In Marxist philosophy, the dictatorship of the proletariat is a state of affairs in which the working class hold political power. Proletarian dictatorship is the intermediate stage between a capitalist economy and a communist economy, whereby the government nationalises ownership of the means of production from private to collective ownership; the socialist revolutionary Joseph Weydemeyer coined the term "dictatorship of the proletariat", which Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels adopted to their philosophy and economics. The Paris Commune, which controlled the capital city for two months, before being suppressed, was an example of the dictatorship of the proletariat. In Marxist philosophy, the term "Dictatorship of the bourgeoisie" is the antonym to "dictatorship of the proletariat"; the term "dictatorship" indicates the retention of the state apparatus, but differs from individual dictatorship, the rule of one man. The term dictatorship of the proletariat implies the complete "socialization of the major means of production", the planning of material production in service to the social and economic needs of the population, such as the right to work, education and welfare services, public housing.
There are multiple popular trends for this political thought, all of which believe the state will be retained post-revolution for its enforcement capabilities: Marxism–Leninism follows the ideas of Marxism and Leninism as interpreted by Vladimir Lenin's successor Joseph Stalin. It seeks to organise a vanguard party, as advocated by Marx, to lead a proletarian uprising, to assume state power on behalf of the proletariat and to construct a single-party "socialist state" representing a dictatorship of the proletariat, governed through the process of democratic centralism, which Lenin described as "diversity in discussion, unity in action". Marxism–Leninism forms the official ideology of the ruling parties of China, Cuba and Vietnam, was the official ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from the late 1920s, of the other ruling parties making up the Eastern Bloc. Libertarian Marxists criticize Marxism–Leninism for perceived differences from orthodox Marxism, opposing the Leninist principle of democratic centralism and the Marxist–Leninist interpretation of vanguardism.
Along with Trotskyists, they oppose the use of a one-party state which they view as inherently undemocratic, although Trotskyists are still Bolsheviks, subscribing to democratic centralism and soviet democracy, seeing their ideology as a more accurate interpretation of Leninism. Rosa Luxemburg, a Marxist theorist, emphasized the role of the vanguard party as representative of the whole class, the dictatorship of the proletariat as the entire proletariat's rule, characterizing the dictatorship of the proletariat as a concept meant to expand democracy rather than reduce it - as opposed to minority rule in the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. In The Road to Serfdom, the neoliberal economist Friedrich Hayek wrote that the dictatorship of the proletariat would destroy personal freedom as as does an autocracy; the European Commission of Human Rights found pursuing the dictatorship of the proletariat incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights in Communist Party of Germany v. the Federal Republic of Germany.
Karl Marx did not write much about the nature of the dictatorship of the proletariat, but in The Communist Manifesto he and Engels said that "their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions". In light of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Marx said that "there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened and concentrated, that way is revolutionary terror". On 1 January 1852, the communist journalist Joseph Weydemeyer published an article entitled "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" in the German language newspaper Turn-Zeitung, where he wrote that "it is quite plain that there cannot be here any question of gradual, peaceful transitions" and recalled the examples of Oliver Cromwell and Committee of Public Safety as examples of "dictatorship" and "terrorism" required to overthrow the bourgeoisie. In that year, Marx wrote to him, saying: Long before me, bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this struggle between the classes, as had bourgeois economists their economic anatomy.
My own contribution was to show that the existence of classes is bound up with certain historical phases in the development of production. The programme presented a moderate, evolutionary way to socialism as opposed to revolutionary, violent approach of the "orthodox" Marxists; as a result, the latter accused the Gotha program as being ineffective. He allowed for the possibility of a peaceful transition in some countries with strong democratic institutional structures, suggesting however that in other countries in which workers can not "attain their goal by peaceful means" the "lever of our revolution must be force", on the principle that the working people had the right to revolt if they were denied political expression. Marx stated that in
Telenovela Channel is a telenovela-based cable channel in the Philippines network owned by Beginnings at Twenty Plus, Inc. with the partnership of Televisa. The channel operates non-stop 24/7, it is the only telenovela channel. It aired its first test broadcast from August to September 2011. First in Asia, the channel will afford viewers the chance to watch their favorite Televisa-produced Mexican telenovelas anytime of the day; the Telenovela Channel has been made possible through a partnership between Beginnings at Twenty Plus, Inc. and Televisa, the exclusive producer and international distributor of telenovelas for this channel. Telenovela Channel is aired on Sky Cable Channel 81, Destiny Cable Channel 81 and more than 150 provincial cable television providers nationwide; the Philippines has aired Latin American telenovelas on free TV networks such as RPN 9, ABS-CBN 2, ABC 5 and GMA 7. The telenovelas aired on Philippine TV those produced in Mexico, were dubbed in Tagalog and were shown in primetime slots.
However, the late 2000s saw the dwindling popularity of the Latin American telenovelas as Asianovelas became more dominated into the primetime slot. The last telenovela aired on free TV was the Telemundo-produced Lola, aired on GMA Network in 2013 and axed due to low ratings after two months. In 2015, Corazón indomable aired on the same network followed by Aliados in 2017; as Asian dramas became a trend in primetime programming in the Philippines, Beginnings at 20 Plus, Inc. started to introduce a channel dedicated to telenovelas in 2011. Beginnings at 20 Plus, Inc. is a multi-media company that produces concerts and offers television production services as well. The company produced the dubbed Tagalog version of the Chinese historical drama series Judge Bao in 2007-2008, aired on ABC-5. A landmark agreement between Beginnings at 20 Plus, Inc. and Mexican network Televisa marked the start of a new channel dedicated to telenovelas. In November 14, 2011, Telenovela Channel started its maiden broadcast with In the Name of Love, The Two Sides of Ana, Passion and La Madrastra.
These telenovelas were dubbed in Tagalog and were aired in original Spanish audio as well until 2013 as the new telenovelas were dubbed in English. The year 2012 saw the introduction of new telenovelas as well; these are A Woman's Word, Big Love, Love Spell. The same year marked the return of Marimar, this time on cable via this channel. With its aim to be a purely Filipino telenovela cable channel, Spanish audio versions of the telenovelas were stopped in order to give way to Tagalog dubbed shows. In August 13 to 19, 2012, episodes of various telenovelas were aired again by viewers' request due to brownouts caused by strong monsoon rains in August 7–9, 2012; the year 2013 saw the channel's great change, as the new telenovelas were dubbed in English for the first time starting with Soy tu dueña and Rafaela. In June 2013, the channel's airtime was reduced to give way to TeleVShop as blocktimer. On June 2, 2014, the telenovela returned on Free TV as The Two Sides of Ana during ATC @ IBC-13 block.
In July 7, 2014, Telenovela Channel launched the return of the popular telenovela Cuidado con el ángel, with its English dubbing entitled Don't Mess with an Angel. The said telenovela was aired on ABS-CBN as Maria de Jesus: Ang Anghel sa Lansangan, dubbed in Tagalog from 2009 until it ended in 2010. In 2014, reruns of last 5-10 episodes of each telenovela were aired, afterwards a new telenovela was replaced; as of 2015, no full-length reruns of telenovelas were aired after the rerun of The One who Couldn't Love. From April 2015 to present, all telenovelas and an anthology are aired in English. In January 16, 2017, Telenovela Channel aired its first non-telenovela program "The Rose of Guadalupe", shown on weekdays only. Three new novelas aired on summer: Head Over Heels, I Don't Trust Men Anymore and La Malquerida. For the first and the only time, Telenovela Channel launched its first Brazilian telenovela Carrossel, a remake of the 1989 telenovela Carrusel; the telenovela, produced by SBT and distributed by Televisa, replaced I Don't Trust Men Anymore on October 23, 2017.
With 252 episodes using the international version, this is the overall longest running telenovela aired on TNC, although Big Love remains the longest running Mexican soap opera with 205 episodes. Two novelas were premiered on New Year's Day of 2018: My Heart is Yours and The Color of Passion. I Don't Trust Men Anymore had its repeat broadcast in July 2018. Secrets at the Hotel was launched in September 2017 replacing La Rosa de Guadalupe. With 81 episodes, the said telenovela is the shortest running series aired on Telenovela Channel. María, a remake of the 1989 telenovela, was launched in September 17, 2018. Fooled Into Love and Ask God for Forgiveness Not Me were premiered in late November as 2018 draws to an end. Telenovela Channel sets to air once again the program Corazón indomable, this time as Wild at Heart in January 2019; the said telenovela was shown on GMA Network in 2015, with a reduced number of episodes along with Tagalog audio. This is the third time the once Tagalog-dubbed soap on free TV will be aired in English on TNC after Don't Mess with an Angel and Rubi.
Wild at Heart is based on the 1994 telenovela Marimar, broadcast on TNC in
Elinor Lipman is an American novelist, short story writer, essayist. Born and raised in Lowell, Massachusetts to a Jewish family, Lipman began a writing career as a college intern with the Lowell Sun, wrote press releases for WGBH throughout the 1970s, she began writing fiction in 1979, her first short story, “Catering,” was published in Yankee Magazine. Lipman’s first book, Into Love and Out Again, a collection of short stories, was published by Viking in 1987, she published her first novel, Then She Found Me, in 1990. Lipman graduated from Simmons College, she lives in western Manhattan. Her 1998 novel The Inn at Lake Devine, explores Antisemitism and Jewish intermarriage. Lipman received the New England Book award for fiction in 2001, her novel Then She Found Me was adapted into a 2008 feature film, directed by and starring Helen Hunt, Bette Midler, Colin Firth and Matthew Broderick, a process that took 19 years. Two of her other novels have been optioned for movies, her book of rhyming political tweets, Tweet Land of Liberty: Irreverent Rhymes from the Political Circus was published in August 2012 from Beacon Press.
Her essays have appeared in The Boston Globe, The New York Times and Salon.com. The View from Penthouse B and I Can't Complain: Personal Essays were published in 2013; the latter deals in part with the death of her husband at age 60. She was the Elizabeth Drew Professor of Creative Writing at Smith College in 2011-2012, her poem, "I Bought This Pattern Book Last Spring" appears in the anthology Knitting Yarns: Writers on Knitting, published by W. W. Norton & Company in 2013, she writes a weekly column, "I Might Complain," for Parade.com. Lipman's writing is known for its societal observations. 2012 Tweet Land of Liberty: Irreverent Rhymes from the Political Circus 2013 I Can't Complain: Personal Essays 1990 Then She Found Me 1992 The Way Men Act 1995 Isabel's Bed 1998 The Inn at Lake Devine 1999 The Ladies' Man 2001 The Dearly Departed 2003 The Pursuit of Alice Thrift 2006 My Latest Grievance 2009 The Family Man 2013 The View From Penthouse B 2017 On Turpentine Lane 2018 Good Riddance 1988 Into Love and Out Again Official website @ElinorLipman on Twitter
Landing Zone Grant is a former U. S. Army base in Vietnam; the base was established by the 1st Cavalry Division during Operation Sheridan Sabre and located 11km east northeast of Nui B Den on a major People's Army of Vietnam and Vietcong infiltration route. At 03:30 on 23 February 1969 a force from the VC 1st Battalion, 95th Regiment attacked Grant; the attack was repulsed with the VC losing 2 captured. At 00:30 on 8 March 1969 a PAVN force assaulted Grant again and the battle continued until 06:15 when the PAVN broke contact; the 2nd Battalion, 12th Cavalry Regiment defending the base lost 13 killed while PAVN losses were 157 killed and 2 captured and 23 individual and 10 crew-served weapons captured. At 01:45 on 11 March a PAVN/VC force assaulted Grant again supported by mortar and rocket fire before breaking contact at 03:30; the 2/12th Cavalry lost 15 killed while PAVN losses were 2 captured. The base is abandoned and turned over to farmland
Boris Francesco Jean Collardi is a Swiss-Italian bank manager. Having joined the Zurich based Julius Baer Private Bank as COO in 2006, he was the CEO from May 2009 until his unexpected resignation in November 2017. In June 2018, Collardi joined the Geneva-based Pictet Group as partner. Boris Collardi grew up in Nyon, where he obtained an accounting major from the Cessouest School in 1993. Subsequently, he joined the Career Start Program at Credit Suisse in Geneva. From 1995 until 2006 he was active in various functions at Credit Suisse. Commencing as an Analyst in the Investment Research Group in Zurich, he worked his way through the ranks, including two stints in Singapore, before taking the role of private banking CFO in 2003 and becoming private banking COO of EMENA and Head of Special Projects in 2004. In 2006, Collardi joined the Julius Baer Bank as COO following its acquisition of three private banks and GAM, a Swiss asset management company, in 2005; the publication “Global Custodian” credits him as a decisive factor behind the successful integration of these banks and the subsequent establishment of Julius Baer as “one of the premier addresses in global wealth management”.
In 2008, he topped the Wealth Bulletin top-40 list of rising stars under the age of 40 among over 300 contenders. Only one year following the tragic passing of Bank Julius Baer & Co. Ltd and Julius Baer Holdings Ltd. CEO Alex Widmer, Collardi was chosen to succeed interim CEO Johannes de Gier, in the process becoming the bank's youngest-ever chief executive; the Wall Street Journal describes what followed as “an aggressive, acquisitive expansion”. At the end of 2009, the bank had 150 billion Swiss francs in assets under management, 80% were booked in Switzerland. Since Julius Baer has more than doubled its assets under management, totaling 393 billion Swiss francs in October 2017. Acquiring Merrill Lynch’s international wealth business in 2013 marked the largest single increase in AUM. Diversifying into new markets was part of the declared strategy – by 2013 more than 75% of the bank’s net new money originated from emerging markets, with Asia in first place followed by the Middle East. In 2014, Bank Leumi’s Swiss and Luxembourg business were acquired, with Commerzbank’s Luxembourg division and a majority stake in Italian asset manager Kairos following in 2016.
In 2015, Jimmy Lee was hired from Credit Suisse to spearhead Julius Baer’s Asian expansion, with the target of becoming the bank’s “second home market”. Citing cost and complexity of a multi-market presence, Collardi predicted private banks would either focus on one or two markets, become part of a gigantic, integrated firm offering all facets of banking, or achieve the critical mass to be able to afford an international pure-play private bank, the latter of which formed the basis of his strategy. While keen on expansion, he stressed the importance of organic growth through direct hire and client acquisitions. Asked about some of the failed attempts by competitors to enter the Asian market, Collardi remarked, “We look at three things: costs and three-year revenue growth. At the beginning of each year, we are prudent and adjust short-term expenses and decrease headcount where needed.” Regarding management, he stressed the importance of keeping people in their functions for many years, eliminating the need to re-explain the strategy and building long-term trust with clients.
The bank’s structure was divided into five markets with independent leadership: Switzerland, Asia, Latin America and emerging markets, in order to better cater to each’s individual idiosyncrasies. Despite his ambitions, Collardi noted the importance of risk management when evaluating takeovers, going as far as to call them potential atomic bombs; as of 2016, Julius Baer planned to invest several hundred million Swiss francs into technology and was developing a new centralized digital IT platform, to be rolled out worldwide. Collardi admitted that the bank had been a “late adopter” of technological advancements during a Financial Times interview. Going forward, however, he expressed his enthusiasm for blockchain and its potential to improve transactional products and services, such as international money transfers or stock market trading, he reaffirmed this stance two years saying the execution and back office aspects of the value chain will become automated and allow for customizable products.
The value creation will shift from transaction execution, which becomes a low-cost commodity, to advisory, with additional resources allocated to direct client contact, understanding clients’ needs and improving the advice provided. As of 2018, Luxembourg and Asia have migrated to the new platform. According to Collardi, the rollout will be completed by 2020. At the time of his departure, the bank’s price-to-book valuation was double that of local rivals UBS and Credit Suisse. On November 27, 2017, Julius Baer announced the resignation of its CEO Boris Collardi, effective due to his decision to take on a new position as partner of The Pictet Group, a direct competitor. Chief Risk Officer Bernhard Hodler assumed the CEO position, with the bank announcing an evaluation process addressing the long-term leadership of the group. In September 2017, Bernhard Hodler was announced to be replaced as Chief Risk Officer by Oliver Bartholet, coming from UBS, effective April 1, 2018, with Hodler becoming deputy to the CEO.
There was speculation at the time as to Hodler being the intended successor to Chairman of the Board Daniel Sauter, who would be hitting the 12-year term limit in 2019. At the annual shareholder meeting in April 2018, Chairman Sauter announced Hodler was appointe
"Right Here, Right Now" is a song from the High School Musical 3: Senior Year soundtrack, performed by Zac Efron and Vanessa Hudgens as Troy Bolton and Gabriella Montez. It is the second track on soundtrack's track listing; when the song is sung in the movie and Gabriella only sing the first verse and third chorus, the bridge whereas the first chorus and second verse are omitted. However, in the extended edition of the film, the second verse is sung as the reprise when Troy and Gabriella are at their homes; the Radio Edit version of the song premiered on Radio Disney on October 10, 2008 as part of its Planet Premiere featurette. It reached # 2 on the Top 30 Countdown; the song was released exclusively on iTunes, on October 14. There are multiple different recordings of this song, between the one released on the soundtrack and the versions featured in the movie, it is unknown why there are different versions are used on the soundtrack. In the movie, during the first time this song is played, Hudgens sings the line "Then, I would thank that star, that made our wish come true," and she sings with Efron in some parts of the "‘cause he knows that where you are, is where I should be too" line in the first verse and the "It’s always you and me" line in the bridge.
However, on the soundtrack, Efron sings these lines by himself, with Hudgens providing background vocals during these parts in the song. On the reprise, found only during the extended version of the movie, the background music from the beginning of the song is used while the soundtrack version uses a continuing music track for the second verse. Zac sings the "If this were forever, what could be better? We’ve proved it works" line in the reprise while Vanessa sings it on the soundtrack; this performance is lyrically more simpler compared to the soundtrack version, as there are not as many moments with background vocals during the second verse. A preview of the movie scene was released on Disney Channel, it shows Troy and Gabriella singing and remembering some of their special moments in Troy's treehouse. It is a song about how the future is coming soon and that people should make every second last and enjoy what's happening right now. Digital download"Right Here, Right Now" — 3:55 The song has been recorded and released in various languages by national pop stars in international markets.
Walt Disney Records Official Site Official album information Official website