California State University, Dominguez Hills
California State University, Dominguez Hills is a public university in Carson, California. It is part of the California State University system. In Fall 2016 the university had a total enrollment of 14,731 students comprising 12,632 undergraduates and 2,099 post baccalaureates, with over half of the student population identifying as the first in their families to go to college. CSUDH is one of the most ethnically and economically diverse universities in the western United States, it enrolls the largest number and percentage of African American students of any CSU campus and is ranked nationally as a top degree producer for minority students, including graduating more African American students than any public university in California. CSUDH offers 46 majors for a Bachelor's degrees, 23 different Master's degrees, a variety of single, multi-subject and specialized teaching credentials and a number of undergraduate and post-baccalaureate certificate programs within its five colleges: College of Arts and Humanities, College of Business Administration and Public Policy, College of Extended and International Education, College of Health, Human Services and Nursing, College of Natural and Behavioral Sciences.
The university is accredited by the WASC Senior University Commission. The campus offers small class sizes for its students; the campus sits on the oldest land grant in the Los Angeles area. The land was in the continuous possession of the Dominguez family through seven generations - from its concession to Juan Jose Dominguez in 1784 to its acquisition by the people of the state of California for the university; the campus mascot is the Spanish for bull. The foundation for what would become CSU Dominguez Hills was built in 1960 when Governor of California Pat Brown provided state funds to begin development of the campus, it was to be located in Palos Verdes and known as South Bay State College. The tentative name was changed to California State College at Palos Verdes in 1962. In 1964, architect A. Quincy Jones designed a master plan for construction; as the permanent campus had not yet been constructed, the first classes began to be taught in 1965 at the California Federal Savings Bank in Rolling Hills Estates, California.
The college began with an enrollment of 40 students. In 1965 the designated location for the campus was moved to an area known as Dominguez Hills in Carson. John Muns, president of the Dominguez Hills Homeowners Association in 1965, recognized that for a community to be selected as the site for a state college was a mark of status and prestige, he headed up the campaign in support of Dominguez Hills, which at the time was still unincorporated ranch and farming land in the soon-to-be city of Carson. The university was established, in large part, as a response to the African American outcry for higher education standards and opportunities. Additionally, from the months of October to November in 1969, demonstrations regarding the Vietnam War were held on the campus. In 1977 the California Postsecondary Education Commission endorsed the college trustees’ desire to change the name of the school from California State College, Dominguez Hills to California State University, Dominguez Hills. In 2015, Cal State Dominguez Hills ranked #11 in Washington Monthly's list of Master's University Rankings.
This same year CSUDH was ranked 88th nationally by The Brookings Institution for the value-add to students who graduate from there. Using a similar methodology, The Economist ranked CSUDH 63rd in its 2015 college rankings. CSU Dominguez Hills is a major university for the Southern geographical region of Los Angeles County and Orange County, it offers 46 undergraduate majors, 23 master's degrees, a number of certificate and credential programs. The campus is accredited by the following associations: Western Association of Schools and Colleges, the Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs, the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, the National Association of Schools of Music, the National Association of Schools of Theatre. Dominguez Hills is the administrative headquarters of the California State University's Statewide Nursing Program. CSU Dominguez Hills is the home of Dignity Health Sports Park, a 27,000 seat multiple-sports and entertainment complex, which houses the LA Galaxy Soccer Team, Calvary Chapel's Easter Service each year among other community organizations.
The Velodrome seats 2,450, the Track and Field facilities are world-class. From 2009 to 2015 CSUDH hosted the Educación: Feria Es El Momento in partnership with Univision's Los Angeles stations KMEX 34 and KFTR 46 known as Feria Deja Huella designed to guide predominantly Spanish-speaking parents through the U. S. educational system. In 2012 over 35,000 attended the fair. California State University, Dominguez Hills has been designated a Hispanic-Serving Institution and is a member of the Computing Alliance of Hispanic-Serving Institutions, its College of Education & College of Arts and Humanities offer bilingual education teachers additional training for them to improve their academic Spanish. Starting in 2011 Cal State Dominguez Hills began hosting the "Honoring the Indigenous Peoples o
The LA Galaxy known as the Los Angeles Galaxy, is an American professional soccer franchise based in the Los Angeles suburb of Carson, that competes in Major League Soccer, as a member of the Western Conference. The club began play in 1996 as one of the league's eight charter members; the Galaxy is owned by Anschutz Entertainment Group. In their early years, the club played its home games at the Rose Bowl in California. Since 2003, they have played at Dignity Health Sports Park in California; the team holds a rivalry with the San Jose Earthquakes in the California Clásico and used to play the SuperClasico against city rivals Chivas USA before that team folded in 2014. A new rival emerged in 2018 in the form of Los Angeles FC in the El Tráfico derby; the franchise is one of Major League Soccer's most successful teams, with a record five MLS Cups and having appeared an additional four time in the final, won the Western Conference regular season title eight times, four Supporters' Shields, two U.
S. Open Cups and one CONCACAF Champions League title. In 2017, the club added the dubious MLS Wooden Spoon to its trophy case for finishing bottom of the MLS league table. In 2007, the club made international headlines with the signing of English player David Beckham from Real Madrid, the most high-profile transaction with Major League Soccer to that point; the club has fielded other high-profile international players including Ashley Cole, Robbie Keane, Luis Hernández, Giovani dos Santos, Jonathan dos Santos, Jorge Campos, Steven Gerrard, Zlatan Ibrahimović and American Landon Donovan, the all-time leading scorer for both the club and the league. In 2017, Forbes estimated the franchise is the most valuable in the league, worth more than $300 million. LA Galaxy is one of the ten founding teams in Major League Soccer; the name "Galaxy" was derived from Los Angeles being home to the "stars" of Hollywood. The team began competing in the first season of the new league, which took place in 1996. In the inaugural season, Los Angeles finished first in the Western Conference and were one of the two teams that contested in the first MLS Cup.
The Galaxy finished as runners up, losing to D. C. United in the final; the 1997 season started out 1–7 after eight games, but they went 15–9 for the rest of the season to qualify for the playoffs. The Galaxy ended up second in their conference by losing to the Dallas Burn. In 1998, the Galaxy left off on a streak finishing 24–8; the Galaxy defeated 9 -- 3 on aggregate. They lost in the semi-final to 2 -- 1 on aggregate; the Galaxy again finished first in the Western Conference in 1999, with a final record of 20–12, with a win in the CONCACAF Champions Cup, but they lost to D. C. United again 2–0; the 2000 season had the Galaxy in second in the Western Division, at 14–10–8. Despite this, they lost to the Kansas City Wizards after a sudden death game. Los Angeles won the CONCACAF Champions Cup that same year, being one of two American clubs winning the tournament. 2001 was another successful year for Los Angeles, winning the Open Cup and scoring 1,000 all-time points, with Cobi Jones scoring the 300th goal, but again they fell short by being defeated by Landon Donovan and the San Jose Earthquakes.
Again the club clinched first in the Western Conference with a 16–9–3 record, their fifth time being first. Los Angeles were to take part of FIFA's club World cup tournament being Concacaf champions the previous year however, the tournament had cancelled that year. In 2002, the Galaxy won their first MLS Cup in the club's fourth appearance by defeating the New England Revolution 1–0. In 2003, the Galaxy finished fourth playing more away games due to stadium construction, with the possible existing obstacles, the team finished 9–12–9; the Galaxy bounced back by gaining second with an 11–9–10 record. They lost to the Wizards in the final, 0–2. In 2005, the Galaxy acquired Landon Donovan from San Jose; the franchise won the Open Cup again ending with a record of 13–13–6. Having qualified for the playoffs for the 2005 season, The Galaxy has been the only team to appear in the playoffs in all of the league's first ten seasons, they won the 2005 MLS Cup, defeating the New England Revolution in extra time, 1–0.
The 2006 season began on March 16 with the sudden death of Doug Hamilton, the team's 43-year-old general manager, who suffered a heart attack on board a plane carrying the team back from Costa Rica where they had played Saprissa in the CONCACAF Champions' Cup. The team finished fifth in the Western Conference, eliminating them from playoff contention for the first time since the league's inception. Midway through the season, replaced by Frank Yallop; the team managed to make a deep run to the U. S. Open Cup lost 3 -- 1 against the Chicago Fire. In March 2007, Herbalife signed a five-year deal with the Galaxy, worth between $4–5 million a year, to be the club's primary shirt sponsor. Four months the club signed David Beckham from Real Madrid, his debut was made at Home Depot Center before a record crowd of nearly 35,000, including many celebrities, coming on in the 78th minute in a 1–0 loss to Chelsea in a match during the World Series of Football tournament. The match brought unprecedented TV coverage from ESPN, who used 19 cameras to cover it, including one trained only on Beckham when he was on the bench.
In that season's SuperLiga, LA reached the final but lost to Mexican side Pachuca on penalties after extra time. LA nearly made the end-of-season play-offs, but were eliminated following a 1–0 loss to the Chicago Fire. In the off-season, Cobi Jones retired and, amidst rumors that he was going to be sacked, Yallop resigned as head coach following a friendly match at Home Depot
Club Deportivo Chivas USA was an American professional soccer club based in Carson, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The club played from 2005 to 2014 in Major League Soccer and was a subsidiary of Mexican club C. D. Guadalajara, sharing common ownership and branding; the club was the eleventh MLS team upon its entry into the league in 2004. Chivas USA was intended to be seen as a "little brother" to its parent club C. D. Guadalajara, one of the most supported and successful teams in Mexico. Chiva is Latin American Spanish for "goat", seen as a tough and resilient animal in Mexico, is the nickname of C. D. Guadalajara. Chivas USA played its home games at the StubHub Center in Carson, which it shared with its rival, the LA Galaxy; the club was owned by Antonio Cue and Jorge Vergara, who owns C. D. Guadalajara. In 2014, MLS purchased the club from Vergara with plans to sell to new owners; the club ceased operations after the 2014 regular season, is the most recent major professional American sports team to fold.
A new expansion franchise in Los Angeles began play in 2018. Mexican businessman Jorge Vergara took ownership of the struggling Chivas de Guadalajara in 2002 and sought to use the rejuvenated club to establish an international brand. In June 2003, the league announced that the 2003 MLS All-Star Game would be played against Chivas and that Vergara was interested in purchasing an expansion team; the team, named "Chivas USA", would be affiliated with Chivas and play in either Los Angeles or San Diego beginning in the 2005 season. On August 2, 2004, Major League Soccer announced that Chivas USA would share The Home Depot Center in Carson with the Galaxy, begin play in 2005 as the league's eleventh team. In 2005, Chivas USA kicked off its inaugural season in Major League Soccer at The Home Depot Center with a 2–0 loss to MLS Cup Champions D. C. United on April 2, 2005, under the guidance of Chivas USA's first head coach Thomas Rongen. After a 1–8–1 start, Thomas Rongen was named Chivas USA's sporting director and assistant coach Javier Ledesma became the club's interim head coach.
On June 3, 2005, Hans Westerhof was named Chivas USA's second head coach. After a disappointing season, Westerhof did not return to coach the team in 2006. On November 23, 2005, former MLS Coach of the Year Bob Bradley became Chivas USA's third head coach, replacing Hans Westerhof. Under Bradley, the 2006 season saw a major turnaround for Chivas USA; the team finished the 2006 season with a 10–9–13 record and earned a spot in the Western Conference playoffs. Bradley was named MLS Coach of the Year, becoming the first two-time winner of the award and Chivas USA defender Jonathan Bornstein was named 2006 Gatorade Rookie of the Year. After the season ended, Coach Bradley was named interim head coach of the U. S. men's national soccer team and head coach of the U. S. men's Olympic soccer team by the U. S. Soccer Federation, was replaced by Chivas USA's fourth head coach, Predrag "Preki" Radosavljevic; the team's third season, under Preki, was the most successful. Chivas USA goalkeeper Brad Guzan was named MLS's Goalkeeper of the Year for the 2007 season.
On November 7, 2007, Preki was named MLS Coach of the Year for 2007 after the first-year manager led the Red-and-White to a 15–7–8 record and first place in Major League Soccer's Western Conference. In January 2008, Preki signed a multi-year contract with Chivas USA securing his position as head coach for the 2008 season. Chivas finished the 2007 MLS season atop of the Western Conference. However, they lost in the Conference Semifinals of the MLS Cup 2007 playoffs to the Kansas City Wizards, who were the conference's No. 4 seed under new MLS seeding rules despite being in the Eastern Conference. In 2008 Chivas USA competed in their first official international tournament, playing Pachuca in the 2008 SuperLiga. Jonathan Bornstein and Sacha Kljestan were named to the MLS All-Star team. Goalie Brad Guzan became the first Goat to transfer to a European first division club; the Red-and-White clinched a playoff berth for the third consecutive season, losing to Real Salt Lake in the first round. Kljestan scored the U.
S. Soccer Goal of the Year while playing in the 2008 Beijing Olympics, he was named to the MLS Best XI, was selected as U. S. Soccer's Young Male Athlete of the Year. Jonathan Bornstein and Sacha Kljestan competed with the U. S. National Team in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Africa. Chivas USA goalkeeper Zach Thornton was named to the 2009 MLS All-Star Team. Chivas USA announced the Team Award Winners. Thornton was named the MLS Goalkeeper of the Year and MLS Comeback Player of the Year, he was nominated to the MLS Best 11. Martín Vásquez was named the team's head coach after serving as an assistant coach from 2005–2007. Kljestan and Bornstein were named co-captains for the 2010 season. During the World Cup break Kljestan signed a deal with Belgian club Anderlecht, leaving Chivas USA after parts of five seasons. Bornstein played in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, starting in two matches for the United States as they made it to the Round of 16. On October 27, the team released head coach Martín Vásquez from his contract.
On November 2, president and CEO Shawn Hunter announced. On December 14 the club's vice president of soccer operations, Stephen Hamilton revealed he too, was leaving his post. After Hamilton stepped down, Jose L Domene was named Interim General Manager. On January 4, 2011, Robin Fraser became Head coach of Chivas USA. On August 29, 2012, Vergara and his wife, Angélica Fuentes, became sole owners of the club, buying out former partners Antonio and Lorenzo Cué. On May 29, 2013 two Chivas USA youth coaches, Dan Calichman
Los Angeles Rams
The Los Angeles Rams are a professional American football team based in Los Angeles and compete in the National Football League's NFC West division. The franchise won three NFL championships, is the only one to win championships representing three different cities; the Rams play their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The franchise began in 1936 as the Cleveland Rams in Ohio; the club was owned by Homer Marshman and featured players such as William "Bud" Cooper, Harry "The Horse" Mattos, Stan Pincura, Mike Sebastian. Damon "Buzz" Wetzel joined as general manager; the franchise moved to Los Angeles in 1946 following the 1945 NFL Championship Game victory, making way for Paul Brown's Cleveland Browns of the All-America Football Conference and becoming the only NFL championship team to play the following season in another city. The club played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving into a reconstructed Anaheim Stadium in Orange County, California, in 1980.
The Rams left California and moved to St. Louis, following the 1994 NFL season. Five seasons after relocating, the team won Super Bowl XXXIV in a 23–16 victory over the Tennessee Titans, they appeared in Super Bowl XXXVI, where they lost 20–17 to the New England Patriots. The Rams played in St. Louis until the end of the 2015 NFL season, when they filed notice with the NFL of their intent to relocate back to Los Angeles; the move was agreed at an owners' meeting in January 2016, the Rams returned to the city for the 2016 NFL season. The Rams appeared in Super Bowl LIII where they lost to the New England Patriots 13-3 in a rematch of Super Bowl XXXVI; the Cleveland Rams were founded in 1936 by Ohio attorney Homer Marshman and player-coach Damon Wetzel, a former Ohio State star who played for the Chicago Bears and Pittsburgh Pirates. Wetzel, who served as general manager, selected the "Rams", because his favorite college football team was the Fordham Rams from Fordham University; the team was part of the newly formed American Football League and finished the 1936 regular season in second place with a 5–2–2 record, trailing only the 8–3 record of league champion Boston Shamrocks.
The Rams joined the National Football League on February 12, 1937, were assigned to the Western Division. The Rams would be the fourth in a string of short-lived teams based in Cleveland, following the Cleveland Tigers, Cleveland Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians. From the beginning, they were a team marked by frequent moves, playing in three stadiums over several losing seasons. However, the team featured the Most Valuable Player of rookie halfback Parker Hall. In June 1941, the Rams were bought by Dan Reeves and Fred Levy Jr. Reeves, an heir to his family's grocery-chain business, purchased by Safeway, used some of his inheritance to buy his share of the team. Levy's family owned the Levy Brothers department store chain in Kentucky and he came to own the Riverside International Raceway. Levy owned part of the Rams, with Bob Hope another of the owners, until Reeves bought out his partners in 1962; the franchise suspended operations and sat out the 1943 season because of a shortage of players during World War II and resumed playing in 1944.
The team achieved success in 1945, their last season in Ohio. Adam Walsh took over as head coach that season. Quarterback Bob Waterfield, a rookie from UCLA, passed and place-kicked his way to the league's Most Valuable Player award and helped the Rams achieve a 9–1 record and winning their first NFL Championship, a 15–14 home field victory over the Washington Redskins on December 16; the margin of victory was provided by a safety: Redskins great Sammy Baugh's pass bounced off the goal post backward, through his team's own end zone. The next season, NFL rules were changed to prevent this from again resulting in a score. On January 12, 1946, Reeves was denied a request by the other NFL owners to move the Cleveland Rams to Los Angeles and the then-103,000-seat Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, he threatened to end his relationship with the NFL and get out of the professional football business altogether unless the transfer to Los Angeles was permitted. A settlement was reached and, as a result, Reeves was allowed to move his team to Los Angeles.
The NFL became the first professional coast-to-coast sports entertainment industry. From 1933, when Joe Lillard left the Chicago Cardinals, through 1946, there were no black players in professional American football. After the Rams had received approval to move to Los Angeles, they entered into negotiations to lease the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum; the Rams were advised that a precondition to them getting a lease was that they would have to integrate the team with at least one African-American. Subsequently, the Rams signed Kenny Washington on March 21, 1946; the signing of Washington caused "all hell to break loose" among the owners of the NFL franchises. The Rams added a second black player, Woody Strode, on May 7, 1946, giving them two black players going into the 1946 season; the Rams were the first team in the NFL to play in Los Angeles, but they were not the only professional football team to play its home games in the Coliseum between 1946 and 1949. The upstart All-America Football Conference had the Los Angeles Dons compete there as well.
Reeves was taking a gamble that Los Angeles was ready for its own professional football team – and there were two in the City of Angels. Reeves was proven to be correct when the Rams played their f
Los Angeles Chargers
The Los Angeles Chargers are a professional American football team based in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The Chargers compete in the National Football League as a member club of the league's American Football Conference West division; the team was founded on August 14, 1959, began play on September 10, 1960, as a charter member of the American Football League, spent its first season in Los Angeles, before moving to San Diego in 1961 to become the San Diego Chargers. The Chargers joined the NFL as result of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970, played their home games at SDCCU Stadium; the return of the Chargers to Los Angeles was announced for the 2017 season, just one year after the Rams had moved back to the city from St. Louis; the Chargers will play their home games at Dignity Health Sports Park until the 2020 opening of the Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, which they will share with the Rams. The Chargers won one AFL title in 1963 and reached the AFL playoffs five times and the AFL Championship four times before joining the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger.
In the 43 years since the Chargers have made 13 trips to the playoffs and four appearances in the AFC Championship game. In 1994, the Chargers won their lone AFC championship and faced the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XXIX, losing 49–26; the Chargers have eight players and one coach enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio: wide receiver Lance Alworth, defensive end Fred Dean, quarterback Dan Fouts, head coach–general manager Sid Gillman, wide receiver Charlie Joiner, offensive lineman Ron Mix, tight end Kellen Winslow, linebacker Junior Seau, running back LaDainian Tomlinson. The Los Angeles Chargers were established with seven other American Football League teams in 1959. In 1960, the Chargers began; the Chargers' original owner was hotel heir Barron Hilton, son of Hilton Hotels founder Conrad Hilton. According to the official website of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, Barron Hilton agreed after his general manager, Frank Leahy, picked the Chargers name when he purchased an AFL franchise for Los Angeles: "I liked it because they were yelling ‘charge’ and sounding the bugle at Dodger Stadium and at USC games."
The Chargers considered playing at the Rose Bowl, but instead signed a lease to play at the Los Angeles Coliseum. There is an alternative theory about a man named Gerald Courtney of Hollywood who won an all-expenses-paid trip to Mexico City and Acapulco for submitting "Chargers" in a name-the-team contest; the Chargers only spent one season in Los Angeles before moving to San Diego in 1961. From 1961 to 1966 their home field was Balboa Stadium in Balboa Park; as of August 1967, they moved to the newly constructed SDCCU Stadium, where they played their home games until 2016. They played for the whole ten-season existence in the AFL before the upstart league merged with the older NFL, their only coach for the ten-year life of the AFL was Sid Gillman, a Hall of Famer, recognized as a great offensive innovator. The early AFL years of the San Diego Chargers were highlighted by the outstanding play of wide receiver Lance "Bambi" Alworth with 543 receptions for 10,266 yards in his 11-AFL/NFL-season career.
In addition he set the pro football record of consecutive games with a reception during his career. With players such as Alworth, Paul Lowe, Keith Lincoln and John Hadl, the high-scoring Chargers won divisional crowns five of the league's first six seasons and the AFL title in 1963 with a 51–10 victory over the Boston Patriots, they played great defense, as indicated by their professional football record 49 pass interceptions in 1961, featured AFL Rookie of the Year defensive end Earl Faison. The Chargers were the originators of the term "Fearsome Foursome" to describe their all-star defensive line, anchored by Faison and Ernie Ladd; the phrase was appropriated by various NFL teams. Hilton sold the Chargers to a group headed by Eugene Klein and Sam Schulman in August 1966; the following year, the Chargers began "head to head" competition with the older NFL with a preseason loss to the Detroit Lions. The Chargers defeated the defending Super Bowl III champion New York Jets 34–27 before a record San Diego Stadium crowd of 54,042 on September 29, 1969.
Alworth once again led the team in receptions 1,003 yards with four touchdowns. The team saw Gillman step down due to health and offensive backfield coach Charlie Waller promoted to head coach after the completion of the regular season. Gillman did remain with the club as the general manager. In 1970, the Chargers were placed into the AFC West division after the completion of the AFL/NFL merger, but by the Chargers fell on hard times. The Chargers acquired veteran players like Johnny Unitas. During the 1973 season, the Chargers were involved in the first major drug scandal in the NFL; that same year, however, a rookie quarterback from Oregon named Dan Fouts would serve as the catalyst to the Chargers' return to prominence as the 1970s wore on. San Diego hired head coach Don Coryell in 1978, who would remain coaching the team until 1986. Coryell developed an offensive scheme and philosophy known as Air Coryell known as the "Coryell offense" or the "vertical offense". With Dan Fouts as quarterback, th
The XFL is a planned professional American football league owned by Vince McMahon's Alpha Entertainment, is headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut. It is a successor to the previous XFL, controlled by the World Wrestling Federation and NBC, ran for a single season in 2001; the league will follow a similar structure as the original XFL did in 2001, with eight teams, centrally owned and operated by the league and spread across the United States in markets or represented by a National Football League franchise, competing in a ten-game season and a two-week postseason in the winter and spring months. In announcing the reformed XFL, McMahon stated that while it would share its name and trademark with the previous incarnation, it will not rely on professional wrestling-inspired features and entertainment elements as its predecessor did, instead aiming to create a league with fewer off-field controversies and faster, simpler play compared to the NFL; the XFL ran for a single season in 2001, as a joint venture between WWF and NBC spearheaded by Vince McMahon and NBC executive Dick Ebersol.
The league attempted to be a competitor to the National Football League—the predominant professional league of American football in the United States, running during the late winter and early spring to take advantage of lingering desire for football after the end of the NFL season. It featured various modifications to the rules of football in order to increase its intensity, as well as on-air innovations such as Skycams, placing microphones on players, in-game interviews with players; the league was criticized for relying too on "sports entertainment" gimmicks similar to professional wrestling, for the lack of high-level talent among its players. Despite strong ratings for its first games, viewership nosedived, the league folded after the conclusion of the inaugural season. Both partners lost $35 million on the XFL, McMahon conceded that the league was a "colossal failure". In the 2017 ESPN documentary This Was the XFL, McMahon mused about reviving the XFL, noting that changes would need to be made compared to 2001 in order to make it viable and relevant in the modern era.
On December 15, 2017, Bleacher Report columnist Brad Shepard reported that McMahon was considering a revival of the XFL, with an expected announcement on January 25, 2018. In a statement to Deadspin, WWE did not confirm or deny the rumors, but did state that McMahon was establishing a new company known as Alpha Entertainment, which would "explore investment opportunities across the sports and entertainment landscapes, including professional football." On December 21, 2017, WWE issued a filing to the Securities and Exchange Commission, stating that McMahon had sold $100 million worth of WWE stock to fund Alpha Entertainment. Alpha Entertainment is headquartered next door to WWE headquarters in Connecticut. On January 25, 2018, Alpha Entertainment announced a new incarnation of the XFL, which would begin with a 10-week inaugural season beginning in January or February 2020. In a press conference, McMahon stated that the new XFL would be dissimilar to its previous incarnation, stating that "There's only so many things that have'FL' on the end of them and those are taken.
But we aren't going to have much of what the original XFL had, including the cheerleaders, who aren't part of the game anymore. The audience wants entertainment with football, that's what we are going to give them." McMahon stated that the league would feature eight teams as a single entity owned by Alpha, revealed in 2019. Alpha Entertainment was established in order to keep the league's management and operations separate from that of WWE. McMahon is prepared to invest as much as $500 million, five times as much as his investment in the 2001 XFL; the XFL's decision to nix cheerleaders is in part due to changing attitudes regarding women's participation in entertaining sports fans. He liquidated an additional $270 million in WWE stock in March 2019 to provide additional funding for the league; the XFL will discourage political gestures by players during games such as, for example, taking a knee in protest. McMahon originally planned to forbid any player with a criminal record from participating McMahon justified his intentions by stating that the XFL would be "evaluating a player based on many things, including the quality of human being they are", that "people don't want social and political issues coming into play when they are trying to be entertained".
He suggested that players who wish to express political opinions should do so on their personal time. Luck further stated that players cannot publicly endorse political candidates or issues, noted that the ban on protesting during the national anthem will be written into player contracts as a condition of employment. McMahon did not reveal any specific details on rule changes that the new XFL woul
ROSSETTI is an architectural design and planning firm headquartered in Detroit, Michigan The firm engages in the design of professional sports stadiums, entertainment venues and commercial buildings. Within the past decade, ROSSETTI has focused on designing sports anchored developments and master planning, where stadiums are designed and planned to integrate into an urban environment. ROSSETTI is a owned architectural firm, founded in Detroit, in 1969, by Gino Rossetti. In 1999, the firm's ownership was passed onto Matt Rossetti; the firm's early projects centered on health care facilities, corporate headquarters, interiors and master planning. The firm began approaching the sports and entertainment industry after ROSSETTI was contracted in 1984 to design The Palace of Auburn Hills; the project, which broke ground in 1986, opened in 1988, marked the firms first major success in sports entertainment. Today, ROSSETTI works with clients worldwide on a wide variety of projects, with a focus on sports and entertainment.
ROSSETTI's focus globally is in Europe. Daytona International Speedway - Daytona Rising ROSSETTI’s innovative design transformed Daytona International Speedway into the first motorsports stadium; the corporate value proposition is a new model for corporate sponsorship and immersive brand activation. The Palace of Auburn Hills ROSSETTI designed and engineered a new hospitality suite product for the Palace of Auburn Hills. Prior to this, "Sky Box" suites were located along the upper concourse of arenas. Placed within the lower seating bowls, the hospitality suites at the Palace were the first of their kind. Return on Design ROSSETTI has provided ROD analyses for two dozen clients evaluating the fan and VIP experience, hospitality segmentation, sponsor activation and more. For new venues, ROD programs spaces for revenue generation. For existing venues, new premium products secure necessary renovations while providing a return on investment within 2–5 years. Research and Development ROSSETTI R&D developed and launched Sightline Designer in 2012, a parametric plug-in for Grasshopper which allows designers the ability to interactively design 3D seating bowls.
Clients and designers experience, in real-time, the effects of design decisions on spectator viewing quality, the shape of the seating bowl and heights of concourses. Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher. AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3. Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C. P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A. I. A.. Detroit Architecture A. I. A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list http://www.dbusiness.com/DBusiness/September-October-2009/Soccer-Cities/ Serious Fun http://archinect.com/firms/cover/25274007/rossetti-architects http://www.yellowpages.com/southfield-mi/mip/rossetti-associates-10797941 Carter, David M.. Money Games: Profiting from the Convergence of Sports and Entertainment. Stanford UP. ISBN 0-8047-5955-3. Rossetti official website