The Djibouti Armed Forces are the military forces of Djibouti. They consist of its sub-branches the Djibouti Air Force and Djiboutian Navy; as of 2018, the Djibouti Armed Forces consists of 20,470 ground troops, which are divided into several regiments and battalions garrisoned in various areas throughout the country. Djibouti Armed Forces are an important player in the Bab-el-Mandeb and Red Sea. In 2015 General Zakaria Chiek Imbrahim was chief d'etat-major general of the Forces Armees Djiboutiennes, he assumed command in November 2013. Djibouti has always been a active member in the African Union and the Arab League. Somali society accorded prestige to the warrior and rewarded military prowess. Except for men of religion, who were few in number, all Somali males were considered potential warriors. Djibouti's many Sultanates each maintained regular troops. In the early Middle Ages, the conquest of Shewa by the Ifat Sultanate ignited a rivalry for supremacy with the Solomonic Dynasty. Many similar battles were fought between the succeeding Sultanate of Adal and the Solomonids, with both sides achieving victory and suffering defeat.
During the protracted Ethiopian-Adal War, Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi defeated several Ethiopian Emperors and embarked on a conquest referred to as the Futuh Al-Habash, which brought three-quarters of Christian Abyssinia under the power of the Muslim Adal Sultanate. Al-Ghazi's forces and their Ottoman allies came close to extinguishing the ancient Ethiopian kingdom, but the Abyssinians managed to secure the assistance of Cristóvão da Gama's Portuguese troops and maintain their domain's autonomy. However, both polities in the process exhausted their resources and manpower, which resulted in the contraction of both powers and changed regional dynamics for centuries to come; the Ogaden War was a conflict fought between Somali government. The Djibouti government supported Somalia with military intelligence. In a notable illustration of the nature of Cold War alliances, the Soviet Union switched from supplying aid to Somalia to supporting Ethiopia, backed by the United States; this in turn prompted the U.
S. to start supporting Somalia. The war ended when Somali forces retreated back across the border and a truce was declared; the first war which involved the Djiboutian armed forces was the Djiboutian Civil War between the Djiboutian government, supported by France, the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy. The war lasted from 1991 to 2001, although most of the hostilities ended when the moderate factions of FRUD signed a peace treaty with the government after suffering an extensive military setback when the government forces captured most of the rebel-held territory. A radical group continued to fight the government, but signed its own peace treaty in 2001; the war ended in a government victory, FRUD became a political party. Djibouti has fought in clashes against Eritrea over the Ras Doumeira peninsula, which both countries claim to be under their sovereignty; the first clash occurred in 1996 after a nearly two-months stand-off. In 1999, a political crisis occurred. In 2008, the countries clashed again when Djibouti refused to return Eritrean deserters and Eritrea responded by firing at the Djiboutian forces.
In the following battles, some 44 Djiboutian troops and some estimated 100 Eritreans were killed. In 2011, Djibouti troops joined the African Union Mission to Somalia; as of 2013, the Djibouti Armed Forces are composed of three branches: the Djibouti National Army, which consists of the Coastal Navy, the Djiboutian Air Force, the National Gendarmerie. The Army is by far the largest, followed by Navy; the Commander-in-Chief of the DJAF is the President of Djibouti and the Minister of Defence oversees the DJAF on a day-to-day basis. Refer to decree No 2003-0166/PR/MDN on organization of Djibouti armed forces; the armed forces consist of: The General Staff of the Armed Forces. A Defense Staff. An infantry force: one rapid action regiment, two paratrooper battalions, one combined arms regiment at Obock, one combined arms regiment at Tadjourah, one combined arms regiment in Dikhil, one combined arms battalion in Ali-Sabieh and one reinforced company in Damerjog. Specific forces and fire support: one armored regiment, one artillery regiment and one group of combat engineer.
The Navy The Air Force The Schools Command. The Headquarters Regiment; the Central Material Directorate. The Health Service; the Djiboutian Army is the largest branch of the Djibouti Armed Forces. Djibouti maintains a modest military force of 20,470 troops; the latter are divided into several regiments and battalions garrisoned in various areas throughout the country. The Army has four military districts. Clashes with the Military of Eritrea, in 2008, demonstrated the superior nature of the Djiboutian forces’ training and skills, but highlighted the fact that the small military would be unable to counter the larger, if less well-equipped forces of its neighbours; the army has concentrated on mobility in its equipment purchases, suitable for patrol duties and counterattacks but ill-suited for armoured warfare. The 2008 border clashes at least temporarily swelled the ranks of the Djiboutian army, with retired personnel being recalled, but the military’s size and capabilities are much reduced since the 1990s.
The army to address more effective
Thomas Elfe was a successful colonial period furniture craftsman in Charleston, South Carolina. Elfe was born in 1719 in England, he was an accomplished and prolific cabinet craftsman of the American colonial period. Elfe, a contemporary of Thomas Chippendale, was considered Charleston's best furniture craftsman of the eighteenth century, his working career spanned thirty years from about 1746 to 1775. At one point in his career his personal worth was a fortune of over 6,200 English pounds. Local Charleston historian and one time director of the Charleston Museum, E. Milby Burton, attributed Elfe as the craftsman of some of the finest nationally acclaimed furniture produced. Burton's research of Charleston furniture craftsmen revealed Elfe as the most successful and famous furniture craftsman in the eighteenth century. Elfe first went to Virginia. From there right around 1746 he moved to Charleston. In 1747 he ran an ad in the South Carolina Gazette for a pair of gilted large carved scones; the said Sconces and the Conditions of the Raffle may be seen at Mr. Thomas Elfe's Cabinet-maker, near Doctor Martini's."
The £150 value would be several thousand dollars in the twentieth century. In the mid-eighteenth century "Charles Town" was an economic booming city, the average resident citizens being several times wealthier on the whole than those of New York or Philadelphia. Providing furniture to these wealthy Charlestonians was a lucrative business for the local wood craftsmen and cabinetmakers; the people of Charleston considered themselves as English citizens that just happened to be living in the American colony of South Carolina and did everything possible to follow the footsteps of London society, like acquiring fine furniture. The wealthy Charlestonians loved London style furnishings and would purchase most anything along these fashions, hand made by local woodworkers; this booming economy made Elfe's woodworking shop profitable. An Elfe's business account book of transactions survives and is held by the Charleston Library Society; this accounting book covering several accounts shows that between 1768 and 1775 Elfe with several employees hand-made over fifteen-hundred furniture pieces including fine detailed cabinets.
These records show. Elfe's work was influenced by Thomas Chippendale, their lives had many parallels. Both were born in England at about the same time. Both apprenticed in the 1730s. Elfe apprenticed under his uncle. Chippendale apprenticed under his father. Elfe married in 1748, as did Chippendale, both were widowed. Both were remarried and had a second wife. Both had a son named Thomas. Both lived during the tempestuous times leading to the American Revolution without being affected. Both had large furniture shops with many employees. Both died within four years of one another. Elfe was a close friend of Charleston joiner and carver Thomas Watson, he learned many of Watson's woodworking skills. When Watson died in 1747, he left Elfe personal belongings. Elfe was first married to Mary Hancock, a widow, in June 1748, she died a few months before the year ended. He didn't get married again until the end of 1755, his marriage to Rachel produced several children. Their names were William, Hannah, George and Benjamin.
Elfe's innovative furniture designs consisted of stacking chests, double chests of drawers, built-in cabinets. The style types represented Georgian, English Rococo, Gothic, his furniture featured Chinese and French styles. Elfe's furniture pieces can be found at South Carolina Governor's Mansion in Columbia, they are at the Charleston Museum in South Carolina, the DeWitt Wallace Decorative Arts Museum in Virginia, the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts in North Carolina, the Winterthur Museum and Library in Delaware. Elfe died on 28 November 1775, his will designated his son Thomas, the only cabinetmaker, to receive his business equipment and associated property. Three Negro cabinet-makers are listed in Elfe's will. Elfe would send his Negro cabinet-makers to various jobs to take down old furniture and set up new furniture or to make minor furniture repairs. Elfe was a real estate entrepreneur and made a lot of money buying and renting properties in the Charleston area, he owned various properties from time to time that he used as his own residence or as a vacation retreat or as a furniture shop.
It can not be pinpointed where his major furniture shop was as there were different location descriptions. One description for his furniture shop from the South Carolina Gazette on 28 September 1747 was "near Doct. Martin's" – a location, not known. Another location for his furniture shop was given in 1748 as "at the corner opposite Mr. Eycott's" – another unknown location. Elfe owned a property at Friend, he advertised in the South Carolina Gazette in 1766 this property to rent. The ad said the main house was three stories high and each story had three rooms. There was a separate "chair-house" on the property, a shop where Elfe built chairs. A well known property that Elfe designed and built in 1760 as his personal home is at 54 Queen Street in Charleston, South Carolina. Burton, E. Milby. Charleston Furniture, 1700–1825. Univ of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-57003-147-2. Charleston Museum; the Charleston Museum Leaflet. Charles
Uganda Martyrs University School of Medicine, whose official name is Mother Kevin Postgraduate Medical School, is the school of medicine of Uganda Martyrs University. As of June 2014, the medical school is the newest medical school in Uganda, having been established in 2010; the school provides postgraduate medical education in the disciplines of Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Obstetrics/Gynecology and Emergency Medicine. The school's campus is located on Nsambya Hill, in southern Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest metropolis 5 kilometres, south of the central business district of the city; the school is housed on the premises of St. Francis Hospital Nsambya, a faith based not-for-profit hospital owned by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kampala; the coordinates of the school are:0°18'06.0"N 32°35'07.0"E. UMU School of Medicine is the school of medicine of Uganda Martyrs University, with headquarters at Nkozi, Mpigi District. Established in 2010, the school is headed by the Dean; the current dean is Professor Paul D'Arbela.
The clinical teaching disciplines of the medical school are integrated with St. Francis Hospital Nsambya, a 540-bed community hospital owned by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kampala and is administered by the Little Sisters of St. Francis; as of February 2015, the following departments constituted Uganda Martyrs University School of Medicine: 1. Department of Internal Medicine 2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology 3. Department of Pediatrics & Child Health 4. Department of Surgery and 5. Department of Emergency Medicine. There are no undergraduate courses offered at UMU School of Medicine; the following postgraduate courses are offered at Uganda Martyrs University School of Medicine: Master of Medicine - A clinical degree awarded following three years of instruction and examination in any of the following specialties: Internal Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology Pediatrics Emergency Medicine and Surgery. Education in Uganda Paul D'Arbela Charles Olweny Uganda Martyrs University List of universities in Uganda List of medical schools in Uganda List of hospitals in Uganda Uganda Martyrs University Homepage
"Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?" is the fifteenth episode of The Simpsons' second season. It aired on the Fox network in the United States on February 21, 1991. In the episode, Grampa confesses that Homer has a half-brother, whom Homer tries to track down, he discovers that his brother is Herbert Powell, a car manufacturer. Herb starts to bond with Bart and Lisa, he invites Homer to design his own car. Homer's car design turns out to be a disaster; the episode was directed by Wes Archer. American actor Danny DeVito provided the voice of Herb; the episode features cultural references to cars such as the Edsel, the Tucker Torpedo, the Ford Mustang, the Lamborghini Cheetah. Since airing, the episode has received positive reviews from television critics, it acquired a Nielsen rating of 15.4, was the highest-rated show on Fox the week it aired. Some fans were upset with the sad ending of the episode, as a result the producers decided to write a sequel, "Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?", in which Herb regains his fortune and forgives Homer.
After watching the latest McBain film, Grampa suffers a mild heart attack. Thinking he might die, he is prompted to confess a long-hidden secret: Homer has a half-brother. Grampa explains that he had met a carnival prostitute before marrying Homer's mother, they had a son whom they left at the Shelbyville Orphanage. Determined to find his brother and his family go to the orphanage and find out that Grampa's love child, named Herbert, had been adopted by a Mr. and Mrs. Powell. Herbert "Herb" Powell, who looks just like Homer, except he is taller and has more hair, is the head of the automobile manufacturer Powell Motors in Detroit, in need of new ideas, he is rich, but is unhappy not knowing who he is and where he comes from. He is overjoyed upon hearing of his half-brother and invites the entire Simpson family to stay at his mansion. Bart and Maggie are enthralled by Herb's wealthy lifestyle and kind personality, although Marge worries about spoiling her children. Herb decides that Homer, being an average American, is the perfect person to design a new car for his company, being given free rein in the design.
Homer is overwhelmed with the design process, is shuffled aside by Herb's design team, who ignore his suggestions and don't take him seriously. Herb takes notice of this and encourages Homer to be more assertive with his ideas, inspires him to take command of the project, incorporate his own ideas. At the unveiling of the new car, Herb is horrified to find that the car is a badly designed monstrosity that costs US$82,000, sending Powell Motors out of business, resulting in Herb's mansion's being foreclosed on and Herb's losing everything he worked for; as he departs Detroit on a bus, Herb angrily remarks to Homer that he would have been better off if they had never met. While Marge tries to console Homer, Lisa agrees with Herb and laments on his life before he discovered he was a Simpson. Grampa soon arrives and asks about Herb, but before Homer can answer what happened, Grampa remarks to Homer that he knew " blow it", leaves in the cab he just arrived in, rather than getting in the car with the rest of the Simpson family.
While Homer drives the family home, Bart tells him. Homer becomes relieved to discover. "Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?" was written by Jeff Martin and directed by Wes Archer. Both Homer's mother and Herb Powell make their first appearances on The Simpsons in the episode; some fans were upset with the sad ending of the episode, as a result the producers decided to write a sequel in which Herb would be given a kinder fate. The resulting episode, "Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?", aired at the end of the third season. In that episode, Herb settled in the Simpson household, despite his intense continuing antipathy toward Homer. Homer loaned Herb US$2000, which Herb used to build an invention that translated infantile speech into comprehensible English, based on observations he made of Maggie, he regained his fortune. He bought each member of the family gifts and paid Homer back with a vibrating chair, along with his forgiveness; the episode was recorded on August 13, 1990. The voice of Herb was provided by guest star Danny DeVito, an American actor, suggested for the role by Simpsons executive producer Sam Simon.
Bart's voice actor, Nancy Cartwright, writes in her autobiography My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy that DeVito had to record his lines because he had another appointment, so the staff focused on recording only his scenes instead of the whole episode at once. Cartwright was a fan of DeVito's and recalls: "This morning, at the table read, I had just filled my plate with assorted fruits when Bonnie said to my backside,'Nancy, I want to introduce you to...' and I turned and knocked over Danny DeVito, all four feet, eleven inches of him. How embarrassing!" While recording the scenes, Cartwright stood directly across the room from DeVito, which she appreciated since she got to see him in action. She thought DeVito "threw his soul" into his performance. While the recording took part, animation director Archer scribbled down some of DeVito's attitudes and facial expressions on a piece of paper as he performed. In one scene of the episode, Herb tells Homer and the rest of the Simpson family to " yourselves at home.
We have a tennis court, a swimming pool, a screening room..." Cartwright said of it: This was written with Danny in mind as I have no doubt that he has the aforementioned amenities in r
The troops of the ballet of Saint Petersburg were created to the imperial theatres. In the course of their existence the troops worked in several theatrical buildings: the Home of opera at the edge of Neva, the Home of opera near the Summer Garden, the Theatre Free Russian or the theatre of Karl Knipper, the Hermitage Theatre, the Imperial theater in the Gatchina Palace, the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre, the Alexandrinsky Theatre. In 1870, the imperial ballet has moved to the Mariinsky Theatre, but the dancers participated in operas and dramas of other theatres of the imperial troupe. After the revolution of 1917, each of the imperial theatres gained autonomy, the ballet has started to be at the Mariinsky theatre. Dancers from the Mariinsky theatre's most; the Ballet masters of these troupes were
Reading United AC is an American soccer team based in Reading, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1995, the team plays in USL League Two, the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid; the club plays its home games at Gurski Stadium on the campus of Wilson High School. The club's colors are white, black and navy blue. United fielded a team in the Super-20 League, a league for players seventeen to twenty years of age under the United Soccer Leagues umbrella. Prior to the 2010 season, the team was known as the Reading Rage. On December 21, 2009, the Rage organization announced its agreement with Major League Soccer's Philadelphia Union to become their official minor league affiliate, re-branded as Reading United A. C. with immediate effect. Reading United is one of only three teams in USL League Two history to reach consecutive league finals - reaching in 2018 and 2019; the team has had a great deal of success promoting amateur players to the professional ranks, with over 130 former players having gone on to either play professionally, cap for their country in international play, or be drafted by an MLS team.
The Reading-American Soccer Club was established in the early 1900s under the name of Germania Soccer Club by a group of German immigrant soccer players and soccer enthusiasts. On April 26, 1926 Germania merged with the Reading Liederkranz, the Sport Club became the Sports Division of the Reading Liederkranz. Under the direction of Germania and Liederkranz members Werner Kraheck and Peter Weiss, the Reading Berks Junior Soccer League was born, providing a foundation for local youth soccer clubs to flourish; the Germania teams were the precursor to the now common “premier” teams. After the Germania program ended in the late 1970s/early 1980s, the premier teams became the Reading Berks Select program whereby each club could send several of their “top players” to participate in tournaments and training but return them to their club teams. After several iterations, the Reading Berks Select teams became known as Reading Berks United RBU, Berks Soccer Academy aka B. S. A. Rage. Many people in the greater Reading area are surprised to learn that the Reading United A.
C. is the 2nd longest tenured minor league team in the area. Berks Professional Sports introduced the Reading Rage minor league team 15 years ago with a squad that featured a great blend of local talent and “imported” stars; the Reading Rage would not have begun without the efforts of former Penn State All-American Archie Moylan. Archie was playing professional soccer and featured as a player and General Manager for the Philadelphia Freedom. Archie worked tirelessly to recruit staff. In 1996 his dream took the field. While a lot of the players and owners of the original team moved on, Archie's dream stayed alive; the Rage teams of the 90's did well, with Archie leading the team to the playoffs in their 2nd season, capturing a D3 Pro League Mid-Atlantic Division Crown in 1997. Archie Moylan continued to build the Rage brand, the team was rewarded for his management efforts by being named Franchise of the Year. In 1998 Archie further expanded his roles; the Rage teams of the 90's featured a lot of local talent including former Wilson H.
S. stars Ed Sep, Matt Wolf, Chris Arthur, Drew Kauffman. The team played at Fleetwood H. S. for two years prior to transitioning to Central Catholic Stadium in St. Lawrence, where they played for a number of years before moving to Albright College and at Exeter's Don Thomas Stadium. Tragically, Archie was diagnosed with cancer and died in 2000. In recognition of Archie's efforts and accomplishments, the United Soccer Leagues has established The Archie Moylan Award to honor a member of the USL family who has exhibited outstanding humanitarian qualities or overcome extraordinary adversity in hopes to give back to the soccer community through their actions and deeds. Past winners include executive Marcie Laumann with the Hampton Roads Piranhas, player Todd Elkins for the Southern California Seahorses, player, USL staff member, Stuart Bracher; each of these individuals has exemplified the ability to not only overcome adversity but transform it into an opportunity to effectuate positive change by serving as an inspiration to others.
This year's honoree was Betsy McAdams. McAdams died in June of brain cancer, she was an original employee of the Charleston Battery since its inception in 1993 and went on to serve in a number of roles including Director of Operations and Director of Finance & Business Administration. She was named Chief Operating Officer in May 2008. USL renamed the Key Grip Award to the Betsy McAdams award because she defined the behind the scenes employee. Due to the loss of Archie, a string of losing years, decreasing fan attendance, in 2004 the team transitioned from the Pro Soccer League to the growing PDL; the pro-am PDL allowed focus on younger players and less overhead and costs for franchise operations. After some internal shuffling and under the stewardship of owner and general manager Jerry Wojton, the team regained in strength, with Jerry landing seasoned English Club Crystal Palace's Academy Director Derek Broadley to coach the team in 2005. Derek brought his passion for player development and reignited local interest in the team and league with his attractive style of play and confidence in his coaching methodologies.
While Derek's team's hovered around.500, he returned the Rage teams to the winn