Freedom Fighters (comics)
Freedom Fighters is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The original six characters were Black Condor, Doll Man, the Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, Uncle Sam. Although the characters were created by Quality Comics, they never were gathered in a group before being acquired by DC; the team first appeared in a Justice League of America/Justice Society of America team-up, which ran in Justice League of America #107–108, written by Len Wein and drawn by Dick Dillin. Their own ongoing series premiered with Freedom Fighters #1, written by Gerry Conway and Martin Pasko, drawn by Ric Estrada. Although when the Freedom Fighters appeared for the first time in Justice League of America #107–108, they were considered natives from Earth-X, retroactive stories established the group as native from Earth-Two, who migrated to Earth-X; the earliest version of the Freedom Fighters was assembled on December 7, 1941. Uncle Sam brought them together, assembling Neon the Unknown, the Red Torpedo, the Invisible Hood, Miss America and Hourman to prevent a tragedy.
However, this group failed in its attempt to stop the devastation at Pearl Harbor. All of them but Uncle Sam and Hourman were thought killed, but only Magno died; this version of the group was a retcon and their battle and alleged deaths were depicted in the pages of Roy Thomas' two books chronicling that era: All-Star Squadron and the Young All-Stars. The DC version of the characters were said to reside on the parallel world of "Earth-X", where Nazi Germany won a prolonged World War II due to a Japanese invasion of California and the development of nuclear weapons by the Nazis; the Freedom Fighters had their own book for fifteen issues from 1976 to 1978, in which they crossed over to Earth-1 and were set up by Silver Ghost. They spend the rest of the series on the run from the law, unable to clear themselves; the series was canceled. This series introduced the Crusaders and reintroduced Firebrand. In addition to the core members of the "second team" which were the members seen in the seventies comic book, other Quality heroes joined later: Red Bee, Miss America, Plastic Man, Quicksilver.
Since the Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Freedom Fighters have been based on the main DC Universe Earth, were all members of the All-Star Squadron. Years after the war, a third version of the team surfaced in the 1980s, with the rise of a new age of heroes; the Freedom Fighters, along with the Blackhawks and Justice Society, were captured by alien Appellaxians and placed in internment camps. They were freed by the new Justice League of America; the Freedom Fighters regrouped for a brief time, but soon called it quits again when Firebrand was killed in battle with the Silver Ghost. A fourth version of the team appeared as an auxiliary of the new Justice Society of America; the Human Bomb, Black Condor, Phantom Lady were killed by the Secret Society of Super Villains in Infinite Crisis #1. Damage was critically injured, Iron Munro was absent, the Ray was captured by the Psycho-Pirate as part of Alexander Luthor's plans. A new team of heroes debuted in the limited series Crisis Aftermath: The Battle for Blüdhaven, featured as Freedom Fighters members in the miniseries Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters, which premiered in July 2006.
This team consists of new incarnations of the Phantom Lady, the Ray, the Human Bomb, Doll Man, Bigfoot and Face. It is part of S. H. A. D. E. A secret American government agency chartered under the USA PATRIOT Act, led by Father Time; the new team conducts assassinations and other illegal acts against criminal and terrorist organizations. As issue #1 of Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters begins, the team is tasked to capture the revived Uncle Sam, in the process of forming his own Freedom Fighters team. H. A. D. E. Members to his cause disapproving of their use of deadly force; this version of the team is loosely based on notes by Grant Morrison and written by Jimmy Palmiotti and Justin Gray. Uncle Sam is portrayed as an Christ-like figure, returning from the dead, with the new Firebrand filling a John the Baptist role. Father Time is shown as aiding in Senator Frank Knight's being secretly murdered in the midst of his successful campaign for the Presidency of the U. S. and replaced by a sentient robot double, Gonzo the Mechanical Bastard, who proceeds with an agenda to implant RFID chips in every U.
S. control them to bring chaos to the world through war. In Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters #3, a team created by Father Time called First Strike attacked the Freedom Fighters but not before being stopped by the new Black Condor. In #4, Condor manages to weaken First Strike long enough for the Freedom Fighters to fight back. Human Bomb kills one First Strike's members and the team heads back to S. H. A. D. E. Headquarters. In #5, The Freedom Fighters defeat First Strike, but are taken out by a young woman claiming to be Miss America. While they are being tortured, S. H. A. D. E. Headquarters is attacked by an old woman claiming to be the real Miss America. In #6, the Freedom Fighters defeat the new Miss America with the original's help, forcing Father Time to retreat; as he begins "molting" into a new body, he gives the order to "activate the traitor." This turns out to be the Ray, who attacks and kills the new Invisible Hood and calls down giant reinforcements. In #7, The Freedom Fighters face off against the Cosmigo
In comic books, an intercompany crossover is a comic or series of comics where characters that at the time of publication are the property of one company meet those owned by another company. These occur in "one-shot" issues or miniseries; some crossovers are part of canon. But most are outside of series of stories, they can be a joke, a gag, a dream sequence, or a "what if" scenario. Marvel/DC crossovers include those where the characters live in alternate universes, as well as those where they share the "same" version of Earth; some fans have posited a separate "Crossover Earth" for these adventures. In the earliest licensed crossovers, the companies seemed to prefer shared world adventures; this was the approach for early intercompany crossovers, including 1976's Superman vs. the Amazing Spider-Man and 1981's Superman and Spider-Man. Besides the two Superman/Spider-Man crossovers, a number of other DC/Marvel adventures take place on a "Crossover Earth", but intercompany crossovers tend to present the DC and Marvel Universes as alternate realities, bridged when common foes make this desirable, as the interest in overall continuity has become a major part of crossover comic books.
Characters are licensed or sold from one company to another, as with DC acquiring such characters of Fawcett Comics, Quality Comics, Charlton Comics as the original Captain Marvel, Plastic Man and Captain Atom. In this way, heroes published by different companies can become part of the same fictional universe, interactions between such characters are no longer considered intercompany crossovers. Although a meeting between a licensed character and a wholly owned character is technically an intercompany crossover, comics companies bill them as such; this is the case when some characters in an ongoing series are owned or to some extent controlled by their creators, as with Doctor Who antagonists the Daleks, who are not owned by the UK television network the BBC though the character of The Doctor is. All-Star Comics No. 3 The Justice Society of America was created in this issue, combining National Comics' Doctor Fate, Hour-Man, the Spectre, the Sandman, All-American Publications' the Atom, the Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman.
National and All-American, separate editorial imprints, shared the unofficial "DC" label due to joint publishing and distribution. Lois Lane and Captain Marvel "The Monkey's Paw", a story from Lois Lane No. 42, featured a one-panel appearance, with his costume mis-colored, by the defunct Fawcett Comics' Captain Marvel, not yet a DC character. The letters page of No. 113 described it as "strictly a private joke" on the part of former Captain Marvel artist Kurt Schaffenberger. The story was reprinted in No. 104 with the costume coloring corrected. HomagesWriters during the 1960s and early 1970s sometimes engaged in a form of intercompany crossover with thinly disguised imitations of a competing company's characters, as opposed to parodies in satirical-humor stories. In this way, Marvel's superhero team the Avengers met a version of DC's Justice League of America in The Avengers No. 70, 85–86, 147-48. In Action Comics #351-353 DC's Superman met a villain called Zha-Vam, whose powers and name were derivative of Captain Marvel and of the magic word Shazam that gave Captain Marvel his powers.
Superman met versions of Marvel's Fantastic Four, Spider-Man and Sub-Mariner in The Inferior Five No. 10. In the 1970s, the annual Rutland Halloween Parade in Rutland, Vermont was used as the setting of a number of superhero comic books published by both Marvel and DC Comics. Costumed parade attendees in these books were depicted wearing the uniforms of characters from the other company. In the fall of 1972, writers Len Wein, Gerry Conway and Steve Englehart crafted a metafictional unofficial intercompany crossover spanning titles from both major comics companies; each comic featured Englehart and Wein, as well as Wein's first wife Glynis, interacting with Marvel or DC characters at the Rutland Halloween Parade. Beginning in Amazing Adventures No. 16, the story continued in Justice League of America No. 103, concluded in Thor No. 207. As Englehart explained in 2010, "It seemed like a radical concept and we knew that we had to be subtle...and each story had to stand on its own, but we worked it out.
It's worthwhile to read those stories back to back to back – it didn't matter to us that one was at DC and two were at Marvel – I think it was us being creative, thinking what would be cool to do." Other issues featuring the parade include Batman No. 237, DC Super Stars No. 18, Freedom Fighters No. 6, The Avengers No. 83 and No. 119, Marvel Feature No. 2. The co-publication of the comic adaptation of MGM's The Wizard of Oz by Marvel and DC made possible future intercompany cross-overs between the two comic book giants. Superman vs; the Amazing Spider-Man The first official intercompany crossover of recent decades. The villains are Doctor Octopus and Lex Luthor. Marvel Treasury Edition #28: Superman and Spider-Man Superman and Spider-Man battle
World's Finest Comics
World's Finest Comics was an American comic book series published by DC Comics from 1941 to 1986. The series was titled World's Best Comics for its first issue. Michael E. Uslan has speculated that this was because DC received a cease and desist letter from Better Publications, Inc., publishing a comic book entitled Best Comics since November 1939. Every issue featured DC's two leading superheroes and Batman, with the earliest issues featuring Batman's sidekick, Robin; the idea for World's Best #1 originated from the identically formatted 1940 New York World's Fair Comics featuring Superman and Robin with 96 pages and a cardboard cover. The year before there was a similar 1939 New York World's Fair Comics featuring Superman but without Batman and Robin because Bill Finger and Bob Kane had not yet created them; the series was a 96-page quarterly anthology, featuring various DC characters – always including Superman and Batman – in separate stories. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "Pairing Superman and Batman made sense financially, since the two were DC's most popular heroes."
When superheroes fell out of vogue in the early 1950s, DC shortened the size of the publication to that of the rest of its output, leaving only enough space for one story. The title depicted Batman gaining superpowers as a way to avoid having him be overshadowed by Superman. Lex Luthor and the Joker first joined forces in issue #88. A new supervillain, the Composite Superman, was introduced in #142. Noted Batman artist Neal Adams first drew the character in an interior story in "The Superman-Batman Revenge Squads" in issue #175; the title featured Superman teaming with heroes other than Batman in the early 1970s beginning with issue #198. That issue featured the first part of a two-issue team-up with the Flash. Other characters to appear in the next two years included Robin, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman, the Teen Titans, Doctor Fate, Green Arrow, the Martian Manhunter, the Atom, the Vigilante. Nick Cardy was the cover artist for World's Finest Comics for issues #212–228. Metamorpho was the backup feature in issues #218–220 and #229 after the character had a brief run as the backup in Action Comics.
The series reverted to Superman and Batman team-ups after issue #214 with a unique twist, featuring the children they might one day have, Superman Jr. and Batman Jr. These characters, billed as the Super-Sons, were co-created by writer Bob Haney and artist Dick Dillin in issue #215. Super-Sons stories alternated with tales of the original Superman and Batman through issue #263, with issues #215–216, 221–222, 224, 228, 230, 231, 233, 238, 242, 263 featuring the sons. Haney disregarded continuity by scripting stories which contradicted DC's canon or by writing major heroes in an out-of-character fashion, he introduced Batman's older brother, Thomas Wayne Jr. in World's Finest Comics #223. This story was used as a basis for a plot detail in the "Court of Owls" story arc in 2012. Issues #223 to #228 of the series were in the 100 Page Super Spectacular format. With issue #244, World's Finest Comics became one of the first 80-page Dollar Comics, it featured the Batman team with back-up features. The number of pages was reduced from 80 to 64 starting with issue #252 and reduced to 48 pages with issue #266 which lasted until issue #282.
Issue #250 combined Superman and Batman with Green Arrow, the Black Canary, Wonder Woman into the World's Finest Team in a 56-page story. Writer Roy Thomas wrote a book-length story for issue #271 which pieced together all the "first meetings" of Superman and Batman; this issue did not have any backup features. The Hawkman story "Drive Me To The Moon!" in #272 featured Hawkgirl changing her title to Hawkwoman. As of issue #283, the series reverted to a standard format title again featuring only Superman and Batman team-ups, which continued until the series' cancellation with issue #323; the series reached issue #300 in February 1984. This double-sized anniversary issue was a "jam" featuring a story by writers David Anthony Kraft, Mike W. Barr, Marv Wolfman with art by Ross Andru, Mark Texeira, Sal Amendola, George Pérez. David Mazzucchelli, the artist of the "Batman: Year One" storyarc in 1987, first drew Batman in a backup story in World's Finest Comics #302. Issue #314 was the last pre-Crisis and first Crisis on Infinite Earths appearances of the Monitor and Harbinger.
The series ended with issue # 323 by artist José Delbo. A number of World's Finest titles have since appeared: A four-issue miniseries in 1990 by Dave Gibbons, Steve Rude and Karl Kesel. In the series and Batman battle their archenemies Lex Luthor and the Joker, for that, they temporary exchange their places in their home cities, Superman goes to Gotham City, Batman goes to Metropolis. A three-issue Legends of the World's Finest miniseries in 1994 by Walt Simonson and Dan Brereton. A two-issue Superboy/Robin: World's Finest Three miniseries in 1996. Elseworld's Finest – a two-issue miniseries that reimagines Superman and Batman in a 1920s style pulp adventure. World's Finest: Parts I-III and Batman/Superman Adventures: World's Finest, a 1997 three-part episode of Superman: The An
Justice League Satellite
The Justice League Satellite is the name of two fictional locations, both of which were used as bases of operations for the DC Comics superhero team the Justice League of America. When the Justice League of America formed, its base of operations was the Secret Sanctuary, inside a cave in Happy Harbor, Rhode Island. In Justice League of America #77, honorary member Snapper Carr betrays the location of the Secret Sanctuary to the Joker; the League subsequently moves its base to a new secure headquarters, an orbiting satellite 22,300 miles above the Earth, in Justice League of America #78. The satellite would be the League's home for the next several years. Members are able to teleport to and from the satellite using teleportation centers located across the planet. League members took turns on watch duty, monitoring Earth from the satellite and dispatching the League as needed; this era of the Justice League, is referred to as the "Satellite League". It is revealed in Identity Crisis that the satellite base was not quite as secure as the Justice League had hoped, as Dr. Light was able to use the satellite's transport system and break into the base.
Finding Sue Dibny alone aboard the satellite, he raped her. The satellite is damaged and rendered inoperable just prior to Aquaman's decision to disband the team in Justice League of America Annual #2; the League was in a time of transition, not only in its choice of headquarters, but in its membership. The deepening detachment of members such as Batman and Wonder Woman caused the three charter Justice League members to resign from active duty with the League. At the same time, the Flash left the team to confront his manslaughter trial and investigate the disappearance of his wife; the death of her mother led Black Canary to move to Seattle with Green Arrow. Green Lantern had been temporarily expelled from the Green Lantern Corps and resigned from the League as well to sort out his life; the satellite meets its final and complete destruction during Crisis on Infinite Earths, when it is destroyed by a self-destructing Red Tornado, sabotaged and tampered with by the Anti-Monitor. It is never rebuilt, but the League would return to a spaceborne base of operations in the 1990s when it relocated to the Overmaster's orbiting space station known as the Refuge.
Following the gathering of the new team as seen in Justice League of America #7, a new satellite is presented as headquarters. The new satellite is an orbiting Watchtower working together with The Hall, a building located in Washington DC, paid for by Batman and designed by Wonder Woman and John Stewart. Inside the Hall is an archway-type teleportation system, dubbed'Slideways' in which a person need to walk through the archway to be transported to the League's new orbiting satellite headquarter 22,300 miles above Earth. Jim Lee was called to design the new headquarters. Writer Brad Meltzer: "On the satellite, he did six different designs. We kind of took a little from Column A and B. I saw in one of his other designs, he had these drones and I loved those, I said,'Can we put those on there as well? I want to take that!'" The satellite has a Danger Room-like training room nicknamed The Kitchen because "if you can't stand the heat...". Meltzer explains that, for the first time, the satellite has defensive and offensive weaponry.
Despite the defense systems, the Watchtower was damaged by the Sinestro Corps. The JLA Satellite appeared in the Super Friends animated series, although it wasn't shown to be the headquarters of the Justice League.. In the Justice League animated series, Justice League headquarters is an orbiting satellite, although the headquarters is referred to as the Justice League Watchtower; this animated version of the Watchtower appears in several episodes of Justice League, as well as a two-part crossover episode of Static Shock. The heroes use the Javelin-7 spaceplane to travel to Earth and back, in place of the comic book's transporter; the Watchtower is destroyed in the series finale episode, "Starcrossed", when Earth is attacked by invaders from the planet Thanagar. In Justice League Unlimited, a new satellite Watchtower is introduced as a replacement for the original; the rebuilt satellite is larger, in order to accommodate the many new members of the expanded League, as well as its many non-superhero personnel.
There are now several Javelins, a teleportation system for beaming personnel down to earth, a powerful energy weapon capable of causing massive damage on Earth, although the weapon is dismantled after it was hacked into by Lex Luthor. On the online multimedia Smallville parallel story Justice and Doom, John Jones used a Swann Communications satellite for a base. Batman is introduced to the Justice League in a classic Hall of Justice version of the satellite, which floats above the earth on a massive asteroid. Although it is a "Justice League satellite," it has not yet been named as such. A JL-operated space station in the game MK vs. DC. It's called the "U. N. Orbital Space Station", it is similar in design to the original Justice League Satellite from the comics. The Satellite appears in a flashback in the episode "Sidekicks Assemble!", with the Justice League holding a meeting inside. The defunct Satellite is reactivated in "Darkseid Descending!", where it is used as the headquarters of the Justice League International.
The Satellite reappears in "Shadow of
Rutland (city), Vermont
The city of Rutland is the seat of Rutland County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 16,495, it is located 65 miles north of the Massachusetts state line and 20 miles east of the New York state line. Rutland is the third largest city in the state of Vermont after South Burlington, it is surrounded by the town of Rutland, a separate municipality. The downtown area of the city is listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places, it began on Otter Creek in the early 19th century as a small hamlet called Mill Village in Rutland, the surrounding town named by Governor Benning Wentworth in 1761 after John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland. In the early 19th century, small high-quality marble deposits were discovered in Rutland, in the 1830s a large deposit of nearly solid marble was found in what is now West Rutland. By the 1840s, small firms had begun excavations, but marble quarries proved profitable only after the railroad arrived in 1851.
At the same time, the famous quarries of Carrara in Tuscany, grew unworkable because of their extreme depth, allowing Rutland to become one of the world's leading marble producers. A large number of Italians with experience in the industry immigrated and brought their families to Rutland; this fueled enough growth and investment that in 1886 the center of town incorporated as Rutland village. Most of the town was split off as West Rutland and Proctor, which contained the bulk of the marble quarries. Rutland City was incorporated as Vermont's third city on November 18, 1892; the new city's first mayor was John A. Mead, who served only one term in 1893. In 1894, the nation's first polio outbreak was identified in the Rutland area. 132 people from the Rutland area were affected. Seven died. 110 others suffered some paralysis for life. 55 were from the city itself. In 1903, a Rutland City ordinance restricting the carrying of firearms led to the Vermont Supreme Court's decision in State v. Rosenthal, thereby establishing protection for the carrying of firearms without permit or license, what has become known as "Vermont Carry".
Nonetheless, Rutland had a similar ordinance in place as late as 1998, at which point it was challenged and removed. The closing of the marble quarries in the area in the 1980s and 1990s led to a loss of jobs in the area. Rutland is located at 43°36′32″N 72°58′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.67 square miles, of which 7.6 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.52%, is water. Rutland is drained by Moon Brook, Tenney Brook, East Creek and Mussey Brook; the city of Rutland has a humid continental climate with long and snowy winters and warm, moist summers. The all-time record high is 102 °F or 38.9 °C, set in 2008. The all-time record low temperature is −43 °F or −41.7 °C, set in 1994. On average, the wettest month is July, February is the driest. Rutland is the 3rd largest city in Vermont, not located on, or near, either of the state's two major Interstate highways, it is, signed on I-91 at exit 6 northbound in Rockingham and appears on auxiliary signs at exit 10 southbound near White River Junction.
The city is signed on I-89 at exit 13 southbound in South Burlington, exit 3 southbound in Royalton, exit 1 northbound in Quechee. In addition, the city appears on auxiliary guide signs on the Adirondack Northway before Exits 17 and 20. U. S. Route 4 and U. S. Route 7 intersect and overlap each other in Rutland along Main Street between the Diamond Run Mall and Woodstock Avenue and are the two main routes into the city. U. S. 7 connects Rutland with Manchester and Bennington to the south, with Middlebury and Burlington to the north. To the east, U. S. 4 travels through Killington and White River Junction on its way toward New Hampshire. To the west, U. S. 4 has been rebuilt as a 4-lane freeway to the New York state line, a distance of just over 18 miles. It is the only limited-access freeway to serve Rutland; the former route of U. S. 4, which runs parallel to the freeway portion, is now signed as U. S. Route 4 Business and Vermont Route 4A. Rutland's railroad station is the terminal station for Amtrak's Ethan Allen Express, which provides daily 5.5 hour service to and from New York City.
The state and Amtrak have undertaken an extension of the Ethan Allen Express from Rutland to Burlington, the state's largest city. Track improvements and tunnel construction have begun; the project creates a regional rail corridor connecting Albany, Saratoga Springs and Burlington and their combined metro populations of around 1.25 million inhabitants. And this would provide the first direct passenger rail connection from downtown Burlington to New York City since 1953 the Rutland Railroad ended service, would begin in 2018. Rutland is home to "The Bus", run by Marble Valley Regional Transit District, a local bus system costing $0.50 per person per ride, $1–2 for out-of-town commuter and connector buses, with other expenses covered by taxpayers. Five local routes serve the city, along with other commuter routes serving the nearby towns of Fair Haven, Manchester and Proctor. 2 winter tourist geared buses go to and from Okemo Mountain in Ludlow and Killington Ski Resort. Both of these buses run year round.
"The Bus" was free prior to 2007, when the 50 cents fare was added to control the added gas expenses. MVRTD is housed in the downtown Marble Valley Regional Transit Center. Premier Coach's Ver
George Tuska, who early in his career used a variety of pen names including Carl Larson, was an American comic book and newspaper comic strip artist best known for his 1940s work on various Captain Marvel titles and the crime fiction series Crime Does Not Pay and his 1960s work illustrating Iron Man and other Marvel Comics characters. As well, he drew the DC Comics newspaper comic strip The World's Greatest Superheroes from 1978–1982. George Tuska was born in Hartford, the youngest of three children of Russian immigrants Harry and Anna Onisko Tuska, who had met in New York City. George's siblings Peter, the eldest, Mary, the middle child, were born in New York City. Years Mary died while giving birth to her second child, stillborn. Harry, a foreman at a Hartford auto-tire company, died when George was 14. Anna opened a restaurant in Paterson, New Jersey, where she had relatives, remarried. At 17, Tuska moved to New York City, rooming with his cousin Annie, a year began attending the National Academy of Design.
His artistic influences included illustrators Harold von Schmidt, Dean Cornwell, Thomas Lovell, comic strip artists Lou Fine, Hal Foster, Alex Raymond. At some early point, he took his first job in art. Tuska began working for comic book packager Eisner & Iger, one of a handful of companies at the time that supplied comics on demand for publishers entering the new medium, his first known published comic-book work appeared in Fox Comics' Mystery Men Comics #1 and Wonderworld Comics #4, both cover-dated August 1939. Tuska in the mid-2000s recalled: I went to art school at the same I was doing costume jewelry design. I put in an application with a professional agency in New York City. I told them I could do drawing. A week I got a call from Eisner-Iger, asking me to submit some samples.... Said,'That's pretty good, but we don't do that stuff', he showed me a comic book and said,'This is what we want'.... I made a page -- a whole story in one page; when I brought it back, he bought it for $5. He said,'We'd like to have you work for us'.
That's how I got started.... I gave up school.... I made $10 per week. At Eisner & Iger, Tuska said in 2001, "I worked alongside Bob Powell, Lou Fine, Mike Sekowsky", his studio colleagues grew to include artists Charles Sultan, John Celardo, Nick Cardy, writer Toni Blum. Writer-artist and company co-founder Will Eisner recalled of the period, "It was a friendly shop, I guess I was the same age as the youngest guys there. We all got along; the only ones who got into a hassle were George Tuska and Bob Powell. Powell made remarks about other people in the shop. One day, George had enough of it, got up, punched out Bob Powell"; the otherwise mild-mannered Tuska, thinking comic books "would last two or three years — a fad" left to seek non-comics work. After two weeks, however, he came across colleagues Sultan and Dave Glaser, on their way to meet with comics packager Harry "A" Chesler. Tuska, invited along, joined Chesler's studio, working there in 1939 and 1940, earning $22 a week, increased to $42 a week within six months.
Alongside colleagues that included Sultan, Ruben Moreira, Mac Raboy, Ralph Astarita, to Tuska helped to supply content for such Fawcett Comics publications as Captain Marvel Adventures. When Eisner-Iger client Fiction House formed its own bullpen to produce work on staff, Tuska left Chesler to join Cardy, Jim Mooney, Graham Ingels and other artists there. Tuska produced a prodigious amount of work that included, for Fiction House, the South Sea adventure feature "Shark Brodie" and the investigative feature "Hooks Devlin", both for Fight Comics. Before and during his six years at Fiction House, Tuska freelanced such features as the North Atlantic seafaring adventure "Spike Marlin" in Harvey Comics' Speed Comics. At some point, Tuska again worked for Will Eisner, now split from Jerry Iger, with a group of artists that included Alex Kotzky and Tex Blaisdell. "While with Eisner, I penciled some Spirit and Uncle Sam stories". Independently, he was assigned by Fawcett art director Al Allard to draw "a few more Captain Marvel stories.
Allard had asked me to draw as close as possible to the way Captain Marvel had first appeared in Whiz Comics.... After those freelance jobs, I never worked for Fawcett again". Tuska's earliest Captain Marvel work appeared in Captain Marvel Adventures #2-4. Drafted into the U. S. Army circa 1942, Tuska was stationed at the 100th Division at Fort Jackson in Columbia, South Carolina, where he drew military plans and was honorably discharged after a year for reasons the artist did not specify. Returning home, he took up again with Fiction House, drawing a host of stories featuring Reef Ryan, Rip Carson, Lady Satan, the Western hero Golden Arrow, Camilla, Queen of the Jungle. Following the huge popularity of superheroes during the World War II years, those characters' appeal began to dwindle in the post-war era. Comic-book publishers, casting about for new subjects and genres, found a hit in crime fiction, the most prominent comic of, Lev Gleason Publications' Crime Does Not Pay. Tuska would soon make a nam
Black Canary is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by the writer-artist team of Robert Kanigher and Carmine Infantino, the character debuted in Flash Comics #86. One of DC's earliest super-heroines, Black Canary has appeared in many of the company's flagship team-up titles including Justice Society of America and Justice League of America. Since the late 1960s, the character has been paired with archer superhero Green Arrow and romantically. At her Golden Age debut, Black Canary was the alter ego of Dinah Drake and participated in crime-fighting adventures with her love interest, Gotham City detective Larry Lance; the character was a hand-to-hand fighter without superpowers who posed as a criminal to infiltrate criminal gangs. Stories depicted her as a world-class martial artist with a superpower: the "canary cry", a high-powered sonic scream which could shatter objects and incapacitate and kill powerful foes such as Superman; when DC Comics adjusted its continuity, Black Canary was established as two separate entities: mother and daughter, Dinah Drake-Lance and Dinah Laurel Lance.
Stories since the Silver Age focused on the younger Black Canary, ascribing her superhuman abilities to a genetic mutation. However, since the launch of the New 52, the two identities have been merged, with Dinah Drake possessing a metahuman cry. Black Canary has been adapted into various media, including direct-to-video animated films, video games, both live-action and animated television series, featuring as a main or recurring character in the shows Birds of Prey, Justice League Unlimited, Batman: The Brave and the Bold, Young Justice and Arrow. In Birds of Prey she was played by Rachel Skarsten, in Smallville she was played by Alaina Huffman. In Arrow and the Arrowverse shows the characters Dinah Laurel Lance, Sara Lance, Dinah Drake are portrayed by Katie Cassidy, Caity Lotz, Juliana Harkavy; the character will make her cinematic debut in the upcoming film Birds of Prey, portrayed by Jurnee Smollett-Bell. Robert Kanigher and Carmine Infantino created the character in 1947 to be featured in Flash Comics as a supporting character.
Appearing first as a clandestine crime-fighter who infiltrates criminal organizations to break them from the inside, Black Canary was drawn with fishnet stockings and a black leather jacket to connote images of a sexualized yet strong female character. She appeared as a character in a back-up story featuring "Johnny Thunder": I was drawing Johnny Thunder, not much of a character. I suppose he could have been better because his'Thunderbolt' was interesting, but the situations they were in were pretty juvenile. Bob Kanigher wrote those stories, he had no respect for the characters; these stories were nowhere near as good as'The Flash' stories. DC knew it—they knew'Johnny Thunder' was a loser, so Kanigher and I brought the Black Canary into the series, she got a good response, it was,'Bye, Johnny Thunder.' Nobody missed him." According to Amash & Nolen-Weathington, Black Canary is "really" Carmine Infantino's "first character." According to the artist: "When Kanigher gave me the script, I said,'How do you want me to draw her?'
He said,'What's your fantasy of a good-looking girl? That's what I want.' Isn't that a great line? So that's. I sexy in form; the funny part is that years while in Korea on a National Cartoonists trip, I met a dancer, the exact image of the Black Canary. And I went out with her for three years. Bob didn't ask me for a character sketch, he had a lot of respect for me, I must say that. He always trusted my work... Bob loved my Black Canary design." Dinah Drake made her debut in Flash Comics #86 as a supporting character in the "Johnny Thunder" feature, written by Robert Kanigher and drawn by Carmine Infantino. She appeared as a villain. Johnny is infatuated with her, is reproached by his Thunderbolt. Dinah is revealed to have been infiltrating a criminal gang. In Flash Comics #92 she has her own anthology feature, "Black Canary", replacing "Johnny Thunder"; the new series fleshed out Black Canary's backstory: Dinah Drake was a black-haired florist in love with Larry Lance, a Gotham City Police Department detective.
She first meets the Justice Society of America in All Star Comics #38, joining them in All Star Comics #41. Black Canary was revived with the other Golden Age characters during the 1960s. In these stories, it is retroactively established she lives on the parallel world of Earth-2. Married to Larry Lance since the 1950s, Dinah participates in annual team-ups between the Justice Society and Earth-1's Justice League of America. In a 1969 JLA/JSA team-up against the rogue star-creature Aquarius, who banished Earth-2's inhabitants to another dimension, Larry Lance is killed saving Dinah's life and Aquarius is defeated. Grief-stricken, Canary joins the Justice League, she begins a relationship with JLA colleague Green Arrow and discovers that she has developed an ultrasonic scream, the "canary cry."Black Canary teams with Batman five times in The Brave and the Bold and once with Superman in DC Comics Presents. Appearing as a guest in the "Green Arrow" backup feature of Action Comics, she was a backup feature in World's Finest Comics #244 to #256.
Black Canary's backstory was featured in DC Special Series #10. After the "B