Kim Ha-neul is a South Korean actress. After starting her career as a model, she rose to fame by starring in romantic-comedy films My Tutor Friend and Too Beautiful to Lie and the action-comedy film My Girlfriend Is an Agent. In 2011, Kim won Best Actress at the 48th Grand Bell Awards and the 32nd Blue Dragon Film Awards for her performance in the serial killer thriller Blind, her television work includes romance series Romance and A Gentleman's Dignity, On Air and the melodrama On the Way to the Airport. Kim Ha-neul was born on 21 February 1978 in South Korea, her given name "Ha-neul" means “sky” in Korean. Her immediate family consists of one younger brother, she attended the Seoul Institute of the Arts. Kim married her fiance, a businessman, on March 19, 2016. On October 9, 2017, Kim announced. On May 27 2018, she gave birth to a daughter, she is a Roman Catholic. Kim Ha-neul started her career by modeling for clothing brand Storm in 1996, she made her acting debut in the 1998 film Bye June alongside Yoo Ji-tae.
In 1999, she starred a medical drama film Doctor K. In the same year, she made appearances in television dramas Happy Together and Into the Sunlight, featured in the music video for "To Heaven" by Jo Sung-mo, she reunited with Yoo Ji-tae in 2000 sci-fi romance Ditto, rose to fame as an actress. Kim's breakout role was in romance melodrama series Piano, in which she played a pure, fragile young woman; the series was the second most successful drama of 2001, achieving a peak rating of 40.2%. She starred in 2002 hit Romance alongside Kim Jae-won, which led her to stardom and won her Top Excellence Award in acting. In 2003, she raised her profile through the huge box-office hit My Tutor Friend, where she acted as a college girl tasked with helping a delinquent student her own age graduate from high school alongside her opposite Kwon Sang-woo. In 2004, she starred in Too Beautiful to Lie, as an ex-convict who pretends to be the fiancee of a man being pressured to marry by his nosy, close-knit family.
Due to the success of her films, Kim was dubbed "the queen of romantic comedies" by the Korean press. In 2004, she starred in mountain-climbing drama Ice Rain, horror film Dead Friend and the melodrama Stained Glass. Kim returned to the familiar romance genre with 2006 romantic comedy Almost Love, in the role of an aspiring actress with stage fright, which reunited her with My Tutor Friend co-star Kwon Sang-woo; this was followed about a longtime couple facing relationship problems. In 2008, Kim starred in On Air, a Kim Eun-sook penned drama which gives viewers a behind-the-scenes look at a television drama production. Kim plays a top actress with an arrogant personality in the series; the drama earned her acting recognition at the Korea Drama Awards. The following year, Kim starred in spy romantic comedy; the film was a box-office success, earned positive reviews for its quality and performance. In 2010, Kim played a medical student torn between two soldiers in Korean War drama Road No. 1. Despite strong hype and a ₩13 million budget, the series received low ratings.
She bounced back in 2011 with serial killer thriller Blind, where she challenged herself by portraying a visually impaired former detective who becomes witness to a murder. Her performance won her Best Actress honors at Blue Dragon Film Awards; this was followed by another rom-com You're My Pet, adapted from the Japanese josei manga Kimi wa Petto. In 2012, Kim returned to the small screen as a high school ethics teacher who falls for a playboy architect in the hit drama A Gentleman's Dignity. Made by the same team behind On Air, the series revolved around the love lives of four male friends in their forties. In 2015, Kim was cast in her first Chinese film, romantic comedy Making Family opposite Aarif Rahman. In 2016, Kim starred in crowdfunded indie feature Don't Forget Me opposite Jung Woo-sung. In September, she made her small-screen comeback in four years, starring in romance melodrama On the Way to the Airport opposite Lee Sang-yoon. In 2017, she starred in Misbehavior. Kim featured in fantasy blockbuster With God, alongside actors Ha Jung-woo, Lee Jung-jae and Cha Tae-hyun.
In 2019, Kim returned to the screen in JTBC melodrama The Wind Blows. Kim Ha-neul at the Korean Movie Database Kim Ha-neul on IMDb
Jang Jin is a South Korean film director, theatre director, screenwriter, film producer, actor and TV personality. Considered one of the most distinctive voices to emerge from the 1990s Korean cinema renaissance, Jang's unique filmmaking style mixes unconventional storylines, quirky characters and subversive humor, comic twists, sharp puns, stagy presentation, a keen observation of society, humanism. Jang’s films do not sell millions of tickets but he has nurtured a faithful fan base that appreciates his "Jang Jin-ish" style. Jang Jin dreamed of becoming a musician in middle school, but his ambition changed when he saw his first theater play in his freshman year of high school; as a high school student, he acted in more than 40 plays, receiving good reviews and a few awards for his performances. After majoring in theater studies at Seoul Institute of the Arts, he joined the writing team for the SBS variety show Good Friends in the mid 1990s, he created his own portion Hollywood Message, which he wrote and edited by himself, where he would take famous scenes from some of the most popular Hollywood films showing in theaters, make parodies, add silly popups, mix scenes from different films together to form a bizarre, unique collage of images.
Because of his contribution, ratings for the show surged to unexpected heights. In January 1995, Jang entered newspaper daily The Chosun Ilbo's annual literary contest with Cheonho-dong Crossroad, his first full-fledged script. Using three characters which would feature in most of his theater plays and early films, his new and creative brand of storytelling won over the judges, who awarded him the top prize, he wrote his first stage play Heotang at the age of 21 while serving his military duty, his followup Clumsy People, not only granted him lots of praise, but was a big success, allowed actress Song Chae-hwan to win the Best Actress Award at the Seoul Theater Festival. At the same time, he was helping adapt Song Jae-hee's original into what became A Hot Roof, a feminist comedy where a group of women from all walks of life protest their position in society from the roof of a building, while their husbands and the rest of the city try to cope with all that in the midst of one of the hottest summers Korea had seen.
It would take another few years before Jang could start working full-time in Chungmuro, but during that time, he built a reputation as one of the most brilliant theater directors in the country, with unique scripts and characters who came across as real in the most surreal of situations. His 1997 play Taxi Driver was a huge success, displaying his talent for snappy dialogue; the original starred Choi Min-sik as Deok-bae, a taxi driver from the countryside who decides to come to the city, buys a private taxi after his mother sold some land, hopes to make a change in his miserable life. The success of his theater plays raised his profile in the industry. Veteran TV drama director Kim Jong-hak commissioned Jang for a script. Jang decided to shop around his script, which led to his debut feature 1998 comedy The Happenings. In 1999 Jang founded the theater troupe Suda, among his regulars were Jung Gyu-soo, Shin Ha-kyun, Jung Jae-young and Jang Young-nam. After working on the play Magic Time, he shot his second film The Spy, an underrated comedy starring Yoo Oh-sung as a North Korean spy trying to steal the magic formula of the South's "super pig" to combat the famine.
The rest of Jang's career brought him to the top of Korea's A-list directors, with the same brand of "Jang Jin style" crowd pleasers, such as Guns & Talks, a black comedy about four talkative assassins. In 2000 Jang established his own film production outfit Film It Suda, hiring his "family" of fellow writers and directors, their first production was the three-part omnibus No Comment in 2002. With his theater and film successes, Jang was able to move on to producing and his real passion, writing, but the huge flop of the 2003 melodrama A Man Who Went to Mars brought the company's future to a serious crossroad: either focus on hot items or risk losing everything. Though the aftermath of the film's failure was felt in 2004, romantic comedy Someone Special had a decent box office performance despite the film's low budget, as well as glowing reviews for its stars Lee Na-young and Jung Jae-young. Jang focused on adapting his successful 2000 theater play Leave When They're Applauding into the big screen.
The result was 2005's Murder, Take One, about a homicide case being broadcast live for 48 hours, a whodunit with a campy take on the ratings-obsessed media and the viewers' craze for reality TV. But it would be another of the company's films that became one of the biggest critical and commercial successes of 2005. Adapted by Jang from his same-titled 2002 play, Welcome to Dongmakgol is the story of a remote mountain village where North and South Korean soldiers as well as an American soldier are stranded during the Korean War; the fantasy dramedy was the debut feature of Park Kwang-hyun, one of several of Jang's colleagues from his theater days who joined Film It Suda. In August 2005 Jang served as theatre director for the first time on a play he didn't write himself, he directed his fellow Seoul Institute of the Arts alumni in a staging of Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. The play commemorated the 43rd anniversary for Dongnang Arts Center affiliated to the institute and the 100th birthday of the late Yu Chi-jin, founder of the institute and the nation's first amphitheater.
After his doing his takes on the gangster genre and the melodrama genre (2007's fa
Jeon Hae-rim, better known by her stage name Ha Ji-won is a South Korean actress. She is best known for the historical dramas Damo, Hwang Jini, Empress Ki, as well as the melodrama Something Happened in Bali, the romantic comedy series Secret Garden, The King 2 Hearts and the medical drama Hospital Ship, she has starred in several films and television series, is one of South Korea's most sought after and critically acclaimed actresses known for her versatility in pulling off roles in various genres such as action, horror, drama and medical. Jeon Hae-rim was scouted by an agency; the actress stated, ``, I dreamed of becoming an actress. When I was a senior in high school, an agency contacted me after seeing my picture at a photography studio." She graduated with a degree in Bachelor of Film and Television in Dankook University. In 2012, the actress revealed that she had failed over 100 auditions before her debut, "I passed my college entrance and written exams and was accepted to the department of theater and film.
Before my debut, I auditioned for 100 or so projects but didn’t get the roles."Jeon candidly revealed that she adopted "Ha Ji-won" as her stage name as a favor for her previous manager as it was the name of his first love. "When I was about to debut, the first love of my manager's name was Ha Ji-won. I think he wanted to at least use the name of his love, not fulfilled; the first time I heard the name Ha Ji-won, I thought it was pretty and bold." Ha Ji-won made her TV debut in the 1996 teen drama, New Generation Report: Adults Don’t Understand Us. She continued playing supporting roles in dramas, Dragon's Tears and Dangerous Lullaby in 1998 and 1999 respectively, but it was through the popular high school drama School 2, in which she played the role of a troubled teen, that she started to gain fame as an actress. In 2000, Ha made her film debut in the thriller, Truth Game, alongside Ahn Sung-ki, where she was chosen for the role from a pool of 1,500 prospective candidates. For her portrayal of a bipolar character, Ha was awarded Best New Actress at the 37th Grand Bell Awards and 1st Busan Film Critics Awards.
The same year, she starred in Ahn Byeong-ki's horror movie Nightmare, sci-fi romance film Ditto, which won her the Best Supporting Actress award at the 21st Blue Dragon Film Awards. Ha reunited with Ditto co-star Kim Ha-neul in the drama, playing an antagonist role; the drama earned her Best Rookie Actress recognition at the MBC Drama Awards and 37th Baeksang Arts Awards. In 2001, Ha had her first leading role in Beautiful Life, where she played the role of a chaebol hotelier's daughter, opposite Kim Rae-won; this was followed by another starring role in Days in the Sun opposite Ji Sung. The following year, in 2002, Ha reunited with director Ahn Byeong-ki in Phone; the film was a huge success in Korea and was a hit in Italy dubbing her as "Asia's Horror Princess". Following Phone in the same year was Yoon Je-kyoon's American Pie-inspired movie, Sex Is Zero, co-starring Im Chang-jung; the movie was the 3rd most popular Korean movie in 2002 and ranked 5th among all films released in that year, winning Ha the Popularity Award at the 39th Baeksang Arts Awards.
In 2003, Ha starred in Damo. Damo was popular among viewers in their 20s and 30s and turned into a cultural phenomenon. Ha's performance as a lowly police detective was praised and she was given the Top Excellence award at the MBC Drama Awards. In 2004, she starred in the heavy melodrama, What Happened in Bali, alongside Jo In-sung and So Ji-sub. What Happened in Bali was a huge success, with its final episode reaching a peak rating of 39.7%, won Ha the coveted Best Actress recognition at the 40th Baeksang Arts Awards. Ha appeared in two films, internet fiction themed movie, 100 Days with Mr. Arrogant opposite Kim Jae-won and romantic comedy, Love, So Divine with Kwon Sang-woo. However, both films were not as successful with audiences. Ha played the role of the female protagonist in Daddy-Long-Legs, inspired by the novel of the same title written by Jean Webster, she starred in Lee Myung-se's martial arts film, opposite Kang Dong-won. At the 26th Blue Dragon Awards where Ha won the Popularity Award, she quoted Director Lee's line, "An actor never stops learning."
Which she said she had always been applying in her life as an actress. In 2006, Ha starred in Hwang Jini, a period drama based on the real-life history of the character of Hwang Jini, who lived in 16th-century Joseon and is considered the most famous gisaeng in the Korean history; the series was a huge ratings success, giving rise to a boom in gisaeng-themed entertainment—musicals, TV dramas, films cartoons. Ha's performance won her the Grand Prize at the 2006 KBS Drama Awards. In 2007, Ha challenged herself in the role of a female boxer in the comedy film, Miracle on 1st Street. Coming from the team behind Sex Is Zero, the movie ended up as the 5th most popular movie in that year, she took on the role of a pianist in Miracle of a Giving Fool, based on a popular webcomic and won her the Popularity Award at the 44th Baeksang Arts Awards. In 2009, Ha worked with Director Yoon Je-kyoon for the third time in the blockbuster disaster film Haeundae; the movie was funded by CJ Entertainment with a budget estimated at US$10–15 million, one of the largest for a Korean production.
Haeundae was met with both commercial success. It was the 4th highest-grossing film in South Korea giving Ha the honor of "The 10 Million Movie Actress" for bringing the glory of more than 10 million
Amateur radio known as ham radio, describes the use of radio frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radiosport and emergency communication. The term "amateur" is used to specify "a duly authorised person interested in radioelectric practice with a purely personal aim and without pecuniary interest; the amateur radio service is established by the International Telecommunication Union through the Radio Regulations. National governments regulate technical and operational characteristics of transmissions and issue individual stations licenses with an identifying call sign. Prospective amateur operators are tested for their understanding of key concepts in electronics and the host government's radio regulations. Radio amateurs use a variety of voice, text and data communications modes and have access to frequency allocations throughout the RF spectrum; this enables communication across a city, country, the world, or into space.
In many countries, amateur radio operators may send, receive, or relay radio communications between computers or transceivers connected to secure virtual private networks on the Internet. Amateur radio is represented and coordinated by the International Amateur Radio Union, organized in three regions and has as its members the national amateur radio societies which exist in most countries. According to an estimate made in 2011 by the American Radio Relay League, two million people throughout the world are involved with amateur radio. About 830,000 amateur radio stations are located in IARU Region 2 followed by IARU Region 3 with about 750,000 stations. A smaller number, about 400,000, are located in IARU Region 1; the origins of amateur radio can be traced to the late 19th century, but amateur radio as practiced today began in the early 20th century. The First Annual Official Wireless Blue Book of the Wireless Association of America, produced in 1909, contains a list of amateur radio stations.
This radio callbook lists wireless telegraph stations in Canada and the United States, including 89 amateur radio stations. As with radio in general, amateur radio was associated with various amateur experimenters and hobbyists. Amateur radio enthusiasts have contributed to science, engineering and social services. Research by amateur operators has founded new industries, built economies, empowered nations, saved lives in times of emergency. Ham radio can be used in the classroom to teach English, map skills, math and computer skills; the term "ham" was first a pejorative term used in professional wired telegraphy during the 19th century, to mock operators with poor Morse code sending skills. This term continued to be used after the invention of radio and the proliferation of amateur experimentation with wireless telegraphy; the use of "ham" meaning "amateurish or unskilled" survives today in other disciplines. The amateur radio community subsequently began to reclaim the word as a label of pride, by the mid-20th century it had lost its pejorative meaning.
Although not an acronym, it is mistakenly written as "HAM" in capital letters. The many facets of amateur radio attract practitioners with a wide range of interests. Many amateurs begin with a fascination of radio communication and combine other personal interests to make pursuit of the hobby rewarding; some of the focal areas amateurs pursue include radio contesting, radio propagation study, public service communication, technical experimentation, computer networking. Amateur radio operators use various modes of transmission to communicate; the two most common modes for voice transmissions are single sideband. FM offers high quality audio signals, while SSB is better at long distance communication when bandwidth is restricted. Radiotelegraphy using Morse code known as "CW" from "continuous wave", is the wireless extension of landline telegraphy developed by Samuel Morse and dates to the earliest days of radio. Although computer-based modes and methods have replaced CW for commercial and military applications, many amateur radio operators still enjoy using the CW mode—particularly on the shortwave bands and for experimental work, such as earth-moon-earth communication, because of its inherent signal-to-noise ratio advantages.
Morse, using internationally agreed message encodings such as the Q code, enables communication between amateurs who speak different languages. It is popular with homebrewers and in particular with "QRP" or very-low-power enthusiasts, as CW-only transmitters are simpler to construct, the human ear-brain signal processing system can pull weak CW signals out of the noise where voice signals would be inaudible. A similar "legacy" mode popular with home constructors is amplitude modulation, pursued by many vintage amateur radio enthusiasts and aficionados of vacuum tube technology. Demonstrating a proficiency in Morse code was for many years a requirement to obtain an amateur license to transmit on frequencies below 30 MHz. Following changes in international regulations in 2003, countries are no longer required to demand proficiency; the United States Federal
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization, it is the official writing system of Korea, both North. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China, it is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language spoken near the town of Indonesia. The Hangul alphabet consisted of 28 letters with 17 consonant letters and 11 vowel letters when it was created; as four became obsolete, the modern Hangul consists of total 24 letters with 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. In North Korea the total is counted 40, it consists of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel letters as it additionally includes 5 tense consonants and 20. The Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with each alphabetic letter placed vertically and horizontally into a square dimension.
For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" is written 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an "alphabetic syllabary" by some linguists; as in traditional Chinese writing, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, are still written this way for stylistic purposes. Today, it is written from left to right with spaces between words and western-style punctuation; some linguists consider it among the most phonologically faithful writing systems in use today. One interesting feature of Hangul is that the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker's mouth when pronouncing each consonant; the Korean alphabet was called Hunminjeong'eum, after the document that introduced the script to the Korean people in 1446. The Korean alphabet is called hangeul, a name coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912; the name combines the ancient Korean word han, meaning "great", geul, meaning "script".
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name means "Korean script". It has been romanized in multiple ways: Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Han'gŭl in the McCune–Reischauer system, is capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. In North Korea it is called Chosŏn'gŭl after Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea after the old name of Korea; the McCune–Reischauer system is used there. Until the mid-20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja, they referred to Hanja as jinseo or "true letters". Some accounts say the elite referred to the Korean alphabet derisively as'amkeul meaning "women's script", and'ahaetgeul meaning "children's script", though there is no written evidence of this.
Supporters of the Korean alphabet referred to it as jeong'eum meaning "correct pronunciation", gukmun meaning "national script", eonmun meaning "vernacular script". Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal and Gakpil. However, due to fundamental differences between the Korean and Chinese languages, the large number of characters, many lower class Koreans were illiterate. To promote literacy among the common people, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty, Sejong the Great created and promulgated a new alphabet; the Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to write. A popular saying about the alphabet is, "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; the project was completed in late December 1443 or January 1444, described in 1446 in a document titled Hunminjeong'eum, after which the alphabet itself was named.
The publication date of the Hunminjeongeum, October 9, became Hangul Day in South Korea. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosŏn'gŭl Day, is on January 15. Another document published in 1446 and titled Hunminjeong'eum Haerye was discovered in 1940; this document explains that the design of the consonant letters is based on articulatory phonetics and the design of the vowel letters are based on the principles of yin and yang and vowel harmony. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars, they believed. They saw the circulation of the Korean alphabet as a threat to their status. However, the Korean alphabet entered popular culture as King Sejong had intended, used by women and writers of popular fiction. King Yeonsangun banned the study and publication of the Korean alphabet in 1504, after a document criticizing the king entered the public. King Jungjong abolished the Ministry of Eonmun, a governmental institution related to Hangul research, in 1506.
The late 16th century, saw a revival of the Korean alphabet as gasa and sijo poetry flourished. In the 17th century, the Korean alphabet novels became a major genre. However, the use of the Korea