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Dixie National Forest

Dixie National Forest is a United States National Forest in Utah with headquarters in Cedar City. It occupies two million acres and stretches for about 170 miles across southern Utah; the largest national forest in Utah, it straddles the divide between the Great Basin and the Colorado River. In descending order of forestland area it is located in parts of Garfield, Iron, Kane and Piute counties; the majority of forest acreage lies in Garfield County. Elevations vary from 2,800 feet above sea level near St. George, Utah to 11,322 feet at Blue Bell Knoll on Boulder Mountain; the southern rim of the Great Basin, near the Colorado River, provides spectacular scenery. Colorado River canyons are made up of steep-walled gorges; the Forest is divided into four geographic areas. High altitude forests in rolling hills characterize the Markagunt and Aquarius Plateaus. Boulder Mountain, one of the largest high-elevation plateaus in the United States, is dotted with hundreds of small lakes 10,000 to 11,000 feet above sea level.

The forest includes the Pine Valley Mountains north of St. George The Forest has many climatic extremes. Precipitation ranges from 10 inches in the lower elevations to more than 40 inches per year near Brian Head Peak 11,307 feet. At the higher elevations, most of the annual precipitation falls as snow. Thunderstorms produce heavy rains. In some areas, August is the wettest month of the year. Temperature extremes can be impressive, with summer temperatures exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit near St. George and winter lows exceeding −30 degrees Fahrenheit on the plateau tops; the vegetation of the Forest grades from sparse, desert-type plants at the lower elevations to stand of low-growing pinyon pine and juniper dominating the mid-elevations. At the higher elevations and conifers such as pine and fir predominate; the Dixie Forest Reserve was established on September 1905 by the General Land Office. The name was derived from the local description of the warm southern part of Utah as "Dixie". In 1906 the U.

S. Forest Service assumed responsibility for the lands, on March 4, 1907 it became a National Forest; the western part of Sevier National Forest was added on July 1, 1922, all of Powell National Forest on October 1, 1944. There are local ranger district offices and visitor centers in Cedar City, with Duck Creek Visitor Center Escalante, with Escalante Interagency Visitor Center Pine Valley, in St. George, with Pine Valley Heritage Center Powell, in Panguitch, with Red Canyon Visitor Center There are four designated wilderness areas within Dixie National Forest that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Ashdown Gorge Wilderness Box-Death Hollow Wilderness Cottonwood Forest Wilderness Pine Valley Mountain Wilderness List of U. S. national forests Panguitch Lake Bryce Canyon Natural History Association List of Utah Wilderness areas Podunk Paunsaugunt Plateau West Valley Fire Official website Podunk Guard Station

2017 UK Independence Party leadership election

The 2017 UK Independence Party leadership election was called after the resignation of Paul Nuttall as leader of the UK Independence Party on 9 June 2017, following the poor performance of the party in the 2017 general election. Former party chairman Steve Crowther was chosen three days to serve as interim leader. On 11 August, the party confirmed that eleven candidates had been cleared to stand for the leadership. Subsequently, the number on the ballot fell to seven; the election was won by Henry Bolton with 30.0% of the vote. The leadership contest took place under a first-past-the-post system, where the candidate with the greatest number of votes became leader. According to party rules, candidates had to have been party members for at least two years as of 23 June 2017, needed the support of one hundred members across at least ten local parties. Candidates paid a £5,000 deposit, half of, refundable for candidates who received at least 20% of the vote; the election timetable is as follows: There was immediate speculation that former leader Nigel Farage MEP might stand for a third period as leader.

Bill Etheridge MEP and Thanet District Council leader Chris Wells both indicated they might stand if Farage did not. Farage subsequently announced in early July. In the event, neither Etheridge nor Wells stood for the leadership. A key divide between candidates was between what The Guardian described as "Farage-ist economic libertarians" like Etheridge and the "more hard-right, Islam-focused" Anne Marie Waters and Peter Whittle. Etheridge stated that "whichever side wins, the other side won't have a future in the party". In early July, over a thousand new members had joined the party in only two weeks, leading to accusations of far-right infiltration in support of Waters. Party sources suggested Waters had concluded a deal with Whittle that were he to win, she would become deputy leader, which Whittle denied. Nominations closed on 28 July, with candidates being approved as candidates by the party's executive. On 21 August the number fell to ten; the number of candidates fell again on 31 August, to seven, as Ben Walker, David Coburn MEP and Marion Mason all stepped down in order to form a "Victory for the Ukip United" ticket with Jane Collins.

The four wanted to see the party reflect Farage's leadership, rather than "banging on about Islam and gay marriage". Were Collins to be elected, Coburn would have become Deputy Leader with Walker as Party Chairman. At least 18 of the party's 20 MEPs were reported to be considering resigning and forming a new party if Waters won the leadership or was given a senior role in the party, given her anti-Islam views and support from the far-right. Etheridge publicly said that he would resign if Waters won, Jonathan Arnott MEP said it would be difficult for him to remain. Etheridge subsequently launched his third leadership bid, having declared in both of UKIP's 2016 leadership elections. Etheridge withdrew his candidacy on 26 July, two days before close of nominations, he urged candidates from the "libertarian" wing of the party to unite against what he described as fringe candidates using the party "as a vehicle for the views of the EDL and the BNP". He said he would leave the party if Whittle won the leadership.

Jack Buckby, a former parliamentary candidate for Liberty GB who as a former BNP member is barred from joining UKIP, was reported to be helping Waters in her campaign. Controversy over Waters continued, with Mike Hookem MEP resigning as the party's deputy whip in the European Parliament in protest at her candidacy and at the chief whip Stuart Agnew's support for her. Hookem described Waters as "far-right". Nathan Gill MEP said he would leave the party if she won. Waters and Whittle both expressed concern at Sharia councils in the UK. LGBT rights defined another split between those who declared as candidates, with three being gay, while David Kurten and John Rees-Evans had both said that they oppose same-sex marriage. Kurten faced criticism when he claimed that gay people are more to be abused as children. Whittle retorted: "Neither I, nor any of the gay friends and colleagues I have known over 35 years, were sexually abused."In August, Rees-Evans announced a proposal to offer £9,000 and health insurance to Britons with dual nationality, in return for them moving to countries where they have the right to settle.

They would be required to start a business and trade with the UK. This would be to help achieve "negative net immigration towards one million a year", would be funded by cutting the foreign aid budget, he was condemned by rivals Collins. On 24 August, Lawrence Webb, UKIP group leader on Havering London Borough Council and former mayoral candidate, tweeted that he "won’t stand for 2018 local elections if Peter Whittle wins"; the following day, the Romford Recorder reported that all six of Havering Council’s UKIP councillors "will not stand in next year’s local elections if Peter Whittle is named leader of their party". Phillip Broughton, Parliamentary candidate for Hartlepool in 2015 and 2017.

Six's technique

Six's technique is the modern name for a technique used by Attic black-figure vase painters that involves laying on figures in white or red on a black surface and incising the details so that the black shows through. It was first described by the Dutch scholar Jan Six in 1888, was given its English name by J. D. Beazley. Around 530 BCE, the technique began to be used for decorating the whole vase, rather than for details as in previous practice; the effect is similar to red-figure painting. Nikosthenes and the Diosphos Painter were among the early users of the technique, it remained in use until the mid-5th century, when it can be observed on a small number of oenochoe from the Haimon painter workshop. Corpus vasorum antiquorum Beth Cohen; the Colors of Clay, 2006. C. H. Emilie Haspels, Attic Black Figure Lekythoi, 1936. G. van Hoorn and Athesteria 1951. Jan Six. A rare vase-technique, Journal of Hellenic Studies 30, pp. 323–6