click links in text for more info

Dickey County, North Dakota

Dickey County is a county in the U. S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,289, its county seat is Ellendale. The Dakota Territory legislature created Dickey County on March 5, 1881, with territories annexed from McPherson County, South Dakota and Ransom County, North Dakota, with some unorganized territories added, its governing structure was effected on August 18, 1882. It was named for a member of George H. Dickey. Dickey County lies on the south side of North Dakota, its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of South Dakota. The James River flows south-southeasterly through the east part of the county, the Maple River flows south-southwesterly through the center part of the county; the county terrain consists of rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds in its western portion, with the area devoted to agriculture. The terrain slopes to the south and east, with its highest point being a hill near the SW corner at 2,139' ASL.

The county has a total area of 1,142 square miles, of which 1,131 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water. Dakota Lake National Wildlife Refuge Maple River National Wildlife Refuge Hilles Lake Pheasant Lake As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 5,757 people, 2,283 households, 1,499 families in the county; the population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 2,656 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.78% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.56% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races. 1.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 48.9 % were of 14.7 % Norwegian, 6.7 % American and 6.0 % Irish ancestry. 92.3 % spoke 5.7 % German and 1.5 % Spanish as their first language. There were 2,283 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.30% were non-families.

32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99. The county population contained 23.80% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,231, the median income for a family was $36,682. Males had a median income of $26,914 versus $15,668 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,846. About 11.60% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,289 people, 2,180 households, 1,379 families in the county; the population density was 4.7 inhabitants per square mile.

There were 2,636 housing units at an average density of 2.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.5% white, 0.7% black or African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 56.3% were German, 16.9% were Norwegian, 11.4% were Irish, 7.4% were Swedish, 5.1% were Russian, 1.1% were American. Of the 2,180 households, 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 43.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $37,179 and the median income for a family was $53,333. Males had a median income of $36,029 versus $25,625 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,824.

About 6.8% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 18.2% of those age 65 or over. Dickey County voters are traditionally Republican-leaning. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Dickey County, North Dakota

Murder of Linda Cook

The murder of Linda Cook was committed in Portsmouth on 9 December 1986. The subsequent trial led to a miscarriage of justice when Michael Shirley, an 18-year-old Royal Navy sailor, was wrongly convicted of the crime and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1992 his case had been highlighted as one of 110 possible miscarriages of justice in a report presented to the Home Office by the National Association of Probation Officers and justice groups Liberty and Conviction, his conviction was quashed in 2003 by the Court of Appeal after the DNA profile extracted from semen samples recovered from the victim's body was proven not to be his. Cook's murder took place shortly after six sexual assaults had been committed in the Buckland area of the city, the killer was dubbed the Beast of Buckland by the news media; when police revealed that footprint evidence had been recovered and launched a search for matching shoes, the case became known as the "Cinderella murder". Because of the brutal nature of the murder and the preceding sex attacks, Hampshire police were under public pressure to make an arrest.

Shirley's exoneration of the murder after serving 16 years of his sentence is significant as the first time that a UK court quashed a previous conviction on the basis of presentation of new DNA evidence. It was the first occasion in which the Criminal Cases Review Commission supported an appeal on the basis of newly available DNA evidence. After serving the minimum tariff of 15 years, Shirley would have been released from prison had he confessed the killing to the parole board, but he refused to do so and said: "I would have died in prison rather than admit something I didn't do. I was prepared to stay in forever if necessary to prove my innocence." Linda Cook was a 24-year-old barmaid, living at the home of Linda Gray on Victoria Road North, Portsmouth. Cook had been in a relationship with Gray's son since August 1986 and had moved into the Gray family home at the beginning of November 1986. Gray's son had been remanded to a detention centre on 14 November 1986, but Cook had stayed on in the premises.

Gray was able to account for Cook's whereabouts for most of 8 December 1986, stated that at 23:30 Cook went to visit a friend in Sultan Road, Portsmouth. Shortly after midnight on 9 December 1986 she left the friend's house to walk home; some time between 00:30 and 01:00 she was attacked on an area of wasteland known as "Merry Row", adjacent to Lake Road. Her assailant raped and strangled her, stamping upon her several times and with such force that her jaw and spine were fractured, her larynx crushed, imprints of his right athletic shoe were retained on her abdomen; the attack took at least 15 minutes. Her naked body was discovered that day. A number of vaginal and vulval swabs were taken by the pathologist, subsequent forensic examination confirmed the presence of semen, from which the blood type of the killer was determined. Trace evidence was gathered, including fibres from beneath Cook's fingernails, it was noted that her fingernails "were long and unbroken, suggesting that she did not scratch her attacker, or at least did not do so with any ferocity."

Her underwear was found nearby, subsequently tested negative for traces of semen. This, combined with the knowledge of her whereabouts since 10:00 the previous morning, meant that "the semen found inside vagina had been deposited there after her underwear had been removed and was deposited by her attacker." Michael Shirley was an 18-year-old able seaman in the Royal Navy, serving aboard HMS Apollo, docked in Portsmouth at the time of the murder. On the night of the murder he had been to "Joanna's" nightclub in Southsea, Portsmouth where he had met Deena Fogg, a local woman; when the club closed Fogg agreed to go to her home with him in a taxi. After a short journey of around 5 minutes, the taxi arrived at a residential tower block where Fogg said she needed to go to her mother's to collect her child, after which she would come back to the taxi. However, she had no intention of spending the night with Shirley and instead left the building by another exit and returned to her nearby home alone.

After around 15 minutes Shirley realised he had been tricked, paid the taxi fare and set off on foot to see if he could find Fogg. At trial, the prosecution submitted that it was at this time that "he saw Miss Cook, walking along Merry Row... and in his frustrated and angry state he attacked her, raped her and murdered her before going back to HMS Apollo."Shirley stated that he had spent 10 minutes looking for Fogg headed back to his ship. He said that he caught another taxi on Edinburgh Road at 01:23 which took him to the gates of the dock where he was booked-in back aboard ship at 01:45. Two days he met Fogg again by chance, during a brief conversation which Fogg claimed she found "intimidating" the subject of the murder and their close proximity to the murder scene at the time was mentioned, he subsequently spent his Christmas shore leave at his parents' home in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire. In January 1987 he was due to sail to the Falkland Islands. On 5 January 1987, before the ship left the UK, he made another visit to "Joanna's" where Fogg – discovered as a witness during house-to-house inquiries – identified him to a police detective as the man she had been with on the night of the murder.

He was taken into custody. Charged with Linda Cook's murder, he was remanded in custody at Winchester Prison the same month; the prosecution case against Shirley consisted of four circumstantial "planks": Athletic shoe – The imprint of the athletic shoe found on Cook's body had been made by a size 43–45 right shoe, had a distinctive tread pattern including t


SpaceWire is a spacecraft communication network based in part on the IEEE 1355 standard of communications. It is coordinated by the European Space Agency in collaboration with international space agencies including NASA, JAXA, RKA. Within a SpaceWire network the nodes are connected through low-cost, low-latency, full-duplex, point-to-point serial links, packet switching wormhole routing routers. SpaceWire covers two of the seven layers of the OSI model for communications. SpaceWire's modulation and data formats follow the data strobe encoding - differential ended signaling part of the IEEE Std 1355-1995. SpaceWire utilizes asynchronous communication and allows speeds between 2 Mbit/s and 400 Mbit/s, with initial signalling rate of 10Mbit/s. DS-DE is well-favored because it describes modulation, bit formats, flow control, error detection in hardware, with little need for software. SpaceWire has low error rates, deterministic system behavior, simple digital electronics. SpaceWire replaced old PECL differential drivers in the physical layer of IEEE 1355 DS-DE by low-voltage differential signaling.

SpaceWire proposes the use of space-qualified 9-pin connectors. SpaceWire and IEEE 1355 DS-DE allows for a wider set of speeds for data transmission, some new features for automatic failover; the fail-over features let data find alternate routes, so a spacecraft can have multiple data buses, be made fault-tolerant. SpaceWire allows the propagation of time interrupts over SpaceWire links, eliminating the need for separate time discretes; each transferred character starts with a Data-Control Flag bit. If Data-Control Flag is a 0-bit, an 8-bit LSB character follows. Otherwise one of the control codes, including end of packet; the network data frames look as follows: One or more address bytes are used for the routing. Addresses are either logical ones; the difference is that the physical addresses are deleted from the frame header during routing -, used for hop-based routing. Logical addresses may be deleted as well, depending on the router configuration; the hardware devices may be via a SpaceWire router.

In the former case pairs of devices are used to guarantee a fail-safe operation -, however handled by the software. A SpaceWire router is a crossbar switch-type device, operating in wormhole switching mode; this may limit the speed of the communication to the lowest common speed. The routing decisions are based on the programmed routing table and the initial incoming frame contents. SpaceWire is used worldwide, its use began in ESA projects, but it is used by NASA, JAXA, RKA, many other organizations and companies. Some NASA projects using it include the James Webb Space Telescope, Swift's Burst Alert Telescope, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, LCROSS, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, the SCaN Testbed known as the Communications and Networking Reconfigurable Testbed, it has been selected by the United States Department of Defense for Operationally Responsive Space. SpaceWire initiatives are being coordinated between several Space Agencies in the frame of CCSDS in order to extend its communication model to the Network and Transport Layers of the OSI model.

SpaceWire supports fault-tolerant networks and systems, one reason for its popularity. The ESA has a draft specification in place for the Protocol ID; the following Protocol ID's have been assigned in ECSS-E-ST-50-11: ECSS-E-ST-50-12C - SpaceWire - Links, nodes and networks, ESA-ESTEC. ECSS-E-50-12A SpaceWire - Nodes and networks, ESA-ESTEC. ECSS-E-ST-50-11C Draft 1.3 "Space engineering - SpaceWire protocols" SpaceWire Homepage European Cooperation for Space Standardisation - ECSS 4Links Publications International SpaceWire Conference 2007 International SpaceWire Conference 2008 International SpaceWire Conference 2010 International SpaceWire Conference 2011 International SpaceWire Conference 2013 STAR-Dundee Knowledge Database providers of SpaceWire equipment: STAR-Dundee Aeroflex Aeroflex Gaisler Astrium Microchip Aurelia Microelettronica Ingespace Dynamic Engineering 4Links SKYLAB Industries RUAG Space PnP Innovations TELETEL SA TTTech - Gateway for SpaceWire to 1GbE Ethernet, with Leon-2FT CPUSpaceWire IP Cores: 4Links STAR-Dundee Aeroflex Gaisler Astrium SpaceWire RMAP CEA IRFU CESR CNRS NASA Goddard - tech transfer SpaceWire UK European Space Agency PnP InnovationsArticles: NASA article on SpaceWire used on JWST spacecraft

RM Williams Way

RM Williams Way is a road through the Mid North region of South Australia connecting Clare in the south through Spalding and Orroroo to Hawker in the Flinders Ranges. The road was named after R. M. Williams who had a strong association with the countryside through which it runs. RM Williams Way branches from the Horrocks Highway about 13 km north of Clare, it runs north to Spalding where it is coincident with the Goyder Highway for about 4 km as it continues north to Jamestown Orroroo. It ends at the junction with the Flinders Ranges Way about 10 km out of Hawker; the route runs in the same direction as the northern Mount Lofty Ranges and southern Flinders Ranges, but the climate changes over its length, becoming drier in the north, so the dominant agriculture and vegetation changes from more intensive farming and grain crops in the south to pastoral grazing in the north

6.30 with George Negus

6.30 with George Negus was an Australian television current affairs program broadcast on Network Ten. It aired at 6:30pm from Monday to Friday and was presented by George Negus and Hugh Riminton or Hamish Macdonald from the TEN studios in Pyrmont, Sydney, it premiered at 6pm on 24 January 2011. On 19 October 2011 Network Ten announced that 6:30 with George Negus had been cancelled as a result of low ratings; the final episode of the series aired on 28 October 2011 in. The series was replaced by an extended version of The 7PM Project, retitled as The Project. In August 2010, Network Ten announced that it would spend an additional $20 million per year to strengthen its news and current affairs output; those changes included launching a 6pm national current affairs program, followed by local half-hour news bulletins at 6:30pm. On 8 October 2010, it was announced that George Negus would leave SBS's Dateline to join Network Ten. Negus confirmed a day that he would be hosting Ten's new 6pm program; the first edition of 6PM with George Negus aired on Monday 24 January 2011.

In March 2011, Network Ten announced that it would be moving the program to 6:30pm in an effort to address persistently poor ratings for its early evening schedule. The changes, introduced on Monday 4 April 2011, led to Ten's local news bulletins at 5:00pm being extended by a further 30 minutes with Negus' program in direct competition with the Nine Network's A Current Affair and the Seven Network's Today Tonight. On 19 October 2011, Network Ten announced that they had cancelled the program and replace it with an hour-long version of The 7PM Project, renamed The Project at 6:30pm after poor ratings; the 200th and final edition of 6.30 with George Negus aired on Friday 28 October 2011. 6.30 with George Negus's reporters included: Senior Foreign Correspondent: Hamish Macdonald Political Editor: Hugh Riminton Environment: Emily Rice Consumer: Eddy Meyer Sydney: Danielle Isdale Melbourne: Meggie Palmer Brisbane: Max Futcher United States: Emma Dallimore The first episode of 6PM with George Negus aired on 24 January 2011 to an average of 605,000 viewers ranking it 18th for the day.

This was over the half a million target set by Tony Ritchie. The program was third-placed in its timeslot behind Nine News. Colin Vickery from the Herald Sun commented on how fast-paced the show was, but concluded that the show "got off to a serviceable start tonight – but it needs to slow down and take the time to live up to it's host's promises". Tim Dick from the Sydney Morning Herald noted the rushed nature of the show and stated that Negus "deserves more time". Nightly ratings for the program deteriorated in the weeks following the first broadcast, with the program ranking outside the top 100 weekly programs from its third week onwards, its average audience falling below 400,000 viewers each night. However, after the timeslot shift, by July 2011 audience numbers had risen and stabilised to just below 500,000 viewers each night

International University of Applied Sciences Bad Honnef - Bonn

The International University of Applied Sciences Bad Honnef · Bonn is a private, state-recognised university of business and management. It offers on-campus degree programmes taught in English, dual study degree programmes taught in German and online study programmes taught in German and English; the profile of IUBH Corporate Programmes includes training programmes for professionals and executives in all industries. It has campuses in many German cities, including Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt am Main and Erfurt; the International University of Applied Sciences Bad Honnef · Bonn was founded in 1998 and brings together three independent forms of higher education under one umbrella with 9,000 students: On-campus study programmes with a focus on international management at IUBH School of Business and Management, IUBH Dual Studies and IUBH Distance Learning. All IUBH degree programmes are certified, they have received various honours for example from the CHE University Ranking and premium seals from FIBAA.

IUBH is the only German university with membership in the “Hotel Schools of Distinction” global alliance and the first university to have its double degree tourism study programmes certified by the United NationsWorld Tourism Organisation. IUBH is a member of the United Nations’ academic Global Compact network and Principles for Responsible Management Education initiative. IUBH School of Business and Management offers on-campus degree programmes that are taught in English and have an international focus. On-campus programmes are offered in Bad Honnef, Bad Reichenhall and Berlin and include bachelor's, master's and MBA programmes in the fields of international management, marketing management, hospitality management, event management, aviation management, transport & logistics and international business; the students and lecturers at IUBH School of Business and Management come from over 85 countries. IUBH Dual Studies allow students to complete a practice oriented dual study programme; the course offerings include dual bachelor's and master's degree programmes in the fields of healthcare, human resources, industry & logistics, real estate, tax & auditing and tourism.

A weekly switch between theory and practice allows students to gain professional experience in a company while earning their degree. IUBH has a network of over 1,000 cooperating enterprises and provides assistance in finding a suitable placement. IUBH Distance Learning offer bachelor's, master's and MBA degree programmes that are taught in German and English and have concentrations in various industries and functional areas. IUBH offers over 150 certificate programmes. There are flexible learning models for all programmes: full or part-time, digital with scripts, video lectures, online tutorials or an on-campus component. Examinations can be taken at one of over 30 test centres in Germany and Switzerland or at one of over 150 international testing centres world-wide. IUBH Corporate Programmes combine the business related activities of the university with its sister company PROAKTIV Management AG; the service profile includes human resource consulting, seminars for professionals and executives, in-house training, online-based training for employees, competence analysis and academic study programmes.

IUBH was founded in Bad Honnef in 1998, teaching started in 2000. In July 2007 IUBH was taken over by the private equity firm Auctus. In 2008, IUBH expanded to a second campus in Bad Reichenhall. In July 2009 the German Council of Science and Humanities gave IUBH institutional reaccreditation for ten years. Since November 2011 IUBH offers online study programmes at master's degree level. In the middle of 2013 IUBH fused with the Adam-Ries University of Applied Sciences and thereby expanded it educational programmes to include dual studies. Since the end of 2013 IUBH Online-Studies offers job-concurrent online training with the FlexLearning model and certificate programmes. On December 10, 2015 the IUBH parent company Career Partner GmbH was overtaken by the Apollo Group. In March 2016 IUBH fused with the University of Applied Sciences for International Economics & Logistics and has since offered, under the IUBH name, dual study programmes in logistics management, marketing management and tourism management in Bremen.

The International University of Applied Sciences is recognised as a premier higher education institution. As such, it has the right to award postgraduate degrees; these educational degrees are recognized all over the world. It has been accredited by the German Council of Science and Humanities and by the FIBAA; the University ranks in the field in the top group. In the current CHE University Ranking the University achieved outstanding results and positioned itself in the field of business administration as one of Germany's best private Universities of Applied Sciences with the most rankings in the top group. In March 2014 the University was awarded with five FIBAA Premium Seals of the accreditation Agency. IUBH has locations in the following cities: Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt am Main, Düsseldorf, Erfurt, Bad Honnef, Bad Reichenhall. IUBH Online Studies offer study centres in Germany and Switzerland. On-campus - taught in English Bachelor's Degree Programmes Aviation Management Int‘l Event Management Hotel Management Int‘l Management Int’l Marketing Management Tourism ManagementMaster's Degree Programmes On-campus study programmes International management with the following concentrations: Aviation Finance & Accounting Health Care Hospitality Human Resources IT Management Marketing International Management for Non-Business Gr