2016 Australian federal election
The 2016 Australian federal election was a double dissolution election held on Saturday 2 July to elect all 226 members of the 45th Parliament of Australia, after an extended eight-week official campaign period. It was the first double dissolution election since the 1987 election and the first under a new voting system for the Senate that replaced group voting tickets with optional preferential voting. Unusually, the outcome could not be predicted the day after the election, with many close seats in doubt. After a week of vote counting, no party had won enough seats in the House of Representatives to form a majority government. Neither the Liberal/National Coalition's incumbent Turnbull Government nor the Australian Labor Party's Shorten Opposition were in a position to claim victory. During the uncertain week following the election, contradicting his earlier statements, Turnbull negotiated with the crossbench, he secured confidence and supply support from Bob Katter, Andrew Wilkie and Cathy McGowan in the event of a hung parliament and resulting minority government, as seen in 2010.
On 10 July, Shorten conceded defeat, acknowledging that the Coalition had enough seats to form either minority or majority government. Turnbull claimed victory that day. In the closest federal majority result since 1961, the ABC declared on 11 July that the Coalition could form a one-seat majority government. In the 150-seat House of Representatives, the one-term incumbent Coalition government was reelected with a reduced 76 seats, marking the first time since 2004 that a government had been reelected with an absolute majority. Labor picked up a significant number of government-held seats for a total of 69 seats, recovering much of what it had lost in its severe defeat of 2013. On the crossbench, the Greens, the Nick Xenophon Team, Katter's Australian Party, independents Wilkie and McGowan won a seat each. For the first time since federation, the post-election opposition won more seats than the post-election government in the two most populous states, New South Wales and Victoria. One re-count was held by the Australian Electoral Commission for the Division of Herbert, confirming that Labor won the seat by 37 votes.
The final outcome in the 76-seat Senate took over four weeks to complete despite significant voting changes. Announced on 4 August, it revealed a reduced plurality of 30 seats for the Coalition, 26 for Labor, a record 20 for crossbenchers including 9 Greens, 4 from One Nation and 3 from the Xenophon Team. Former broadcaster and Justice Party founder Derryn Hinch won a seat, while Jacqui Lambie, Liberal Democrat David Leyonhjelm and Family First's Bob Day retained theirs; the Coalition will require nine additional votes for an increase of three. Both major parties agreed to allocate six-year terms to the first six senators elected in each state, while the last six would serve three-year terms. Labor and the Coalition each gained a six-year Senator at the expense of Hinch and the Greens, who criticised the major parties for rejecting the "recount" method despite supporting it in two bipartisan senate resolutions in 1998 and 2010. A number of initially-elected senators were declared ineligible a result of the 2017–18 Australian parliamentary eligibility crisis, replaced after recounts.
Independents: Andrew Wilkie, Cathy McGowan Members in italics did not re-contest their House of Representatives seats at this election. Notes 1 As a result of the 2015 boundary redistribution, the New South Wales Liberal-held seats of Barton and Paterson became notionally marginal Labor seats. 2 A re-count commenced on 19 July in the Queensland division of Herbert. Prior to the re-count, Labor was provisionally ahead of its LNP candidate by eight votes. On 31 July the Australian Electoral Commission announced; the LNP was considering a legal challenge to the result. The final Senate result was announced on 4 August; the incumbent Liberal/National Coalition government won 30 seats, a net loss of three − the Coalition lost four Senators, one each from New South Wales, Western Australia and South Australia, but gained a Senator in Victoria. The Coalition subsequently lost South Australian Liberal Senator Cory Bernardi, who quit to form the Australian Conservatives party; the Labor opposition won a gain of one − a Senator in Western Australia.
The number of crossbenchers increased by two to a record 20. The Liberal/National Coalition will require at least ten additional votes to reach a Senate majority, an increase of four. At the close of nominations on 9 June 2016, there were 1,625 candidates in total – 994 for the House of Representatives and 631 for the Senate; the number of Senate candidates was the highest at an Australian election, increased from 529 in 2013. Based on the post-election pendulum for the 2013 Australian federal election, this Mackerras pendulum was updated to include new notional margin estimates due to redistributions in New South Wales, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory; the net effect of the redistributions reduced the Liberal/National Coalition from 90 to a notional 88 seats and increased Labor from 55 to a notional 57 seats. While every federal election after 1961 has been won by those that won the majority of federal seats in New South Wales, unusually nearly half of all marginal government seats are in New South Wales at this election, of which nearly half are in Western Sydney and the other half in rural and regional areas, with no more than a few seats each in every other state.
Assuming a theoretical uniform swing, for the Labor opposition to get to 76 seats and majority government would require Labor with 50.5 percent of the two-party vote from a 4.0-point two-party swing or greater, while for the incumbent Coalition to lose
Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic; the state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated. The first European visitor to Western Australia was the Dutch explorer Dirk Hartog, who visited the Western Australian coast in 1616; the first European settlement of Western Australia occurred following the landing by Major Edmund Lockyer on 26 December 1826 of an expedition on behalf of the New South Wales colonial government.
He established a convict-supported military garrison at King George III Sound, at present-day Albany, on 21 January 1827 formally took possession of the western third of the continent for the British Crown. This was followed by the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829, including the site of the present-day capital, Perth. York was the first inland settlement in Western Australia. Situated 97 kilometres east of Perth, it was settled on 16 September 1831. Western Australia achieved responsible government in 1890 and federated with the other British colonies in Australia in 1901. Today, its economy relies on mining, agriculture and tourism; the state produces 46 per cent of Australia's exports. Western Australia is the second-largest iron ore producer in the world. Western Australia is bounded to the east by longitude 129°E, the meridian 129 degrees east of Greenwich, which defines the border with South Australia and the Northern Territory, bounded by the Indian Ocean to the west and north.
The International Hydrographic Organization designates the body of water south of the continent as part of the Indian Ocean. The total length of the state's eastern border is 1,862 km. There are 20,781 km including 7,892 km of island coastline; the total land area occupied by the state is 2.5 million km2. The bulk of Western Australia consists of the old Yilgarn craton and Pilbara craton which merged with the Deccan Plateau of India and the Karoo and Zimbabwe cratons of Southern Africa, in the Archean Eon to form Ur, one of the oldest supercontinents on Earth. In May 2017, evidence of the earliest known life on land may have been found in 3.48-billion-year-old geyserite and other related mineral deposits uncovered in the Pilbara craton. Because the only mountain-building since has been of the Stirling Range with the rifting from Antarctica, the land is eroded and ancient, with no part of the state above 1,245 metres AHD. Most of the state is a low plateau with an average elevation of about 400 metres low relief, no surface runoff.
This descends sharply to the coastal plains, in some cases forming a sharp escarpment. The extreme age of the landscape has meant that the soils are remarkably infertile and laterised. Soils derived from granitic bedrock contain an order of magnitude less available phosphorus and only half as much nitrogen as soils in comparable climates in other continents. Soils derived from extensive sandplains or ironstone are less fertile, nearly devoid of soluble phosphate and deficient in zinc, copper and sometimes potassium and calcium; the infertility of most of the soils has required heavy application by farmers of fertilizers. These have resulted in damage to bacterial populations; the grazing and use of hoofed mammals and heavy machinery through the years have resulted in compaction of soils and great damage to the fragile soils. Large-scale land clearing for agriculture has damaged habitats for native fauna; as a result, the South West region of the state has a higher concentration of rare, threatened or endangered flora and fauna than many areas of Australia, making it one of the world's biodiversity "hot spots".
Large areas of the state's wheatbelt region have problems with dryland salinity and the loss of fresh water. The southwest coastal area has a Mediterranean climate, it was heavily forested, including large stands of karri, one of the tallest trees in the world. This agricultural region is one of the nine most bio-diverse terrestrial habitats, with a higher proportion of endemic species than most other equivalent regions. Thanks to the offshore Leeuwin Current, the area is one of the top six regions for marine biodiversity and contains the most southerly coral reefs in the world. Average annual rainfall varies from 300 millimetres at the edge of the Wheatbelt region to 1,400 millimetres in the wettest areas near Northcliffe, but from November to March, evaporation exceeds rainfall, it is very dry. Plants are adapted to this as well as the extreme poverty of all soils; the central two-thirds of the state is sparsely inhabited. The only significant economic activity is mining. Annual rainfall averages less than 300 millimetres, most of which occurs in sporadic torrential falls related to cyclone events in summer.
An exception to this is
Derby, Western Australia
Derby is a town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. At the 2016 census, Derby had a population of 3,325 with 47.2% of Aboriginal descent. Along with Broome and Kununurra, it is one of only three towns in the Kimberley to have a population over 2,000. Located on King Sound, Derby has the highest tides in Australia, with the peak differential between low and high tide reaching 11.8 metres. During World War II, Derby was bombed by Japanese planes because of an air base and jetty, used by Australian forces. More refugees were housed at Royal Australian Air Force Base Curtin, however the detention center was closed in 2014. Derby was famous in the 1920s as the terminus of the first scheduled aviation service in Australia, West Australian Airways Ltd, their service began with their first flight on 5 December 1921. At one time the Perth to Derby service was the world’s longest passenger airline route, In 1968 the town had a population of 1,500 many employed at the meatworks. A A$900,000 beef road from Glenroy Station to Derby was completed the same year to assist with the development of beef processing.
A A$2 million steel and concrete jetty was built in 1965 to provide adequate port facilities for the shipment of live cattle. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 3,325 people in Derby. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 47.2% of the population. 77.4% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was New Zealand at 3.4%. 72.5% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Kriol at 6.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 27.7% and Catholic 26.8%. Derby is rich in cultural diversity, with the local Indigenous culture playing a large part in the community; the Mowanjum Festival is held annually at Mowanjum Community and features a showcase of traditional art. The Boab festival is a week-long festival that includes traditional events such as mud football, watermelon seed spitting, the Mardi Gras and other festivities. Derby has played a major role in the Australian Royal Flying Doctor Service for the Kimberley Region.
The Kimberley School of the Air is located in Derby. The school provides education to isolated Primary-aged children living on cattle stations and in remote Aboriginal communities scattered throughout the 423,517 square kilometres Kimberley region. Derby has Holy Rosary School Derby and Derby District High School. Derby District High School follows Chris Sarra's vision of'Stronger Smarter', which aims to raise the expectations of the school as a community. Wharfinger’s House Museum tells the story of the aviation history of the town as well as the history of the Port. There is employment in the pastoral and mining industries, as well as tourism. There is oil at Blina, diamonds in the Phillips Range, stone is quarried from the King Leopold Ranges and lead and zinc from Cadjebut. In 1997 the Derby wharf, closed in the 1980s, was re-opened for barging operations for the export of lead and zinc; the Derby Leprosarium on the outskirts of the town was one of two in Western Australia that helped to contain an epidemic of the disease from the 1930s to the 1960s.
Derby has a hot semi-arid climate with a short variable wet season lasting from late December to March. The wet season features humid days and nights and erratic downpours. In some years, such as 1923–24 and 1951–52 there was no wet season, however in others such as 1999–2000 more than the annual average rainfall could fall in a month. Derby can be affected by severe tropical cyclones; the dry season lasts from April to November and features little rain, warm to hot daytime temperatures and mild to cool nights. Extreme of temperature range from 47.8 °C on 17 November 1968 to 5.0 °C on 21 July 1965, while the wettest month on record was January 1917 when 803.6 millimetres of rain fell, including the wettest day, 7 January 1917, when 418.3 millimetres was recorded. Derby's history at a glance: A chronology of Derby history, 1688-1992. Boab Babbler, 26 February 1993, p. 20
Merredin, Western Australia
Merredin is a town in Western Australia, located in the Central Wheatbelt midway between Perth and Kalgoorlie, on Route 94, Great Eastern Highway. It is located on the route of the Goldfields Water Supply Scheme, as a result is on the Golden Pipeline Heritage Trail, it is connected by public transport to Perth via Transwa MerredinLink rail services. Merredin's history varies from that of other wheat-belt towns in Western Australia in the sense that it started as a stopping place on the way to the goldfields; the first European explorer into the area was the Surveyor General J. S. Roe, who travelled through the region in 1836 but was not impressed by its dryness and the low rainfall. By the 1850s sandalwood cutters were in the area but there was little agriculture, it was not until Assistant Surveyor Charles Cooke Hunt explored the area in the period 1864–66 that it began to open up. Hunt realised the importance of water, he called the area Hampton Plains after John Stephen Hampton, Governor of Western Australia 1862–68.
Hunt made five journeys through the area. Of the five journeys the first was exploratory, the second established a track which moved from waterhole to waterhole and the third built a series of wells and dams; the result was a road which became known as the York to Goldfields road and, until the arrival of the railway, was the only link between the coast and the gold towns of Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie. It is certain that Hunt climbed Merredin Peak and that he heard the town's name from the local Aborigines. Hunt claimed that the local Aborigines referred to the place as "Merriding" while other explanations suggest that the name comes from "merrit-in" – "the place of the merrit" – or that it was the name used by the Aborigines to describe the "huge bare granite rock" which the locals call Merredin Rock but, named Merredin Peak. In the late 1860s a number of large pastoral leases were taken up in the area but no township evolved; as late as 1889, when Assistant Surveyor Henry King set up camp on the north side of Merredin Rock, there was still no township.
The first settlement was established to the north of Merredin Peak on the York to the Goldfields road but it was hastily moved when the railway, which could not follow the gradients of Hunts Road, was built a few kilometres to the south. In 1888 the area to the east of Merredin was proclaimed a goldfield and over the next decade prospectors and fossickers poured through the area. Gold was discovered at Kalgoorlie a year later. At first the prospectors used Hunt's waterholes road and this meant that they passed through the site of the modern town. In 1893 the narrow-gauge railway, being continually extended Eastwards from Perth, reached the town. Merredin's importance as a town was directly related to the establishment of a superb water catchment scheme on Merredin Peak; the narrow-gauge railway was extended eastwards from Merredin to Southern Cross in July 1894, to Kalgoorlie in January 1897. A rock wall was built around the contours of Merredin Peak, it led to a 100 m channel which in turn led into a dam which had a storage capacity of 25 million litres.
The scheme held every drop of water which landed on the Peak and directed it all into the dam which provided water for both the town and the railway. The entire structure is still intact and can be reached at the northern end of town. Constructed between 1893 and 1896, the Railway Dam ensured that Merredin would become much more than just another wheat-belt siding; the need for the water from Merredin Peak disappeared in 1903 when C. Y. O'Connor's 565 km pipeline was completed; the pipeline joined the waterless goldfields at Kalgoorlie with the plentiful supplies of water in the Helena River east of Perth. Merredin Peak's Railway Dam continued to supply water to the railway until 1968 and today is still used as the water supply for the fountain outside the Merredin Railway Museum and railway station. In 1904 the Agricultural Research Station was established, it was here. Land in the present townsite was offered for sale in 1906 and by 1911 the Merredin Roads Board had been formed; the narrow-gauge rail line from Merredin to Bruce Rock was built in 1913 to serve the developing sheep and wheat belt area of W.
A, now known as the Great Southern. The final section of the Narrogin-Merredin narrow-gauge rail line, from Bruce Rock to Corrigin, was built in 1915, thus completing the narrow-gauge rail link that linked Merredin and Narrogin. Eric Hind was born in Nottingham in England in 1901, he migrated to Western Australia in 1926 and came to the Wheatbelt. In 1928 he took up farming land at Burracoppin and so commenced a lifetime of interest in the Burracoppin Area. During the Second World War Eric enlisted in the R. A. A. F and served overseas. In 1953 he was elected to the Merredin Road Board and continued to represent the people of Burracoppin on the Merredin Shire Council until his retirement in 1989. After 36 years of service on the Road Board and Shire Council, the Merredin Shire Council presented Eric with a long service award and made him a Freeman of the Shire. In 1990 he received the Order of Australia Medal for services to the community. Eric Hind was an accomplished violinist who had gained his A.
L. C. M diploma before leaving England; as an active member of the Merredin Musical Society and Concert Orchestra of the day, Eric was much sought after as a violinist and was willing to perform at any function if possi
Kununurra, Western Australia
Kununurra is a town in far northern Western Australia located at the eastern extremity of the Kimberley Region 37 kilometres from the border with the Northern Territory. Kununurra was initiated to service the Ord River Irrigation Scheme. Kununurra is the largest town in Western Australia north of Broome, with the closest town being Wyndham, 100 kilometres away. Kununurra is 3,040 kilometres from Perth via the Great Northern Highway; the town is situated in among the scenic hills and ranges of the far north-east Kimberley Region, having an abundance of fresh water, conserved by the Ord River Diversion dam and the main Ord River Dam. The tropical agriculture crops grown in the Ord River Irrigation Area have changed over the years. Tourism and mining have become important to the local economy; the 2011 census population includes only people in the townsite area who called the Kununurra town site their "usual place of residence." Kununurra has a transient population. An influx in the dry season, of tourists and itinerant farm workers can push up the population to around 10,000.
Key farm activities including the growing of melons and until sugar cane. Farmers are now turning to a more lucrative crop of Indian sandalwood. Other crops that have been grown in the Ord are cotton and rice, being trialled once again, having been the first crop planted on the Pilot Farm in 1960; the town has a melon picking season. There is a thriving tourism industry with most tourist operators capitalising on the scenery of the Ord River, Lake Argyle, Diversion Dam and other local locations, including the nearby Bungle Bungle Range; the history of the idea of agriculture on the Ord River dates from the 19th Century. On the first pastoral lease map for the area dated 1887, it shows the northern bank between Wyndham and Kununurra, near House Roof Hill was held as a "Concession for Sugar Cane Planting," although it was never taken up; the idea of tropical agriculture on the Ord was discussed much from the earliest dates, but the land remained under pastoral lease until 1960. Kununurra was built on land resumed from Ivanhoe Station pastoral lease before 1961, as the town for the Ord River Irrigation Area which started as the Ord River Project or Ord Scheme, with survey work starting in 1959.
Lake Kununurra is the flooded section of the Ord River valley, known as Carlton Reach, at times a ten kilometre long waterhole held back by the natural rock barrier known as Bandicoot Bar. At this site in 1959 drilling and blasting marked the start of construction of the Ord River Diversion Dam, anchored down onto the Bandicoot Bar; this dam with twenty radial flood gates was completed when visited by the Queen and Prince Philip in March 1963 later completed and opened by Prime Minister, Robert Menzies on 20 July 1963 when he said that Kununurra and the Ord River Irrigation Area is "..the most exciting place in Australia." As well as the town site some ORIA farmers live on their farms, however the initial idea of the Ord Scheme was for "closer settlement" to allow farmers the convenience of living in the town and since the start of the first Pilot Farm in 1960 most farmers in the valley had lived in the town. However, many people now live on their irrigation farms. Other agricultural and residential localities exist within a 50 km radius of the town, including various Aboriginal Communities, Crossing Falls, the Riverfarm Road and Packsaddle farm areas, the Frank Wise Institute of Tropical Agriculture known as the Kimberley Research Station.
KRS started in 1945 from the original Carlton Reach Research Station, set up by Kimberley Michael Durack with help from his brother William Aiden Durack in 1941, support from the WA Department of Agriculture and the WA Public Works Department, being the first serious attempt at tropical agriculture on the banks of the Ord River. It was in 1941 that Russell Dumas inspected the Ord gorges for dam sites on behalf of the Public Works Department; the scheme involved damming the Ord River by building the Ord River diversion dam so that the waters could be conserved and directed to irrigate about 750 square kilometres of land. By 1966, there were 31 farms on the Ord River plains. In 1968 the second stage of the scheme was started with the building of the Ord River Dam, known locally as "Top Dam," which holds back the waters of Lake Argyle. Flooding of the Ord River continued until completion of the Main Ord River Dam situated 55 km upstream from Kununurra, started in 1968, opened on 30 June 1972, with support from WA Premier John Tonkin, by Prime Minister William McMahon, when he said "This marks the beginning of Ord Stage II."
The Ord River Dam flooded the land of the Argyle Downs station, the home station of the pioneering Durack family, to form what has become known as Lake Argyle. Stone work from the original Argyle Downs homestead, was removed before Lake Argyle filled and was re-erected near the dam site to become the Argyle Downs Homestead Museum; the Museum had been run by Tourism WA but was taken on by the Kununurra Visitor Centre during 2010. The second stage of the Ord Project still has not been developed but new work is underway. In May 2010, with major funding from the Federal Government, the extension of the main channel construction got underway under the Moonamang Joint Venture and images of this as well as
Narembeen, Western Australia
Narembeen is a town in the Western Australia wheatbelt. It is 286 km due east, from Perth, the capital of WA, it is the major settlement in the Shire of Narembeen, in which the major industries are growing cereal crops and raising cattle and sheep. The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops; the town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling. Narembeen means place of female emus in the local Aboriginal language; the area was surveyed in 1836 by the Surveyor General John Septimus Roe. After camping on a rocky outcrop and seeing a group of emus he named the area Emu Hill. By the 1850s European settlers arrived in the area looking for pastoral land for grazing. Sandalwood cutters frequented the area during this time. In 1901 the rabbit proof fence was constructed just to the East of Narembeen and can still be seen today. A settler named. By the 1900s more farmers moved to the area as land was opened upand by 1918 the town-site of Emu Hill was gazetted. In 1920, the town-site of Narembeen only existed as a minor railway siding to the railway line that had only just been built to Emu Hill.
By the 1920s Emu Hill was the largest community in the region but the local populace opposed the building of a hotel in the town. As a result of this a Perth lawyer, Henry Dale and a Publican, Paddy Conlon, purchased 30 acres of land at the railway siding of Narembeen to build a hotel; the town of Narembeen was established in 1922 about 5 km from the Emu Hill town-site. The location of Narembeen was not the best choice. In 1924, there were rumours that gold had been discovered close to the rabbit proof fence and the town of Holleton was established about 50 km from Narembeen, but Narembeen prospered as it was the closest train station to Holleton and offered a motor transport service to the miners. Narembeen had a population of 2,100 by 1925 and Emu Hill was no more. In 1932 the Wheat Pool of Western Australia announced that the town would have two grain elevators, each fitted with an engine, installed at the railway siding. In 1968 the town of Narembeen was declared; as of 2017 Narembeen has the largest juicery in Australia Media related to Narembeen, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons
Division of O'Connor
The Division of O'Connor is an Australian electoral division in the state of Western Australia. It is one of Western Australia's three rural seats, one of the largest electoral constituencies in the world; the division was named after Charles Yelverton O'Connor, the Engineer-in-Chief of Western Australia who designed Fremantle Harbour and the Goldfields Pipeline. The division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 28 February 1980, was first contested at the 1980 federal election, it has always been a rural seat, was based in the Mid West and Great Southern regions of Western Australia with major population centres in Geraldton and Albany. The division was altered by a redistribution in 2008, taking effect at the 2010 election; the other large country seat in Western Australia, needed to expand in size, but it proved all but impossible to reconfigure Kalgoorlie in a way that would have left O'Connor with any rational basis. It was decided to abolish Kalgoorlie and push O'Connor well to the east to take in most of Kalgoorlie's former southern portion.
The northern portion of the old O'Connor was shifted to the new seat of Durack. It is now centred on the Great Southern and Goldfields-Esperance regions of the state, with major population centres in Albany and Esperance. Local government areas within the electorate as at the 2016 election include Albany, Boyup Brook, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Broomehill-Tambellup, Bruce Rock, Coolgardie, Cranbrook, Denmark, Dundas, Gnowangerup, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Kent, Kondinin, Lake Grace, Leonora, Menzies, Narrogin, Pingelly, Ravensthorpe, Wandering, West Arthur, Wickepin and Woodanilling; the seat has always been held by a conservative party. When it was created, its demographics suggested that it should have been held by the National Country Party, despite its large notional Liberal majority. However, severe conflict between rival branches of the state National Party allowed Liberal Wilson Tuckey to take the seat on Labor preferences. Tuckey held it without serious difficulty until his defeat at the 2010 election by Nationals WA candidate Tony Crook with a large swing.
However, the Liberals regained the seat at the 2013 election. Division of O'Connor - Australian Electoral Commission