Dido was, according to ancient Greek and Roman sources, the founder and first queen of Carthage. She is known from the account given by the Roman poet Virgil in his epic Aeneid. In some sources she is known as Alyssa or Elissa. Many names in the legend of Dido are of Punic origin, which suggests that the first Greek authors who mention this story have taken up Phoenician accounts. One suggestion is that Dido is an epithet from the same Semitic root as David, which means "Beloved". Others state Didô means "the wanderer". According to Marie-Pierre Noël, "Elishat/Elisha" is a name attested on Punic votives, it is composed of the Punic reflex of *ʾil- "god", the remote Phoenician creator god El a name for God in Judaism, "‐issa", which could be either "ʾiš" means "fire", or another word for "woman". Other works state. In Greek it appears as Theiossô; this understanding of the chronology related to Dido and her company resulted in the following dates for Dido and her immediate relations, as derived from F. M. Cross and Wm. H. Barnes: Baal-Eser II 846–841 BC Mattan I 840–832 BC 839 BC: Dido was born in Tyre 831 BC: Pygmalion begins to reign 825 BC: Dido flees Tyre in 7th year of Pygmalion, after the death of Acerbas 825 BC and some time thereafter: Dido and companions on Cyprus Between 825 BC and 814 BC: Tyrians build settlement on island of Cothon 814 BC: Dido founds Carthage on mainland 785 BC: Death of Pygmalion 759 BC: Dido died in Carthage The person of Dido can be traced to references by Roman historians to lost writings of Timaeus of Tauromenium in Sicily.
Historians gave both for the foundation of Carthage and the foundation of Rome. Appian, in the beginning of his Punic Wars, claims that Carthage was founded by a certain Zorus and Carchedon, but Zorus looks like an alternative transliteration of the city name Tyre and Carchedon is just the Greek form of Carthage. Timaeus made Carchedon's wife Elissa the sister of King Pygmalion of Tyre. Archaeological evidence of settlement on the site of Carthage before the last quarter of the 8th century BC has yet to be found. Paucity of material for this period may be explained by rejection of the Greek Dark Age theory; that the city is named at least indicates it was a colony. The only surviving full account before Virgil's treatment is that of Virgil's contemporary Gnaeus Pompeius Trogus in his Philippic histories as rendered in a digest or epitome made by Junianus Justinus in the 3rd century AD. Justin quoting or paraphrasing Trogus states, a king of Tyre whom Justin does not name, made his beautiful daughter Dido and son Pygmalion his joint heirs.
But on his death the people took Pygmalion alone as their ruler though Pygmalion was yet still a boy. Dido married Acerbas her uncle who as priest of Heracles—that is, Melqart—was second in power to King Pygmalion. Acerbas can be equated with the Zikarbaal king of Byblos mentioned in the Egyptian Tale of Wenamon. Rumor told that Acerbas had much wealth secretly buried and King Pygmalion had Acerbas murdered in hopes of gaining this wealth. Dido, desiring to escape Tyre, expressed a wish to move into Pygmalion's palace, but ordered the attendants whom Pygmalion sent to aid in the move, to throw all Acerbas' bags of gold into the sea as an offering to his spirit. In fact these bags contained only sand. Dido persuaded the attendants to join her in flight to another land rather than face Pygmalion's anger when he discovered what had become of Acerbas' wealth; some senators joined her in her flight. The party arrived at Cyprus. There the exiles seized about eighty young women who were prostituting themselves on the shore in order to provide wives for the men in the party.
Dido and her followers arrived on the coast of North Africa where Dido asked the Berber king Iarbas for a small bit of land for a temporary refuge until she could continue her journeying, only as much land as could be encompassed by an oxhide. They agreed. Dido cut the oxhide into fine strips so that she had enough to encircle an entire nearby hill, therefore afterwards named Byrsa "hide"; that would become their new home. Many of the local Berbers joined the settlement and both Berbers and envoys from the nearby Phoenician city of Utica urged the building of a city. In digging the foundations an ox's head was found, indicating a city that would be wealthy but subject to others. Accordingly, another area of the hill was dug instead where a horse's head was found, indicating that the city would be powerful in war, but when the new city of Carthage had been established and become prosperous, Iarbas, a native king of the Maxitani or Mauritani, demanded Dido for his wife or he would make war on Carthage.
Still, she preferred to stay faithful to her first husband and after creating a ceremonial funeral pyre and sacrificing many victims to his spirit in pretense that this was a final honoring of her first husband in preparation for marriage to Iarbas, Dido ascended the pyre, announced that she would go to her husband as they desired, slew herself with her sword. After this self-sacrifice Dido was worshipped as long as Carthage endured. In this account, the f
Shootout at Wadala is a 2013 Indian Hindi-language action crime film written and directed by Sanjay Gupta. It is a prequel to the 2007 hit Shootout at Lokhandwala, it is the second instalment of the Shootout film series, it is loosely based on the book Dongri to Dubai: Six Decades of the Mumbai Mafia by Hussain Zaidi. The film features John Abraham, Anil Kapoor, Kangana Ranaut, Tusshar Kapoor, Manoj Bajpayee and Sonu Sood in lead roles; the film dramatises the encounter by Mumbai police. It took place at the junction adjacent to Dr. Ambedkar college, Mumbai on 11 January 1982; the film was slated to be released on 1 May 2013, but was released on 3 May instead, to coincide with the day that marked 100 years of Bollywood. The film released to mixed reviews from critics, according to Box Office India, emerged as an "average" at the box office; the film is remembered for one of John Abraham's standout performance and its bold love making scenes between John Abraham and Kangana Ranaut. In a police van, Afaaque Baagwan listens to the story narrated by a gangster, Manya Surve, gravely injured with a bullet-riddled body.
Surve is a decent student at Dadar. He takes her to his mother to discuss their marriage. Manya has an older brother named Bhargav Surve, a gangster. Bhargav is in conflict with an underworld don named Bhatkar and on the run. Soon enough, Bhargav is beaten up by Bhatkar's goons. Manya steps in to save him. While Manya Surve clutches one of the goons, Bhargav stabs the goon and he dies on the spot. On the day of Manya's exam results, before he can discover his grades and his brother are arrested and publicly humiliated at college by Inspector Ambolkar and end up in Yerwada Central Jail. In prison, another convict named Munir saves Manya from being attacked by a goon named Potya during lunch time. During this assault, Bhargav is killed. Munir befriends Manya and another convict named Veera. Veera trains Manya to become stronger. Manya trains and eventually is challenged by Potya. Potya attacks him from behind and beats Manya up, to which Manya responds by stabbing Potya to death. On, both Manya and Munir escape from prison while they are working on a railway track and try to join hands with two brothers who rule Mumbai's deals.
The first brother, Zubair Imtiaz Haksar, is impressed by Manya. However, the second brother, disapproves of Manya and dislikes him. After this, Manya forms his own gang which consists of him, Munir and Gyancho, a sharpshooter brought by Munir. Soon enough, Manya finishes off Bhatkar. Jamal, Bhatkar's bodyguard joins them. Next, Manya brings Ambolkar to his knees by beating him brutally in public; the story next shows the death of an unscrupulous news reporter, by Mastan. This breaks a fight between Mastan. Due to this, a truce is called by Haji Maqsood; the truce is short. After Zubair's assassination, Dilawar kills Gyancho with the help of Jamal, he is about to kill Munir. Afaaque is asked to kill Manya by Dilawar. After his refusal, at first he agrees when police commissioner orders him to; the story comes to an end after Manya's killing by police. Special appearances Sunny Leone as Laila in the item number "Laila" Priyanka Chopra in the item number "Babli Badmaash". Sophie Choudry in the item number "Aala Re Aala" Director Sanjay Gupta knew the consequences of using Dawood Ibrahim's real name while shooting the film, but he carried on with Sonu Sood being addressed as "Dilawar Imtiaz" in the film.
On 27 January 2013, Balaji Motion Pictures uploaded a new version of the theatrical trailer, trimmed nearly every dialogue from the film off. The character of Dawood Ibrahim is only seen for three seconds in the new trailer, to avoid any problems; the character names have been changed as well, except for Abraham's character, whose name remains the same in the film. The music of Shootout at Wadala is composed by Anu Malik, Anand Raj Anand, Meet Bros Anjjan and Mustafa Zahid. Anu Malik was asked to compose for two songs for this film; the film received a mixed reception from audiences. The ratings for the film provided by the reviewers have been tabulated. Below the table lies a collection of excerpts from the reviews, which can be matched to the respective rating as given in the table by seeing the source. Shootout at Wadala had an opening of around 65% occupancy and went on to collect ₹101.9 million on first day. After five days of release, the film had amassed a collection of ₹268.5 million. The two-week domestic distributor share is ₹ 255.0 million approx.
The final total came out to be ₹546.4 million. Shootout at Wadala collected $900,000 over its first weekend, its final overseas collection was US$1.625 million. Shootout at Wadala was made with a budget of ₹32 crore of production costs; the prints and marketing budget was ₹15 crore. Shootout at Wadala was released in 2013 in theaters across the country through AA Films. • These figures do not include Advertising costs. Director Sanjay Gupta has stated his plans to make a third installment to the franchise, he has said that he will restart his movie Alibaug, starring Sanjay Dutt, turn it into the third sequel of the Shootout series. Actors Abhishek
In Greek mythology, Priapus was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his oversized, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism, he became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, is the subject of the humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia. Priapus was described as the son of Aphrodite by Dionysus, or the son of Dionysus and Chione as the father or son of Hermes, the son of Zeus or Pan, depending on the source. According to legend, Hera cursed him with inconvenient impotence and foul-mindedness while he was still in Aphrodite's womb, in revenge for the hero Paris having the temerity to judge Aphrodite more beautiful than Hera; the other gods refused to allow him to live on Mount Olympus and threw him down to Earth, leaving him on a hillside. He was found by shepherds and was brought up by them. Priapus joined Pan and the satyrs as a spirit of fertility and growth, though he was perennially frustrated by his impotence.
In a ribald anecdote told by Ovid, he attempted to rape the goddess Hestia but was thwarted by an ass, whose braying caused him to lose his erection at the critical moment and woke Hestia. The episode gave him a lasting hatred of asses and a willingness to see them destroyed in his honour; the emblem of his lustful nature was his large penis. Another myth states that he pursued the nymph Lotis until the gods took pity on her and turned her into a lotus plant; the first extant mention of Priapus is in the eponymous comedy Priapus, written in the 4th century BC by Xenarchus. Worshipped by Greek colonists in Lampsacus in Asia Minor, the cult of Priapus spread to mainland Greece and to Italy during the 3rd century BC. Lucian tells that in Bithynia Priapus was accounted as a warlike god, a rustic tutor to the infant Ares, "who taught him dancing first and war only afterwards," Karl Kerenyi observed. Arnobius is aware of the importance accorded Priapus in this region near the Hellespont. Pausanias notes: This god is worshipped where goats and sheep pasture or there are swarms of bees.
In antiquity, his worship meant little more than a cult of sophisticated pornography. Outside his "home" region in Asia Minor, Priapus was regarded as something of a joke by urban dwellers. However, he played a more important role in the countryside, he was regarded as the patron god of sailors and fishermen and others in need of good luck, his presence was believed to avert the evil eye. Priapus does not appear to have had an organized cult and was worshiped in gardens or homes, though there are attestations of temples dedicated to the god, his sacrificial animal was the ass, but agricultural offerings were very common. Long after the fall of Rome and the rise of Christianity, Priapus continued to be invoked as a symbol of health and fertility; the 13th century Lanercost Chronicle, a history of northern England and Scotland, records a "lay Cistercian brother" erecting a statue of Priapus in an attempt to end an outbreak of cattle disease. In the 1980s, D. F. Cassidy founded the St. Priapus Church as a modern church centred on worship of the phallus.
Priapus' iconic attribute was his priapism. He was represented in a variety of ways, most as a misshapen gnome-like figure with an enormous erect phallus. Statues of Priapus were common in ancient Rome, standing in gardens; the Athenians conflated Priapus with Hermes, the god of boundaries, depicted a hybrid deity with a winged helmet and huge erection. Another attribute of Priapus was the sickle which he carries in his right hand; this too was used to threaten thieves, doubtless with castration: Horace writes: Olim truncus eram ficulnus, inutile lignum,cum faber, incertus scamnum faceretne Priapum,maluit esse deum. deus inde ego, furum aviumquemaxima formido. "Once I was a trunk of fig, a useless piece of wood,when a carpenter, unsure whether he should make a bench or a Priapus,decided to make a god. So I am a god, of thieves and birdsa great scarer. In these, Priapus threatens sexual assault against potential thieves: Percidere, moneo. "I warn you, you will be screwed. "If a woman steals from me, or a man, or a boy, let the first give me her cunt, the second his head, the third his buttocks."per medios ibit pueros mediasque puellas mentula.
"My dick will go through the middle of boys and the middle of girls, but with bearded men it will aim only for the top."A number of Roman paintings of Priapus have survived. One of the most fam