The Dnieper other names is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the fourth-longest river in Europe; the total length is 2,200 km with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres. The river was an important barrier, dividing Ukraine into right and left banks. Nowadays, the river is noted for hydroelectric stations; the Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected via the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe. In antiquity, the river was part of the Amber Road; the name Dnieper may be derived either from Sarmatian Dānu apara "the river on the far side" or from Scythian Dānu apr "deep river." By way of contrast, the name Dniester either derives from "the close river" or from a combination of Scythian Dānu and Ister, the Thracian name for the Dniester. In the languages of the three countries it flows through it has the same name, albeit with different pronunciations: Russian: Днепр, tr.
Dnepr, IPA:. The late Greek and Roman authors called it Δάναπρις - Danapris and Danaper Old East Slavic name used at the time of Kievan Rus' was Slavuta or Slavutych The Huns called it Var, Bulgars - Buri-Chai, its former name in the Tatar language is Üze, from Kipchak Uzeu. The name in Crimean Tatar: Özü, hence Ochakiv In Romanian, it is called "Nipru"; the river is mentioned both by the Ancient Greek historian Herodotus in the 5th century BC as Borysthenes. The total length of the river is variously given as 2,145 kilometres or 2,201 km, of which 485 km are within Russia, 700 km are within Belarus, 1,095 km are within Ukraine, its basin covers 504,000 square kilometres, of which 289,000 km2 are within Ukraine, 118,360 km2 are within Belarus. The source of the Dnieper is the sedge bogs of the Valdai Hills in central Russia, at an elevation of 220 m. For 115 km of its length, it serves as the border between Ukraine, its estuary, or liman, used to be defended by the strong fortress of Ochakiv. On the Dnieper to the south of Komarin urban-type settlement, Braghin District, Gomel Region the southern extreme point of Belarus is situated.
The Dnieper has many tributaries with 89 being rivers of 100+ km. The main ones are, from its source to its mouth: Many small direct tributaries exist, such as, in the Kiev area, the Syrets in the north of the city, the significant Lybid passing west of the centre, the Borshahivka to the south; the water resources of the Dnieper basin compose around 80% out of all Ukraine. Dnieper Rapids were part of trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, first mentioned in the Kiev Chronicle; the route was established in the late eighth and early ninth centuries and gained significant importance from the tenth until the first third of the eleventh century. On the Dnieper the Varangians had to portage their ships round seven rapids, where they had to be on guard for Pecheneg nomads. Along this middle flow of the Dnieper, there were nine major rapids, obstructing the whole width of the river, about 30–40 smaller rapids, obstructing only part of the river, about 60 islands and islets. After Dnieper Hydroelectric Station was built in 1932, they were inundated by Dnieper Reservoir.
There are a number of canals connected to the Dnieper: The Dnieper–Donbas Canal. The river is part of the quagga mussel's native range; the mussel has been accidentally introduced around the world, where it has become an invasive species. From the mouth of the Prypiat River to the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Station, there are six sets of dams and hydroelectric stations, which produce 10% of Ukraine's electricity; the first constructed was the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station near Zaporizhia, built between 1927 and 1932 with an output of 558 MW. It was destroyed during World War II, but was rebuilt in 1948 with an output of 750 MW; the Dnieper River in different regions Major cities, over 100,000 in population, are in bold script. Cities and towns located on the Dnieper are listed in order from the river's source to its mouth: Arheimar, a capital of the Goths, was located on the Dnieper, according to the Hervarar saga. 2,000 km of the river is navigational. The Dnieper is important for the transport and economy of Ukraine: its reservoirs have large ship locks, allowing vessels of up to 270 by 18 metres to access as far as the port of Kiev and thus create an important transport corridor.
The river is used by passenger vessels as well. Inland cruises on the rivers Danube and Dnieper have been a growing market in recent decades. Upstream from Kiev, the Dnieper receives the water of the Pripyat River; this navig
Boobs on Bikes is a annual parade of topless men and women riding on motorcycles through large New Zealand cities. It is organised by pornographer Steve Crow, started in Auckland in 2003 after two local women were arrested for baring their breasts in a public protest. Crow considered this to be a breach of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex and Crow argued that if it is legal in New Zealand for a male to bare his breast in public, the same must apply to women. Several legal attempts to stop the parade, most notably by Auckland City Council, have failed in court and the parade has been ruled legal under New Zealand legislation. Crow has run his Boobs on Bikes parade a number of times since 2003; the event precedes Crow's Erotica Expo, or as it is more known, Erotica Lifestyles Expo, an adults-only adult lifestyles exhibition. International porn stars who travel to New Zealand for the expo are part of Boobs on Bikes. In 2006, the parade much smaller and less known, made headlines in Auckland, when Steve Crow asked for permission from the city council, granted.
Strong political opposition materialized from parts of the public and some politicians, including mayor Dick Hubbard and most of the Auckland City Councillors. Legal experts, concluded that the parade could not be denied by current laws; the organizers had technically asked only for assistance with traffic control for the parade and declared themselves determined to go ahead in the face of opposition. The acrimonious debate about the parade ensured that when the parade took place several weeks Queen Street was packed with spectators. Rough counts estimate around one hundred thousand people, of which about one fifth were reported to be female; the 2006 parade contained about fifteen to twenty female pornstars on 26 bikes and two decommissioned army tanks. The 2007 Christchurch "Boobs on Bikes" parade was held on 2 March; this parade received less national media attention than the Auckland parade the year before, as unlike in Auckland, there was no attempt by city councillors to prevent it. However, Christchurch City Council did release a press statement stating that they had "not approved or received an application to hold the proposed'Boobs on Bikes' parade on Friday, 2 March, from Erotica event organisers."
The press release stated that the council must be consulted for any procession that will interfere with traffic, or may require crowd management. Erotica Lifestyle Expo organiser Steve Crow has brushed this off, saying that it is a promotion, not a parade, all rules of the road will be observed. City council and organizers of the event say. Council transport and streets manager Michael Aitken told NZPA that the "standard of dress of participants is not a matter that the Council can control." Police inspector Gary Knowles commented. We have taken legal advice and unless there is a breach of the peace, we cannot intervene." In March 2010, the Protect Our Youth Association began soliciting signatures for a petition against the parade, the petition effort was abandoned after Whanganui Mayor Michael Laws stated to P. O. Y. A. Representative Holly Dahya that he would ignore any petitions against the parade, rejected any alternative recourse to council. Laws rejected Wanganui City Councillor Allan Anderson's attempts to open discussion on the issue within Council itself, recognising that repeated attempts by Auckland City Council to prevent the event had failed.
Crow angered Palmerston North RSA members when he announced his parades in Palmerston North and Levin would take place over ANZAC weekend, with the Erotica Lifestyle Expo in Palmerston North scheduled for ANZAC day itself. In response to critics, Crow stated that it was an'unfortunate clash of date' outside his control as that weekend was the only weekend available for the use of the venue. National Cleavage Day
Megan Phelps-Roper is a former member and former official spokesperson of the Westboro Baptist Church, a group noted for the extreme nature of the homophobia and antisemitism propounded in its doctrines and campaigns. Megan has, since become one of the church's most cited and vocal critics, her mother is WBC spokesperson Shirley Phelps-Roper, whose father was the church's founder Fred Phelps. Megan Phelps-Roper, upon a change in her beliefs, left the church in November 2012. Following her exit from the Westboro Baptist Church, she became a prominent critic of the church and its philosophy and practices, now lobbies to overcome divisions and hatred between religious and political divides, combats extremism. Phelps-Roper was born in Topeka and raised in the controversial Westboro Baptist Church with her mother, Shirley Phelps-Roper and siblings, she began participating in the church's extreme and controversial protests against homosexuality, with her family and their congregation, when she was 5 years old, before she could read the signs she carried She reported that the church's strict and intolerant beliefs and values were driven deep into her mind because "as a child, it is physically beaten into you."
As she matured, Phelps-Roper became the church's official spokesperson on Twitter -- criticizing homosexuality and public tolerance of it. She graduated from Washburn University, worked for her family's law firm after graduating. During her time still with the church, she would make appearances on the Howard Stern show with her family. In online discussions with others on Twitter, she targeted Jews, became embroiled in philosophical and scriptural debates with several of them, leading her to question her church's doctrine and practices, she has ascribed her disenchantment with the church's doctrines to interaction with other people on Twitter. In November 2012, with her sister Grace, she withdrew from the congregation, publishing an open letter explaining their reasons for leaving. Phelps-Roper has stated. Phelps-Roper married Chad Fjelland on August 15, 2016. In January 2017 she presented a TED talk discussing her experiences being brought up within the WBC and her journey towards the decision to leave.
In June 2017, she appeared on The Joe Rogan Experience podcast. Phelps-Roper is no longer a practicing Christian, remarking on Twitter, "Jesus had some lovely ideas—but others that aren’t so helpful. I don’t reject the good because of the bad, or accept the bad because of the good." She said she lost her faith: "Ultimately, it was looking at the texts themselves. I just don’t believe they’re divine."In October 2019, Phelps-Roper released a book detailing her upbringing in the Westboro Baptist Church and her decision to leave her community and family behind, called Unfollow: A Journey from Hatred to Hope, leaving the Westboro Baptist Church. Nathan Phelps Lauren Drain List of people from Topeka, Kansas Megan Phelps on Twitter Publisher's webpage for Unfollow: A Journey from Hatred to Hope, leaving the Westboro Baptist Church