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Divide County, North Dakota

Divide County is a county in the U. S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,071, its county seat is Crosby. In November 8, 1910 election, the voters of Williams County voters determined that the county should be divided into a northern and a southern county; the vote was affirmative. The county government was effected on December 9 of that year, the county's boundaries have remained unchanged since that time. Most histories attribute the county name to its "division" from Williams County, though the county's location on the Laurentian Divide, separating runoff waters between Hudson Bay and Gulf of Mexico, may have been involved. Divide County lies at the NW corner of North Dakota, its northern boundary line abuts the south boundary line of Canada and its west boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Montana. Its terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds devoted to agriculture; the terrain slopes to the east.

The county has a total area of 1,294 square miles, of which 1,261 square miles is land and 33 square miles is water. Divide County is one of several western North Dakota counties with significant exposure to the Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,283 people, 1,005 households, 649 families in the county. The population density was 1.8 people per square mile. There were 1,469 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.99% White, 0.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.18% from other races, 0.18% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,005 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.79. The county population contained 20.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, 29.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,089, the median income for a family was $39,292. Males had a median income of $28,333 versus $16,371 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,225. About 9.5% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. The largest ancestries are Norwegian, German and Irish. Among the population claiming adherence to a particular religious organization, 80.6% claimed adherence to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America in 2010. This rate is the highest such rate for the ELCA among all counties in the United States.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,071 people, 977 households, 584 families in the county. The population density was 1.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,324 housing units at an average density of 1.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.0% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 57.7% were Norwegian, 30.3% were German, 8.5% were Irish, 5.2% were Swedish, 2.9% were American. Of the 977 households, 19.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.2% were non-families, 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.66. The median age was 51.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $48,152 and the median income for a family was $65,000.

Males had a median income of $42,341 versus $27,596 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,462. About 9.4% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.7% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. Two petroglyphs are displayed at Writing Rock State Historical Site in Writing Rock Township. Westby, Montana Divide County has been a swing county, with a Republican tendency. Since 1960 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in 64% of the national elections. National Register of Historic Places listings in Divide County, North Dakota Westby, Montana was founded in North Dakota in Divide County and was moved to Montana. Stories and histories of Divide County from the Digital Horizons website

Ogdensburg–Prescott Border Crossing

The Ogdensburg–Prescott Border Crossing connects the cities of Ogdensburg, New York and Johnstown, Ontario on the Canada–United States border, is located at the Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge. Though it is located 3 miles northeast of the cities, the bridge and the border crossing are named for Ogdensburg and Prescott because they were intended to replace ferry service between the two cities when the bridge was built in 1960. Prior to 1960, vessels crossed between Ogdensburg and Prescott since 1800; the US border inspection station shown in the photo was built in 1960. The inspection canopy was replaced, the building upgraded and expanded in 2004; the Canada border station was replaced in 2012. List of Canada–United States border crossings

Izena Tamaudun

Izena Tamaudun is one of the three royal mausoleums of the Ryukyu Kingdom, along with Tamaudun at Shuri Castle and Urasoe yōdore at Urasoe Castle. It is located near Izena Castle in Okinawa, it was built in 1501 by King Shō Shin. Shō Shoku, father of Shō En Shō Zuiun, mother of Shō En Ogiyaka, Queen consort of Shō En, Queen regent of Shō Shin Hiroshi Shō, 22nd head of the Shō family Ii Fumiko, daughter of Shō Shō, 19th Kikoe-ōgimi


Laraaji is an American multi-instrumentalist specializing in piano and mbira. Born Edward Larry Gordon in Philadelphia, he studied violin, piano and voice in his early years in New Jersey, he attended Howard University, a black university in Washington, D. C. where he studied piano. After studying at Howard, he spent time in New York City pursuing a career as a stand-up comedian and actor. In the early 1970s, he began to study Eastern mysticism and believed he'd found a new path for his music and his life, it was at this time he bought his first zither from a local pawn shop. Converting it to an electronic instrument, he began to experiment using the instrument like a piano. By 1978, he developed enough skill to begin busking on the sidewalks of New York, he favored the northeast corner of Washington Square Park, where he would improvise for hours on end with his eyes closed. The following year he was "discovered" by Brian Eno while playing in Washington Square Park; the result was his most recognized release, Ambient 3: Day of Radiance, the third installment of Brian Eno's Ambient series.

This was his first album released under the name of Laraaji. This international exposure led to requests for longer versions of his compositions which he supplied to meditation groups on cassette tapes, it resulted in an expansion of his mystic studies with such gurus as Swami Satchidananda and Shri Brahmananda Sarasvati, founder of the Ananda Ashram in Monroe, New York. Laraaji's started the Laughter Meditation Workshops which he still presents around the globe. Celestial Vibration Lotus-Collage Ambient 3: Day of Radiance, produced by Brian Eno I Am Ocean Unicorns in Paradise Rhythm N' Bliss Om Namah Shivaya Sun Zither Vision Songs #1 Open Sky Live at WNYC One – All Loving One Celestial Realms Once Upon a Zither Essence/Universe Music for Films III Zither Bliss White Light Music Urban Saint Sol Freeflow – I'm in Heaven I Am Healing I Am Loved I Am Sky Bring Forth Selected New Music III Flow Goes the Universe Automatic The Way Out Is the Way In Islands Excellent Spirits Cascade Divination/Sacrifice Celestial Reiki Shiva Shakti Groove Celestial Zone My Orangeness Celestial Reiki II Water & Soft Zither Laughter: The Best Medicine Chakra Balancing Music In a Celestial Water Garden Sonic Sketches Song of Indra Ambient Zither in G Pentatonic Mountain Creek Water Sonic Portals FRKWYS Vol. 8 Two Sides of Laraaji Sun Gong Bring On The Sun Arrive Without Leaving List of ambient music artists Official website Eternity or Bust, a short film about Laraaji

Qualifying school

In professional golf the term qualifying school is used for the annual qualifying tournaments for leading golf tours such as the U. S.-based PGA and LPGA Tours and the European Tour. A fixed number of players in the event win membership of the tour for the following season, otherwise known as a "tour card," meaning that they can play in most of the tour's events without having to qualify, they join the leaders on the previous year's money list/order of merit and certain other exempt players as members of the tour. Getting through the qualifying school of an elite tour is competitive and most professional golfers never achieve it. There can be up to four stages to negotiate, each of them like a regular golf tournament with only a small number of players going on to the next stage; the final qualifying school may be played over up to six rounds, compared with the standard four rounds in a professional golf tournament. However players who are successful at qualifying school can reach the elite level of competition quickly.

Some lower status tours are open to any registered professional who pays a membership fee so they do not have a qualifying school. The PGA Tour's qualifying school was known as the PGA Tour Qualifying Tournament, but the organization frequently refers to it as "Q-School." The system dated back to 1965. The 2012 edition involved four stages: Pre-Qualifying Stage: Five tournaments held in September, all in warm-weather locations in the United States; each is played over three rounds. This stage was introduced in 2006 with four tournaments. In each tournament 35 to 40 players, plus ties, advance to the next stage. Participants in this stage are former college players and mini-tour veterans who have never played in a PGA-sanctioned event or major international tour. First Stage: Thirteen tournaments held in October in warm-weather locations in the United States; each is played over four rounds. The participants are a mixture of Pre-Qualifying Stage winners and players who were exempted from Pre-Qualifying.

The top 25 players plus ties in each tournament advance. Exempt into this stage: Members of international golf tours or Tour over past five seasons, applicants ranked 101-200 in Official World Golf Ranking by deadline, those who played in a major over previous two seasons, Walker Cup members, top 20 in the World Amateur Golf Ranking, anyone who made the cut in a PGA Tour event. Second Stage: Six tournaments in November in warm-weather locations and each played over four rounds. Like the First Stage, certain players receive exemptions to this stage; the top 20 plus ties in each tournament advance. Exempt into second stage: 41-70 on Tour money list, PGA Tour members, winners of Tour events over past five seasons, applicants who made the cut in a major, applicants who have made 50 or more cuts on the PGA Tour, 51-100 in OWGR, top two available players from Asian Tour, Canadian Tour, PGA Tour Latinoamérica, or Sunshine Tour. Final Stage: One tournament played over six rounds in late November-early December.

The field consists of Second Stage players who received exemptions into the Final Stage. The top 25 players, plus ties, earn PGA Tour cards for the following year, their priority ranking for purposes of tournament entry is 24. For example, the top 125 players on the previous year's money list who are not otherwise eligible are at priority 19; the next 50 players plus ties after the top 25 earned exempt Tour cards for the following year, any remaining finishers receive conditional status on the Tour. Exempt through final stage: 126-150 on PGA Tour's money list, 26-40 on Tour's money list, those with medical extensions, top three available players from European Tour and Japan Golf Tour, top 50 in OWGR. A number of players who earned PGA Tour privileges through a Top 25 finish on the Tour played in the final stage in attempts to improve their status and order in the reshuffle. The reshuffle alternated between Q School and Tour graduates, with higher-finishing players getting more priority in tournaments.

The initial reshuffle began with the Q School medalist 2nd place on the Tour money list, second in Q School, so on. The order would change according to season earnings after the eighth tournament of the season, the Masters, Players Championship, U. S. Open, British Open, again with the highest earning players receiving higher priority into tournaments. Tour graduates did not count against the 25. In the event that there were less than 25 after the Tour graduates were discounted, those in the next position were given PGA Tour cards, as in 2010 and 2011. In 2011, twenty-six golfers earned tour cards, which included Tour graduates Roberto Castro and Mark Anderson. As there were fewer than 25 after Castro and Anderson were not counted, Nathan Green, Colt Knost, John Huh were given Tour cards for 2012. Huh was the most successful of the three, winning at Mayakoba, playing in all four stages of the FedEx Cup, finishing 28th on the money list en route to Rookie of the Year honors.

Knost did well enough to keep his Tour privileges, while former PGA Tour winner Green finished outside the Top 150


Alpbach is a town in western Austria in the state of Tyrol. The earliest written record of the name Alpbach comes from 1150, although human settlement is known to have begun there before and around the year 1000, a bronze axe found at Steinberger Joch in 1860 suggests that the route was in use in the Hallstatt period. Christianity was first brought to the region in the 7th and 8th centuries by Irish and Scottish monks, the patron saint of the parish church is in fact St. Oswald, a former King of Northumbria. At the beginning of the 15th century, deposits of copper and silver were discovered on the Gratlspitz and Schatzberg and in the Luegergraben. At the time, the Fugger merchant family from Augsburg had control over mining operations in Schwaz and Kitzbühel, they extended their activities to include the Alpbach valley; the Böglerhof housed the Fugger offices and was seat of the Mining Court. In those days, Alpbach had two inns, the Böglerhof and the Jakober Inn, where the men of the village would go to drink spirits, such as schnapps.

By the middle of the 19th century, productivity at the mines had declined to the stage where they had to be closed. Vorder-Unterberg Farm, built in 1636-1638 by local carpenters and was lived in until 1952, stands at the edge of the forest above the little church in Inneralpbach. Today the building is a mountain farming museum, the exhibits include the old parlour, chapel, a combined kitchen and smokehouse, over 800 artefacts of daily life and work; the road leading up the valley to Alpbach was not built until 1926, the isolated location of the village led to the development of a distinctive style of architecture and furnishings, enabled the local folk traditions to be preserved for much longer than in most of the valleys of the Tyrol. Tourists first began arriving in Alpbach at the beginning of the 20th century and by 1938 the village had accommodation for 110 visitors. Since this figure has increased to 2500 and Alpbach now attracts some 22,000 visitors in summer and about the same in winter for an annual total of 300,000 nights.

Tourism is the main source of income for today's 2300 local residents, but there are still 105 working farms in Alpbach, the same number as a hundred years ago. Since 1945, Alpbach has been the venue for the Alpbach European Forum, an annual two-week conference of leading figures from the worlds of science, the arts and politics; the Forum and the participation of so many people who have shaped the thinking of their times has given Alpbach the nickname, "The Village Of Thinkers." The first conference hall in Alpbach was built in the mid-1950s and named after the Austrian poet Paula von Preradovic, who wrote the words for the Austrian national anthem. The plenary hall was named after Nobel Prize-winner Erwin Schrödinger, he lies buried in the Alpbach cemetery. At the suggestion of Alfons Moser, Mayor of Alpbach from 1945 to 1979, the Council issued a local planning law in 1953, which made the traditional style of architecture in Alpbach mandatory for all new buildings. Over the years, Alpbach has collected many distinctions.

In 1975, the Austrian Public Health Institute certified that Alpbach had the cleanest and purest air in all of Austria. It was voted "Austria's Most Beautiful Village" in 1983 by a television contest organised by Austrian Television. In June 1985, the Council of Europe in Strasbourg conferred upon Alpbach the right to fly the European flag in recognition of the community's services to European Unity. In 1993, Alpbach won "The Most Beautiful Floral Village in Europe" award. In 1999, the new Alpbach Congress Centre was opened, together with the 55th European Forum. With its combination of exciting architecture and a minimum environmental footprint, the main architectural feature is a spiral shaped gallery with floor-to-ceiling glazing for a unique view of the spectacular mountain backdrop. Alpbach is a well known ski resort and its quiet pistes are well groomed and provide beginner to intermediate runs with lots of off pistes as well as unpatrolled route 5, popular with the more advanced skiers.

A new lift has been opened in 2006-2007, a gondola and allows people to move from Inner-Alpbach to near the top of the Wiedersberger Horn. Alpbach is more popular with skiers than snowboarders due to the lack of extreme off piste, but is a popular place for beginner boarders, or those looking to re-kindle their boarding passion. There is a halfpipe for the more adventurous. There are three ski schools in the village, the first is the original Ski and Snowboardschool at Alpbach-Inneralpbach run since 1932 by Sepp Margreiter; the second is the Alpbach Active Skischule, of which the HQ of the ski school run from Alpbach, the same as the original ski school. The third is SkiCheck; this is the most established ski school in the valley, founded in 2012. Http://