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The Diamant rocket was the first French expendable launch system and at the same time the first satellite launcher not built by either the United States or USSR. As such, it has been referred to as being a key predecessor for all subsequent European launcher projects. During 1962, development of the Diamant commenced as the inaugural spacecraft project of France's space agency, the Centre National d'Études Spatiales; as a project, it was derived from the military program Pierres précieuses that included the five prototypes Agate, Emeraude and Saphir, drew upon the knowledge and technologies, developed. On 26 November 1965, the Diamant A performed its maiden flight. Out of a total of 12 launch attempts to be performed between 1965 and 1975, 9 of these were successful. Most notably, on 26 November 1965, the Diamant was used to launch the first French satellite, named Astérix. Three successive versions of the Diamant rocket were developed, designated A, B and BP4. All versions had three stages and a payload of 150 kg for a 200 km orbit.

Despite the success of the Diamant as a launcher, France chose to terminate further work on its national launcher program in favor of participation in the multi-European programme to produce what would become the Ariane launcher in 1975. During the late 1940s and 1950s, substantial interest arose amongst the international powers of the era in the development of rocketry and missile technology, in particular the prospects for ballistic missiles capable of travelling great distances. Both of the emergent superpowers of the time, the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics chose to invest within this new field, observing its political and military importance. In addition, other nations sought to make headway with this technology seeking to exploit and build upon knowledge, acquired from Nazi Germany's V2 programme. In western Europe, both the United Kingdom and France began making significant early steps in this field. While Britain forged ahead with programmes such as the Black Knight ballistic missile demonstrator and the military-orientated Blue Steel missile programme, France made progress on its own efforts.

During 1949, the French government established the Laboratoire de Recherches Balistiques et Aérodynamiques at Vernon, outside Paris, for the purpose of pursuing its own military-focused ballistic missiles programmes. The agency conducted straightforward and cost-conscious programmes, such as the development of the V2-based Veronique liquid-fuelled rocket in cooperation with a number of German scientists, which first flew during 1954. During 1957, having been suitably encouraged by the progress made, the Comité d'Action Scientifique de Défense Nationale decided to finance further refinements of the Veronique rocket. During 1958, French wartime military leader Charles de Gaulle became President of France, establishing the Fifth Republic. De Gaulle, keen to develop a capable and independent French nuclear deterrent, determined that French-built missiles could comprise a potent element of the French military's fledgling nuclear arsenal, known as the Force de frappe. A expanded and renewed framework for missile-related development was promptly issued alongside generous government support for scientific research.

During 1959, the French government established the Comité de Recherches Spatiales, which would be renamed as the Centre National d'Études Spatiales. The newly formed CRS chaired by the French physicist Pierre Auger, was tasked with the coordination of all French research efforts in the field of space. From an early stage, the organisation's primary goal was to pursue the development of an indigenous expendable launch system with which payloads, such as satellites, could be launched into orbit; the indigenous launcher, promptly named Diamant, drew from the military ballistic missile programmes which had preceded it. On 26 November 1965, the first Diamant rocket was fired from its launch site, the CIEES testing range, at Hammaguir, Bechar Province, French Algeria; this maiden flight was deemed to be a success, achieving sufficient altitude and launching French's first satellite, a 42 kg test vehicle known as Astérix, into orbit. During 1966 and 1967, Diamant was used to launch three French-built scientific satellites.

On 9 April 1968, the Guiana Space Centre, France's new national launching complex at Kourou, French Guiana, was declared to be operational. On 10 March 1970, the first Diamant B rocket, an improved model of the launcher

Robert W. Fassold

Major-General R. W. Fassold OStJ, CD, QHP, BSc, MD was the 29th Canadian Surgeon General. Born in London, Robert W. was educated at "the University of Western Ontario, where he earned" a bachelor's degree in Science in 1955, a Medical Degree in 1968, "under the Military Medical Training Plan." He was the first to graduate under the MMTP. He completed graduate studies in 1971 at the University of Toronto, in Public Health, in 1972 "at the United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks Air Force Based in San Antonio, Texas."Prior to enrolling in medical school, Fassold joined the RCAF in 1956. As a Pilot Officer, Fassold, "who held a short-service commission, was sponsored for an 18-month pilot training program by 420 Squadron, London Ontario; this squadron was disbanded just as his basic flying training on the Harvard aircraft at #2 Flying Training School at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan."In 1957, "Flying Officer Fassold transferred to the Regular Force when he received his wings." He "served with 2 Air Observer School at RCAF Station Winnipeg and with 412 Transport Squadron at RCAF Station Uplands Ontario."Newly promoted to Major, Fassold "was appointed Base Surgeon at Canadian Forces Base Trenton, Ontario, in 1969 where he served as Flight Surgeon until 1971."After returning to Canada in 1973, Fassold was assigned to the Surgeon General’s Staff, in the Directorate of Preventive Medicine in Ottawa, Ontario.

In 1974, he was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel, "after one year as section head… was appointed Acting Director of Preventive Medicine." The following year he "joined the staff of the newly formed Air Command Headquarters in WinnipegStaff Officer Medical Operations."In 1977, Fassold was promoted to Colonel and appointed "Commanding Officer of the Canadian Forces Environmental Medicine Establishment and Deputy Chief of the Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine in Toronto", Ontario. Fassold was promoted to Brigadier-General and appointed Deputy Surgeon General in 1980. In 1985, he was appointed Surgeon General. During that appointment he served as president of the Aerospace Medical Association from 1986 to 1987, he remained in the position of Surgeon General until 1988, at which time he retired from the Canadian Forces, "formed a consultancy in Aerospace and Occupational Medicine with his major clients being the Canadian Space Agency and Canada Post Corporation."In 1995, "he purchased an ex-RCAF de Havilland DHC-1 Chipmunk, a two-seat training aircraft, which he operates commercially, providing pilot training and passenger rides, including those at Canada’s National Aviation Museum in Ottawa", Ontario.

He remains the Occupational Medicine Consultant on Transport Canada’s Aviation Medical Review Board

Chris Doyle (footballer)

Christopher Doyle is an English footballer who plays as a defender for F. C. United of Manchester. Doyle spent time in the Everton Academy from the age of 10 to 14 before joining Dickie Danson's youth setup at Morecambe, he was given a pro contract a year early at the age of 17 at the start of the 2012–13 season. Doyle made his 1st team debut in the Shrimps 3–0 win against Rochdale coming on as a late sub. Still a young and promising prospect, Doyle sees himself as a future club captain and won back to back player of the year awards for Stewart Drummond's reserve team. Doyle had a successful loan period at Chorley FC till the end of the season scoring 5 times in 26 appearances and reaching the Conference North play-off final. Doyle signed an extended 12-month contract with Morecambe at start of 2015–16 season, he was released by Morecambe in May 2016. He joined Southport in August 2016. Doyle joined his home town team of Marine in July 2018 after being lured back into football. Doyle attended Sacred Heart Catholic College situated in Liverpool.

Chris Doyle at Soccerbase

Exposed (Kristinia DeBarge album)

Exposed is the debut studio album by American singer-songwriter Kristinia DeBarge, released on July 28, 2009 by Island Records and Sodapop Records. Its music incorporates R&B styles; the album debuted at number 23 on the US Billboard 200 with 16,539 copies sold the first week. DeBarge began recording the album in 2008, had been writing the album since 2006; the album features production and writing from the likes of Babyface and OneRepublic frontman Ryan Tedder amongst others. The album spawned three different singles; the first of these singles, titled "Goodbye" has become DeBarge's biggest hit to date. The song reached the Top 20 in Canada, as well as the Australian Hitseekers Chart, it charted well in countries such as Sweden. The second single was "Sabotage", released on August 18, 2009; the song was to be released along with "Future Love", those plans were scrapped, "Sabotage" became the stand-alone second single. Despite the success of her previous single, "Sabotage" failed to chart on any chart worldwide.

The third single, "Future Love", was released on November 10, 2009. The single became her second consecutive single to miss out on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, however, it did peak at number 25 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 singles chart. Exposed received positive reviews from music critics, based on an aggregate score of 69/100 from Metacritic; the album received positive reviews from major critical websites, such as Blues & Soul, People Magazine, AllMusic. On December 15, 2009, a deluxe edition of the album was released only on iTunes, in an attempt to boost album sales; the deluxe edition features two remixes of "Goodbye" and "Sabotage", as well as the music video for the two songs. However, the deluxe edition failed to raise album sales, selling only 1,000 copies in its first week. With great variations between track themes, namely from the pain of breaking up in "Cried Me A River" to the excitement of falling in love in "Doesn't Everybody Want To Fall In Love", DeBarge has a personal connection to each song on the album: "I want to show people that they're not alone...

I hurt, I get scared, I get nervous and I'm not always at my best – but I try my best. I'm not perfect. I make mistakes and that's okay." The album includes two songs which DeBarge wrote herself: "Cried Me a River" and "It's Gotta Be Love". Other notable credits go to songwriter and producer Ryan Tedder, best known for crafting Leona Lewis' worldwide number one "Bleeding Love", Beyoncé Knowles's top 5 hit "Halo" and Jordin Sparks' top 10 hit "Battlefield". For this album he co-wrote and produced "Speak Up" as well as the single "Future Love" recorded and released in 2008 by American boyband Varsity Fanclub. Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds made the biggest contribution having worked on four songs: "Cried Me a River", "Doesn't Everybody Want to Fall in Love", "It's Gotta Be Love" and "Disconnect". DeBarge began singing when she was 3 years old, but did not begin to take it until she was 12; when she was 12, her father took her into a recording studio. They worked until 4 am recording a duet, which made her father realize that she was serious about beginning a singing career.

During the summer of 2003, DeBarge was a contestant on American Juniors. DeBarge progressed to the semifinal round of twenty contestants, she was featured in the first group of ten semifinalists and sang the song "Reflection" from the Disney movie Mulan. However, she was not one of the five to progress from that group into the final ten. Due to her performance on the show, several producers began to consider DeBarge to be added to their label. At 14, DeBarge was introduced to Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, she worked with him for five years and, two days before her nineteenth birthday, signed to a new division of Island Def Jam Records founded by Edmonds and Jeff Burroughs called Sodapop Records, began working on Exposed. The music found on Exposed is R&B, as well as pop and dance. J!-ENT described the songs on the album, stating "The first track'Somebody' features a collaboration with Mel & Mus and for the most part, a catchy dance track. The second track'Future Love' a cover of the boy band – Varsity Fanclub's popular track features a more pop with a slight more upbeat tempo than the original.

This track is her second single. The third track features the ballad'Speak Up' feature a collaboration with producer Ryan Tedder. An awesome track showcasing Kristinia's vocals. Well done! The fourth track'Goodbye' is a Babyface track. Overall, an upbeat, addictive track utilizing the classic 1969 Steam track'Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye'. A wonderful debut single for Kristinia; the fifth track'Sabotage' is Kristinia's second double-A sided single and features a track produced by The Jam. An upbeat pop track; the seventh track'Powerless' produced by RADIO and The JAM. Featuring a Rihanna-ish style of track, but overall, a well-produced, upbeat track. The eighth track ` Cried Me a River' features a Preach produced upbeat ballad. Another catchy track; the ninth track'Doesn't Everybody Want to Fall in Love' features a Babyface & Preach produced track. Another irresistible pop track; the tenth track ` It's Got ta Be Love' features. A commercial, smooth R&B track. In a way, a combination of modern R&B and 90′s old school style of music, but overall a solid track.

The final track on the album is'Disconnect' featuring a Babyface produced track. A ballad featuring a mid-tempo track with a deep beat." Lyrically, the album deals mainl

Sami Repo

Sami Repo is a Finnish former cross-country skier who competed from 1992 to 2004. He won a bronze medal in the 4 × 10 km relay at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. Repo's best individual finish happened at Nagano with an 18th in the 10 km. Repo's best finish at the Nordic skiing World Championships was 11th in the 10 km and the 10 km + 15 km combined pursuit events, he won four FIS World Cup races in Finland as well. All results are sourced from the International Ski Federation. 1 medal – 3 podiums 7 wins – 16 podiums – Sami Repo at the International Ski Federation Sami Repo at the International Olympic Committee Sami Repo at Olympics at

Corby Spirit and Wine

Corby Spirit and Wine Limited is a Canadian alcohol manufacturing and distribution company. It was founded in 1859 in Ontario; as of 2008, the company is 46% owned by Pernod Ricard. The company distills several Canadian specialities, as well as marketing Pernod Ricard's products in Canada. Corby is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the trading symbols CSW. A and CSW. B. 1837, Henry Corby sells his bakery and starts buying grain before he opens his distillery in Corbyville, ON, near Belleville 1905, sold to Mortimer Davis as "H. Corby Distillery Company Limited" 1918, sold to Canadian Industrial Alcohol Company Limited, merged with JP Wiser's Distillery Limited of Prescott, Ontario, J. M. Douglas and Company Limited, Robert Macnish and Co. Limited of Scotland. 1935 Gooderham and Worts acquires 51% share 1952, the company wins right to produce United Rum Merchants of London's Lamb's Rum in Canada 1954, the company buys stake in Tia Maria 1969, the name is changed to "Corby Distilleries Limited – Les Distilleries Corby Limitée" 1978, purchases Meagher's Distillery Limited of Montreal and its subsidiary, The William Mara Company of Toronto 1985, Corby's parent company is purchased by Allied Lyons PLC 1988, Corby divests itself of Robert MacNish Scotch Company, purchases McGuinness Distilling Co.

Ltd from Heublein, the spirits division of Nabisco 1989, the distillery in Corbyville, Ontario closes 1991, Corby buys Upper Canada Brewing Company, resold in 1995 2005, Corby's parent company purchased by Pernod Ricard of France 2006, Corby sells stake in Tia Maria to Pernod Ricard and purchases international rights to Lamb's Rum 2011, sold 17 of its non-core brands and the Montreal bottling and production facility to Sazerac. 2013, Corby changes its name to Corby Spirit and Wine Limited 2016, Corby acquires the spirits assets of Domaines Pinnacle Inc. operating as a new Corby subsidiary, Ungava Spirits Co. Ltd. Today, Corby owns or represents many of the 25 top-selling brands in Canada and is expanding its sales to the US, Europe and other international markets, such as Australia. Corby's portfolio includes J. P. Wiser's Lamb's rum, Polar Ice vodka and McGuinness liqueurs. Corby represents leading international brands such as ABSOLUT vodka, Chivas Regal, The Glenlivet distillery and Ballantine's Scotch whiskies, Jameson Irish Whiskey, Beefeater Gin, Malibu rum, Kahlúa liqueur, Mumm Champagne, Jacob's Creek, Graffigna, Campo Viejo, Wyndham Estate wines.

Wiser's whisky Polar Ice Vodka Lamb's Rum McGuinness Liqueur Family Pike Creek Canadian Whisky Lot 40 Canadian Whisky Hiram Walker's Special Old Royal Reserve Cabot Trail Ungava Premium Gin Chic Choc Official website