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Mower General Hospital

Mower General Hospital was one of the largest Federal military hospitals during the American Civil War. Located across from the Reading Railroad depot in the Chestnut Hill section of Philadelphia, it operated from January 1863 through May 1865, was closed with the cessation of the war. Built in 1862, the Mower General Hospital complex was designed by architect John McArthur, Jr. and named in honor of Thomas Mower, a surgeon who served with the U. S. Army's 6th Infantry during the Blackhawk War and under U. S. Surgeon General Thomas Lawson during the Second Seminole War. Constructed on 27 acres between Willow Grove and Springfield Avenues, the Reading Railroad line and Stenton Avenue, the hospital complex was configured as a central compound surrounded by a ring of 47 radiating wards and other buildings, had a 3,600-bed capacity, its first commanding officer was Andrew Hopkins, M. D. a surgeon who contracted and died from typhoid fever. Of the 20,000 patients who passed through this facility from the time of its opening on January 3, 1863 until its closure on May 31, 1865, 9,799 survived their respective treatments and were returned to duty and 878 were transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps.

Another 1,363 were discharged on surgeons' certificates of disability and an additional 3,718 were transferred to other facilities for further care while 1,508 were recorded as having deserted. Despite the grievous wounds and serious illnesses treated here, hospital physicians lost just 257 patients total by war's end; the hospital featured many amenities for the patients and staff, including plumbing to provide hot water, special medical wards that could be isolated for patients with infections, centralized storage for supplies, flush toilets, band music, etc. In addition, while many medicines provided for the treatment of soldiers were provided by regular military supply routes, hospital stewards at Mower operated a small laboratory on the hospital's grounds in which "they prepared tinctures in quantities varying from one-half gallon to ten gallons, fluid extracts." These tinctures, as well as "most of the syrups, ointments and waters of the Pharmacopoeia" were produced in this 14-foot by 16-foot stone building, "ventilated only by an open skylight, using just "a large-sized cooking stove, some of the more ordinary apparatus," but no percolator.

The efficacy of some of their products was questionable since the stewards did not have the "proper means for the nice regulation of heat" which would be used in the evaporation process. The wounded were brought directly from Southern battlefields by railroad—a journey known as "going from the seven circles of hell to heaven."Wyndmoor Station, Market Square Shopping Center, apartment buildings and townhouses now occupy the site. List of former United States Army medical units Satterlee General Hospital, Pennsylvania

Mihai Leu

Mihai Leu known as Michael Loewe is a Romanian former professional boxer who fought out of Hamburg, Germany. He is a former WBO Welterweight Champion. Leu retired after one title defense, against Michael Carruth, becoming the second European boxer to retire as an undefeated world champion, after Terry Marsh. Due to an injury, he was forced to abandon boxing but unwilling to give up the world of sports, he turned to be a rally driver, he became a national rally champion. He started boxing in 1977 at the Hunedoara Constructorul club. In 1981 he moved to the Hunedoara Metalul from. During his time with Dinamo, he won the national championship four consecutive years: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986. In 1986, he moved to Steaua Bucharest and became part of the national team. In 1987, he became World Junior Champion. In total he fought 200 amateur matches, out of which he won 190. In 1991, he became a professional boxer in Germany and had 28 wins of 28 matches in welterweight, winning the following titles: 1993 - Germany Intercontinental Title 1995 - WBO Intercontinental Title 1997 - WBO Welterweight champion In 1998 he started his new career at the wheel of a Ford Ka and after only three years, he managed to become Romania's rally vice-champion.

He had participated in rallying before, having made his debut in 1994, at the Banat Rally, in a Volkswagen Golf GTI. Five years in 2003, he became Romania's national champion driving a Hyundai Accent WRC, with co-driver Ciprian Solomon. After failing to win another race after his championship winning year, Mihai Leu gave up competitive rallying in 2008, only to return in 2010, as team-manager of Jack Daniel's Rally Team, in the Romanian National Rally Championship, he is the son of a well-known Romanian rally driver of the ` 70s -- ` 80s. His brother, Victor made his debut in car racing in 1999, as his co-driver, he is married and has a son Marco, born in 1993, a winter sportsman He is involved in politics along with the Partidul Conservator, despite failing to secure a place in the European Parliament, in the 2007 national elections. He works part-time as assistant at the Tibiscus University in Timişoara. In 2014, he received surgery in Bucharest and treatment in Vienna. Mihai Leu's Official Site Professional boxing record for Mihai Leu from BoxRec

Ormrod and Hardcastle

Ormrod and Hardcastle spinning and manufacturing firm began in 1788, with the partnership of James Ormrod and Thomas Hardcastle, the purchase of the Flash Street mills in Bolton, Greater Manchester. These two men have been identified amongst the fathers of the early cotton trade in North West England. Others named are Carlisles, Knowles, Bulling and Culling; these names figured prominently in the political and economic life of Bolton during its great period of growth, but sadly these names have been forgotten in the history of the cotton trade. By the time of their closure, in 1960, Ormrod and Hardcastle owned six large successful cotton mills in Bolton. Thomas Hardcastle established a bleaching business in Bradshaw at the young age of nineteen and the start of a cotton spinning firm was to be his next business venture; the partnership with James Ormrod and the purchase of Pin Mill, Royal George Mill, Royal Sovereign Mill and Great Moor Street Mill, in Bolton, made this business plan possible.

These mills were more known as the Flash Street Mills. Pin Mill fronted Ormrod Street, Royal Sovereign Mill faced Flash Street and Royal George Mill fronted Western Street/ Great Moor Street; the new cotton spinning firm was to consist of cotton spinners and manufacturers. It was the construction of the Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal in 1791 that started Bolton on its path to becoming a centre for textile production in North West England with an international reputation. In particular, it was important for the Bolton Mill owners as it connected the town to Bury and Manchester and subsequently provided a more direct transport route for coal and other basic materials. Bolton flourished in the 19th Century and became Lancashire's third largest engineering centre, after Manchester and Oldham, it was this introduction of Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution that forced Bolton's quick development and cotton mill success. However, it must be noted that there is a limited amount of information that has survived about the Bolton cotton mills.

This is could be for a number of different reasons. Firstly, records take up a lot of space and as a result they are destroyed or divided up among many sources. Secondly, production work of this nature does not produce records that people see as important enough to keep. Lastly, records may still exist. Ormrod and Hardcastle Spinning and Manufacturing firm was successful during the nineteenth century and was expanding despite a few drawbacks along the way. For example, in 1818 the Royal Sovereign Mill burnt down but this was common for cotton mills as floors were wooden and gas lights were used; the main fire hazard was'fluffy cotton' that at times became explosive. One cotton mill worker commented how a six-story mill could burn down in an hour and when a "taper was used to ignite the gas lightening, the'dain' would ignite and fire would spread along a line of looms." However, in this case it was suspected that the Royal Sovereign was burnt down by an act of arson because of social unrest in that period.

In 1825 James Ormrod died and Peter Ormrod became head of the eminent firm along with James Cross, a local justice of the peace. This is just a few years before'the age of the train' began, in 1828, with the opening of the Bolton Leigh Railway, engineered by George Stephenson; this opening was a significant moment in the history of North-West England as it was Lancashire's first railway that could transport paying public as well as goods. The railway opened two years before the opening of the celebrated railway from Manchester to Liverpool railway; this new train line was a great asset for the cotton mill owners as it connected Bolton to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and thus provided an important link with the port of Liverpool. This link allowed the import of raw cotton from America or Egypt to travel directly and to the mills; the railway was so successful that it was extended in 1829 to link up with the Manchester to Liverpool Line. It was this environment that encouraged the success of the Hardcastle Mills.

In 1838 the Royal George Mill burnt down. Nonetheless, this not to be a setback for the firm and in 1857 they purchased another spinning mill called Bullfield Mill; this resulted in Hardcastle owning 113,688 spindles and 458 looms. On 5 June 1881 Ormrod and Hardcastle spinning firm suffered another fire and this resulted in £10,000 worth of damage to Bullfield Mill and they were forced to demolish 50% of the building. Following this, in 1884, the firm wisely decided to invest in The Royal George Mill and Pin Mill and improved their fire proof standards; the mills seemed to be going from strength to strength as in 1888 the firm amalgamated with Arthur Briggs's Parrot Street Mill. Bolton's international reputation, as one of the most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world, was becoming so impressive that it generated a lot of attention from leading figures of the day. For example, Prince Albert visited Bolton in 1851. In the 1900s Ormrod and Hardcastle became one of fourteen businesses to become part of the Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association Ltd Ltd.

However, the mills continued to trade under the name Hardcastle and Co Ltd until closure. The mills had grown to consist of 364 looms, 115,664 mule and ring spindles and 32,438 doubling spindles. However, in 1902 the Bleaching business became part of the Bleachers Association and in World War One it was used for a number of government contracts. In 1912 Britain's cotton industry sadly reached its peak, with eight billion yards of clot

Key Vaca

Key Vaca is an island in the middle Florida Keys, located within the borders of the city of Marathon, Florida. Key Vaca is located in between Knight's Key. Vaca Key was connected via bridge to Boot Key until the city of Marathon neglected the bridge so long it had to be torn down causing hardships to the business on Boot Key. Key Vaca comprises most of the north shore of Boot Key Harbor. Various theories as to the origin of the name exist; the most example is that the island was named after Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, who wrote a detailed account of the 16th-century exploration of Florida. Other theories revolve around the word vaca; the 1957 book The Florida Keys indicates that the island's name comes from wild cattle that used to live on the island. Evidence of these cattle has never been found; the name may refer to manatees, "sea cows" that thrived in the area prior to the 1950s. Because it lies within the borders of Marathon, the island is incorrectly referred to as "Marathon Key". Key Vaca is located geographically in the subtropics, but with a tropical climate.

Because of the proximity of the Gulf Stream to the southeast, the tempering effects of the Gulf of Mexico to the west and north, Key Vaca has a notably mild, tropical-maritime climate. Cold fronts are modified by the warm water as they move in from the north in winter; the average low and high temperatures in January are 58 °F and 77 °F. In the summer, temperatures are somewhat higher than in Key West, due to the island's proximity to the shallower waters of Florida Bay, which are heated more than the deeper waters of the Florida Strait, south of Key West; the season is characterized by hot, humid conditions and sharp, sudden thunderstorms that drop substantial amounts of rain on the island. Hurricanes are a common threat during the summer, sometimes affect the island directly, as was the case with the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 and Hurricane Donna in 1960; the average low and high temperatures in August are 79 °F and 89 °F, with temperatures sometimes approaching the 100 °F mark. U. S. 1 known as the Overseas Highway, crosses the key near mile markers 47.5–53.5.

Prior to the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935, Key Vaca was a major rail stop along the Key West Extension of the Florida East Coast Railway. It was home to several machine and repair shops. During the Great Depression and the construction of the Overseas Highway, Key Vaca was home to Camp No. 10, a home for several hundred World War I veterans working on the project. Key Vaca is accessible by water through Boot Key Harbor, which lies on the south side of the island. Due to the shallow waters of the harbor, deep-draft ships cannot be unloaded there. Between 1906 and 1912, Key Vaca functioned as a temporary deep-water port with the addition of the Knight's Key Trestle 3 miles to the west of the island. Built in order to provide a supply line for the growing Overseas Railroad, the trestle was dismantled and burnt when the railroad was completed. During World War II, Key Vaca gained an airport. Intended to be a training field for pilots flying between Homestead and Miami, the airport was turned over to the county after the conclusion of the war


The Am486 is a 80486-class family of computer processors, produced by AMD in the 1990s. Intel beat AMD to market by nearly four years, but AMD priced its 40 MHz 486 at or below Intel's price for a 33 MHz chip, offering about 20% better performance for the same price. While competing 486 chips, such as those from Cyrix, benchmarked lower than the equivalent Intel chip, AMD's 486 matched Intel's performance on a clock-for-clock basis. While the Am386 was used by small computer manufacturers, the Am486DX, DX2, SX2 chips gained acceptance among larger computer manufacturers Acer and Compaq, in the 1994 time frame. AMD's higher clocked 486 chips provided superior performance to many of the early Pentium chips the 60 and 66 MHz launch products. While equivalent Intel 80486DX4 chips were priced high and required a minor socket modification, AMD priced low. Intel's DX4 chips had twice the cache of the AMD chips, giving them a slight performance edge, but AMD's DX4-100 cost less than Intel's DX2-66; the enhanced Am486 series supported new features like extended power-saving modes and an 8 KiB Write-Back L1-Cache versions got an upgrade to 16 KiB Write-Back L1-Cache.

The 133 MHz AMD Am5x86 was a higher clocked enhanced Am486. CPU features table WT = Write-Through cache strategy, WB = Write-Back cache strategy AMD: Enhanced Am486 Microprocessors AMD: 30 Years of Pursuing the Leader. Part 2 AMD Am486 processor images and descriptions