Die Entführung aus dem Serail is an opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The German libretto is by Gottlieb Stephanie, based on Christoph Friedrich Bretzner's Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail; the plot concerns the attempt of the hero Belmonte, assisted by his servant Pedrillo, to rescue his beloved Konstanze from the seraglio of Pasha Selim. The work premiered on 16 July 1782 with the composer conducting; the company that first sponsored the opera was the Nationalsingspiel, a pet project of the Austrian emperor Joseph II. The Emperor had set up the company to perform works in the German language; this project was given up as a failure, but along the way it produced a number of successes a series of translated works. Mozart's opera emerged as its outstanding original success; the inspector of the Nationalsingspiel was Gottlieb Stephanie. When the 25-year-old Mozart arrived in Vienna in 1781, seeking professional opportunity, one of the first tasks to which he addressed himself was to become acquainted with Stephanie and lobby him for an opera commission.
To this end, he brought a copy of his earlier opera Zaide and showed it to Stephanie, duly impressed. Mozart made a strong impression on the manager of the theater, Count Franz Xaver Orsini-Rosenberg, when in the home of Mozart's friend and patroness Maria Wilhelmine Thun the Count heard him play excerpts from his opera Idomeneo, premiered with great success the previous year in Munich. With this backing, it was agreed that Stephanie would find appropriate material and prepare a libretto for Mozart. Stephanie complied by preparing an altered version of an earlier work Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail without attributing or seeking permission from its original author Christoph Friedrich Bretzner. Bretzner complained loudly and publicly about the theft. Mozart received the libretto from Stephanie on 29 July 1781, he had few opportunities to compose professionally during the summer and he set to work on the libretto at a rapid pace, finishing three major numbers in just two days.
A letter to his father Leopold indicates he was excited about the prospect of having his opera performed in Vienna and worked enthusiastically on his project. At first Mozart thought he needed to finish his opera in only two months, because tentative plans were made to perform it at the September visit of the Russian Grand Duke Paul. However, it was decided to perform operas by Gluck instead, giving Mozart more time, it was around this time that Mozart articulated his views about the role of the composer and the librettist in the preparation of an opera. He wrote to his father: I would say that in an opera the poetry must be altogether the obedient daughter of the music. Why are Italian comic operas popular everywhere – in spite of the miserable libretti? … Because the music reigns supreme, when one listens to it all else is forgotten. An opera is sure of success when the plot is well worked out, the words written for the music and not shoved in here and there to suit some miserable rhyme... The best thing of all is when a good composer, who understands the stage and is talented enough to make sound suggestions, meets an able poet, that true phoenix.
It would seem that something along these lines did happen—that is, Mozart decided to play a major role in the shaping of the libretto, insisting that Stephanie make changes for dramatic and musical effect. On 26 September Mozart wrote: Now comes the rub! The first act was finished more than three weeks ago, as was one aria in act 2 and the drunken duet... But I cannot compose any more, because the whole story is being altered – and, to tell the truth, at my own request. At the beginning of act 3 there is a charming quintet or rather finale, but I would prefer to have it at the end of act 2. In order to make this practicable, great changes must be made, in fact an new plot must be introduced – and Stephanie is up to his neck in other work. So we must have a little patience. Mozart was evidently quite pleased to have in Stephanie a librettist; the September 26 letter says: Everyone abuses Stephanie. It may be the case, but after all he is preparing the libretto for me – and, what is more as I want it – and by Heaven, I don't ask anything more of him.
With the delays for rewriting, the composition took several more months. The premiere took place on 16 July 1782, at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Die Entführung aus dem Serail is in the genre of "Singspiel", thus the music lacks recitatives and consists of set numbers; as Hughes notes, the action is carried forward by the spoken dialogue, so the libretto gave Mozart little opportunity to display an achievement for which his operas are celebrated, namely the construction of scenes in which the plot is both reflected in and driven forward by the music. Die Entführung is lighthearted and comic, with little of the deep character exploration or darker feelings found in Mozart's operas; the opera was inspired by a contemporary interest in the exotic culture of the Ottoman Empire, a nation which had only ceased to be a military threat to Austria. Mozart's opera includes a Westernized version of Turkish music, based loosely on the Turkish Janissary band music. Certain aspects of the opera conform
Jeannemarie Aragona Devolites Davis is an American politician. She served in the Virginia House of Delegates 1998–2004 and the Senate of Virginia 2004–2008, she was a candidate for the 2013 Republican nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, but was eliminated in the first round of voting at the 2013 Republican convention in Richmond, Virginia. Her husband, Tom Davis, was a member of the United States House of Representatives. Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell appointed Davis director of the Virginia Liaison Office in Washington, D. C. in January 2010. She resigned in September 2012 to pursue an unsuccessful bid for lieutenant governor. Davis was born on a United States Air Force base in Swindon, where her father was a civilian employee; the family settled in Arlington, where she graduated from Yorktown High School in 1974. In 1978, she received a B. A. degree in mathematics from the University of Virginia. Davis has married twice, she had four children with John Devolites. She married Tom Davis in 2004.
A large percentage of her financial support is contributed from her husband, Tom Davis, the Republican organizations he directs. Before Virginia's 2007 election cycle, his PACS had donated more than $172,000 to her campaign. In addition, she has received contributions from National Republican organizations directed by Mr. Davis including "$300,000 to the Fairfax and Prince William's counties Republican Party committees". Archived from the original on February 7, 2003. Retrieved August 17, 2013. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, who in turn donated money and office space to Mrs. Davis. According to the Washington Post: "In the past five years and telecommunications companies have been the largest contributors to Davis's and his wife's separate campaigns and political action committees; those companies and their employees have donated more than $1.1 million of the $6.4 million given to the couple's campaigns, according to an analysis by the Center for Responsive Politics and the Virginia Public Access Project."
Former Senator Davis works as a technology consultant for ICG government, a position that has raised potential conflicts of interest, described in more detail below. She worked as a statistical consultant to the law firm of Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, she participates in the following organizations: She is on the Board of Directors of Fairfax Spotlight on the Arts and Court Appointed Special Advocates. She is a member of Tysons Vienna Regional Chamber of Commerce, Central Fairfax Chamber of Commerce, Oakton Women's Club, New Providence Republican Women's Club, American Legislative Exchange Council and National Conference of State Legislatures, Board member of Lattice Incorporated. After losing two races for the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors to Gerry Connolly, Devolites ran for the Virginia House of Delegates. In 1997, with Tom Davis as her mentor and chief donor she won her race for member of the House of Delegates, she was elected to become the House Majority Whip, the first woman to serve in this position, before being elected to the State Senate.
She served one term in the State Senate, losing her run for reelection in 2007. Her district was the most Democratic district held by a Republican in Virginia, her Democratic successor is Democrat and former Delegate Chap Petersen, whose previous House district is enclaved in the 37th Senatorial District. Her top donor continues to be her husband's Political Action Committee, the Federal Victory Fund, donating $25,000. Tom Davis's other PAC, the Va Victory Fund, had donated over $92,000 in her House races. Mrs. Davis received another $55,616 from the National Republican Congressional Committee when her husband was the Committee Chair; this RNCC donation is the most donated to any VA candidate not running statewide. On evaluations from Project Vote Smart, on a scale of 100 from 2004 to 2006, examples of the latest rankings for Davis include scores of 67-100 percent from the Virginia Education Association, 50-71 percent from the Virginia League of Conservation Voters, 78-84 percent from the Chamber of Commerce.
She has scores of near zero from the Virginia National Organization for Women and all reporting abortion rights groups, 80% from the Chamber of Commerce, a 94% from the conservative Family Foundation of Virginia. In her 2007 election campaign, she listed the following endorsements: Washington Post Fairfax Education Association Virginia Education Association Fairfax Local Firefighters Virginia Professional Firefighters Virginia chapter of the National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association Northern Virginia Technology Council Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce National Federation of Independent Business Virginia Association of Realtors Virginia Troopers Alliance VPAP:donors to Jeanemarie Devolities Davis VPAP:VA Donors to Tom Davis Virginia Victory Fund VPAP:Tom Davis Leadership Committees She was one of the first hires for ICG, a firm that assists businesses in obtaining and defending performance under government contracts. At the time of her hire, Congressman Davis was her campaign manager.
ICG Founder and President Don Upson is a longtime friend of Davis. After Devolites was hired by ICG, Davis divorced, married Devolites; the financial benefits between Rep. Davis and his wife, from the ICG job as well as other campaign donations to Mrs. Davis, were highlighted
If He Hollers Let Him Go is the first novel by American writer Chester Himes, published in 1945, about an African-American shipyard worker in Los Angeles during World War II. It earned him critical acclaim and was considered a "protest novel", in the tradition of Richard Wright; the book was adapted as a 1968 film, starring Raymond St. Jacques, Dana Wynter, Kevin McCarthy, Barbara McNair, Arthur O'Connell; the screenplay differed markedly from the novel. The story spans four days in the life of a newcomer to Los Angeles from Ohio. With some college education, he works as a crew leader in a naval shipyard. In this period, black workers are gaining opportunities in the defense industry as a result of executive orders of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II. However, Jones cannot escape the pressures of racism, he believes he was promoted as a supervisor only to gain the cooperation of black workers in the war effort. He is forced to deal with anti-communist paranoia, resentment from whites on the floor working at the same jobs as "colored boys", the baiting of black workers by some white females.
His fears invade his dreams and passions. His dream of making something of himself in California is jeopardized as he reacts to the actions of the white people around him, he struggles to contain his urges to fight and rape as ways to overcome his resentment of white power arrayed against him. The main characters are the protagonist, Bob Jones, two women: Madge Perkins, white. Bob struggles for place in a white-dominated world and is filled with violent thoughts against white people, but does not act on them. In what is described as a "sexually charged novel", Madge makes a racial slur toward Bob, his calling her a "bitch" results in his demotion. He considers raping her as a way to get back at white America, seeing her as a symbol of "whiteness", but when she expresses sexual attraction to him, he rejects her. Alice tells Bob it is no use getting angry about the inequality that blacks must live with, he has to learn to deal with it. Themes addressed in the novel include racism suffered by blacks, color differentiation among African Americans, employment discrimination against blacks, class divisions among whites and blacks.
Communism is featured generously, as the Communist unionists are the only ones who talk about the issue of race in any way with which the protagonist agrees. There is some reference to jazz; the novel is referred to in Frantz Fanon's book, Black Skin White Masks, first published in French, in the chapter titled "The Fact of Blackness". Critics praised this first novel by Himes, classifying it in the "protest novel" tradition established by Richard Wright
Cupid Car Club known as Cupid Car Club M. P. was a short-lived American post-hardcore band consisting of Ian Svenonius on vocals, James Canty on drums, Steve Gamboa on guitar, Kim Thompson on bass and vocals. They released one 7" EP on Kill Rock Stars, called Join our Club. Cupid Car Club appeared on the Rock Stars Kill and Some Songs compilations under the Kill Rock Stars label; the band's lyrical content, album art, promotional material tended to stray towards a morbid playfulness, containing many references to topics such as suicide, child custody, cults. Join our Club, sometimes known as Werewolves!, was the only EP from the short-lived band Cupid Car Club. The track "Grape Juice Plus" borrows its name from the term used by Dr. Lewis Dickson to describe wine to Zira in Escape from the Planet of the Apes; the lyrics "Did you have the dream now about the boy" and "Don't you got it good now so I can shoot my little girl" are direct reference to 1991's The Rapture. Svenonius has a penchant for name-dropping.
Richard Murray Simpson was a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Richard Simpson was born in Pennsylvania, he graduated from the University of Pittsburgh, in 1923 and from Georgetown Law School in Washington, D. C. in 1942. During the First World War, Simpson served as a private in the Three Hundred and First Company, Tank Corps, he was engaged in the insurance business from 1923 to 1937. He served in the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from 1935 to 1937. Simpson was elected as a Republican to the 75th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Benjamin K. Focht, he was re-elected to the Seventy-sixth and to the ten succeeding Congresses and served until his death in 1960. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Richard M. Simpson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-01-26 Richard M. Simpson at Find a Grave
Hide and Go Shriek is an 1988 American slasher film directed by Skip Schoolnik in his directorial debut, starring Bunky Jones, Annette Sinclair, Brittain Frye, Donna Baltron, George Thomas, Sean Kanan in his film debut. The story details a group of teenagers who celebrate their graduation by staying the night inside a furniture store, where they are stalked and murdered by a cross-dressing killer during a game of hide and go seek; the movie begins with a well-dressed man applying women's make-up in an dingy apartment. The man picks up a prostitute on the street, while having sex with her in an alley, he stabs her to death. Four couples - Judy and David and Bonnie, Randy and Kim, Shawn and Melissa - have just graduated from high school and are preparing to sneak into a furniture store owned by John's father, Phil. Arriving before the store closes, the teenagers hide. Unbeknownst to them, Fred - an employee there - is an ex-convict living in the basement of the store; the teenagers begin to drink party as John gives them a tour of the entire store.
He advises them not to keep the lights switched off, so as not to get caught. Kim suggests playing hide-and-go-seek; the group force Kim to be it. John and Bonnie use the game to have sex, unaware of a shadowy figure watching them. Kim finds the two and declares them it. During the second round and Shawn decide to have sex, she leaves to change into a negligee given to her by Kim. In the bathroom, an attacker forces her head into the sink. After some time, Shawn goes to find Melissa. A figure dressed in the negligee runs past him in the dark. Shawn follows and runs into the killer, who lifts him off the ground and impales him on a trident-like decoration. At midnight, the remaining six regroup to eat dinner, all concerned about Shawn and Melissa's whereabouts; the group are unable to find them. They get annoyed when they find multiple mannequins and furniture disarranged, thinking that the pair is playing a joke; the couples go to bed, frustrated with the mess. As John and Bonnie are having sex, a man dressed in Shawn's clothes enters the room.
He makes some impolite gestures to them. He runs away. Upon reaching the second floor, John sees a man in a blonde wig applying make-up, they start a fight, but the killer impales a mannequin's arm through John’s stomach, killing him. Bonnie becomes anxious waiting and hides under the bed as she sees a figure entering and leaving the room. Meanwhile, Judy decides to lose her virginity to David; as Randy and Kim sleep, Kim goes to the bathroom. After being attacked by the killer, she attempts to escape in the store elevator, but the killer catches up with her and jumps into the elevator with her. Kim's scream wakes up Randy, he tries to find her but bumps into a distraught Bonnie. Randy and Bonnie wake up David, they take the elevator down to the ground floor and don't know that Kim has been bound and gagged right on the top. They see a figure realize that's an imposter; the group calls the police, but find the phone line cut and all exits chained shut. They begin to panic and try to get the attention of a vagabond a passing cop car, but to no avail.
Judy attempts to turn the lights on to draw attention, but the power is cut, sending the emergency lights on. Bonnie notices a door and believes it to be a way out, only to discover the dead bodies of their friends inside; the teenagers arm themselves with weapons, ready to fight back. Outside, a shopkeeper calls the cops to report an intrusion. Fred appears, the survivors knock him unconscious and tie him up, believing him to be the killer; the group hears Kim beaten on the top. Kim manages to free her legs before leaning down from the top to call for help; the killer holds her head out of the elevator. Judy fails to stop the elevator, Kim is decapitated; the survivors retreat to a bedroom. The killer attacks slashes Randy across the chest; as he tries to attack again, Fred appears and tackles the killer, revealed to be Zack, Fred's gay lover from prison. Zack tells Fred that he killed the teenagers as he thought they were coming between Fred. Fred rejects Zack, offending him. Zack stabs him in the neck with a knife.
Judy lunges forward to slash Zack with a razor. Zack stumbles over Kim's severed head before falling down the empty elevator shaft. After that, the police and Phil arrive; as Phil asks Fred what had happened, Fred dies. The surviving teenagers are checked over by paramedics before leaving the store and getting into an ambulance. However, the group doesn’t know that Zack somehow survives the fall and kills the Emergency Medical Technician. In the final scene, Zack turns out to be driving the ambulance, he looks directly at the camera as an evil smile spreads across his lips. Production was shot inside an abandoned warehouse in downtown Los Angeles for three weeks in the summer of 1987. According to an interview with Skip Schoolnik relating to the film on a website, the budget was believed to be below $300,000. Michael Kelly, who wrote the screenplay, appears in a brief cameo as an alley wino. Screaming Mad George was hired for the film's special effects. Actress Annette Sinclair was asked to do the make-up on the plaster cast of her head, whose character is decapitated by an elevator, so that it matched her actual make-up.
The film was given a limited