Disney California Adventure

Disney California Adventure Park referred to as Disney California Adventure, California Adventure, or DCA, is a theme park located in Anaheim, California. It is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parks and Products division; the 72-acre park is themed after the history and culture of California, which celebrates the fun and adventure of the state through the use of various Disney and Marvel properties. The park opened on February 8, 2001 as Disney's California Adventure Park or Disney's California Adventure, it is the second of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort complex, after Disneyland Park; the concept of a theme park dedicated to California arose from a meeting of Disney executives in 1995, following the cancellation of the WestCOT project. Construction of the park began in 1998 and was completed by early 2001. Disney projected high attendance rates at the new park. Disney spent the next several years incrementally adding new rides and attractions, implementing other promotions aimed at boosting attendance.

In 2007, Disney announced a major expansion of the park as well as a major overhaul of a significant portion of the park. Construction lasted for five years and was completed in stages, culminating with the opening of Buena Vista Street and Cars Land in June 2012. According to the Themed Entertainment Association, the park hosted 9.9 million guests in 2018, making it the 12th-most visited theme park in the world that year. The present-day site of Disney California Adventure was acquired by Walt Disney in the 1950s and functioned as the parking lot of Disneyland for over 40 years. After succeeding with the multi-park business model at Walt Disney World in Florida, the Disney company decided to turn Walt Disney's original theme park into a multi-park resort complex as well. In 1991, Disney announced plans to build WestCOT, a west coast version of what was known as EPCOT Center, on the site of Disneyland's parking lot; the high price tag of the proposed park as well as the company's financial and public relations problems with the newly opened Euro Disneyland led Disney to cancel WestCOT in 1995.

In the summer of 1995, Michael Eisner, Disney's CEO at the time, gathered company executives in Aspen, Colorado, to think of another idea for a second theme park in California. From those meetings, Disney decided it would instead build a park themed to the history and culture of the state of California. Disney's executives aimed to make California a theme park, so as to keep guests at the resort instead of going off site. Disneyland president Paul Pressler relied on merchandising and retail staff instead of Imagineers to design the park; as an adult-oriented park like Epcot and shopping was the design focus. Construction of the park began on January 22, 1998. On Main Street, U. S. A. A DCA Preview Center opened in October 1998; the park's construction was accompanied by Downtown Disney and Disney's Grand Californian Hotel, in addition to renovations of the Disneyland Hotel and Disneyland Pacific Hotel. The park was expected to draw large crowds when it opened on February 8, 2001. There were four districts with 15 restaurants.

On January 14, a Los Angeles Times article titled "The most Jam-Packed Theme Park on Earth?" stated, "Senior Disney officials acknowledge that there will be days when California Adventure will have to turn patrons away in the first weeks after the park opens, during spring break and again in the summer." However, the actual attendance that year was less than expected. This is suggested to have happened as a result of negative reviews from early visitors, including the lack of focus in the Hollywood Pictures Backlot, the lack of attractions for children, a large number of off-the-shelf attractions, a high number of stores and restaurants relative to the number of attractions, having a theme, considered to be redundant, given that the park is located in California; the park lacks a perimeter berm to separate it from surrounding neighborhoods. The berm in Disneyland Park uses trees and earthen mounds to establish a physical barrier around the park so that structures external to the park cannot be seen, with the aim of more immersing guests in the park setting.

At Disney California Adventure Park, nearby hotels, power lines, radio towers, the Anaheim Convention Center are all visible, reducing the sense of immersion. Furthermore, Disney had planned the park to be aimed at adults, rather than children, which became the basis of significant criticism; the park opened to only 5 million visitors in 2001 while its sister park Disneyland saw 12.3 million visitors during the same time frame. Low attendance caused Disney to lower ticket prices for California Adventure, slashing as much as $10 off the park's ticket prices. In its first year, the park only averaged 5,000 to 9,000 visitors on weekdays and 10,000 to 15,000 on the weekends, despite having a capacity of 33,000. Visitor surveys reported that only 20% of visitors to the park in its first year were satisfied with their experience. By October 2001, both Wolfgang Puck and Robert Mondavi had closed their high-profile restaurants in the park, citing low crowds, though Mondavi remained as a sponsor. Two major criticisms of the park in its first year were the lack of attractions appealing to children and the lack of a nighttime show or parade to keep visitors from leaving at nightfall.

Within the first year of operation, Disney's Electrical Parade and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire –


José de Jesus Medrano, better known as Chuchín, was a Mexican clown and star attraction of many circuses in Mexico from the late 1960s to 1984, when he died while on tour in Africa. He toured Peru as the Circo Bell's Main attraction. Chuchin appeared in the 1983 Mexican film, Esta y L'otra con un solo boleto. While performing at the Royal Show, Chuchin fell to his death on May 1984 in South Africa, his fall occurred not during his high wire bicycle act, but rather as he was descending from the platform after completing the act. In 1982 Chuchin toured with Circo Atayde, as the most famous acrobatic and singing circus clown in Mexico. At the time, circus Atayde had resolved never to present any performer as the star of their show, because the star of their show was the name Atayde. Chuchin was recognized by the Mexican press while on his presentation at The Arena Mexico in Mexico City and from on, Chuchin was the first person or performer name other than Atayde's name to be presented as the star of their show.

Jose de Jesus Medrano's son Mizrraim Jesus Medrano performs under the name Chuchin in honor of his father.

Puerto Rico national baseball team

The Puerto Rico national baseball team is the national baseball team of Puerto Rico. The men's senior team is ranked 11th in the world, while its women's counterpart is 12th. Puerto Rico is the incumbent Pan American and Central American/Caribbean champion, as well as the World Baseball Classic runner-up. After debuting in the amateur predecessor to the Baseball World Cup, the team won its first medal by finishing second in 1947, a performance that it repeated the following year. In 1951, Puerto Rico became the world baseball champion by winning the event; the team went on to gather six more medals during the tournament's existence, finishing second twice and third four times. Puerto Rico was an inaugural member of the World Baseball Classic, making its debut in the first edition; the team has advanced to the second round in all of its appearances, in the process becoming the first team to score mercy rule wins over Cuba and the United States. In the 2013 World Baseball Classic, Puerto Rico became the second team from the Western Hemisphere to advance to the final, eliminating two-time defending world champion Japan in the semifinals before finishing as the event's runner-up.

The team has participated in several lesser international competitions, such as the Central American and Caribbean Games, the Pan American Games, Americas Baseball Cup, Intercontinental Cup, Haarlem Baseball Week, winning medals in most. The team will try to qualify for the 2020 Olympics at the eight-team Americas Qualifying Event in March 2020. Puerto Rico made its debut at the Baseball World Cup known as the "Amateur World Series" in 1940, only two years after the creation of the Liga de Béisbol Profesional Roberto Clemente, which at the moment was an amateur league. Like all of the other expansion teams, they finished in the bottom half of the table, tied with Mexico with a record of 2-10; the following year the team repeated this performance. Between 1942 and 1943, Puerto Rico did not participate due to the ongoing World War II to which several LBPPR players were drafted; the team returned in 1944, but finished tied with Nicaragua with arecord of 1-6. Puerto Rico declined participation in the 1945 Amateur World Series, joining Mexico and Cuba in absence.

As the LBPPR expanded and became more organized, the quality of players composing the Puerto Rican national team improved. Returning in 1947, Puerto Rico won the silver medal, having entered the round robin tied with a record of 6-2, defeating Nicaragua to advance before losing to the host, Colombia, in the finals. Puerto Rico went 6-1 in the round-robin but lost 11-1 and 2-1 to the Dominicans in the best-of-3 finals, they won their second straight Silver Medal. M. Ruiz tied for most triples. In 1950, the team finished the regular phase of the tournament tied with the Dominican Republic and Cuba for the first place with a record of 9-2, the team defeated Cuba and lost to the Dominican Republic during the round robin phase. However, the Federación Internacional de Béisbol Aficionado ruled that several players that had joined the team were ineligie to play, ruling several key victories "forfeits" and dropping it out of the podium; this inicident was the result of the LBPPR from amateur to professional a few years earlier.

In 1951, Puerto Rico earned a record of 7-3 in the regular stage, handing Cuba its only defeat in the first games. After advancing, the team went undefeated with wins over Cuba and Venezuela to secure the gold medal; the team was headlined by Sotero Ortiz who scored more runs and stole more bases than anyone else, while teammate Ramon Maldonado hit 8 doubles to lead the stadistic. In 1952, Puerto Rico went 7-3, including 2-2 in the final round to take bronze medal, they were the only team to beat Cuba in the finals. W. Figueredo led in triples while J. R. Garcia steals. Sotero Ortiz tied for the most runs. Due to the improving quality of its players, Puerto Rico soon began experiencing the loss of its best players to the professional leagues at a young age, including Roberto Clemente and Orlando Cepeda. In 1953, the team finished 6th with a record of 5-5. However, Félix Torres drove in 15 runs to lead the Series. By the time that the series resumed in 1963, Major League Baseball had become the primary employer of Puerto Rican talent, making them ineligible to play in the Amateur World Series and the team did not participate in this edition.

Back for the tournament in 1965, Puerto Rico won Bronze with a 5-3 record. Andres Cruz led the Series in average, hits and RBI. Pitcher Efrain Contreras set an Amateur World Series record by striking out 19 against the Netherlands Antilles. After another hiatus of four years, the event resumed in 1969, which saw Panama, Puerto Rico and Nicaragua all tied for 5th with 4-6 records. Luis Mercado tied for the most triples. In 1970, Puerto Rico won the bronze medal with a record of 9-2. Ramón Ortiz hit. In 1971, Puerto Rico finished tied with Nicaragua in the third place with a record of 6-3, but did not receive the bronze medal due to their individual series. Carlos Lowell led all pitchers with 3 wins. In 1972, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Chinese Taipei tied for 6th, all with 9-6 marks; the team was managed by Roberto Clemente and featured a no-hitter by Sandalio Quinonez against Costa Rica. In 1973, Puerto Rico participated in two versions of the Amateur World Series due to internal conflicts in the sport, in the Federación Internacional de Béisbol Aficionado version, the team won the silver medal with a record of 10-3, with two of those loses coming at th