All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film)
All Quiet on the Western Front is a 1930 American epic pre-Code war film based on the Erich Maria Remarque novel of the same name. Directed by Lewis Milestone, it stars Louis Wolheim, Lew Ayres, John Wray, Arnold Lucy and Ben Alexander. All Quiet on the Western Front opened to wide acclaim in the United States. Considered a realistic and harrowing account of warfare in World War I, it made the American Film Institute's first 100 Years...100 Movies list in 1998. A decade after the same organization polled over 1,500 workers in the creative community, All Quiet on the Western Front was ranked the seventh-best American epic film. In 1990, the film was selected and preserved by the United States Library of Congress' National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant." The film was the first to win the Academy Awards for Best Director. Its sequel, The Road Back, portrays members of the 2nd Company returning home after the war. Professor Kantorek gives an impassioned speech about the glory of serving in the Army and "saving the Fatherland".
On the brink of becoming men, the boys in his class, led by Paul Baumer, are moved to join the army as the new 2nd Company. Their romantic delusions are broken during their brief but rigorous training under the abusive Corporal Himmelstoss, who bluntly informs them, "You're going to be soldiers—and that's all." The new soldiers arrive by train at the combat zone, mayhem, with soldiers everywhere, incoming shells, horse-drawn wagons racing about, prolonged rain. One in the group is killed before the new recruits can reach their post, to the alarm of one of the new soldiers; the new soldiers are assigned to a unit composed of older soldiers, who are not accommodating. The young soldiers find, they have not eaten since breakfast. One of them, "Kat" Katczinsky, had gone to locate something to eat and he returns with a slaughtered hog he has stolen from a field kitchen; the young soldiers "pay" for their dinner with cigarettes. The new recruits' first trip to the trenches with the veterans, to re-string barbed wire, is a harrowing experience when Behn is blinded by shrapnel and hysterically runs into machine-gun fire.
After spending several days in a bunker under bombardment, they at last move into the trenches and repulse an enemy attack. They are sent back to the field kitchens to get their rations; the men start out eating greedily, but settle into a satiated torpor. They hear that they are to return to the front the next day and begin a semi-serious discussion about the causes of the war and of wars in general, they speculate about whether geographical entities offend each other and whether these disagreements involve them. Tjaden speaks familiarly about the Kaiser. One day, Corporal Himmelstoss arrives to the front and is spurned because of his bad reputation. In an attack on a cemetery, Paul stabs a French soldier, but finds himself trapped in a hole with the dying man for an entire night. Throughout the night, he tries to help him, bringing him water, but fails miserably to stop him from dying, he begs the dead body to speak so he can be forgiven. He returns to the German lines and is comforted by Kat.
Going back to the front line, Paul is wounded and taken to a Catholic hospital, along with his good friend Albert Kropp. Kropp's leg is amputated. Around this time, Paul is taken to the bandaging ward, from which, according to its reputation, nobody has returned alive. Paul is given a furlough and visits his family at home, he is shocked by. When Paul visits the schoolroom where he was recruited, he finds Professor Kantorek prattling the same patriotic fervor to a class of younger students. Professor Kantorek asks of Paul to detail his experience, to which the latter reveals that war was not at all like he had envisioned and mentions the deaths of his partners. Disillusioned and angry, Paul returns to the front and comes upon another 2nd company, filled with new young recruits who are now disillusioned, he goes to find Kat, they discuss the inability of the people to comprehend the futility of the war. Kat's shin is broken when a bomb dropped by an aircraft falls nearby, so Paul carries him back to a field hospital - only to find that Kat has been killed by a second explosion.
Crushed by the loss of his mentor, Paul leaves. In the final scene, Paul is back on the front lines, he sees a butterfly just beyond his trench. Paul smiles and reaches out towards the butterfly, but becoming too exposed, he is shot and killed by an enemy sniper; the final shot shows the 2nd Company arriving at the front for the first time, fading out to the image of a cemetery. In the film, Paul is shot while reaching for a butterfly; this scene is different from the book, was inspired by an earlier scene showing
The Suez Canal is a sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez. Constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869, it was opened on 17 November 1869; the canal offers watercraft a more direct route between the North Atlantic and northern Indian Oceans via the Mediterranean and Red Seas, thus avoiding the South Atlantic and southern Indian Oceans and thereby reducing the journey distance from the Arabian Sea to, for example, London by 8,900 kilometres. It extends from the northern terminus of Port Said to the southern terminus of Port Tewfik at the city of Suez, its length is 193.30 km, including its southern access channels. In 2012, 17,225 vessels traversed the canal; the original canal was a single-lane waterway with passing locations in the Ballah Bypass and the Great Bitter Lake. It contains no locks system, with seawater flowing through it. In general, the canal north of the Bitter Lakes flows north in south in summer.
South of the lakes, the current changes with the tide at Suez. The canal is maintained by the Suez Canal Authority of Egypt. Under the Convention of Constantinople, it may be used "in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag". In August 2014, construction was launched to expand and widen the Ballah Bypass for 35 km to speed the canal's transit time; the expansion was planned to double the capacity of the Suez Canal from 49 to 97 ships a day. At a cost of $8.4 billion, this project was funded with interest-bearing investment certificates issued to Egyptian entities and individuals. The "New Suez Canal", as the expansion was dubbed, was opened with great fanfare in a ceremony on 6 August 2015. On 24 February 2016, the Suez Canal Authority opened the new side channel; this side channel, located at the northern side of the east extension of the Suez Canal, serves the East Terminal for berthing and unberthing vessels from the terminal. As the East Container Terminal is located on the Canal itself, before the construction of the new side channel it was not possible to berth or unberth vessels at the terminal while the convoy was running.
Ancient west–east canals were built to facilitate travel from the Nile River to the Red Sea. One smaller canal is believed to have been constructed under the auspices of Senusret II or Ramesses II. Another canal incorporating a portion of the first, was constructed under the reign of Necho II, but the only functional canal was engineered and completed by Darius I; the legendary Sesostris may have started work on an ancient canal joining the Nile with the Red Sea, when an irrigation channel was constructed around 1850 BCE, navigable during the flood season, leading into a dry river valley east of the Nile River Delta named Wadi Tumilat. In his Meteorology, Aristotle wrote: One of their kings tried to make a canal to it, but he found that the sea was higher than the land. So he first, Darius afterwards, stopped making the canal, lest the sea should mix with the river water and spoil it. Strabo wrote that Sesostris started to build a canal, Pliny the Elder wrote: 165. Next comes the Tyro tribe and, the harbour of the Daneoi, from which Sesostris, king of Egypt, intended to carry a ship-canal to where the Nile flows into what is known as the Delta.
The Persian king Darius had the same idea, yet again Ptolemy II, who made a trench 100 feet wide, 30 feet deep and about 35 miles long, as far as the Bitter Lakes. In the second half of the 19th century, French cartographers discovered the remnants of an ancient north–south canal past the east side of Lake Timsah and ending near the north end of the Great Bitter Lake; this proved to be the celebrated canal made by the Persian king Darius I, as his stele commemorating its construction was found at the site. In the 20th century the northward extension of this ancient canal was discovered, extending from Lake Timsah to the Ballah Lakes; this was dated to the Middle Kingdom of Egypt by extrapolating the dates of ancient sites along its course. The reliefs of the Punt expedition under Hatshepsut, 1470 BCE, depict seagoing vessels carrying the expeditionary force returning from Punt; this suggests that a navigable link existed between the Nile. Recent excavations in Wadi Gawasis may indicate that Egypt's maritime trade started from the Red Sea and did not require a canal.
Evidence seems to indicate its existence by the 13th century BCE during the time of Ramesses II. Remnants of an ancient west–east canal through the ancient Egyptian cities of Bubastis, Pi-Ramesses, Pithom were discovered by Napoleon Bonaparte and his engineers and cartographers in 1799. According to the Histories of the Greek historian Herodotus, about 600 BCE, Necho II undertook to dig a west–east canal through the Wadi Tumilat between Bubastis and Heroopolis, continued it to the Heroopolite Gulf and the Red Sea. Regardless, Necho is reported as having never completed his project. Herodotus was told that 120,000 men perished in this undertaking, but this figure is doubtless exaggerated. According to Pliny the Elde
Silk Husbands and Calico Wives
Silk Husbands and Calico Wives is a 1920 American silent drama film directed by Alfred E. Green and starring House Peters; the film was based on an original by Monte Katterjohn. The film is preserved at the Library of Congress; as described in a film magazine, Deane Kendall, a country boy who has succeeded in being admitted to the bar, finds few clients in the small village of Harmony. When there is a sensational case involving a man being tried for the murder of his wife's lover, Edith Beecher, court stenographer and Deane's sweetheart, manages to arrange for Deane to defend the husband. Deane's masterful defense frees Deane wins a position with a city law firm. Deane marries Edith and they move to the city. Deane makes rapid progress but Edith remains a "home body." Society girl Georgia Wilson determines to break up this family. She is aided in her plans by an architect. Through a trick, Edith is lured to the architect's apartment. Edith believes. However, a madly jealous discarded sweetheart of the architect informs Deane of the whole plot.
Edith, thinking she has made her husband unhappy and fearing his wrath concerning her visit to the architect, has fled the city to return to her village home. Deane follows her and a reconciliation takes place. House Peters as Deane Kendall Mary Alden as Edith Beecher Kendall Mildred Reardon as Marcia Lawson Edward Kimball as Jerome Appleby Sam Sothern as Alec Beecher Eva Novak as Georgia Wilson Vincent Serrano as Charles Madison Rosita Marstini as Mrs. Westervelt Silk Husbands and Calico Wives on IMDb synopsis at AllMovie Lobby posters media
George Arliss was an English actor, author and filmmaker who found success in the United States. He was the first British actor to win an Academy Award – which he won for his performance as Victorian era British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli in Disraeli, as well as the earliest-born actor to win the honour. Born in London and baptised as Augustus George Andrews but listed as George Augustus Andrews, his relatives referred to him as Uncle Gus. Arliss was educated at Harrow, he left at age eighteen to go on the stage. He began his acting career on the stage in the British provinces in 1887. By 1900, he was playing London's West End in supporting roles, he embarked for a tour of America in 1901 in Mrs Patrick Campbell's troupe. Intending to remain in the US only for the length of the tour, Arliss stayed for twenty years becoming a star in 1908 in The Devil. Producer George Tyler commissioned Louis Napoleon Parker in 1911 to write a play tailored for Arliss, the actor toured in Disraeli for five years becoming identified with the 19th century British prime minister.
He began his film career followed by Disraeli and four other silent films. Today, only The Devil, Disraeli, $20 a Week, The Green Goddess, based on the hit stage play in which he had starred, are known to have survived, he remade Disraeli in sound, converting at the age of 61 from a star of the legitimate theatre, silent films, to the talkies. Arliss made ten sound films for Warner Bros. under a contract that gave the star an unusual amount of creative control for the time. Curiously, his casting of actors and rewriting of scripts were privileges granted him by the studio that are not mentioned in his contract. One of these films, The Man Who Played God, was Bette Davis's first leading role; until the end of Davis's life, she would credit Arliss for insisting upon her as his leading lady and giving her a chance to show her mettle. The two co-starred in The Working Man in 1933. Arliss built a production unit at Warners' both in front behind the cameras, his stage manager, Maude Howell, became an assistant producer and was one of the few female film executives in Hollywood at that time.
After his first three films, Arliss approved an undistinguished director, John Adolfi, to direct each of his films from that point on. Adolfi soon found himself regarded as a successful director of the critically and financially acclaimed Arliss films. Arliss preferred to use the same reliable actors, such as Ivan Simpson and Charles Evans, from film to film, yet Arliss had an eye for discovering unknown newcomers, such as James Cagney, Randolph Scott and Dick Powell, among others. Despite his extensive involvement in the planning and production of his films, Arliss claimed credit only for acting. Working with Warners' production chief, Darryl F. Zanuck, Arliss left the studio when Zanuck resigned in April 1933. Zanuck signed Arliss to make new films at Zanuck's fledgling studio, 20th Century Pictures, prompting Warners' to bitterly complain to the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences that Zanuck had "stolen" their star. Arliss is remembered for his witty series of historical biographies such as Alexander Hamilton, The House of Rothschild, The Iron Duke, Cardinal Richelieu.
However, he had a second string to his bow, a series of domestic comedies such as The Millionaire, A Successful Calamity, The Working Man, The Last Gentleman, among others. He appeared with his wife, Florence Arliss, to whom he was married from 16 September 1899 until his death, they had no children, although Leslie Arliss, who became a prolific producer-director for Gainsborough Pictures, is erroneously referred to as their son in some reference works. Florence starred both on stage and in films with her husband and always played his character's spouse. However, that did not prevent Arliss from using another actress. Flo turned down roles that George wanted her to play in some films. In 1934 British filmgoers named Arliss their favourite male star. Arliss was approaching 70 when he completed the British-made Doctor Syn in 1937, he and Flo returned to America that year to visit old friends, including famed astronomer Edwin Hubble in California. Producer-director Cecil B. DeMille arranged for the Arlisses to re-enact their roles in Disraeli on DeMille's popular radio show, Lux Radio Theatre, in January 1938.
The occasion was heralded as "a new page in radio history". George and Flo subsequently appeared on Lux in radio adaptations of The Man Who Played God in March 1938, in Cardinal Richelieu in January 1939, their final dramatic appearance anywhere. Returning to their home in London in April 1939, the onset of the Second World War prevented their return to America during Arliss's remaining years; the only taint of scandal involved charges by the British Government in September 1941 that Arliss had not complied with a recent requirement to report bank accounts he maintained in the US and Canada. Both men claimed ignorance of the new law, but they were fined and publicly humiliated by the experience. Arliss settled at Pangbourne in Berkshire. Film producer Darryl F. Zanuck tried to interest Arliss in returning to Hollywood to star in The Pied Piper in 1942. Braving the Luftwaffe's
The Big House (1930 film)
The Big House is a 1930 American pre-Code crime drama film directed by George Hill, released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, starring Chester Morris, Wallace Beery, Lewis Stone and Robert Montgomery. The supporting cast features Leila Hyams, George F. Marion, J. C. Nugent, Karl Dane and Tom Kennedy; the story and dialogue were written by Frances Marion, with additional dialogue by Joe Farnham and Martin Flavin. The story was inspired by a spate of prison riots in resulting federal investigation. In response, George Hill wrote a twenty-seven page story treatment called "The Reign of Terror: A Story of Crime and Punishment". Irving Thalberg gave the go ahead for the screenplay and assigned Frances Marion to work with George Hill. Lon Chaney was chosen for the role of Butch, a violent career criminal who rules the prison cellblock. Due to Chaney's death from cancer, this role went to Wallace Beery; the movie launched Beery's sound career to new heights. After The Big House became a hit and his performance earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role, he became the world's highest-paid actor within two years.
Marion won the Academy Award for Best Writing Achievement. Douglas Shearer won the first Academy Award for Sound; the film was nominated for Best Picture. The Big House was one of the first prison films made and was tremendously influential on the genre. Kent, a drunk driver who carelessly kills a man, is sentenced to ten years for manslaughter. In an overcrowded prison designed for 1800 and holding 3000, he is placed in a cell with Butch and Morgan, the two leaders of the inmates. Butch is alternately menacing and friendly, while Morgan tries to help out the frightened, inexperienced youngster, but Kent rebuffs his overtures; when Butch is ordered into solitary confinement for sparking a protest over the prison food, he passes along his knife before being searched. It ends up in Kent's hands. Meanwhile, Morgan is notified. Prior to a search of their cell, Kent hides the knife in Morgan's bed; when it is found, Morgan's parole is canceled, he is put in solitary as well. He vows to make Kent pay for.
When Morgan is let out of solitary, he escapes by switching places with a corpse on the way to the morgue. He makes his way to the bookstore run by Anne. She, recognizes him, she manages to get his gun and starts to call the police, but changes her mind and gives him back his pistol. Morgan becomes better acquainted with Anne and her family, they all like him Anne. However, he sent back to prison; when Butch tells Morgan of his plan for a jailbreak on Thanksgiving, Morgan tells him that he is going straight. In return for a promise of freedom, Kent informs the warden of the attempt, though he is not privy to the details. Despite the warning, the inmates succeed in taking over the prison, capturing many of the guards, though they are unable to force their way out. Thwarted, Butch threatens to shoot the guards one by one; when the warden stands firm, Butch shoots the warden's right-hand man in cold blood tosses the dying man out for all to see. Army tanks are called to break down the entrance. Morgan grabs a pistol from the prisoner assigned to watch the guards.
He spares him. Kent flees before Morgan locks the guards in to save their lives; when Kent tries to open the front doors, he is killed in the crossfire. Butch is told that Morgan was the "stoolie" who tipped off the warden and learns he has put the guards out of danger, he sets out to kill his former friend. In the ensuing gunfight, both are wounded, Butch fatally. Before he dies, he learns that Kent was the informer, he and Morgan reconcile. For his efforts, Morgan is given a full pardon; when he exits the prison, Anne rushes to embrace him. In the early days of sound films, it was common for Hollywood studios to produce "Foreign Language Versions" of their films using the same sets, costumes and so on. While many of these versions no longer exist, the French and German-language versions of The Big House survive, which are entitled Révolte dans la prison and Menschen hinter Gittern; the French and Spanish versions are available with the original in a triple feature set from the Warner Archives. Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times described it as "a film in which the direction, the photography, the microphone work and the magnificent acting take precedence over the negligible story."Variety called it a "virile, realistic melodrama".
John Mosher of The New Yorker wrote, "So expert are many of the scenes, so effective the photography, so direct and spare the dialogue, that certain obvious and dull moments may be overlooked." Steven H. Scheuer's TV Movie Almanac & Ratings 1958 & 1959 gave The Big House a "Good" rating of 3 stars, summarizing its plot as "esperate convicts try a prison break", with the evaluation, "his early example of prison melodrama is still entertaining". Leonard Maltin's TV Movies & Video Guide put the rating at 3, describing it as "he original prison drama" and indicating that "this set the pattern for all copies. In the third edition of his Classic Movie Guide, Maltin mentioned the surviving French and Spanish-language versions an
Mary Anne Disraeli
Mary Anne Disraeli, 1st Viscountess Beaconsfield was a British peeress and society figure, the wife of British statesman Benjamin Disraeli. Born in Tongwynlais, the only daughter of Commander John Viney-Evans and his cousin Eleanor Scrope-Viney, she first married Wyndham Lewis, MP; the year following Lewis's death she married Benjamin Disraeli. In recognition of his services to the nation, Queen Victoria desired to ennoble Disraeli at the end of his first ministry. Staid Victorians were scandalised by Mary's uninhibited remarks but soon learned not to insult her within Disraeli's hearing. Queen Victoria herself was said to be amused when Mary Anne commented, in response to a remark about some lady's pale complexion, "I wish you could see my Dizzy in his bath!" Once, at a house party where Lord Hardinge, a great soldier of the day, was in the room next to the Disraelis, Mary Anne announced at breakfast that she had slept the night before between the greatest soldier and the greatest orator of their times: Lady Hardinge was not amused.
Disraeli had been unimpressed by Mary when he first met her, but he came to understand that she was shrewder than her outwardly silly manner and non-sequiturs had led him to believe. She was a great help to him in editing the books he wrote, spent 30 years taking care of him, he joked that he had married her for her money but would do it again for love, but the truth is that she was not wealthy. She was some twelve years older than her husband, he may not have known her true age, but their romance continued until the day she died. In life she became eccentric, both in conversation and appearance, but her husband's devotion and loyalty to her never faltered. In the spring of 1872 Mary became ill, by May it was clear that she was dying of stomach cancer, she rallied sufficiently to take a summer tour through the Home Counties with her husband. In November she felt well enough to hold a small dinner party for their close friends, she was the most cheerful and courageous woman I knew" her husband wrote after her death.
His great adversary William Ewart Gladstone, who had liked Mary, wrote him a letter of condolence. Disraeli, touched by this sympathy from a man who disliked him, replied that "Marriage is the greatest earthly happiness when founded on mutual sympathy."She is buried with Disraeli in a vault in the Church of St Michael and All Angels Church, Hughenden, in Hughenden, close to the Disraeli family home, Hughenden Manor. The house is now in the care of the National Trust and has been preserved in the state when it was occupied by the Disraelis, is open to the public as a visitor attraction
Joan Geraldine Bennett was an American stage and television actress. Besides acting on the stage, Bennett appeared in more than 70 films from the era of silent movies, well into the sound era, she is best-remembered for her film noir femme fatale roles in director Fritz Lang's movies such as Man Hunt, The Woman in the Window and Scarlet Street. Bennett's career had three distinct phases: first as a winsome blonde ingenue as a sensuous brunette femme fatale, as a warmhearted wife-and-mother figure. In 1951, Bennett's screen career was marred by scandal after her third husband, film producer Walter Wanger and injured her agent Jennings Lang. Wanger suspected that Bennett were having an affair, a charge which she adamantly denied. Bennett married four times. In the 1960s, she achieved success for her portrayal of Elizabeth Collins Stoddard on TV's Dark Shadows, for which she received an Emmy nomination. For her final movie role, as Madame Blanc in Dario Argento's cult horror film Suspiria, she received a Saturn Award nomination.
In her New York Times obituary, she was said to be "... one of the most underrated actresses of her time". She was born in the Palisades section of Fort Lee, New Jersey, the third of three daughters of actor Richard Bennett and actress/literary agent Adrienne Morrison, her older sisters were actress Constance Bennett and actress/dancer Barbara Bennett, the first wife of singer Morton Downey and the mother of Morton Downey Jr. Part of a famous theatrical family, Bennett's maternal grandfather was Jamaica-born Shakespearean actor Lewis Morrison, who embarked on a stage career in the late 1860s, he was of English, Spanish and African ancestry. On the side of her maternal grandmother, actress Rose Wood, the profession dated back to traveling minstrels in 18th century England. Bennett first appeared in a silent movie as a child with her parents and sisters in her father's drama The Valley of Decision, which he adapted for the screen, she attended Miss Hopkins School for Girls in Manhattan St. Margaret's, a boarding school in Waterbury, L'Hermitage, a finishing school in Versailles, France.
On September 15, 1926, 16-year-old Bennett married John M. Fox in London, they were divorced on July 1928 in Los Angeles on charges of his alcoholism. They had one child, Adrienne Ralston Fox, for whom Bennett fought in court to rename Diana Bennett Markey, when the child was eight years old, her name changed to Diana Bennett Wanger in 1944. Bennett's stage debut was at age 18, acting with her father in Jarnegan, which ran on Broadway for 136 performances and for which she received good reviews. By age 19, she had become a movie star through such roles as Phyllis Benton in Bulldog Drummond starring Ronald Colman, her first important role, Lady Clarissa Pevensey opposite George Arliss in Disraeli, she moved from movie to movie throughout the 1930s. Bennett appeared as a blonde for several years, she starred in the role of Dolores Fenton in the United Artists musical Puttin' On The Ritz opposite Harry Richman and as Faith Mapple, his beloved, opposite John Barrymore in an early sound version of Moby Dick at Warner Brothers.
Under contract to Fox Film Corporation, she appeared in several movies. Receiving top billing, she played the role of Jane Miller opposite Spencer Tracy in She Wanted a Millionaire, she was billed second, after Tracy, for her role as Helen Riley, a personable waitress who trades wisecracks, in Me and My Gal. On March 16, 1932, she married screenwriter/film producer Gene Markey in Los Angeles, but the couple divorced in Los Angeles on June 3, 1937, they had Melinda Markey. Bennett left Fox to play Amy, a pert sister competing with Katharine Hepburn's Jo in Little Women, directed by George Cukor for RKO; this movie brought Bennett to the attention of independent film producer Walter Wanger, who signed her to a contract and began managing her career. She played the role of Sally MacGregor, a psychiatrist's young wife slipping into insanity, in Private Worlds with Joel McCrea, she starred in the film Vogues of 1938, including the title sequence, where she donned a diamond and platinum bracelet set with the Star of Burma ruby.
Wanger and director Tay Garnett persuaded Bennett to change her hair from blonde to brunette as part of the plot for her role as Kay Kerrigan in the scenic Trade Winds opposite Fredric March. With her change in appearance, Bennett began an new screen career as her persona evolved into that of a glamorous, seductive femme fatale, she played the role of Princess Maria Theresa in The Man in the Iron Mask opposite Louis Hayward, the role of the Grand Duchess Zona of Lichtenburg in The Son of Monte Cristo opposite Hayward. During the search for an actress to play Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind, Bennett was given a screen test and impressed producer David O. Selznick to such an extent that she was one of the final four actresses, along with Jean Arthur, Vivien Leigh and Paulette Goddard. On January 12, 1940, Bennett and Walter Wanger were married in Arizona, they were divorced in September 1965 in Mexico. They had Stephanie Wanger and Shelley Wanger; the following year on March 13, 1949, she became a grandmother at age 39, similar to her co-star Elizabeth Taylor who became a grandmother at the same age (she and Taylor shared a February 27 birthday, each gave birth to one