RCA Red Seal Records
RCA Red Seal is a classical music label whose origin dates to 1902 and is owned by Sony Music. The use of a distinctive red label for premium-priced records made by top-tier artists was a marketing strategy suggested by the Gramophone Company's agent in St. Petersburg, where the first "Gramophone Record Red Seal" discs were issued in late 1901 or early 1902. In 1902 the practice was adopted by the home office in the United Kingdom, which preferred to refer to the records as "Red Labels", by its United States affiliate, the Victor Talking Machine Company, in 1903. Led by the great tenor Enrico Caruso just at the beginning of his worldwide fame, Red Seal records changed the public's valuation of recorded music. Caruso's first records, made by the Gramophone Company in Italy in 1902, earned prestige as well as profits for the company and its affiliates. Victor issued several of these records on their Red Seal label in the United States and soon other famous opera stars and classical instrumentalists were attracted to the studios of Victor and the Gramophone Company, consolidating the positions of both firms as the market leaders in the field of serious music by famous performers.
Early acoustical recordings could be a good medium for capturing the sound of singing voices, male voices but while acceptable solo piano and violin recordings could be made, the acoustical process yielded only a flat, tinny echo of a symphony orchestra. The introduction of electrical recording in 1925 allowed reproduction of instrumental and orchestral music with improved fidelity. In 1929, the Victor Talking Machine Company was purchased by the Radio Corporation of America, thereafter becoming RCA Victor and, in 1968, RCA Records. RCA Victor's Red Seal series continued its pre-eminence from the 1930s through the 1950s due to the recorded output of three of the leading conductors of the time, Serge Koussevitzky, Leopold Stokowski, Arturo Toscanini. Nearly all of Toscanini's recordings were issued on the Red Seal label, most of them with the NBC Symphony Orchestra. Conductor Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Orchestra spent nearly 35 years with RCA Victor and made many best-selling Red Seal recordings.
Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra made Red Seal records from 1917 until 1940. Stokowski would continue to make many Red Seal recordings with various orchestras, sporadically until 1975. Eugene Ormandy made his first recordings with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra in 1934 and with the Philadelphia Orchestra beginning in 1936. Ormandy and the Philadelphians returned to RCA in 1968, after spending 23 years with Columbia Records. Leonard Bernstein made his first recordings for RCA Victor. In 1950, RCA Victor began issuing vinyl LPs, because they were losing artists and sales due to the company's resistance to adopting the new format. In 1954, RCA Victor began experimenting with stereophonic recording; the first RCA Victor "Stereo Orthophonic" reel to reel tapes were issued in 1955. When stereo LP records first appeared in 1958, RCA Victor introduced their regarded "Living Stereo" recordings. During this period RCA was seen as producing some of the finest-sounding recordings available. In 1968, RCA introduced a modern logo, de-emphasized the Victor name and "His Master's Voice" trademarks, the label came to be known as "RCA Red Seal".
After General Electric absorbed RCA in 1986 and sold its interest in the record division to Bertelsmann, the Victor name was revived so the label once again became "RCA Victor Red Seal" before de-emphasizing the Victor and "His Master's Voice" trademarks again, reverting to "RCA Red Seal" in the early 2000s because of worldwide fragmented ownership of the "His Master's Voice" trademark. The following instrumentalists, vocalists and orchestras have all made Red Seal recordings; some recordings were made for other overseas companies but were distributed in the US on the Red Seal label. Many have recorded or may be recording for other labels; the RCA Gold Seal mid-priced label was launched in 1975 and consisted of reissues of "Living Stereo" recordings from the late 1950s and 1960s issued on the Red Seal label. Beginning in the 1980s, many older Red Seal recordings from the 78 RPM and early LP era were reissued on the Gold Seal label; this included recordings by Golden Age opera stars such as Enrico Caruso, Amelita Galli-Curci, Ezio Pinza and Rosa Ponselle, as well as renowned virtuosos like Vladimir Horowitz, Arthur Rubinstein, Jascha Heifetz.
RCA Victor Gold Seal released complete sets of recordings by Arturo Toscanini, Fritz Kreisler and Sergei Rachmaninoff, among many others. Sony has retired the Gold Seal label and now reissues all historic Red Seal recordings from the RCA Victor archives on the RCA Red Seal label. In the early 1990s, many Red Seal recordings were reissued on the budget-priced RCA Victor Silver Seal label. Several of these recordings were by lesser known performers, but the series included some well-known Red Seal artists, including conductors Leopold Stokowski, Zubin Mehta and Charles Munch. Recordings in this series did not contain liner notes. RCA Camden RCA Victrola List of record labels Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings
Okeh Records is an American record label founded by the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, a phonograph supplier established in 1916, which branched out into phonograph records in 1918. The name was spelled "OkeH", formed from the initials of Otto K. E. Heinemann, but changed to "OKeh". Since 1926, Okeh has been a subsidiary of Columbia Records, now itself a subsidiary of Sony Music. Today, Okeh is an imprint of a specialty label of Columbia. Okeh was founded by Otto K. E. Heinemann, a German-American manager for the U. S. branch of Odeon Records, owned by Carl Lindstrom. In 1916, Heinemann incorporated the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, set up a recording studio and pressing plant in New York City, started the label in 1918; the first discs were vertical cut, but the more common lateral-cut method was used. The label's parent company was renamed the General Phonograph Corporation, the name on its record labels was changed to OKeh; the common 10-inch discs retailed for 75 cents each, the 12-inch discs for $1.25.
The company's musical director was Fred Hager, credited under the pseudonym Milo Rega. Okeh issued popular songs, dance numbers, vaudeville skits similar to other labels, but Heinemann wanted to provide music for audiences neglected by the larger record companies. Okeh produced lines of recordings in German, Polish and Yiddish for immigrant communities in the United States; some were pressed from masters leased from European labels, while others were recorded by Okeh in New York. Okeh's early releases included music by the New Orleans Jazz Band. In 1920, Perry Bradford encouraged Fred Hager, the director of artists and repertoire, to record blues singer Mamie Smith; the records were popular, the label issued a series of race records directed by Clarence Williams in New York City and Richard M. Jones in Chicago. From 1921–1932, this series included music by Williams, Lonnie Johnson, King Oliver, Louis Armstrong. Recording for the label were Bix Beiderbecke, Bennie Moten, Frankie Trumbauer, Eddie Lang.
As part of the Carl Lindström Company, Okeh's recordings were distributed by other labels owned by Lindstrom, including Parlophone in the UK. In 1926, Okeh was sold to Columbia Records. Ownership changed to the American Record Corporation in 1934, the race records series from the 1920s ended. CBS bought the company in 1938. OkeH was a label for rhythm and blues during the 1950s, but jazz albums continued to be released, as in the work of Wild Bill Davis and Red Saunders. General Phonograph Corporation used Mamie Smith's popular song "Crazy Blues" to cultivate a new market. Portraits of Smith and lists of her records were printed in advertisements in newspapers such as the Chicago Defender, the Atlanta Independent, New York Colored News, others popular with African-Americans. Okeh had further prominence in the demographic, as African-American musicians Sara Martin, Eva Taylor, Shelton Brooks, Esther Bigeou, Handy's Orchestra recorded for the label. Okeh issued the 8000 series for race records; the success of this series led Okeh to start recording music where it was being performed, known as remote recording or location recording.
Starting in 1923, Okeh sent mobile recording equipment to tour the country and record performers not heard in New York or Chicago. Regular trips were made once or twice a year to New Orleans, San Antonio, St. Louis, Kansas City, Detroit. Okeh releases grew infrequent after 1932, although the label continued into 1935. In 1940, after Columbia lost the rights to the Vocalion name by dropping the Brunswick label, the Okeh name was revived to replace it; the script logo design still in use today was introduced on a demonstration record announcing that event. The label was again discontinued in 1946 and revived yet again in 1951. In 1953, Okeh became an exclusive R&B label when its parent Columbia Records transferred Okeh's pop music artists to the newly formed Epic Records. In 1963, Carl Davis boosted Okeh's fortunes for a couple of years. Epic Records took over management of Okeh in 1965. Among the artists during Okeh's pop phase of the 50s and 60s were Johnnie Ray and Little Joe & the Thrillers. With soul music becoming popular in the 1960s, Okeh signed Major Lance, who gave the label two big successes with "The Monkey Time" and "Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um".
Fifties rocker Larry Williams found a musical home for a period of time in the 60s, recording and producing funky soul with a band that included Johnny "Guitar" Watson. He was paired with Little Richard, persuaded to return to secular music, he produced two Little Richard albums for Okeh Records in 1966 and 1967, which returned Little Richard to the Billboard album chart for the first time in ten years and produced the hit single "Poor Dog". He acted as the music director for Little Richard's live performances at the Okeh Club in Los Angeles. Bookings for Little Richard during this period skyrocketed. Williams recorded and released material of his own and with Watson, with some moderate chart success; this period produced some of Williams's best and most original work. Much of the success of Okeh in the 1960s was dependent on producer Carl Davis and songwriter Curtis Mayfield. After they left the label, Okeh slipped in sales and was retired by Columbia in 1970. In 1993, Sony Music reactivated the Okeh label as a new-age blues label.
Okeh's first new signings included G. Love & Special Sauce, Keb' Mo, Popa Chubby, Little Axe. Throughout the first year, in celeb
Quartetto Cetra is an Italian vocal quartet established during the 1940s, active until 1988. The group originated from the previous Quartetto Ritmo following the replacement of one singer. Felice Chiusano filled the vacancy left by Enrico Gentile and joined Tata Giacobetti, Virgilio Savona and Enrico De Angelis in the quartet's line-up. Quartetto Cetra debuted in a radio review titled Riepilogando in 1941. In October 1947, Enrico De Angelis left the group to join the Army, he was replaced by the wife of Virgilio Savona. That was Cetra's final formation; the first song they performed together was Dove siete stata nella notte del 3 giugno?. In 1948, Quartetto Cetra did the dubbing of the choruses for the Italian release of Disney's movie Dumbo. For their excellent job they received. Afterwards they did the dubbing for other movies such as Make Mine Music, Melody Time and The Wizard of Oz. Quartetto Cetra made their stage debut in Pietro Sandro Giovannini's Gran Baldoria review. Several other musical comedies followed.
On stage the Cetras worked with other Italian celebrities of those times, such Wanda Osiris and Alberto Sordi. Italian television was born in 1954. In the same year Quartetto Cetra made their first home television appearance in a show called In quattro si viaggia meglio, although they had appeared on British television as far back as 1948 in Café Continental. In time they did a great number of other TV programs. Among them, their parodies of some literature classics such as The Count of Monte Cristo or The Three Musketeers were a huge success; the quartet's early style was much similar to Mills Brothers's, with jazz and swing vocal arrangements. The group found its own way with a combination of songs and entertainment: catchy tunes with funny lyrics yet with sophisticated arrangements, performed in comedy acts; the audience loved that, Quartetto Cetra soon became popular at first on the radio on stage and on the TV as well. Quartetto Cetra was credited with the great virtue of combining excellent professional skills with popular entertainment.
In over forty years the group's repertoire included more than a thousand songs. Most were written by two members of the quartet. Just to name a few of them, Il Visconte di Castelfombrone, In un palco della Scala, Un disco dei Platters, Nella vecchia fattoria, Vecchia America, Che centrattacco, Un bacio a mezzanotte, I ricordi della sera. Quartetto Cetra finished their performing career on 1 July 1988 in Bologna, with their last public concert, their song Crapa Pelada is used in the TV series Breaking Bad, in Season 3's final episode, "Full Measure". Virgilio Savona, "Gli indimenticabili Cetra", Sperling & Kupfer, Milano 1992 Matteo Ceschi, "Singing What We Were to Know What We Are: The Quartetto Cetra and National History in Italian TV Entertainment", conference paper, London 2009
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1990, Columbia recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company. Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, alongside former longtime rival RCA Records, as well as Arista Records and Epic Records. Artists who have recorded for Columbia include Harry Styles, AC/DC, Louis Armstrong, Tony Bennett, Beyoncé, Dave Brubeck, The Byrds, Johnny Cash, Mariah Carey, The Chainsmokers, The Clash, Miles Davis, Rosemary Clooney, Neil Diamond, Celine Dion, Bob Dylan, Wind & Fire, Duke Ellington, 50 Cent, Erroll Garner, Benny Goodman, Adelaide Hall, Billy Joel, Janis Joplin, John Mayer, George Michael, Billy Murray, Pink Floyd, Lil Nas X, Frank Sinatra and Garfunkel, Bessie Smith, Bruce Springsteen, Barbra Streisand, Andy Williams, Pharrell Williams, Bill Withers, Paul Whiteman, Joe Zawinul The Columbia Phonograph Company was founded in 1887 by stenographer and New Jersey native Edward D. Easton and a group of investors.
It derived its name from the District of Columbia. At first it had a local monopoly on sales and service of Edison phonographs and phonograph cylinders in Washington, D. C. Maryland, Delaware; as was the custom of some of the regional phonograph companies, Columbia produced many commercial cylinder recordings of its own, its catalogue of musical records in 1891 was 10 pages. Columbia's ties to Edison and the North American Phonograph Company were severed in 1894 with the North American Phonograph Company's breakup. Thereafter it sold only phonographs of its own manufacture. In 1902, Columbia introduced a molded brown wax record, to use up old stock. Columbia introduced black wax records in 1903. According to one source, they continued to mold brown waxes until 1904 with the highest number being 32601, "Heinie", a duet by Arthur Collins and Byron G. Harlan; the molded brown waxes may have been sold to Sears for distribution. Columbia began selling disc records and phonographs in addition to the cylinder system in 1901, preceded only by their "Toy Graphophone" of 1899, which used small, vertically cut records.
For a decade, Columbia competed with both the Edison Phonograph Company cylinders and the Victor Talking Machine Company disc records as one of the top three names in American recorded sound. In order to add prestige to its early catalog of artists, Columbia contracted a number of New York Metropolitan Opera stars to make recordings; these stars included Marcella Sembrich, Lillian Nordica, Antonio Scotti and Edouard de Reszke, but the technical standard of their recordings was not considered to be as high as the results achieved with classical singers during the pre–World War I period by Victor, England's His Master's Voice or Italy's Fonotipia Records. After an abortive attempt in 1904 to manufacture discs with the recording grooves stamped into both sides of each disc—not just one—in 1908 Columbia commenced successful mass production of what they called their "Double-Faced" discs, the 10-inch variety selling for 65 cents apiece; the firm introduced the internal-horn "Grafonola" to compete with the popular "Victrola" sold by the rival Victor Talking Machine Company.
During this era, Columbia used the "Magic Notes" logo—a pair of sixteenth notes in a circle—both in the United States and overseas. Columbia stopped recording and manufacturing wax cylinder records in 1908, after arranging to issue celluloid cylinder records made by the Indestructible Record Company of Albany, New York, as "Columbia Indestructible Records". In July 1912, Columbia decided to concentrate on disc records and stopped manufacturing cylinder phonographs, although they continued selling Indestructible's cylinders under the Columbia name for a year or two more. Columbia was split into one to make records and one to make players. Columbia Phonograph was moved to Connecticut, Ed Easton went with it, it was renamed the Dictaphone Corporation. In late 1922, Columbia went into receivership; the company was bought by its English subsidiary, the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1925 and the label, record numbering system, recording process changed. On February 25, 1925, Columbia began recording with the electric recording process licensed from Western Electric.
"Viva-tonal" records set a benchmark in tone and clarity unequaled on commercial discs during the 78-rpm era. The first electrical recordings were made by Art Gillham, the "Whispering Pianist". In a secret agreement with Victor, electrical technology was kept secret to avoid hurting sales of acoustic records. In 1926, Columbia acquired Okeh Records and its growing stable of jazz and blues artists, including Louis Armstrong and Clarence Williams. Columbia had built a catalog of blues and jazz artists, including Bessie Smith in their 14000-D Race series. Columbia had a successful "Hillbilly" series. In 1928, Paul Whiteman, the nation's most popular orchestra leader, left Victor to record for Columbia. During the same year, Columbia executiv
Sergio Endrigo was an Italian singer-songwriter. Born in Pola, Istria in Italy, he has been compared—for style and nature—to authors of the so-called "Genoa school" like Gino Paoli, Fabrizio De André, Luigi Tenco, Bruno Lauzi, he won the Sanremo Music Festival in 1968 with the song "Canzone per te", sung with Roberto Carlos. The same year he represented Italy at the Eurovision Song Contest 1968 with the song "Marianne." His hits include "L'arca di Noè", "Io che amo solo te" and "Adesso sì". Official website: biography, filmography Istria on the Internet, Prominent Istrians
Epic Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc. the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. The label was founded predominantly as a jazz and classical music label in 1953, but expanded its scope to include a more diverse range of genres, including pop, R&B, hip hop. Epic Records has released music by artists including Glenn Miller, Tammy Wynette, George Michael, The Yardbirds, Shakin Stevens, Cheap Trick, Meat Loaf, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ted Nugent, Sly & the Family Stone, The Hollies, Celine Dion, ABBA, Culture Club, Dave Clark Five, Gloria Estefan, Pearl Jam, Rage Against the Machine, Michael Jackson. Along with Arista, Columbia and RCA Records, Epic is one of Sony Music Entertainment's four flagship record labels. Artists who have signed to Epic Records include French Montana, Fiona Apple, Sara Bareilles, Jennifer Lopez, Keyshia Cole, Hardwell, Fifth Harmony, Jennifer Hudson, Zara Larsson, Mariah Carey, Ozzy Osbourne, Judas Priest, Busta Rhymes, Rick Ross, 21 Savage, Travis Scott, DJ Khaled, Meghan Trainor, Camila Cabello, Swizz Beatz and Louis Tomlinson.
Epic Records was launched in 1953 by the Columbia Records unit of CBS for the purpose of marketing jazz and classical music that did not fit the theme of its more mainstream Columbia Records label. Initial classical music releases were from Philips Records which distributed Columbia product in Europe. Pop talent on co-owned Okeh Records were transferred to Epic which made Okeh a rhythm and blues label. Epic's bright-yellow and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases; this has included such notables as the Berlin Philharmonic, Charles Rosen, the Juilliard String Quartet, Antal Doráti conducting the Hague Philharmonic and George Szell conducting the Cleveland Orchestra. By 1960, Epic became better known for its signing of newer, fledgling acts. By the end of the 1960s, Epic earned its first gold records and had evolved into a formidable hit-making force in rock and roll, R&B and country music. Among its many acts, it included Roy Hamilton, Bobby Vinton, The Dave Clark Five, The Hollies, Tammy Wynette, The Yardbirds, July, Helen Shapiro and Jeff Beck.
Several of the British artists on the Epic roster during the 1960s were the result of CBS's Epic/Okeh units' international distribution deal with EMI. Epic was involved in a notable "trade" of artists. Graham Nash was signed to Epic because of his membership in The Hollies; when the newly formed Crosby, Stills & Nash wanted to sign with Atlantic Records, Ahmet Ertegün worked out a deal with Clive Davis whereby Richie Furay's new band Poco would sign with Epic. Epic's commercial success continued to grow in the 1970s with releases from ABBA in the UK, Cheap Trick, The Clash, Charlie Daniels, Heart, The Isley Brothers, The Jacksons, George Jones, Meat Loaf, Johnny Nash, Ted Nugent, REO Speedwagon, Minnie Riperton, Charlie Rich, Sly & the Family Stone, Steve Vai, Edgar Winter. Contributing to the label's success was its distribution of Philadelphia International Records, which produced additional hit records by acts such as The Three Degrees and McFadden and Whitehead. During the 1960s, Epic oversaw the smaller subsidiary CBS labels including Okeh Records and Date Records.
In 1968, Epic recordings began being distributed in the UK by CBS after the distribution deal with EMI expired that year. Sony Corporation bought CBS Records in 1987, the company was renamed Sony Music in 1991, it began splitting European operations into two separate labels and Columbia, in 1992, in 1997, Sony Music Australia and New Zealand followed suit. In 2004, Sony merged with music distributor BMG, bringing Arista Records, Columbia Records, Epic Records, J Records, Jive Records, RCA Records, Zomba Group of Companies to one parent company known as Sony BMG Music Entertainment. In 2008, Sony bought out BMG for $1.2 billion, bringing all affiliated labels together as Sony Music Entertainment International, SMEI. The merger was approved by the European Union in 2009. Epic's 1980s and 1990s mainstream success were fueled by its signing and releasing of albums by notable acts such as Michael Jackson, Culture Club, the Miami Sound Machine and Gloria Estefan and George Michael, Adam Ant, Living Colour, Dead or Alive, Cyndi Lauper, Ozzy Osbourne, Pearl Jam, Luther Vandross, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Rage Against the Machine, Céline Dion, Oasis among others.
One of the label's greatest financial payoffs came via the release of Thriller, the 1982 album by Michael Jackson, which went on to achieve 51–65 million in worldwide sales, becoming the biggest selling album in history. Epic Soundtrax was founded in 1992, it was central to Epic's 1990s success, with 11 releases cumulatively selling more than 40 million records over a three-year period. Notable releases included soundtrack albums for Honeymoon in Vegas, Sleepless in Seattle, Forrest Gump and Judgement Night. In July 2011, L. A. Reid became the CEO of Epic Records, signing artists such as TLC, Toni Braxton, Cher Lloyd, Avril Lavigne, Future, Yo Gotti, Meghan Trainor, DJ Khaled and Travis Scott. Epic signed the winners of The X Factor during the seasons that Reid appeared on the show. In 2013, Sylvia Rhone, former president of Universal Motown, launched the imprint Vested In Culture through Epic Records. A year she was named president of the label. In November 2014, Mosley Music Group created
Fabrizio De André
Fabrizio Cristiano De André was an Italian singer-songwriter. Known for his sympathies towards anarchism, left-libertarianism and pacifism, his songs featured marginalized and rebellious people, Romani and knaves, attacked the Catholic Church hierarchy. Artistically active for 40 years and the author of thirteen studio albums, he is renowned for the quality of his lyrics and considered a poet, he contributed to the promotion of the languages of Italy, most notably Ligurian and, to a lesser extent, Sardinian and Neapolitan. Following his early death several streets, parks and public libraries were named after him. De André was born in Genoa in a family of Piedmontese origins, was welcomed into the world by Gino Marinuzzi's "Country Waltz" on the home gramophone. Twenty-five years he would set his "Waltz for a Love" to Marinuzzi's waltz tune; when the Second World War broke out, the De André family had to seek refuge on a country farm near Revignano, a frazione of Asti, in Piedmont. Fabrizio's father, an antifascist pursued by the police, joined the partisans.
In 1945, at the end of the war, the family moved back to Genoa, where the father became an important member of Genoa's ruling class, as CEO, chairman of Eridania, a sugar factory. Fabrizio's first primary school was that of the Marcellian Sisters, he attended the Cesare Battisti public school and the Liceo Classico "Cristoforo Colombo". De André first played the violin the guitar, he joined a number of local jazz bands, as jazz was his "first love". In 1960, De André recorded Nuvole barocche and E fu la notte; that same year the couple had their first and only son, who would follow in his father's footsteps and become a musician and songwriter as well. In the following years De André wrote a number of songs which made him known to a larger public, soon becoming classic hits: La guerra di Piero, La ballata dell'eroe, Il testamento di Tito, La Ballata del Michè, Via del Campo, La canzone dell'amore perduto, La città vecchia, Carlo Martello ritorna dalla battaglia di Poitiers, La canzone di Marinella.
De André's first LP, Volume 1, was issued shortly after, followed by Tutti morimmo a stento and Volume 3. The former contained a personal version of Eroina by the Genoese poet Riccardo Mannerini, entitled "Cantico dei drogati". In 1970, De André wrote La buona novella, a concept album based on Christ's life as told in the Apocrypha; the album was controversial the song Il testamento di Tito, in which one of the thieves crucified with Jesus violently refutes the Ten Commandments. He had written a number of songs in which he showed a Christian-like open-minded spirit and in the meantime invited the audience in his own delicate way to think about the manipulation of the church. In 1971, he wrote another celebrated concept album, Non al denaro non all'amore né al cielo, based on Edgar Lee Masters's Spoon River Anthology. Fabrizio De André's name began to be associated with literature and poetry, some of his songs found their way into school books. In 1973, he wrote his most Storia di un impiegato.
The following year, De André issued Canzoni, a collection of his translations from Georges Brassens, Leonard Cohen and Bob Dylan. The album included a number of his old songs from the 1960s. In 1975, De André wrote Volume 8 with another famous Italian singer-songwriter, Francesco De Gregori. With this album, he broke with "tradition" in order to find a new approach to music; the lyrics show. 1975 marked a real change in De André's life: he began to perform in a series of memorable concerts and planned to move to Sardinia with his new love. For this purpose, he purchased the Agnata homestead near Tempio Pausania in the northern part of the island, where he could devote himself to farming and cattle breeding. In 1977, the couple had Luisa Vittoria; the following year De André issued Rimini. Most songs included on this album were written t