Dhankuta District

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Dhankuta District

धनकुटा जिल्ला
A scene of sunset from a tea garden at Hile, Dhankuta
A scene of sunset from a tea garden at Hile, Dhankuta
Location of Dhankuta
Location of Dhankuta
Divisions of Dhankuta District
Divisions of Dhankuta District
Country   Nepal
ProvinceKirat
Admin HQ.Dhankuta
Municipality
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Dhankuta
Area
 • Total892 km2 (344 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total163,412
 • Households
37,616
Demographics
 • Ethnic groupsKIRAT Rai, Chhetri, Limbu, Magar
 • Female 53%
Human Development Index
 • Income per capita (US dollars)$1257
 • Poverty rate15.9%
 • Literacy74%
 • Life Expectancy69
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Nepali, Limbu, Bantawa, Magar
Websiteddcdhankuta.gov.np

Dhankuta District (Nepali: धनकुटा जिल्ला) (About this soundListen ) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district covers an area of 891 km2 (344 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 163,412.[1] Dhankuta is the district headquarters of Dhankuta District.

History[edit]

Map of Dhankuta Gauda before 1952

Dhankuta was a part of Limbuwan and Kirata Kingdom before unification of those parts into Kingdom of Nepal.

After 1816 there were 10 districts in Nepal and Dhankuta-chainpur district was one of them. All land from east of Dudhkosi river to the Mechi river was one district Dhankuta-chainpur.[2]

From 1885 to 1962 Nepal remained divided into 32 districts and there were six districts in eastern-hill region: East No. 1, East No. 2, East No. 3, East No. 4, Ilam and Dhankuta. Dhankuta was center of these districts; that time also dhankuta was a large (by area) district. Current Sankhuwasabha, Tehrathum, Taplejung, Panchthar and Dhankuta districts were Incorporated under one district; the total area of the former Dhankuta district was 3,448 square miles (8,930 km2).[2][3]

In 1962, Nepal divided into 75 districts and 16 districts of eastern Nepal grouped to form Eastern Development Region and Dhankuta became the headquarter of it.[4][5]

Geography and Climate[edit]

Dhankuta is a mid-hill district of eastern hill region of Nepal, it is situated between 26°53' to 27°19' north latitude and 87°8' to 88°33' east longitude. Total area of the district is 888.7 square kilometres (343.1 sq mi) and it is located at 243 metres (9,600 in) to 629 metres (24,800 in) of elevation above sea level.[6]

Vegetation[edit]

The vegetation zones in the district range from sub-tropical Sal forest along the Tamor and Arun rivers, and cooler temperate forests on some of the high ridges that mark the watershed between the two catchments; the altitude ranges from around 300m to 2500m. The majority of the population are involved in agriculture and crops include maize, rice and millet. Important cash crops include citrus fruits, cauliflower, cabbage, ginger, and in recent years, tea. A well-preserved forest (Rani Ban – Queen's Forest) spreads along a ridge line on the northwest side of the village, with well-developed mature stands of rhododendron and sallo (pine) trees.

Climate Zone[7] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  3.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
44.7%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
46.6%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
 3.2%

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Dhankuta District had a population of 163,412. Of these, 43.5% spoke Nepali, 12.4% Limbu, 9.6% Bantawa, 9.3% Magar, 5.7% Tamang, 3.5% Rai, 3.3% Athpariya, 3.0% Yakkha, 2.3% Chintang, 2.2% Newari, 1.2% Chulung, 0.7% Yamphu and 0.6% Maithili as their first language.[8]

51.8% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 1.4% Bantawa and 0.6% Chintang as their second language.[9]

Divisions[edit]

Dhankuta is divided into 3 urban municipalities and 4 rural municipalities.

No. Type Name Nepali Population (2011) Area Website
1 Urban Dhankuta धनकुटा 36,619 111 www.dhankutamun.gov.np
2 Urban Pakhribas पाख्रीबास 22078 144.29 www.pakhribasmun.gov.np
3 Urban Mahalaxmi महालक्ष्मी 24,800 129 www.mahalaxmimundhankuta.gov.np
4 Rural Sangurigadhi सागुरीगढी 21,536 147.6 www.sangurigadhimun.gov.np
5 Rural Chaubise चौविसे 19,283 147.6 www.choubisemun.gov.np
6 Rural Khalsa Chhintang Sahidbhumi खाल्सा छिन्ताङ सहीदभूमि 18,760 99.55 www.choubisemun.gov.np
7 Rural Chhathar Jorpati छथर जोरपाटी 18,322 102.83 www.choubisemun.gov.np
District Dhankuta धनकुटा 163,412 892 www.ddcdhankuta.gov.np

Former divisions[edit]

Formerly Dhankuta was divided into 2 municipalities and many Village development committees.

Map of the VDC/s in Dhankuta District

Constituencies[edit]

Dhankuta District has singal Parliamentary constituency and 2 Provincial constituencies:

Name of cons. Incorporated areas Type of cons. MP/MLA Party
Dhankuta 1 whole district parliamentary Rajendra Kumar Rai NCP
Dhankuta 1(A) Chaubise, Sangurigadhi, Dhankuta (excluding ward no. 2), Khalsa Chhintang Sahidbhumi (excluding ward no. 4 & 5) provincial Niran Rai NCP
Dhankuta 1(B) Chhathar Jorpati, Pakhribas, Mahalaxmi and ward No. 2 of Dhankuta and ward no. 4 & 5 of Khalsa Chhintang Sahidbhumi provincial Indra Mani Parajuli NCP

Transportation[edit]

Kosi Highway

Dhankuta, the headquarter (center) of Dhankuta District is connected with NH-08 (Koshi Highway), which connects Dhankuta with NH-01 (East-west Highway) at Itahari. Itahari is 69 km (43 mi) at distance from Dhankuta; the NH-08 also connects Dhankuta to northern hill and mountainous area.

Tourist areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Official website of District coordination committee of Dhankuta". ddcdhankuta.gov.np. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  3. ^ "प्रशासकीय पुनर्गठन समिति (बुच कमिशन) को प्रतिवेदन, २००९" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Eastern Development Region". myholidaynepal.com. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  5. ^ "1. Eastern Development Region:". khullakitab.com. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Official website of District Administration department of Dhankuta district". Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  7. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  8. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  9. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°58′53″N 87°20′36″E / 26.98139°N 87.34333°E / 26.98139; 87.34333