Djurgårdens IF Fotboll

Djurgårdens IF Fotbollsförening – known as Djurgårdens IF, Djurgården Fotboll, Djurgården, Djurgår'n, Dif or DIF – is the association football department of Djurgårdens IF. Founded 1891 on the island Djurgården, the club's home ground is Tele2 Arena, situated in the Johanneshov district of Stockholm. Competing in the highest Swedish tier, the club has won the league twelve times and the cup five times; the league titles have been won during three separate eras. The first period was the 1910s; the second era occurred in the 1950s and 60s, when Djurgården won the league four times. The most recent era was the first half of the 00s when they won both the league and the cup three times. Fans of the club, called djurgårdare, are found all over Sweden. However, Östermalm, where Djurgården's former home ground Stadion is situated, is by some considered the club's heartland. Djurgården is affiliated to the Stockholms Fotbollförbund. Djurgårdens IF was founded by John G. Jansson, on 12 March 1891 at a café in Alberget 4A in the island Djurgården.

Most of the founding members were young working class men. The club focused on winter sports and athletics; the first real football field in Stockholm was created in 1896. Djurgårdens IF's football department was formed in 1899, with the help of former GAIS player Teodor Andersson. Djurgården played their first match in July 1899, a 1–2 loss against AIK; the first real achievement was made in 1902 when the team finished second in the tournament Rosenska Pokalen. Just two years in 1904, the first Swedish Championship final of the club was played, ending in a defeat against Örgryte IS; the team finished second in three more finals before the first Championship victory came in 1912 after two draws in the final matches against Örgryte, a replay which Djurgården won. The club won three more Swedish Championships in the early years, in 1915 against Örgryte, 1917 against AIK and 1920 against IK Sleipner. However, DIF never managed to win Svenska Serien, the top Swedish league of the period, before the club's first great era ended.

Between 1911 and 1935, Tranebergs Idrottsplats was the homeground for Djurgården. For the 1912 Summer Olympics, Stockholms Stadion was built, it became Djurgården's permanent home arena in 1936. The club did not qualify for the first season of Allsvenskan, only reached that league twice between 1924 and 1944, being directly relegated back down to Division 2 both times; the club did play three seasons in the third highest league, Division 3, between 1929 and 1932. From 1944 on, the club became a stable Allsvenskan club. In 1951, the team became runners-up in Svenska Cupen after Malmö FF; the second great era took place in the 1950s and 1960s, winning Allsvenskan four times during the period. Djurgården's fifth Swedish championships, first Allsvenskan championship, was taken in the 1954–55 season under the lead of Frank Soo. In the 1955–56 season, Djurgården became the first Swedish team to enter the European Cup. Beating Gwardia Warszawa in the first round, Djurgården advanced to quarter finals against Scottish Hibernian that they lost by 1–4 over two matches.

In 1959, both the football team and Djurgårdens IF's hockey team won their respective Swedish Championships of Sweden's two most popular sports, a remarkable happening. The 1959 title was secured on Råsunda Stadium, in front of 48,894 people, marking a record attendance for Djurgården, with a team of Sven Tumba, Birger Eklund, Lars Broström, John Eriksson, Hans Karlsson, Gösta Sandberg, Olle Hellström, Stig Gustafsson, Arne Arvidsson, Hans Mild and Sigge Parling; the year after, in the 1960 season Djurgården finished 11th and was relegated to Division 2. The team only needed one year to return to Allsvenskan. In 1964 and 1966, Djurgården took its seventh and eight championships, with 1966 marking the end of the career of Gösta Sandberg. Sandberg played 322 league scored 77 goals. Gösta Sandberg is known as "Mr Djurgården" and was in 1991 named "Djurgårdare of the century". Sandberg played for the club's Bandy and Ice Hockey section, he died on his way home after attending the Tvillingderbyt in 2006.

It's during this era that the nickname "Järnkaminerna" was established, due to the club's physical playing style. The ideal of a strong and uncomprimising Djurgården player might be traced back to the club's working-class roots; the 1970s saw no greater successes. Gary Williams became the first foreign player in the team in the 1977 season; the 1980s was not a good decade for the club, being relegated from Allsvenskan in 1981, losing two promotion play-offs, before making a one-year visit in the highest league in 1986, although DIF returned two years and stayed in Allsvenskan for five consecutive seasons, but had no greater success except losing the Championship final in 1988. In 1987, Djurgårdens IF Fotboll presented a 12 million SEK deficit and transformed into an aktiebolag. Former England striker Teddy Sheringham had a brief spell at Djurgården early in his career, as a 19-year-old loanee in 1985; the 1990s saw Djurgården being relegated from Allsvenskan no less than three times, being promoted back two times.

During this decade, the club was close to bankruptcy. The 1995 season ended badly. In the middle


Gen Art is an arts and entertainment organization that showcases emerging fashion designers, filmmakers and visual artists. It has produced over 100 events annually, which included fashion shows, film premieres and screenings, live music and art receptions and tours. Gen Art's offices are located in New York City and Los Angeles and since 2014, the company has been headed up by Keri Ingvarsson and a small team of private investors. Previous offices have included San Francisco and Chicago. On February 21, 2011, Gen Art announced it would return with the 16th Annual Gen Art Film Festival in New York City. Gen Art has since announced its "Fresh Faces in Fashion Show" during New York Fashion Week 2011, which will feature the designers Ann Yee, ace & jig, Sunghee Bang, Jennifer Chun, William Okopo, Baron Wells, Collina Strada, Falconiere and Wool and the Gang. Gen Art began as a non-profit company, called Generational Arts Limited, by Ian Gerard, Stefan Gerard and Melissa Neumann in 1993. At the same time a for-profit production arm of Gen Art, Generational Art Productions was launched.

Ian was attending New York University Law School at the time. Ian knew that many emerging visual artists from his college experience and elsewhere had difficulty showcasing their talents in the art galleries of New York City, he noticed that there were a lot of young people with disposable income, who wanted to obtain art but could not afford to buy from the SoHo art galleries. The idea was to bring together these two groups together. Gen Art was launched from Ian's law school dorm room at New York University, using just a fax machine and a laptop. Ian's brother Stefan, who worked in publishing, Melissa Neumann, a 23-year-old analyst at Lehman Brothers, joined the organization. Early on an advisory board of artists, gallery owners and dealers was formed to help establish some credibility within the art community. A fundraiser showcasing four emerging artists was organised; this was a success, with 500 people attending and a write up in the New York Times styles section. The company expanded into fashion in 1995, on the advice of a young accessories designer who had attended one of the art exhibitions.

A one night fashion show for emerging fashion designers was held using excess gallery space. A year Gen Art hired a young film professional, Paul Gachot, to create and direct its first film festival. Around this time Gen Art began to expand, opening an office in Los Angeles in the summer of 1995 and San Francisco in 1996. Upon graduation in late 1994 Ian started work at a corporate law firm. Stefan became the day to day CEO of the Company. Stefan quit the company in 1997 and Ian left his law job to work full-time at Gen Art, becoming the CEO. In 1998 Adam Walden was made the company president. In the beginning of 2002 when a group of venture capitalists offered to invest in Gen Art, the bulk of the business was moved from the non-profit to the for-profit entity which took over all responsibilities for corporate sponsorship and production of Gen Art's programming. Gen Art was able to leverage new national partnerships with Heineken and Chrysler to take the company national and Gen Art launched new offices in Miami and Chicago, centralized the West Coast office oversight in New York.

From 2002 - 2009, Gen Art produced over 100 events in fashion, film and art showcasing over 1,000 emerging talent. Its Film Festival celebrated its 18th Anniversary in October 2013. In February 2011, Gen Art announced. Under this new umbrella, longtime Gen Art Senior Executives Elizabeth Shaffer and Jeffrey Abramson were named Co-Presidents; as of 2016, Gen Art is owned and operated by fashion executive Keri Ingvarsson and a team of private investors. Today, Gen Art is a leading arts and entertainment company dedicated to showcasing emerging fashion designers, filmmakers and visual artists. Gen Art produces high-profile events, ranging from an authentic film festival to massive star-studded fashion shows, live music performances, art exhibitions, multimedia events and much more. Over the years Gen Art has helped launch the careers of many influential designers, filmmakers and artists: Zac Posen, Jennifer Lawrence, Rooney Mara, Rebecca Taylor, Vena Cava, Mandy Moore, Adrian Grenier and Jason Reitman are just a few names on our roster.

Gen Art's programs offer creative conception, innovative design, eloquent brand activations, avant-garde content development and media exposure, all the while staying true to emerging talent. The GenArt Film Festival was founded in 1996 to showcase the work of emerging independent filmmakers; the festival's unique theme programming consists of just seven features and seven shorts and dons the tagline "7 Premieres. 7 Parties". Each night short is paired, with an after party following the screening. "Out of Reach" Directed by Cyrus Stowe & Tucker Capps "Emoticon" Directed by Livia De Paolis | "And After All" Directed By Julian Ungano "A Song Still Inside" Directed by Gregory Collins | "Joan's Day Out" Directed by Ellen Houlihan "The Warrior and the Savior" Directed by Salvatore Sorrentino | "Eden" Directed By Todd Cobery "The Discoverers" Directed By Justin Schwarz | "VARMiNT" Directed by Joel Knoernschild "The Bounceback" Directed by Bryan Poser | "Top Floor" Directed by Aaron David DeFazio "She Loves Me Not" Directed by Brian Jun & Jack Sanderson "Swim Little Fish Swim" Directed by Lola Bessis & Ruben Amar | "Young" Directed by Renee Felice Smith "The Motel Life" Directed By Alan & Gabe Polsky | "Zero Hour" Directed by Dan Carrillo Levy "Art Machine" Directed By Doug Karr Missed Connections Directed by Martin Snyder | Old Man Directed by Leah Shore P

Irene von Chavanne

Irene von Chavanne was an Austrian operatic contralto. Chavanne, born in Graz as a daughter of the retired Imperial-Royal Major Joseph Ludwig Edler von Chavanne from his second marriage in Graz on 5 July 1862 to Juliana Edlen von Krisch, was supposed to become a pianist, but her piano teacher Wilhelm Mayer discovered her vocal gifts and advised her to study singing. Thereupon she received her education, financed by Empress Elisabeth of Austria, at the Conservatory of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna with Johannes Ress, she studied in Paris with Désirée Artôt de Padilla and in Dresden with Adeline de Paschalis Souvestre. She made her debut in April 1885 at the Königliche Oper von Dresden, where she sang until the end of her career in 1915, she was named an honorary member of the opera. On 9 December 1905 she sang the role of Herodias in the world premiere of Salome by Richard Strauss. Other roles included Adriano, Fidès, Azucena and Dalila, she died in Dresden in 1938 at the age of 75.

Her grave is located in the Alter Katholischer Friedhof. Adolph Kohut: Das Dresdner Hoftheater in der Gegenwart. E. Pierson’s Verlag. Dresden & Leipzig 1888, p. 219 f.. Ludwig Eisenberg: Großes biographisches Lexikon der Deutschen Bühne im XIX. Jahrhundert. Paul List publisher, Leipzig 1903, p. 154. "Chavanne Irene von". In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950. Vol. 1, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1957, p. 142. Chavanne Irene von on Operissimo Irene von Chavanne on Forgotten Opera singers