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Direction de la surveillance du territoire

The Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire was a directorate of the French National Police operating as a domestic intelligence agency. It was responsible for counterespionage and more the security of France against foreign threats and interference, it was created in 1944 with its headquarters situated at 7 rue Nélaton in Paris. On 1 July 2008, it was merged with the Direction centrale des renseignements généraux into the new Direction centrale du renseignement intérieur; the DST Economic Security and Protection of National Assets department had units in the 22 regions of France to protect French technology. It operated for 20 years, not only on behalf of defense industry leaders, but for pharmaceuticals, the automobile industry, all manufacturing and service sectors. According to a 2003 book, the DST has never been infiltrated by any foreign agency in all of its history. During the Algerian War, the agency created the Organization of the French Algerian Resistance, a group of counter-terrorists whose mission was to carry out false flag terrorist attacks with the aim of quashing any hopes of political compromise.

On 3 December 1973, agents of the DST, disguised as plumbers, were caught trying to install a spy microphone in the offices of the Canard Enchaîné newspaper. The resulting scandal forced Interior Minister Raymond Marcellin to leave the government. Reporter Marie-Monique Robin, author of a book investigating relationship between the Algerian War and Operation Condor, said to L'Humanité newspaper that " French have systematized a military technique in urban environments which would be copied and pasted to Latin American dictatorships." Roger Trinquier's famous book on counter-insurgency had a strong influence in South America. Robin was "shocked" to learn that the DST communicated to the Chilean DINA the name of the refugees who returned to Chile, all of whom were killed. One of the greatest success of the DST was the recruitment of the Soviet KGB officer Vladimir Vetrov. Between the spring of 1981 and early 1982 he handed 4,000 secret documents over to the French, including the complete official list of 250 Line X KGB officers stationed under legal cover in embassies around the world, before being arrested in February 1982 and executed in 1983.

Roger Wybot Gabriel Eriau Daniel Doustin Tony Roche Jean Rochet Henri Biard Jacques Chartron Marcel Chalet Yves Bonnet Rémy Pautrat Bernard Gérard Jacques Fournet Philippe Parant Jean-Jacques Pascal Pierre de Bousquet de Florian Bernard Squarcini On 1 July 2008 the DST and the DCRG merged, becoming the Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur. Bernard Squarcini assumed its leadership on 2 July 2008. Home page from Ministère de l’Intérieur Evaluating the Effectiveness of French Counter-Terrorism

Bang (Rockapella album)

Bang is the sixteenth overall and eleventh North American album by the a cappella group Rockapella. It is the first studio album the group has released since 2002, marks the first recording appearance of members John K. Brown and Steven Dorian, who had joined the group in 2004 and 2010; the album consists of original music, making it the second all-original album released by the group, preceded only by their 1994 Japanese release Vocobeat, is the first Rockapella album to have at least one song written by each of the five members. The album contains a special bonus fourteenth track: a cover of Vampire Weekend's "A-Punk." First announced to be in the recording stage in the group's January 2010 email newsletter, front man Scott Leonard announced the album to the public in an interview with San Luis Obispo's "The Tribune" in April 2010. He confirmed the tracks "Tonight", "California Sad-Eyed Girl", "4U4Now4Life" from their live concerts would be on the album, tentatively named Bang. Starting that same month and continuing through June, Rockapella released snippets of both the raw recording and mixed versions of three songs said to be on their forthcoming album: "Nuthin' But", "Tell Me What You Want", the title track "Bang".

On June 17, 2010, the official Rockapella forum received a post from an administrator with a tentative track list of 12 songs for the album, all of which ended up on the 13-track album. Their website was updated twice in July with videos consisting of the band members recording a small section of their respective vocal parts for "Tell Me What You Want" and "Bang" in Leonard's home recording studio. A similar video was released for Thacher's "Too Much" in October with a written description by him explaining why the song sounds the way it does. An August 2010 interview with Thacher stated a publicity push for the album would occur from August to early September, the album would be released in mid-September. True to his word, Bang was released on September 21, 2010 in a digital format via iTunes,, their website, while physical CD copies of the album became available on October 12. The CD is available in three forms through the Rockapella website: a Deluxe Package that came with a physical copy of the album.

Scott Leonard – high tenor Steven Dorian – tenor John K. Brown – tenor George Baldi IIIbass Jeff Thacher – vocal percussion

Academy of Christian Humanism University

The Academy of Christian Humanism University is a Chilean non-profit private university, founded in 1988 but whose origins date back to 1975 when establishing the Academy of Christian Humanism, led by Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez, whose purpose was to bring together a group of intellectuals to discuss the politics, society and culture of Chile. This university known as La Academia is accredited in the areas of Institutional Management and Undergraduate Studies by the National Commission on Accreditation, an organization that ensures the quality of higher education in Chile, for a period of 3 years from December 2008 and December 2011. It, along with the Andrés Bello and Diego Portales University was awarded research funds from the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development program's regular contest of 2009; the University now offers 21 courses leading to diploma and degree graduates, special programs and 9 master's programs in the areas of Social Sciences, Education and Culture, State and Management, a PhD in Education with twenty years of experience.

The university began in 1975 when Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez prompted the establishment of the Academy of Christian Humanism, a center for studies in a framework of freedom and pluralism. This institution has enabled a large group of intellectuals in Chile in the field of social sciences, an area for creating and disseminating knowledge on the political, economic and cultural of Chile under the Pinochet's military dictatorship; the Academy of Christian Humanism University was founded in 1988 as a university within the framework of human values from various strands of social thought, with a decisive role in the formation of new generations of professionals in Chile. This has been setting up work areas, which integrates the teaching, research and interdisciplinary studies of the phenomena characteristic of contemporary society; this University has been defined as university of academic excellence, that definition is supported by the high quality of its teachers and researchers, as an open space for discussion and reflection.

This position is reflected in the promotion of critical thinking and divergent, through constructive dialogue. This University acquires full autonomy in 1999, awarded by the Higher Education Council of Chile, consolidating a secular and pluralistic university, consistent with the values of humanism that gave origin. College of Anthropology Anthropology College of Dance Dance College of Education Pedagogy of Primary education Pedagogy of Special education Pedagogy of Preschool education Pedagogy of History Pedagogy of Spanish language and Communication Pedagogy of Mathematics education College of Government and Management Public Administration College of History and Geography Geography History College of Journalism Journalism College of Law Law College of Music Pedagogy of Music education Music production College of Political Science and International Relations Political Science College of Psychology Psychology College of Social Work Social Work College of Sociology Sociology College of Theatre Theatre Official Website Study Abroad in Academy of Christian Humanism University - Courses for foreign students

Federation Council, New South Wales

The Federation Council is a local government area located in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. This area was formed in 2016 from the merger of the Corowa Shire with its neighbouring Urana Shire; the council comprises an area of 5,685 square kilometres and covers the urban areas of Corowa and Mulwala and the surrounding cropping and pastoral region to the north. It is bounded to the south by the Murray River and the state of Victoria. At the time of its establishment the council had an estimated population of 12,602; the inaugural mayor of Federation Council is Patrick Bourke from Urana, elected by his fellow councillors on 26 September 2017. In addition to the main urban centres of Corowa and Mulwala, localities in the area include Balldale, Boree Creek, Coreen, Hopefield, Lowesdale, Oaklands, Rennie and Urana; the Federation Council has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Corowa Courthouse Corowa railway station Corowa Flour Mill Savernake Station Urana Soldiers' Memorial Hall Federation Council comprise nine Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward.

All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The interim Administrator of the Federation Council was solicitor and former professional rugby league footballer Mike Eden, until elections were held on 9 September 2017 The most recent election was held on 9 September 2017, the makeup of the council is as follows: The Federation Council was created by the Government of New South Wales as a result of an amalgamation of some local government bodies through a reform program between 2013 and 2016; as part of the review, all New South Wales local government authorities were assessed by the NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal on their historical and projected demographic data, financial sustainability, other measures including their impact on the State's resources. Those council deemed "unfit" were asked to nominate their preferred merger partner in order to achieve economies of scale. Corowa and Urana shires both nominated to merge with each other. In addition Lockhart Shire nominated Urana Shire as a preferred merger partner.

In December 2015, the Minister for Local Government Paul Toole proposed the amalgamation of all three Councils. All three Councils opposed the proposal and a group of residents in the town of Mulwala in Corowa Shire threatened to secede and join Berrigan Shire if the three-way merger went ahead. Corowa Shire put forward the alternate proposal being a merger of Corowa and Urana shires, despite objections from Urana Shire; the Minister accepted the Corowa and Urana merger proposal and the Federation Council was proclaimed on 12 May 2016. Local government areas of New South Wales "Local Government Area Boundary: Federation Council". Land & Property Information. Government of New South Wales. 19 April 2016

Hole Land

Hole Land is an arcade fixed shooter developed by Tecfri and released in Japan in 1984. Player controls a multi-colored robot able to move to right and left and shoot enemies such as small humanoids, rats and snakes that come from holes above on the screen, vertically far away from the player, who stands always at the bottom of the stage and has to eliminate them all before they reach the bottom or avoid them to complete each level. Enemies are able to attack the player with bombs, making him unable to jump and shoot for a short time; the player can become defenseless getting hit by incoming rocks from vulcans. A life is lost when enemies touch the player and take away the robot's lower half, which can be avoided by jumping over them without touching them; the game has three stages. In the first two, each time the robot is damaged by rocks and bombs, a friendly, old man appears to help fix it. At the last part of the third one, the player faces off the game's boss: a grotesque giant monster with a ball-shaped body and an enormous mouth with pointed teeth.

The goal is to shoot and destroy all of its teeth before it can reaches the player's position, otherwise the monster will devour the robot. If the player manages to win the boss, he is returned to the first stage

Sam Collins (footballer, born 1977)

Sam Jason Collins is an English professional football manager and former player who played as a centre back. He played in the Football League for Huddersfield Town, Port Vale, Hull City, Swindon Town and Hartlepool United, managed in the Football League with Hartlepool United. Collins started his career with Huddersfield Town in 1994 before he transferred to Bury in 1999. After three years he moved on to Port Vale, he was named as the club's Player of the Year at the end of the 2002–03 season. Collins' performances earned him a move to Hull City in 2006, though a series of knee injuries blighted his time at the club. Loaned to Swindon Town for a brief spell in 2007, the following year he signed permanently with Hartlepool United. Collins took on a coaching role with Hartlepool in 2014 and had three spells as caretaker manager before leaving the club in 2017, he spent a year as a coach at Bradford City before becoming youth-team manager at York City. He took over as manager in August 2018 as caretaker manager, before leaving in January 2019.

Collins was born in West Yorkshire. He started his career at First Division club Huddersfield Town as a trainee, signing a professional contract on 6 July 1994. Collins signed for Second Division club Bury on 2 July 1999 for a £75,000 fee, he was released at the end of the 2001–02 season, following the club's relegation to the Third Division. He signed for Second Division club Port Vale on 26 June 2002, in a move that reunited him with Brian Horton, his manager at Huddersfield. Collins played 49 matches for Port Vale and was named their Player of the Year in the 2002–03 season becoming captain. In September 2003, he was given the Second Division Player of the Month award. At the end of the 2003 -- 04 season he signed a new two-year contract. Collins made 37 appearances in 2004–05, helping the club to avoid relegation with an 18th-place finish in League One, his continuing strong performances in 2005–06 led to Championship club Plymouth Argyle inquiring about signing him. He rejected the approach, instead joined another Championship club, Hull City, on 2 November on loan from Vale, prior to a permanent transfer for a £65,000 fee in January 2006.

Collins suffered a knee ligament injury in February 2006. He did not play again in the 2005 -- 06 season. In November 2006, he was ruled out for the rest of the 2006–07 season through another knee injury, making only eight appearances, he joined Swindon Town on 28 September 2007 on a one-month loan. He signed for League One club Hartlepool United on 31 January 2008 for a nominal fee. After only several weeks with the club he was sidelined by an injury sustained from an awkward fall; this came just days after assistant manager Ian Butterworth praised Collins for " steel to the back four". He was appointed team captain at the start of his first full season with the club, made 48 appearances by the end of the campaign, his consistency continued in 2009 -- 10. He signed a new contract with the club in May 2010, he was named as the League One Player of the Month for December 2010. After making 49 appearances in the 2010–11 season, he signed a new contract with the club in May 2011. Collins was hopeful that manager Mick Wadsworth could lead the club to the play-offs in 2011–12, although they could only manage a 13th-place finish.

He made 43 appearances in the 2012–13 season, as Hartlepool suffered relegation to League Two with a 23rd-place finish, was retained for a further season. Collins made 43 appearances during the 2013–14 season, was praised by manager Colin Cooper for the positive influence he had on the rest of the team, he was named in the Football League Team of the Week for his performance in a 2–0 win away to Dagenham & Redbridge on 8 February, the team's third clean sheet in four matches. Collins played as a centre back and was described in March 2011 by his Hartlepool United manager Mick Wadsworth as a "warrior" who "leads by example" and as a "fearless header of the ball. Soon after signing for Hartlepool, manager Danny Wilson stated in February 2008 that: "He's a calming influence, he's a leader and that's what we needed in that backline. You'll get that consistency from him, he doesn't complicate his game." Collins took on the role of assistant first and reserve-team coach at Hartlepool United in May 2014 when signing a new contract with the club, while remaining part of the playing squad.

After Colin Cooper resigned as manager of Hartlepool, Collins was appointed caretaker manager alongside Stephen Pears on 5 October 2014. He took charge of four matches, overseeing one win and three losses, before Paul Murray was appointed as manager. Murray was dismissed on 6 December after only 45 days in charge, Collins was again appointed caretaker manager, he took charge of one match, a 4–0 defeat away to Burton Albion on 13 December, before Ronnie Moore was appointed as manager on 16 December, who appointed Collins as his assistant. Collins took over as caretaker manager on 15 January 2017 after Craig Hignett left the club by mutual consent, he was in charge for Hartlepool's 2–0 home win over Stevenage on 21 January before Dave Jones took over as manager on 23 January. Collins was dismissed by Hartlepool on 10 March, with Jones explaining the decision by saying: "We're changing the culture and the ethos here and when that happens sometimes there are casualties". Collins joined League One club Bradford City on 3 July 2017 as their Professional Development Coach, a role in which he " with Stuart McCall and Kenny Black in helping to bring forward the younger professionals within the first team squa