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Die Gartenlaube

Die Gartenlaube – Illustriertes Familienblatt was the first successful mass-circulation German newspaper and a forerunner of all modern magazines. It was founded by publisher Ernst Keil and editor Ferdinand Stolle in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony in 1853, their objective was to reach and enlighten the whole family in the German middle classes, with a mixture of current events, essays on the natural sciences, biographical sketches, short stories and full-page illustrations. At the height of its popularity Die Gartenlaube was read across the German speaking world, it could be found in all German states, the German colonies in Africa and among the significant German-speaking minorities of Latin America, such as Brazil. Austrian composer Johann Strauss II published a waltz dedicated to its readers, with the English title "Gartenlaube Waltz", in 1895. During its 91-year history the journal changed owners several times. By the turn of the century it had become more focused on entertainment, in the buildup to World War I it came under the control of right-wing nationalists.

These changes corresponded to a decline in its readership. It was purchased outright by the Nazi publishing house Eher Verlag in 1938, who renamed it Die neue Gartenlaube, ceased publication in 1944. Despite this, today Die Gartenlaube remains important for comprehensive historical analysis in many fields and is regarded as an essential source for the understanding of German cultural history. Circulation of Die Gartenlaube increased following its initial 1853 print run of 5,000 copies, reaching 60,000 by the end of its fourth year. After the magazine introduced serialized novels, its paid circulation increased rising to 160,000 by 1863 and 382,000 by 1875. By comparison, most daily newspapers of the period had a circulation of only 4,000 copies. Since Die Gartenlaube became common family reading and many lending libraries and cafes took delivery, estimates of actual readership run between two and five million, it kept this market supremacy until at least 1887 and at one time it claimed to have the largest readership of any publication in the world.

The format of the magazine consisted of 16-20 pages each, in quarto size. The text, printed in a Fraktur font, was typeset with elaborate engraved illustrations and with some photographs. Die Gartenlaube's masthead depicted a grandfatherly figure reading aloud to a family around a table. Between 1853 and 1880 works by prominent German writers such as Goethe and Schiller dominated its pages. Goethe was featured 75 times in print and 14 times in illustrations, Schiller was featured 90 times in print and 15 times in illustrations. Publication of works by novelist E. Marlitt in serial form, such as Goldelse beginning in 1866, had a significant impact on the magazine's popularity and on Marlitt's celebrity. A famous image by Willy Stöwer of the sinking of the RMS Titanic was published by the magazine in 1912. Die Gartenlaube went through a number of distinct phases throughout its history; the early volumes up to German unification in 1871 were envisioned to be a "people's encyclopedia", covering a wide range of interests.

Founded by radical liberal publisher Ernst Keil, it was committed to the creation of a national democratic unity government and an enlightened population. The promotion of bourgeois values contrasted with the decline of aristocratic norms. During this period Die Gartenlaube was noted for a neutral to positive view of Jews, with occasional articles on Jewish family life. In the years following the founding of the German Empire in 1871, Die Gartenlaube became antisemitic, publishing among other things Otto Glagau's violent attacks on "the Jews" from 1874 to 1876; the weekly was seen as a defender of Prussian policy. Their dedicated and polemical interest in the culture war, came to the defense of the liberal world view. Arguments in support of the National Liberal Party were supported in particular; when Ernst Keil died in 1878 the magazine had reached the height of its success and influence, with a paid circulation of 372,000. Its actual readership was at least 2 million, making it one of the most read publications in the world.

In 1886, Keil's widow sold Die Gartenlaube to his son Alfred. As co-owner/editors, under their guidance the paper changed in scope and content. Die Gartenlaube became conservative and political or religious issues were no longer covered; the topics of divorce and suicide were taboo after this repositioning. Instead of a popular encyclopedia meant to enlighten and educate, by the turn of the century Die Gartenlaube was an entertainment paper. In 1904, Die Gartenlaube was purchased by entrepreneur and right-wing nationalist August Scherl and the tone of the newspaper became political. In the run up to World War I, one article stated that the coming war was to be "the happy, great hour of struggle", not only because of German technological advances but because it would be "more beautiful and more magnificent to live forever on the plaque of heroes than to die a hollow death without name in a bed". By buying up numerous other publishers, Scherl's company "Scherl-Verlag" had the largest circulation in Germany.

However, his various costly business projects were not economically successful, so he sold the company to the "German Publishers Society" in 1914 and retired. In 1916 the Scherl-Verlag publishing house was acquired by industrialist Alfred Hugenberg. During the interwar period, Hugenberg used his new media empire to help Adolf Hitler become

Happy Valley Racecourse

The Happy Valley Racecourse is one of the two racecourses for horse racing and is a tourist attraction in Hong Kong. It is located in Happy Valley on Hong Kong Island, surrounded by Wong Nai Chung Road and Morrison Hill Road; the capacity of the venue is 55,000. It was first built in 1845 to provide horse racing for the British people in Hong Kong; the area was swampland, but the only flat ground suitable for horse racing on Hong Kong Island. To make way for the racecourse, Hong Kong Government prohibited rice growing by villages in the surrounding area; the first race ran in December 1846. Over the years, horse racing became more popular among the Chinese residents. On 26 February 1918, a temporary grandstand collapsed, knocking over hot food stalls that set bamboo matting ablaze. In the fire that ensued at least 590 people died. Over the years, facilities have been added and extended, including extensively in 1995; the Happy Valley Racecourse is one of two racecourses in Hong Kong used by the Hong Kong Jockey Club for horse racing meets, the other being the Sha Tin Racecourse.

Races in Happy Valley take place on Wednesday nights and are open to the public as well as members of the Club. The Happy Valley Racecourse and its seven-storey stands are capable of accommodating 55,000 spectators; the inner field of the course contains sports and leisure facilities such as football and rugby fields, managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. The Hong Kong Jockey Club Archive and Museum was set up in 1995 and opened on 18 October 1996, it is now located on the second floor of the Happy Valley Stand of the racecourse. There are four galleries in the museum: The Origin of Our Horses: Shows the migration route horses travelled in the early days from the northern part of China to Hong Kong. Shaping Sha Tin: Exhibits the history of construction of Sha Tin Racecourse. Understanding Horses: Exhibits the skeleton of the three-time Hong Kong Champion Silver Lining. Thematic Exhibitions: The history of the Jockey Club is exhibited. Selected charitable organisations and community projects supported by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust are displayed in this gallery.

There is a cinema and a souvenir shop in the museum. Hong Kong Tourism Board Hong Kong Jockey Club Hong Kong Racing Museum

Google Directory

The Google Directory was a web directory hosted by Google. It was discontinued on July 20, 2011. However, the Google business places and recommended businesses is now referred to as the Google directory; the Google Directory was organized into 14 main categories: Arts Business Computers Games Health Home News Recreation Reference Regional Science Shopping Society SportsThere were two other links on the page: World and Kids and Teens. The World link offered the directory in other languages; the Kids and Teens link was a separate web archive for teens. All of the Google Directory was based on the Open Directory Project; the main page had links to the 14 main categories, along with the World and Kids and Teens links. There was a big search box on top. On top of, the slogan in green letters: "The web organized by topic into categories." On top of that were links to other Google services. Each main category page had links to sub-main category pages, as well as a search box on top of it. For example, the Games main category would have sub-main categories such as Board Games or Video Games.

Each category took the user to the category page, which would have websites that belong to it, or further subcategories that dealt with more detailed areas of that category. The user would get to a page with no more subcategories; every page had a search box at the top, allowing the user to search that page or the whole directory. Each page might have links to related categories; some links were redirects to other pages. The World link had the names of languages. If the user clicked on one, they would be taken to a version of the directory in that language, but they had no appearance to the main page. As the name states, it had pages for teens, it was disconnected from the rest of the directory, so if you clicked it by accident, you would have to press the back button on your web browser. The Google Directory was built upon the Open Directory Project. Google integrated its search system into it. Everything was green. There were links on the bottom. If a search result was in the directory, Google included a link to the respecting category.

If someone wanted to have a listing in the Google Directory, they would have to be listed in the Open Directory Project

Paradise Road (1997 film)

Paradise Road is a 1997 Australian war film that tells the story of a group of English, American and Australian women who are imprisoned by the Japanese in Sumatra during World War II. It was directed by Bruce Beresford and stars Glenn Close as Adrienne Pargiter, Frances McDormand as the brash Dr. Verstak, Pauline Collins as missionary Margaret Drummond, Julianna Margulies as U. S. socialite Topsy Merritt, Jennifer Ehle as British doyenne and model Rosemary Leighton Jones, Cate Blanchett as Australian nurse Susan McCarthy and Elizabeth Spriggs as dowager Imogene Roberts. Basing his film on real events, Bruce Beresford tells the story of a vocal orchestra created by the women in a Japanese Internment camp, a classic survivors' tale about women's ability to survive hardship and atrocity through perseverance and creativity; the film opens with a dance at the Cricket Club in Singapore. Wives and husbands and socialites are enjoying a night of dancing and conversation; the scene is happy and carefree, but the film continues to unfold and it soon becomes known that a war is raging right outside the doors.

Paradise Road is set during the time of World War II, the Japanese forces have just attacked Singapore. When a bomb explodes right outside the club, it becomes known that the Japanese have advanced beyond defensive lines; the women and children are collected and carried off by a boat to a safer location. A few hours out, the boat is bombed by Japanese fighter planes and the women must jump over board to save their lives. Three women, Adrienne Pargiter the wife of a tea planter, Rosemary Leighton-Jones a model and the girlfriend of a Royal Malayan Volunteer, Susan Macarthy, an Australian nurse, swim their way to shore; the place on which they land is the island of Sumatra. The women are found by a Japanese officer, Captain Tanaka, ushered to a deserted village, they are taken to a prison camp in the jungle. The three women are reunited with the rest of the children from the boat. At the prison camp, there are women of all nationalities including Dutch, Irish, Portuguese and Australian; some of the women are nuns, some are nurses, some are socialites and mothers.

The women are forced to bow to its flag. The women must endure hard labour while trying to remain positive and level headed. Many believe the war would end soon and their husbands or soldiers will come looking for them. Nonetheless, the living conditions are brutal, many face sickness and death; the women have been at the prison camp for two years now. Adrienne Pargiter, a graduate from the Royal Academy of Music, Daisy "Margaret" Drummond a missionary, decided to create a vocal orchestra in order to encourage the women; some of the women fear for their lives because the Japanese officers Sergeant Tomiashi "The Snake", made known for his cruelty and abuse, have prohibited any meetings whether religious or social. The orchestra performs for the entire camp the officers stop to listen to the vibrant music. However, the music only works as motivation for so long and the women continue to dwindle in numbers. After some time, the women are moved to a new location where they will remain for the duration of the war.

The war ends and the women rejoice for their freedom. The film closes on a scene of the last performance by the vocal orchestra; the vocal orchestra performed more than 30 works from 1943 to 1944. The original scores are the basis for the music performed in the film. In 1997, many of the survivors were still alive during the making of the film and contributed to the inspiration for Paradise Road. In credits order: Glenn Close as Adrienne Pargiter Frances McDormand as Dr. Verstak Pauline Collins as Daisy'Margaret' Drummond Julianna Margulies as Topsy Merritt Cate Blanchett as Susan Macarthy Jennifer Ehle as Rosemary Leighton-Jones Wendy Hughes as Mrs. Dickson Johanna ter Steege as Sister Wilhelminia Elizabeth Spriggs as Mrs. Roberts Pamela Rabe as Mrs. Tippler Clyde Kusatsu as Sergeant Tomiashi,'The Snake' Stan Egi as Captain Tanaka David Chung as Mr. Tomio Sab Shimono as Colonel Hirota Penne Hackforth-Jones as Mrs. Pike Pauline Chan as Wing Lisa Hensley as Edna Susie Porter as Oggi Anita Hegh as Bett Tessa Humphries as Celia Roberts Lia Scallon as Mrs. O'Riordan Marta Dusseldorp as Helen van Praagh Marijke Mann as Mrs. Cronje Aden Young as Bill Seary Paul Bishop as Dennis Leighton-Jones Stephen O'Rourke as William Pargiter Vincent Ball as Mr. Dickson Nicholas Hammond as Marty Merritt Steven Grives as Westmacott Robert Grubb as Colonel Downes Arthur Dignam as Mr. Pike Tanya Bird as Siobhan O'Riordan Alwine Seinen as Millie Kitty Clignett as Sister Anna Shira Van Essen as Antoinette van Praagh Yoshi Adachi as Mr. Moto Mitsu Sato as Rags Taka Nagano as Boris Koji Sasaki as Lefty Julie Anthony as Female Vocalist Geoffrey Ogden-Brown as Band Leader Jason Arden as Edgar Kristine McAlister as Matron Heffernan Jesse Rosenfeld as Danny Tippler Phillip Stork as Michael Tippler John Elcock as Seaman Francis Hamish Urquhart as Aran O'Riordan Jemal Blattner as Older Aran O'Riordan John Proper as Captain Murchison Shigenori Ito as Dr. Mizushima Geoff O'Halloran as Sailor Chi Yuen Lee as Chinese Man Ping Pan as Chinese Man The story is based on the testimony of Betty Jeffrey, as written in her 1954 book White Coolies.

The 1965 book Song of Survival by Helen Colijn, another camp survivor, is not listed in the film's credits as being a source for this film, although Colijn is thanked for her help in the credits. According to the media information kit for the film, Martin Meader and David Giles

Baby Love (manga)

Baby Love is a shojo manga series by Ayumi Shiina. Part of the story has been adapted into an OVA. Seara is a mature young girl that fell in love with Shuhei Seto when she was still young. Telling him that she would be his bride when she grew up, Shuhei told her that if she grew up to be a beautiful young woman, that he would think about it. Four years Seara comes to live with Shuhei while her parents move to America, she grew up to be a beautiful young woman, just to be with Shuhei. She looks a lot more mature than any girls her age, she is much bigger than them and prefers to be on her own. It is said that she's afraid of people, although it is not said so in the OVA. Seara Arisugawa Voiced by: Hiroko KasaharaA tall, beautiful sixth grader who fell in love with Shuhei Seto, she is a strong, athletic girl who touches people with her honest expressions of how she feels. Seara once said that one of her mottos is "Whoever is nice to me, I'll be nice to. Whoever is mean to me, I'll fight back!" She decided to stay with the Seto family while her mother and father moved to America so she could get closer to Shuhei.

At Seara's previous elementary school, anyone, nice to her seemed to get hurt, so she was known as the "God of Plagues" and didn't have many friends. In her new elementary school, things seem to be going well and she is the most popular girl in the class, she is trying to improve herself for Shuhei's sake. Shuhei Seto Voiced by: Tatsuya OkadaA tall, popular basketball player, three years older than Seara, he made her cry on several occasions. He was in love with Ayano Nishina, but stepped aside for his friend Ko Segami. Seara and Shuhei began a trial dating period after much denial from Shuhei and much effort from Seara. Things went downhill after Ko and Ayano broke up, Seara was again rejected. Now Shuhei is confused as to, most important to him, Ayano or Seara. Koharu Seto Voiced by: Junko TakeuchiShuhei's sister and Seara's classmate/roommate, Koharu is a stubborn and embarrassed sixth grader, she is not athletic nor tall and is a bit of a tomboy. She and Wataru Nikaidou had both liked each other but did nothing about it until Seara pushed them along.

Although Koharu was unhappy about sharing a room with Seara, they are now good friends. Koharu can be a bit difficult but she is a caring person, as Seara puts it in volume 1, "a tender-hearted, good-natured person with the word'idiot' on top."RaiA tall, athletic basketball player, best friends and the same age as Shuhei. The two are unstoppable when they team up because they have been playing together for so long and can predict the other's actions. Rai fell in love with Seara at first sight and cares about her much but was crushed to find that she was in love with Shuhei. Unlike Shuhei, Rai was not bothered by Seara's age difference. Overall, he is an honest, goofy guy, caring and good-natured. Wataru NikaidouA basketball playing sixth grader, he looks up to Shuhei for his basketball skills. Through a series of complicated events, Wataru was led to believe that Seara had been in love with him but let him go to Koharu so he could be happy with the one he liked. Wataru tells Shuhei this false information which causes Shuhei to believe that whenever Seara sees Wataru and Koharu together, she is secretly in pain and he sympathizes for her.

Ayano NishinaSeara's biggest rival for Shuhei, Ayano is the beautiful, large chested girl who Shuhei fell for. Her classmates consider her a smart beauty with a good personality, but is unathletic, she was rejected due to certain circumstances. She began dating Ko Segami in an effort to forget Shuhei. Ko SegamiA friend of Shuhei and the boyfriend of Ayano, he was aware of Shuhei and Ayano's feelings for each other, however he asked Shuhei to help him be with Ayano anyway to prevent the two from dating. When Ayano confessed to Shuhei, Shuhei rejected her remembering his promise to Ko. Ko comforted Ayano and confessed, they began dating. Although he may seem a bit sneaky, he loves Ayano and justified that if Shuhei loved Ayano he would not step aside for anyone. ISBN 4-08-853851-X published in April 1996 ISBN 4-08-853877-3 published in September 1996 ISBN 4-08-856011-6 published in April 1997 ISBN 4-08-856037-X published in September 1997 ISBN 4-08-856063-9 published in February 1998 ISBN 4-08-856078-7 published in May 1998 ISBN 4-08-856109-0 published in November 1998 ISBN 4-08-856137-6 published in April 1999 ISBN 4-08-856153-8 published in July 1999 Baby Love at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Baby Love at Anime News Network's encyclopedia

Jesús de Alva

Jesús de Alva is a Venezuelan model and television personality who rose to fame after participating in the 2014 Mister Venezuela competition. On August 30, 2018, he is named by the organization The Super Model Venezuela as the first Mister Grand Venezuela, that same year. Jesús was a student in his 5th semester at Universidad Rafael Belloso Chacín where he was studying Social Communication, he decided to participate in the 2014 Mister Venezuela competition. Where he emerged as a semi-finalist. After the competition, he was cast as a host for the popular magazine show Portada's that airs on Venevisión. In 2016, he released a line of Men's clothing designed by Oswaldo Escalante Zuliano Jesús de Alva: “Sueño con animar Sábado Sensacional” Jesus De Alva