India on January 25, 1946; the Nepal Democratic Congress was founded by Subarna Shumsher Rana in Calcutta on August 4, 1948. The two parties merged on April 10, 1950 to form the Nepali Congress and Koirala became its first president; the party called for an armed revolution against the Rana regime. During the Bairgania Conference in Bairgania, Bihar, on September 27, 1950 the Nepali Congress announced an armed revolution against the Rana regime.
The president of the party announced the liquidation of operations in India and that the party would operate only inside Nepal. After King Tribhuvan took refuge inside the Indian Embassy on November 6, 1950; the Congress Liberation Army decided to take this opportunity to launch attacks against the regime before the King "left Nepalese soil". Matrika and Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala and Subarna Shamsher Rana flew to Bihar, they called the commanders posted at different locations inside Nepal to prepare for armed strikes near the Nepal-India border. On November 11, 1950, at midnight Birgunj was attacked, by November 12 it fell to the Nepali Congress and the first "People's Government" was declared; the liberation army was able to control most of the eastern hills of Nepal and the town of Tansen in Palpa. After pressure by the Indian government and the mass movement by the Nepali Congress and other political parties, the Rana government submitted to their demands and King Tribhuvan returned to the throne, replacing King Gyanendra, crowned king after King Tribhuvan left for India.
After the fall of the Rana government, the Nepali Congress led three of the five governments formed before the elections. Matrika Prasad Koirala, the first commoner to become Prime Minister, led the government from 1951-1952 and 1953-1955 and Subarna Shamsher Rana led the government from 1958-1959; the much delayed elections were held in February 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Nepal after the Nepali Congress won 74 of 109 Parliament seats. Following a royal coup by King Mahendra in 1960, many leaders of the party, including Koirala and General Secretary Hora Prasad Joshi, were imprisoned or exiled. Although political parties were prohibited from 1960 to 1989 and remained outlawed during the panchayat system under the aegis of the Associations and Organizations Act of 1963, the Nepali Congress persisted; the party placed great emphasis on eliminating the feudal economy and building a basis for socioeconomic development. It proposed nationalizing basic industries and instituting progressive taxes on land, urban housing, salaries and foreign investments.
While in exile, the Nepali Congress served as the nucleus around which other opposition groups clustered and instigated popular uprisings in the Hill and Terai regions. During this time, the Nepali Congress refused the overtures of a radical faction of the Communist Party of Nepal for a tactic
Kirtipur is an ancient city of Nepal. It is located in the Kathmandu Valley 5 km south-west of the city of Kathmandu, it is one of the five municipalities in the valley, the others being Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Madhyapur Thimi. It is one of the most religious places to visit. Many people visit this place to not only to see the beauty of nature but to visit temples; the city was listed as a UNESCO tentative site in 2008. The name Kirtipur comes from the Sanskrit terms pur; the colloquial term used for the city is Kipoo. A Newar foundation, Kirtipur is still a center of Newar culture, it has been merged with surrounding villages to form the municipality of Kirtipur with a population of 67,171. Southern Part of Kirtipur is surrounded by ChampaDevi Hill. On Nepali new Year people around kathmandu Valley hike up to the Hill, it has many temples and churches. Due to the presence of Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur is a popular area for out-of-town students and professors to rent houses and they are major contributors to the local economy.
Kirtipur's history dates from 1099 A. D, it was part of the territory of Lalitpur at the time of the invasion of the Kathmandu Valley by the Gorkhali king Prithvi Narayan Shah in the 18th century. In 1767, Kirtipur was annexed to the Gorkhali kingdom by Prithvi Narayan Shah following the Battle of Kirtipur, he conquered the town after entering it by trickery. After this, he cut off the noses of the people over 13 years of age in the city; this was the site of an inspirational peaceful demonstration of the people in the 2006 mass uprising that overthrew the powers of the king. It is considered to be an anti-monarchy city due to its bitter history against the Shah dynasty whose modern founder conquered the city insultingly, followed by negligence of the administration and development by subsequent rulers. Bagh Bhairab temple is one of the most popular temples dedicated to the god Bhairab in the form of an angry tiger; this god is regarded as the guardian of Kirtipur and the locals call it Ajudeu, a grandfather god.
Bhairab, the most terrifying and awful form of Shiva, is the destroyer on one hand and the guardian on the other. Ceremonial rituals in relation to the important events of life such as rice-feeding, puberty and the construction of houses cannot be done without propitiating this deity in most of the towns and cities of Nepal. Bagh Bhairab is worshiped by the Munsi Newars; each of the male family members, on a yearly basis, are supposed to take the chest of Bagh Bhairab turn by turn and keep it in a secret room and worship it twice a day. It is believed. Denial for taking the chest home accounts for a fine equivalent to USD $2000; the present three storeyed temple of Bagh Bhairab built in the 16th century, stands in the brick-paved rectangular courtyard with rest houses around it. Some small shrines and stone idols are spread over the courtyard; the main gate is at the southern side of the courtyard. There are two other gates on the western sides; the two roofs of the temple are made of tiles. Wooden posts with the carving of Hindu gods and goddesses adorn the temple in addition to supporting its roof.
They have been installed in between windows of the second storey, the names of the carved deities have been finely cut out below them on the pedestals. There are six on the middle and eleven on the top. Beneath the eaves of the first roof there are old but faded murals depicting the stories of Ramayan. Maha Bharat and the various manifestations of Durga, the mighty goddess; these paintings are frescoes in red with white plaster background. At the right side of the main gate of the temple there is Hifa Dyo, the god of blood sacrifice is allowed directly to Bagh Bhairab, all animal offerings here are made to this deity just like the animal sacrifices are made to Kumari, a stone idol, placed at the second gate in the left side of Chandeswori in Banepa and to the Chhetrapal, at the beginning of the final series of the steps to the temple of Khadga Jogini in Sankhu. There are two torans over Hifa Dyo, they bear fine cuttings of Asta-Matriks, Asta-Bhairabs and other gods and goddesses. In the western wall of the temple there is a hollow space regarded by the local people as Nasa Dyo, the god of music and dance.
Bagh Bhairab made of clay has been enshrined in the left side corner in the temple. The three glass-eyed tiger-god is tongue-less and tooth-less but covered with silver and copper plates and ornamented; this deity as mentioned in the stone inscriptions has been called Bagheswor, Bhimsen Bhattarak, Gudei Sthanadhipati and Ajudyo. The local people regard this deity as the embodiment of prudence, knowledge and strength to resist all evils. Hence, the auspicious ceremonies such as weddings, Bratabandha and other ritual performances in Kirtipur are done only after a ceremonial worship to this deity. A Buddhist shrine is situated on the southern hill, it is located in Nepal. It was made in the medieval period. An inscription of Nepal Samvat 635 is found in this Chaitya. Therefore, it is one of the most important historical stupas of this region. Uma Maheshwar temple is one of the important heritage sites of Kirtipur; this pagoda-style three-storied temple is situated at the highest point
Dhangadhi is a sub-metropolitan city and the district headquarters of Kailali District in Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal. It shares a border with Uttar Pradesh, India in the south and Gauriganga Municipality in the North, Kailari Rural Municipality in the east and Kanchanpur District in the west. Dhangadhi is a sub-metropolis divided into 19 wards, it has a population of about 147,181 and thus is the 10th biggest city of Nepal. It has an area of 261.75 km2. It is one of the major cities of far-western region of Nepal along with Bhimdatta. Dhangadhi was established in 1976, it became the first sub-metropolitan city in the far-west after it was upgraded to a sub-metropolis from municipality status on 18 September 2015 as the village development committees Fulbari and Urma were merged into Dhangadhi. Dhangadhi is the main business centre of the 7 number province and is the major provider of education and employment opportunities in the region. Maya Metro Hospital Private Limited, CP Hospital Private Limited, Seti Zonal Hospital, Navjeevan Hospital and other small scale hospitals provide health care.
Kailali Multiple Campus, Sudur Paschimanchal Campus, Bhageswor Academy for Health Science, Aishwarya Multiple Campus, Dhangadhi Engineering College, Western International Business School, Nepal Western Academy and other colleges provide advanced education. Dhangadhi is well connected with the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Indian and Nepali nationals may cross the international border without restrictions, however there is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals. Local transport includes Cycle Rickshaws and Public City Buses. Dhangadhi Airport is located 10 km from the administrative center and about 660 kilometers west of Kathmandu; the runway has been extended to 1,524 metres length and blacktopped to accommodate Fokker 100 aircraft. The highest temperature recorded in Dhangadhi was 46.4 °C on 5 June 1995, while the lowest temperature recorded was 0.0 °C on 11 January 1985. Kailali Multiple Campus Sudur Paschimanchal Campus Aishwarya Multiple Campus was established in 2063 B.
S. & has been conditioning the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. The programs offered are: B. Sc, BBS. Dhangadhi Engineering College was established in 2000 A. D. & has been conducting the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Nepal. The programs offered are: Bachelor of Computer Engineering, Bachelor of Computer Application, Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Civil Engineering. Nepal Western Academy is another renowned college located in Santoshi Tole, it is affiliated to Pokhara University. It has been running BBA BI and BHM programs. National Academy of science and technology Western International Business School, it has been running BBA and MBA. It is affiliated to Delta International University of New Orleans USA ★ Three Stars English Boarding School Dhangadhi-8,Kailali Aishwarya Vidya Niketan Higher Secondary School, Kailali, it is one of the oldest schools in Nepal. It was established in 2033 BS. Stepping Stone English School,Chauraha-2, Dhangadhi Jyoti English Boarding High School Broad Vision International Academy, Dhangadhi.
Kailali Model Higher Secondary School, Dhangadhi Panchodaya Higher Secondary School. Green Land Public School - Dhangadhi Aristo English Boarding High School Malika Higher Secondary English School Unique Modern Academy, santoshitole-2. Kailali vidya niketan Shree Basu devi Higher Secondary school Far-west Secondary school Galaxy Higher Secondary School Emerald Academy Manilek International School, Dhangadhi-3, Chatakpur Doon Academy, Bhanshar Road, Dhangadhi-3, Kailali Glee Academy School Himal Academy Dhangadhi, Chauraha-2, Dhangadhi Siddhartha Shishu Sadan Higher Secondary School, L. N. Chwok Shree Navadurga Secondary School, Dhangadhi-2, Bhansar Jaycees Everest English School, Dhangadhi-2Western Crystal Academy Dhangadhi-2 Official website of ddc Kailali
Nepal the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas but includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language; the name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal.
Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala; the Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal; the Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rajput Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005; the Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy. The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, establishes Nepal as a federal secular parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces.
Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, of which it is a founding member. Nepal is a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative; the military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia. Local legends have it that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times, that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected by the sage "Nemi", it is mentioned in Vedic texts. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called. In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a protector, he is said to have taught there. The name of the country is identical in origin to the name of the Newar people; the terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history.
Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form. A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people, it has been suggested that "Nepal" may be a Sanskritization of "Newar", or "Newar" may be a form of "Nepal". According to another explanation, the words "Newar" and "Newari" are vulgarisms arising from the mutation of P to V, L to R. Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least eleven thousand years. Nepal is first mentioned in the late Vedic Atharvaveda Pariśiṣṭa as a place exporting blankets, in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country; the Skanda Purana has a separate chapter, known as "Nepal Mahatmya", with more details. Nepal is mentioned in Hindu texts such as the Narayana Puja.
Legends and ancient texts that mention the region now known as Nepal reach back to the 30th century BC. The Gopal Bansa were one of the earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley; the earliest rulers of Nepal were the Kiratas, peoples mentioned in Hindu texts, who ruled Nepal for many centuries. Various sources mention up to 32 Kirati kings. Around 500 BCE, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose in the southern regions of Nepal. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism, came to be known as Gautama Buddha. By 250 BCE, the southern regions had come under the influence of the Maurya Empire of North India and became a vassal state under the Gupta Empire in the 4th century CE. There is a quite detailed description of the kingdom of Nepal in the account of the renowned Chinese Buddhist pilgrim monk Xuanzang, dating from about 645 CE. Stone inscriptions in the Kathmandu Valley are important sources for the history of Nepal.
The kings of the Lichhavi dynasty have been found to have r