Whitman College is a private liberal arts college in Walla Walla, Washington. Founded as a seminary by a territorial legislative charter in 1859, the school became a four-year degree-granting institution in 1882. Whitman College is accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges and competes athletically in the NCAA Division III Northwest Conference; the school offers 48 majors and 33 minors in the liberal arts and sciences, has a student-to-faculty ratio of 9:1. Whitman was the first college in the Pacific Northwest to install a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, the first school in the United States to require comprehensive exams for graduation. Whitman was ranked tied for 41st in the nation in the 2017 U. S. News & World Report list of Best Liberal Arts Colleges. Whitman's acceptance rate for 2015 was 41%. In 1859, soon after the United States military declared that the land east of the Cascade Mountains was open for settlement by American pioneers, Cushing Eells traveled from the Willamette Valley to Waiilatpu, near present-day Walla Walla, where 12 years earlier, Christian missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman and Narcissa Whitman, along with 12 others were killed by a group of Cayuse Indians during the Whitman Massacre.
While at the site, Eells became determined to establish a "monument" to his former missionary colleagues in the form of a school for pioneer boys and girls. Eells obtained a charter for Whitman Seminary, a pre-collegiate school, from the territorial legislature. From the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, he acquired the Whitman mission site. Eells soon began working to establish Whitman Seminary. Despite Eells's desire to locate Whitman Seminary at the Whitman mission site, local pressure and resources provided a way for the school to open in the burgeoning town of Walla Walla. In 1866, Walla Walla's wealthiest citizen, Dorsey Baker, donated land near his house to the east of downtown. A two-story wood-frame building was erected and classes began that year; the school's first principal, local Congregational minister Peasly B. Chamberlin, resigned within a year and Cushing Eells was called upon to serve as principal, which he did until 1869. After Eells's resignation in 1869, the school struggled—and failed—to attract students, pay teachers, stay open for each term.
Whitman's trustees decided in 1882 that while their institution could not continue as a prep school, it might survive as the area's only college. Alexander Jay Anderson, the former president of the Territorial University, came to turn the institution into a college and become its president. After modeling the institution after New England liberal arts colleges, Anderson opened the school on September 4, 1882 with an enrollment of 60 students and three senior faculty. In 1883, the school received a collegiate charter and began expanding with aid from the Congregational American College and Education Society. Despite local support for Whitman College and help from the Congregational community, financial troubles set in for the school. After losing favor with some of the school's supporters, Anderson left Whitman in 1891 to be replaced by Reverend James Francis Eaton; the continuing recession of the 1890s increased the institution's financial worries and lost Eaton his backing, leading to his resignation in 1894.
Reverend Stephen Penrose, an area Congregational minister and former trustee, became president of the college and brought the school back to solvency by establishing Whitman's endowment with the aid of D. K. Pearsons, a Chicago philanthropist. By popularizing Marcus Whitman's life and accomplishments, Penrose was able to gain support and resources for the college. Under his leadership, the faculty was strengthened and the first masonry buildings, Billings Hall and the Whitman Memorial Building, were constructed. In 1907, Penrose began a plan called "Greater Whitman" which sought to transform the college into an advanced technical and science center. To aid fundraising, Penrose abandoned affiliation with the Congregational Church, became unaffiliated with any denomination; the prep school was closed and fraternities and sororities were introduced to the campus. This program was unable to raise enough capital. Penrose iterated the school's purpose "to be a small college, with a limited number of students to whom it will give the finest quality of education".
In 1920 Phi Beta Kappa installed a chapter, the first for a Northwest college, Whitman had its first alum Rhodes Scholar. During World War II, Whitman was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. Whitman's 117 acre campus is located in Washington. Most of the campus is centered around a quad, which serves as the location for intramural field sports. Around this, Ankeny Field, sits Penrose Library, Olin Hall and Maxey Hall, two residence halls and Jewett. South of Ankeny Field, College Creek meanders through the main campus, filling the artificially created "Lakum Duckum", the heart of campus and the habitat for many of Whitman's beloved ducks; the oldest building on campus is the administrative center, Whitman Memorial Building referred to as "Mem". Built in 1899, the hall, like the college, serves as a memorial to Dr. Marcus and Narcissa Prentiss Whitman; the building is the tallest on campus
Eggs Benedict is an American breakfast or brunch dish that consists of two halves of an English muffin topped with a poached egg, bacon or ham, hollandaise sauce. The dish was first popularized in New York City. There are conflicting accounts as to the origin of Eggs Benedict. Delmonico's in lower Manhattan says on its menu that "Eggs Benedict was first created in our ovens in 1860." One of its former chefs, Charles Ranhofer published the recipe for Eggs à la Benedick in 1894. In an interview recorded in the "Talk of the Town" column of The New Yorker in 1942, the year before his death, Lemuel Benedict, a retired Wall Street stock broker, said that he had wandered into the Waldorf Hotel in 1894 and, hoping to find a cure for his morning hangover, ordered "buttered toast, poached eggs, crisp bacon, a hooker of hollandaise". Oscar Tschirky, the maître d'hôtel, was so impressed with the dish that he put it on the breakfast and luncheon menus but substituted ham for the bacon and a toasted English muffin for the toast.
A claim to the creation of Eggs Benedict was circuitously made by Edward P. Montgomery on behalf of Commodore E. C. Benedict. In 1967 Montgomery wrote a letter to The New York Times food columnist Craig Claiborne which included a recipe he said he had received through his uncle, a friend of the commodore. Commodore Benedict's recipe—by way of Montgomery—varies from Ranhofer's version in the hollandaise sauce preparation—calling for the addition of a "hot, hard-cooked egg and ham mixture". Several variations of Eggs Benedict exist Eggs Blackstone substitutes streaky bacon for the ham and adds a tomato slice. Eggs Blanchard substitutes Béchamel sauce for Hollandaise. Eggs Florentine substitutes adds it underneath. Older versions of eggs Florentine add spinach to shirred eggs. Eggs Chesapeake substitutes a Maryland blue crab cake in place of the ham. Eggs Mornay substitutes Mornay sauce for the Hollandaise. Eggs Trivette adds a topping of crayfish. Eggs Omar substitutes a small steak in place of the ham, sometimes replaces the hollandaise with béarnaise.
Eggs Atlantic, Eggs Hemingway, or Eggs Norvégienne substitutes salmon or smoked salmon for the ham. This is a common variation found in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, in Kosher restaurants that cannot serve bacon or any pork products; this is known as "Eggs Benjamin" in some restaurants in Canada. Huevos Benedictos substitutes sliced avocado and/or Mexican chorizo for the ham, is topped with both a salsa and hollandaise sauce. Eggs Hussarde substitutes Holland adds Bordelaise sauce. Irish Benedict replaces the ham with Irish bacon. Eggs Cochon, a variation from New Orleans restaurants which replaces the ham with pork "debris" and the English muffin with a large buttermilk biscuit. Eggs McD substitutes hash browns in place of ham, This variation originated in Jericho suburb of Oxford UK. California Benedict substitutes Avocado Sauce for the Hollandaise, sliced tomato for the ham. Avocado Toast Benedict substitutes toast for the sliced avocado for the ham. New Jersey Benedict substitutes Taylor Pork Roll in place of ham.
Who Cooked That Up? Page on origin of the dish with a recipe “Was He the Eggman?” An account in The New York Times about Lemuel Benedict and the efforts of Jack Benedict, the son of Lemuel's first cousin, to promote Lemuel's story. Article includes link to an audio slide show
Roderick George Toombs, better known by his ring name "Rowdy" Roddy Piper, was a Canadian professional wrestler and actor. In professional wrestling, Piper was best known to international audiences for his work with the World Wrestling Federation and World Championship Wrestling between 1984 and 2000. Although he was Canadian, because of his Scottish heritage he was billed as coming from Glasgow and was known for his signature kilt and bagpipe entrance music. Piper earned the nicknames "Rowdy" and "Hot Rod" by displaying his trademark "Scottish" rage and quick wit. According to The Telegraph, he is "considered by many to be the greatest "heel" wrestler ever". One of pro wrestling's most recognizable stars, Piper headlined numerous pay-per-view cards, including the WWF and WCW's respective premier annual events, WrestleMania and Starrcade, he accumulated 34 championships, hosted the popular WWF/E interview segment "Piper's Pit", which facilitated numerous feuds. Piper's biggest rival was Hulk Hogan: their mid-1980s feud – involving "Captain" Lou Albano and singer Cyndi Lauper – is considered the beginning of "Rock'n' Wrestling".
In 2005, Piper was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame by Ric Flair, who dubbed him "the most gifted entertainer in the history of professional wrestling". Outside of wrestling, Piper acted in dozens of films and TV shows, including the lead role of John Nada in the 1988 cult classic They Live and a recurring role as deranged professional wrestler, Da' Maniac, on the FX comedy series It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia. Toombs was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan on April 17, 1954, was raised in Winnipeg, Manitoba, he attended Windsor Park Collegiate. His father, Stanley Baird Toombs, was an officer with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police while they lived in The Pas, Manitoba, his mother was Eileen Toombs. After being expelled from junior high for having a switchblade in school and falling out with his father, Piper left home and stayed in youth hostels, he picked up odd jobs at local gyms. As a young man, he became proficient in playing the bagpipes, though he stated that he was unsure where he picked them up.
His childhood best friend was Stanley Cup winner Cam Connor. Piper served a tour of duty with the Canadian Army. Piper was an amateur wrestler before he started to become a professional wrestler, he won the Golden Gloves boxing championship. He was awarded a Black Belt in Judo from Gene LeBell, American Judo champion, instructor and professional wrestler. Roddy started wrestling under the care of promoter Al Tomko in Canada, his first match involving'midget wrestlers' in front of a lumberjack audience in Churchill, Manitoba, he soon began earning money wrestling. His first match in a pro and famous organization was with the legendary Larry Hennig in the American Wrestling Association. Friends of his played the bagpipes during his entrance while he was handing out dandelions and the ring-announcer had to announce something and all that he knew was his name was Roddy. So, after seeing the pipe band he announced "Ladies and Gentlemen, here comes Roddy the piper", thus giving birth to "Roddy Piper" and the name stuck.
From 1973 to 1975, Piper was a jobber in the American Wrestling Association, NWA Central States territory surrounding Kansas City, in the Maritimes. He worked in Texas for Paul Boesch's NWA Houston Wrestling promotion, in Dallas for Fritz Von Erich's Big Time Rasslin. By late 1975 and early 1976, Piper was a top villain for Mike and Gene LeBell's NWA Hollywood Wrestling. In 1977–78, he started to work for Roy Shire's NWA San Francisco Wrestling in addition to remaining with the Los Angeles office, where Piper developed his Rowdy character. During this time, he made continuous insults directed at the area's Mexican community. Piper managed a stable of wrestlers in California. In the Los Angeles area, Piper feuded with his father Gory Guerrero. Piper and Chavo Guerrero faced each other in several matches for the Jules Strongbow Memorial Scientific Trophy. Piper defeated Chavo for the Americas Heavyweight Title. During the feud, Piper had his head shaved. Piper appeared in several loser leave town was forced to leave the territory.
He appeared in the territory as The Masked Canadian. In his first televised match as The Masked Canadian, Piper teamed with Chavo in a match against Black Gordman and Goliath for the Americas Tag Team Championship. Piper and Guerrero lost the match and faced each other two days with Piper defeating Guerrero for the Americas Heavyweight Championship. Piper wrestled as The Masked Canadian for several months. By late 1978-early 1979, Piper left the California promotions for more fame in Don Owen's Portland–based Pacific Northwest territory, he teamed with Killer Tim Brooks and Rick Martel to win the NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship. Piper won the NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship with victories over both Lord Jonathan Boyd and "Playboy" Buddy Rose. In the early 1980s, Piper ventured to the Mid-Atlantic territory where he beat Jack Brisco for the Mid-Atlantic title, he defeated Ric Flair for the US belt which turned into a feud. From 1981–82, Piper served as a commentator on Georgia Championship Wrestling and feuded with the likes of Bob Armstrong, Dick Slater, Tommy Rich.
During the summer of
Hawaii Five-O (1968 TV series)
Hawaii Five-O is an American police procedural drama series produced by CBS Productions and Leonard Freeman. Set in Hawaii, the show aired for 12 seasons from 1968 to 1980, continues in reruns. At the airing of its last episode it was the longest-running police drama in American television history. Jack Lord portrayed Detective Captain Steve McGarrett, the head of a special state police task force, based on an actual unit that existed under martial law in the 1940s; the theme music composed by Morton Stevens became popular. Many episodes would end with McGarrett instructing his subordinate to "Book'em, Danno!", sometimes specifying a charge such as "murder one". The CBS television network produced Hawaii Five-O, which aired from September 20, 1968, to April 5, 1980; the program continues to be broadcast in syndication worldwide. Created by Leonard Freeman, Hawaii Five-O was shot on location in Honolulu and throughout the island of Oahu and other Hawaiian islands with occasional filming in locales such as Los Angeles and Hong Kong.
The show centers on a fictional state police force led by former US naval officer Steve McGarrett, a detective captain, appointed by the Governor, Paul Jameson. In the show, McGarrett oversees state police officers – the young Danny Williams, veteran Chin Ho Kelly, streetwise Kono Kalakaua for seasons one through four. Honolulu Police Department Officer Duke Lukela joined the team as a regular, as did Ben Kokua, who replaced Kono beginning with season five. McGarrett's Five-O team is assisted by other officers as needed: Douglas Mossman as Det. Frank Kamana, P. O. Sandi Wells, medical examiner Doc Bergman, forensic specialist Che Fong, a secretary; the first secretary was May Jenny, Malia and Luana. The Five-O team consists of three to five members, is portrayed as occupying a suite of offices in the Iolani Palace. Five-O lacks its own radio network, necessitating frequent requests by McGarrett to the Honolulu Police Department dispatchers. For 12 seasons, McGarrett and his team hounded international secret agents and organized crime syndicates plaguing the Hawaiian Islands.
With the aid of District Attorney and Hawaii's Attorney General John Manicote, McGarrett is successful in sending most of his enemies to prison. One such crime syndicate was led by crime family patriarch Honore Vashon, a character introduced in the fifth season. Other criminals and organized crime bosses on the islands were played by actors such as Ricardo Montalbán, Gavin MacLeod, Ross Martin as Tony Alika. By the 12th and final season, series regular James MacArthur had left the show. Unlike other characters before him, Fong's character, Chin Ho, at Fong's request, was killed off, murdered while working undercover to expose a protection ring in Chinatown in the last episode of season 10. New characters Jim'Kimo' Carew, Lori Wilson, Truck were introduced in season 12 alongside returning regular character Duke Lukela. Most episodes of Hawaii Five-O ended with the arrest of criminals and McGarrett snapping, "Book'em." The offense was added after this phrase, for example, "Book'em, murder one."
In many episodes, this was directed to Danny Williams and became McGarrett's catchphrase: "Book'em, Danno." McGarrett's tousled yet immaculate hairstyle, as well as his proclivity for wearing a dark suit and tie on all possible occasions entered popular culture. While the other members of Five-O "dressed mainland" much of the time, they often wore local styles, such as the ubiquitous Aloha shirt. In many episodes, McGarrett is drawn into the world of international espionage and national intelligence. McGarrett's nemesis is a rogue intelligence officer of the People's Republic of China named Wo Fat; the communist rogue agent was played by veteran actor Khigh Dhiegh. In the show's final episode in 1980, titled "Woe to Wo Fat", McGarrett sees his foe go to jail. Unlike the reboot the show's action and straightforward storytelling left little time for personal stories involving wives or girlfriends, though a two-part story in the first season dealt with the loss of McGarrett's sister's baby. A show would flash back to McGarrett's younger years or to a romantic figure.
In the episode "Number One with a Bullet, Part 2", McGarrett tells a criminal, "It was a bastard like you who killed my father." His 42-year-old father had been killed by someone who had just held up a supermarket. Because Steve McGarrett is a commander in the Naval Reserve, he sometimes uses their resources to help investigate and solve crimes. Hence the closing credits of some episodes mentioned the Naval Reserve. A 1975 episode involving Danno's aunt, played by MacArthur's mother Helen Hayes, provided a bit of Williams' back story. Sources differ on. Producer Leonard Freeman moved to Hawaii to recuperate after suffering a heart attack. One source states the idea for the show may have come from a conversation Freeman had with Hawaii's then-Governor John A. Burns. Another source instead claims that Freeman wanted to set a show in San Pedro, Los Angeles, California until his friend Richard Boone convinced him to shoot it in Hawaii. A third source claims Freeman discussed the show with Governor Burns only after pitching the idea to CBS.
Before settling on the name "Hawaii Five-O", Freeman considered titling the show "The Man". Freeman offered Richard Boone the part of McGarrett.
Columbo or Lieutenant Columbo is the eponymous main character in the successful detective crime drama series Columbo. The character is a shrewd but inelegant blue-collar homicide detective whose trademarks include his shambling manner, rumpled beige raincoat and off-putting, relentless investigative approach. Columbo is portrayed by Peter Falk, who appeared in the role from 1968 through 2003. Columbo's first name has never been identified, although the name "Frank Columbo" has been visible on pieces of identification throughout the show's history; the character of Columbo was created by William Link, who said that Columbo was inspired by the Crime and Punishment character Porfiry Petrovich as well as G. K. Chesterton's humble cleric-detective Father Brown. Other sources claim Columbo's character is influenced by Inspector Fichet from the French suspense-thriller film Les Diaboliques. Over the years, the chatty Columbo would let slip many details about his personal life in conversations with suspects.
However, in the episode "Dead Weight", Columbo more-or-less admits that he will sometimes make up certain details about his life fabricating fictional relatives, in order to establish a better rapport with a suspect. As a result, some of the following biographical details may be exaggerated or otherwise inaccurate those concerning his family life. Columbo's boyhood hero was Joe DiMaggio, he liked gangster pictures. Columbo played too much pinball; the trick of putting a potato in a car exhaust—which purportedly prevents the car from starting without causing permanent damage—served well on one of his cases. He jokes. In "The Bye-Bye Sky High I. Q. Murder Case", in a conversation with the suspect, Columbo revealed: "All my life I kept running into smart people. I don't just mean smart like the people in this house. You know what I mean..." He added, "I could tell right away that it wasn't gonna be easy making detective as long as they were around", but he determined that he could the odds "by working harder than any of them, reading all of the required books and paying attention to every detail."
His trademark outfit of a rumpled raincoat over a suit-and-tie never varies from case to case or year to year—with one exception. Columbo says that he "can't think" in this coat, tries to lose it, he is able to retrieve his beloved original raincoat. He sometimes wears his trademark outfit while on vacation. In the episode "Troubled Waters", Columbo takes a Mexican cruise with his wife, boards the cruise ship in his usual attire. Upon meeting Columbo dressed in the raincoat, the Captain of the ship quips "Oh, tell me Lieutenant, do you expect inclement weather in the Mexican waters?" In the film he wears a Hawaiian shirt, during a party. Although not polished, Columbo is polite, addressing everyone to do with the case as "sir", "ma'am" or "miss", he displays anger toward his prime suspect, though he sometimes becomes frustrated with other characters. In an impromptu speech to a ladies' club meeting hosted by Ruth Gordon's character, at which he shows up uninvited, he admits that over the course of many of his investigations he grew to like and respect the suspects.
Columbo carries a gun, is never shown to exercise much physical force. In the 1971 episode "Death Lends a Hand," it is revealed that he does not carry a gun when he walks through a metal detector and doesn't set it off. In the 1975 episode "Forgotten Lady" he explains that he keeps it "downtown", in other episodes he expresses a strong dislike of guns and their use, as well as an intolerance to the noise produced when firing them. Additionally, in "Troubled Waters", Columbo claims to be "a bad shot". In "Forgotten Lady", it is revealed that Columbo has failed to attend his required semi-annual evaluation at the department's firing range in the last ten years, leading him to ask a colleague to take the test for him to avoid being suspended, he does carry a gun for his work in 1992's "No Time to Die" and 1994's "Undercover", both of which are based on Ed McBain novels."Murder Under Glass" reveals Columbo to be an accomplished cook, having learned a recipe for veal scaloppine from his Italian father, which he makes for the killer, a famed food critic, who seems impressed by it.
However, in "Murder by the Book" he claims he can cook only a certain type of omelette, which he cooks for the victim's wife. In early episodes, he appears to be fond of eating chili con carne. In "Identity Crisis," Columbo speaks fluent Italian, which he demonstrates again on in "Murder Under Glass." But by the time mob boss Vincenzo Fortelli addresses Columbo in Italian in "Strange Bedfellows" he no longer speaks or understands the language. When inspecting a chemical formula in "Lovely but Lethal", he claims not to have recognized the writing as Latin, stating that he had "only taken Spanish", some of which he speaks in "A Matter of Honor." Columbo presents himself as a simple man impressed by the West Coast movers and celebrities whom the writers love to cast as their villains. He finds occasion during cases to take advantage of the suspect's social circle; as a distraction tactic, Columbo asks to sit behind the wheel of a suspect's luxury car. He asks
Linda Denise Blair is an American actress. Blair played the possessed child, Regan, in the film The Exorcist, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award and won a Golden Globe, she reprised her role in Exorcist II: The Heretic. Blair would go on to star in numerous controversial dramatic television films, such as Born Innocent and Sarah T. – Portrait of a Teenage Alcoholic before establishing herself as a sex symbol in the musical Roller Boogie in 1979. The 1980s saw Blair starring in numerous exploitation and horror films, such as the slasher film Hell Night, the prison drama Chained Heat, the Grindhouse cult thriller Savage Streets. Throughout the 1990s, Blair appeared in various independent films and B movies, as well as several television credits: From 2001 to 2003, she was the host of the Fox Family reality series Scariest Places on Earth, in 2006 had a guest role on the series Supernatural, she appeared as herself on the Animal Planet series Pit Boss from 2010 to 2012. In addition to her acting credits, Blair has publicly supported various charitable causes animal rights.
In 2004, she founded the Linda Blair WorldHeart Foundation, which serves to rehabilitate and adopt rescue animals. The youngest of three children, Blair was born January 22, 1959 in St. Louis, Missouri, to James Frederick and Elinore Blair, she has an older sister, an older brother, Jim. When Blair was two years old, her father, a Navy test pilot-turned-executive recruiter, took a job in New York City, the family relocated to Westport, Connecticut, her mother worked as a real estate agent in Westport. She formally began her career as a child model at age five, appearing in Sears, J. C. Penney, Macy's catalogues, in over 70 commercials for Welch's grape jams and various other companies. Blair secured a contract at age six for a series of print ads in The New York Times. From the age of six onward, Blair began becoming a trained equestrian. Blair started acting with a regular role on the short-lived Hidden Faces daytime soap opera, her first theatrical film appearance was in The Way We Live Now, followed by a bit part in the comedy The Sporting Club.
In 1972, Blair was selected from a field of 600 applicants for her most notable role as Regan, the possessed daughter of a famous actress, in William Friedkin's The Exorcist. The role earned her a Golden Globe and People's Choice Award for Best Supporting Actress as well as an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Film critic and historian Mark Clark notes that in her performance, "Blair matches Ellen Burstyn note-for-note." Despite the film's critical successes, Blair received media scrutiny for her role in the film, deemed by some as "blasphemous," and Blair has said the film had significant impact on her life and career. After the film's premiere in December 1973, some reporters speculated about Blair's mental state, suggesting the filming process had resulted in her having a mental breakdown, which Blair denied, she would receive anonymous death threats. To combat the rumors and media speculation surrounding her, Warner Bros. sent the then-14-year-old Blair on an international press tour in hopes of demonstrating that she was "just a normal teenager."After the Exorcist press tour concluded, Blair starred opposite Kim Hunter in the wildly controversial television film Born Innocent, in which she plays a runaway teenager, sexually abused.
The film was criticized by the National Organization for Women, the New York Rape Coalition, numerous gay and lesbian rights organizations for its depiction of female-on-female sexual abuse. After filming Born Innocent, Blair had a supporting part as a teenaged kidney transplant patient in the disaster film Airport 1975, critically panned, but a success at the box office. A steady series of job offers led Blair to relocate to Los Angeles in 1975, where she lived with her older sister, Debbie. Between 1975 and 1978, she would have lead roles in numerous television films: Sarah T. – Portrait of a Teenage Alcoholic, as a teenager who becomes addicted to alcohol. In 1977, Blair reprised her role as Regan in the Exorcist sequel, Exorcist II: The Heretic, garnering a Saturn Award nomination for Best Actress of 1978; the film was a critical and commercial failure, at the time was the most expensive film made by Warner Bros. studios. After filming Exorcist II: The Heretic, Blair took a year off from acting and competed in national equestrian circuits under the pseudonym Martha McDonald.
In 1978, she made a return to acting in the Wes Craven-directed television horror film Stranger in Our House, based on the novel by Lois Duncan. and with the lead role in the Canadian production Wild Horse Hank, in which she utilized her equestrian skills to play a college student saving wild horses from ranchers. Blair's career took a new turn in 1979 with her starring role in the musical drama Roller Boogie, which established her as a sex symbol; the following year, she co-starred with Dirk Benedict in Ruckus, playing a young woman who helps a maligned Vietnam veteran evade antagonistic locals in a small town. She starred in a number of successful low-budget horror and exploitation films throughout much of the 1980s: She starred opposite Peter Barton in the slas
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually