Dionne Warwick

Marie Dionne Warwick is a six-time Grammy Award-winning singer, television host, former United Nations Global Ambassador for the Food and Agriculture Organization and United States Ambassador of Health. Warwick ranks among the 40 biggest hit makers of the entire rock era, based on the Billboard Hot 100 Pop Singles Charts, she is one of the most-charted female vocalists of all time, with 56 of her singles making the Billboard Hot 100 between 1962 and 1998, 80 singles making all Billboard charts combined. Marie Dionne Warrick Warwick, was born in Orange, New Jersey, to Mancel Warrick and Lee Drinkard, her mother was manager of the Drinkard Singers, her father was a Pullman porter, record promoter and CPA. Dionne was named after her aunt on her mother's side, she had a sister, who died in 2008, a brother, Mancel Jr., killed in an accident in 1968 at age 21. Her parents were both African American, she has Native American and Dutch ancestry, she was raised in East Orange, New Jersey, was a Girl Scout for a period of time.

After finishing East Orange High School in 1959, Warwick pursued her passion at the Hartt College of Music in West Hartford, Connecticut. She landed some work with her group singing backing vocals for recording sessions in New York City. During one session, Warwick met Burt Bacharach, who hired her to record demos featuring songs written by him and lyricist Hal David, she landed her own record deal. Many of Warwick's family were members of the Drinkard Singers, a renowned family gospel group and RCA recording artists who performed throughout the New York metropolitan area; the original group consisted of Cissy, Anne and Nicky, included Warwick's grandparents and Delia Drinkard, their children: William and Hansom. Marie instructed the group, they were managed by Lee; as they became more successful and Marie began performing with the group, they were augmented by pop/R&B singer Judy Clay, whom Lee had unofficially adopted. Elvis Presley expressed an interest in having them join his touring entourage.

Dionne began singing gospel as a child at the New Hope Baptist Church in New Jersey. Other singers joined the Gospelaires from time to time, including Judy Clay, Cissy Houston and Doris "Rikii" Troy, whose chart selection "Just One Look," when she recorded it in 1963, featured backing vocals from the Gospelaires. After personnel changes, the Gospelaires became the recording group the Sweet Inspirations, who had some chart success, but were much sought-after as studio background singers; the Gospelaires and the Sweet Inspirations performed on many records cut in New York City for artists such as Garnet Mimms, the Drifters, Jerry Butler, Solomon Burke and Warwick's recordings, Aretha Franklin and Elvis Presley. Warwick recalled, in her 2002 A&E Biography, that "a man came running frantically backstage at the Apollo and said he needed background singers for a session for Sam "the Man" Taylor and old big-mouth here spoke up and said'We'll do it!' and we left and did the session. I wish I remembered the gentleman's name because he was responsible for the beginning of my professional career."The backstage encounter led to the group being asked to sing background sessions at recording studios in New York.

Soon, the group were in demand in New York music circles for their background work for such artists as the Drifters, Ben E. King, Chuck Jackson, Dinah Washington, Ronnie "the Hawk" Hawkins, Solomon Burke, among many others. Warwick remembered, in her A&E Biography, that after school, they would catch a bus from East Orange to the Port Authority Terminal take the subway to recording studios in Manhattan, perform their background gigs and be back at home in East Orange in time to do their school homework, her background vocal work would continue. On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed the Gospelaires among hundreds of artists whose material was destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. While she was performing background on the Drifters' recording of "Mexican Divorce," Warwick's voice and star presence were noticed by the song's composer, Burt Bacharach, a Brill Building songwriter, writing songs with many other songwriters, including lyricist Hal David. According to a July 14, 1967 article on Warwick in Time, Bacharach stated, "She has a tremendous strong side and a delicacy when singing — like miniature ships in bottles."

Musically, she was "no play-safe girl. What emotion I could get away with!" And what complexity, compared with the usual run of pop songs. During the session, Bacharach asked Warwick if she would be interested in recording demonstration recordings of his compositions to pitch the tunes to record labels. One such demo, "It's Love That Really Counts" — destined to be recorded by Scepter-signed act the Shirelles — caught the attention of the President of Scepter Records, Florence Greenberg, according to Current Biography, told Bacharach, "Forget the song, get the girl!"Warwick was signed to Bacharach's and David's production company, according to Warwick, which in turn was signed to Scepter Records in 1962 by Greenberg. The partnership would provide Bacharach with the freedom to produce Warwick without the control of recording company executives and company A&R men. Warwick's musical ability and education would allow Bacharach to compose more challenging tunes; the demo version of "It's Love That Really Counts", along with her original demo of "Make It Easy on Yourself", would surface on Warwick's deb

Astrolabe Glacier

Astrolabe Glacier is a glacier 7 kilometres wide and 19 kilometres long, flowing north-northeast from the continental ice and terminating at the coast in a prominent tongue at the east side of Geologie Archipelago. It was first sighted in 1840 by the French expedition under Captain Jules Dumont d'Urville, although no glaciers were noted on d'Urville's chart of this coast but a formidable icy dike with perpendicular flanks of 37.7 m high according to the joined plate, corresponding to the glacier tongue. The glacier was photographed from the air by U. S. Navy Operation Highjump in January 1947, it was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1949–51, named after d'Urville's flagship, the Astrolabe. The Astrolabe Glacier Tongue is a prominent glacier tongue about 6 kilometres wide and 7 kilometres long, extending northeast from Astrolabe Glacier. List of glaciers in the Antarctic Glaciology This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Astrolabe Glacier".

This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Astrolabe Glacier Tongue"

Tommy Olivencia

Tommy Olivencia was a renowned Puerto Rican bandleader of salsa music. Olivencia (birth name: Ángel Tomás Olivencia Pagán _ was born in the Villa Palmeras section of Santurce, Puerto Rico, his family moved to the city of Arecibo. There received his primary and secondary education; as a young man, he became learned to play the musical instrument. In 1954, Olivencia played the trumpet for local bands, he graduated from high school in 1957 and his family relocated once again to Santurce. In 1960, Olivencia organized his first orchestra, which he named the "Tommy Olivencia y La Primerísima Orquesta de Puerto Rico", his band combined melodic styles together. This combination, plus a strong brass contingent in the band was his trademark. Olivencia signed a contract with Inca Records and remained with that label until 1978. In 1972, he had his first major "hit" with Secuestro and followed that hit with Juntos de Nuevo in 1974 and Planté Bandera in 1975. Olivencia's band was known as the "Tommy Olivencia School", because the band produced some of the best and most talented singers and musicians of salsa in the island.

Among those to have belonged to the band at one time or another were: Chamaco Ramirez, Sammy "El Rolo" González, Simon Perez, Paquito Guzman, Ubaldo "Lalo" Rodriguez, Gilberto Santa Rosa, Marvin Santiago, Frankie Ruiz, Hector Tricoche, Carlos Alexis, Hector "Pichie" Perez, Paquito "Junior" Acosta and Mel Martínez. Among the albums recorded by Olivencia and his band are: Trucutu La Nueva Sensación Musical de Puerto Rico Jala-Jala y Guaguancó Fire-Fire A Toda Máquina..! Cuero... Salsa y Sentimiento Secuestro Juntos de Nuevo Planté Bandera Introducing Lalo Rodríguez and Simón Pérez El Negro Chombo La Primerísima Sweet Trumpet Hot "Salsa" Tommy Olivencia & Orchestra Un Triángulo de Triunfo Cantan: Frankie Ruiz y Carlos Alexis Celebrando Otro Aniversario Ayer, Hoy, Mañana y Siempre 30° Aniversario El Jeque Enamorado y Qué! Vive la Leyenda 40° Aniversario Live The following are considered among the top 100 greatest salsa songs: Casimira Cómo lo Hacen Trucutu Pa' Lante Otra Vez Lobo Domesticado No Me Tires la Primera Piedra Among the many awards and recognitions which have been bestowed upon Olivencia are the following: The Puerto Rican Senate passed a resolution congratulating Olivencia and his band for their contributions to Puerto Rico's music.

El Cordero de Oro and El Buho de Oro Awards for the best foreign band. The Agüeybaná de Oro Award from Puerto Rico The November 11 Award from Colombia On August 2000, Olivencia celebrated his 40th anniversary in the music industry at the Tito Puente Theater in San Juan, an event attended by many of the former members of his band. On May 15, 2004, Olivencia celebrated his 66th birthday and 45 years with the band with a live recording concert; the annual "Day of Salsa" of 2005, celebrated in Puerto Rico was dedicated to Olivencia. He died on September 22, 2006, aged 68, in San Juan, Puerto Rico from complications of diabetes, which he had battled his entire life. List of Puerto Ricans Popular Culture Unofficial Site - Biography, Lyrics