Casamémoire is a non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion and protection of the 20th-century architecture of Casablanca, Morocco. As of 2015, Casamemoire is an NGO in an official partnership with UNESCO with consultative status. Jacqueline Alluchon established the organization in 1995 in the aftermath of the destruction of Marius Boyer's Villa Moqri, amid general disinterest among the city's decision-makers, its objectives are to raise awareness in public opinion and among the city's social and political decision-makers, as well as give value to the city's architectural heritage through the restoration and rehabilitation of historical buildings. Casamemoire registered its first building, Hotel Lincoln, as architectural heritage in 2000. Since 2009, Casamémoire has organized Casablanca's Heritage Days: 3 days per year during which volunteer guides offer free guided visits of the city's architecture; the Heritage Days allow the public to discover the architectural treasures of Morocco's economic capital.
1995-1998: Amina Alaoui, architect 1998-2003: Rachid Andaloussi, architect 2003-2006: Mustapha Chakib, architect 2006-2012: Abderrahim Kassou, architect 2012-2019: Rachid Andaloussi, architect 2019–present: Rabia El Ridaoui Casamémoire, official website
The National Book Awards are a set of annual U. S. literary awards. At the final National Book Awards Ceremony every November, the National Book Foundation presents the National Book Awards and two lifetime achievement awards to authors; the National Book Awards were established in 1936 by the American Booksellers Association, abandoned during World War II, re-established by three book industry organizations in 1950. Non-U. S. Authors and publishers were eligible for the pre-war awards. Now they are presented to U. S. authors for books published in the United States during the award year. The nonprofit National Book Foundation was established in 1988 to administer and enhance the National Book Awards and "move beyond into the fields of education and literacy" by sponsoring public appearances by writers, its mission is "to celebrate the best literature in America, expand its audience, ensure that books have a prominent place in American culture."In 2018, there were 1,637 books nominated for the five award categories, led by the Nonfiction category with 546 nominations.
The 2018 ceremony was held on November 14 in New York City. List of winners of the National Book Award, winners only. National Book Award for Fiction and finalists. National Book Award for Nonfiction and finalists. National Book Award for Poetry and finalists. National Book Award for Translated Literature and finalists. National Book Award for Young People's Literature and finalists. National Book Awards are given to one book annually in each of five categories: fiction, poetry and young people's literature. There have been awards in many other categories but they have been retired or subsumed in the current five; the National Book Foundation presents two lifetime achievement awards each year: the "Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters" and the "Literarian Award for Outstanding Service to the American Literary Community". Only publishers nominate books for the National Book Awards, but panelists may request particular nominations from publishers; each panel comprises five judges, including writers, librarians and literary critics.
In 2013, the judging panels were expanded to include experts in the literary field in addition to established writers. Each panel considers hundreds of books each year in each of the five categories. In 2013, the Foundation announced the addition of a National Book Awards longlist—announced in September and consisting of ten titles per category—to precede the finalists list, announced in October and comprising five titles per category. A fifth category, the National Book Award for Translated Literature, was added in 2018, recognizing works in translation for the first time since 1983. At the National Book Awards Ceremony and Dinner held in New York City each November, the chair of each judging panel announce the winners of the year's National Book Awards. All finalists receive $1,000, a medal, a citation written by the judging panel; the first National Book Awards were presented in May 1936 at the annual convention of the American Booksellers Association, one month after The New York Times reported institution of the "new annual award".
The winners were authors of four 1935 books selected by a vote of ABA members. Virginia Kirkus chaired the central committee of seven including the ABA president, three bookshops, Publishers Weekly, American News Company. Three were called "the most distinguished of 1935" and one "the most original". Two of the books were advertised by their publishers as "The most distinguished autobiography of 1935" and "The most distinguished general non-fiction book of 1935" in NYTimes on May 12, the same day that the newspaper reported yesterday's awards. For the next six years, 1937 to 1942, the awards were announced mid-February to March 1 and evidently presented at the May convention; the "Most Distinguished" Nonfiction and Novel were reduced to two and termed "Favorite" Nonfiction and Fiction beginning 1937. Master of ceremonies Clifton Fadiman declined to consider the Pulitzer Prizes as potential ratifications. "Unlike the Pulitzer Prize committee, the booksellers vote for their favorite books. They do not say it is the best book or the one that will elevate the standard of manhood or womanhood.
Twenty years from now we can decide. This year we can only decide which books we enjoyed reading the most."The Bookseller Discovery recognized "outstanding merit which failed to receive adequate sales and recognition" Finally that award stood alone for 1941 and the New York Times frankly called it "a sort of consolation prize that the booksellers hope will draw attention to his work."The winning authors and books were selected by a nationwide poll of booksellers. In a 1941 advertisement, the Booksellers described the "significance of the awards" thus: In effect, his ballot says, "Of all the books of the year these are the three I enjoyed most – in two ways! I enjoyed reading them, and that to a bookseller means people who, on his recommendation and enjoyed – and sent in other people who read and enjoyed. The National Book Awards give you a greater guarantee of reading pleasure than any other literary prizes. In January 1950 three book industry organizations announced that "works by Americans published here" would be recognized by three awards in March.
There would be three distinct