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Doc Savage

Doc Savage is a fictional character published in American pulp magazines during the 1930s and 1940s. He was created by publisher Henry W. Ralston and editor John L. Nanovic at Street & Smith Publications, with additional material contributed by the series' main writer, Lester Dent; the illustrations were by Walter Baumhofer, Paul Orban, Emery Clarke, Modest Stein, Robert G. Harris; the heroic-adventure character would go on to appear in other media, including radio and comic books, with his adventures reprinted for modern-day audiences in a series of paperback books, which had sold over 20 million copies by 1979. Into the 21st century, Doc Savage has remained a nostalgic icon in the U. S. referenced in popular culture. Longtime Marvel Comics editor Stan Lee credited Doc Savage as being the forerunner to modern superheroes; the Doc Savage Magazine was printed by Street & Smith from March 1933 to the Summer of 1949 to capitalize on the success of The Shadow magazine and followed by the original Avenger in September 1939.

In all, 181 issues were published in alternative titles. Doc Savage became known to more contemporary readers when Bantam Books began reprinting the individual magazine novels in 1964, this time with covers by artist James Bama that featured a bronze-haired, bronze-skinned Doc Savage with an exaggerated widows' peak wearing a torn khaki shirt and under the by-line "Kenneth Robeson"; the stories were not reprinted in chronological order as published, though they did begin with the first adventure, The Man of Bronze. By 1967, Bantam was publishing once a month until 1990, when all 181 original stories had run their course. Author Will Murray produced seven more Doc Savage novels for Bantam Books from Lester Dent's original outlines. Bantam published a novel by Philip José Farmer, Escape From Loki, which told the story of how in World War I Doc met the men who would become his five comrades. Clark Savage, Jr. first appeared in March 1933 in the first issue of Doc Savage Magazine. Because of the success of the Shadow, who had his own pulp magazine, the publishers Street & Smith launched this pulp title.

Unlike the Shadow, Clark Savage, "Doc" to his friends, had no special powers, but was raised from birth by his father and other scientists to become one of the most perfect human beings in terms of strength and physical abilities. Doc Savage set up base on the 86th floor of a world-famous New York skyscraper. Doc Savage fights against evil with the assistance of the "Fabulous Five". Doc Savage has appeared in comics and a movie, on radio, as a character in numerous other works, continues to inspire authors and artists in the realm of fantastic adventure. Doc Savage Magazine was created by Street & Smith Publications executive Henry Ralston and editor John Nanovic to capitalize on the success of Street and Smith's pulp character, The Shadow. Ralston and Nanovic wrote a short premise establishing the broad outlines of the character they envisioned, but Doc Savage was only realized by the author chosen to write the series, Lester Dent. Dent wrote most of the 181 original novels, hidden behind the "house name" of Kenneth Robeson.

One Lester Dent biographer hypothesizes that one inspiration for Doc Savage may have been the American military officer and author Richard Henry Savage, who wrote more than 40 books of adventure and mystery stories and lived a dashing and daring life. The character first appeared on screen in Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze, it was announced on May 30, 2016, that Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson will be playing Clark "Doc" Savage, being billed as the "World's First Superhero", the film will be directed by Shane Black with a script written by Anthony Bagarozzi and Chuck Mondry. Doc Savage's real name is Jr.. He is a physician, adventurer, inventor, researcher, and, as revealed in The Polar Treasure, a musician. A team of scientists assembled by his father deliberately trained his mind and body to near-superhuman abilities from birth, giving him great strength and endurance, a photographic memory, a mastery of the martial arts, vast knowledge of the sciences. Doc is a master of disguise and an excellent imitator of voices.

"He rights wrongs and punishes evildoers." Dent described the hero as a mix of Sherlock Holmes' deductive abilities, Tarzan's outstanding physical abilities, Craig Kennedy's scientific education, Abraham Lincoln's goodness. He described Doc Savage as manifesting "Christliness." Doc's character and world-view is displayed in his oath, which goes as follows: By the third story, Doc has a reputation as a "superman". Savage is accompanied on his adventures by up to five other regular characters, all accomplished individuals in their own right. Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Blodgett "Monk" Mayfair, an industrial chemist. Monk got his nickname from his simian build, notably his long arms, his covering of red hair, he is in a constant state of "friendly feuding" with "Ham" Brooks. This began when his friend taught him some French words to say to an officer and Monk repeated them, not knowing they were a string of insults; the result was a lengthy stay in the guardhouse. Brigadier General Theodore Marley "Ham" Brooks, an accomplished attorney.

Ham is considered one of the best-dressed men in the world

Laura Z. Hobson

Laura Zametkin Hobson was an American writer, best known for her novels Gentleman's Agreement and Consenting Adult. Laura Kean Zametkin was born on June 1900 in Manhattan, New York City. Raised in Jamaica, she was the twin daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants Mikhail Zametkin and Adella Kean Zametkin, both of whom were Socialists. Michael Zametkin was a labor organizer as well as co-founder of The Jewish Daily Forward. After graduating from Cornell University in 1921, Laura Zametkin held various jobs, including stints as an advertising copywriter and as a reporter for the New York Post. In 1934, she joined the promotional staff of Luce Publications becoming the first female director of promotion for Time. Hobson was, in the first woman hired at Time in a non-secretarial capacity. In 1932, Hobson's fiction appeared in print for the first time, when The New Yorker published "The Perfect Man" under the by-line "Laura Mount." Three years she sold her first full-length story, "Hands Down," to Collier's.

She signed the story with Laura Z. Hobson, it was the beginning of a prolific career: over the next fifty years, Hobson would publish hundreds of stories and articles. After 1940, Hobson devoted herself to writing. In 1941, she was offered $5,000.00 to write a novel. Although she had never considered writing a novel, she accepted the offer; the resulting book, The Trespassers, was the story of European refugees who are turned away from the United States during World War II, was inspired by Hobson's own successful efforts during the war to obtain visas for a prominent European family. The book was published in 1943. After being serialized in Cosmopolitan, Hobson's second novel, Gentleman's Agreement, was published by Simon & Schuster on February 27, 1947; this story of a magazine writer who decides to research antisemitism by posing as a Jew was a worldwide success, translated into thirteen languages. On April 27, 1947, it reached number one on the New York Times best seller list, where it would remain for fourteen weeks.

The Jewish Book Council named Gentleman's Agreement the best Jewish novel of the year, but Hobson declined the award, which she regretted. The genesis of the novel was an article Hobson had read in the February 14, 1944 issue of Time magazine, which reported that John E. Rankin, Democratic congressman from Mississippi, while addressing the House of Representatives, had referred to newspaper columnist Walter Winchell as "the little kike." According to Time, Rankin was not condemned by his colleagues, but was enthusiastically applauded at the end of his speech. Hobson was shocked, not only by the response of the House as well, she began to wonder: "How antisemitic was this country, this America, these United States? Not just among the outright bigots like Congressman Rankin... but other people, people who'd never call anybody a kike, people who said they loathed prejudice?"The film adaptation of Gentleman's Agreement was released on November 11, 1947. Directed by Elia Kazan for 20th Century Fox, from a screenplay by Moss Hart, the movie starred Gregory Peck, Dorothy McGuire, John Garfield, a young Dean Stockwell.

It was nominated for eight Academy Awards, won three, including Best Motion Picture of 1947. The movie was a huge success commercially, grossing $7.8 million, making it the eighth most popular film of 1948. Hobson's third novel, The Other Father, the story of a father-daughter relationship, was published in 1950, was followed by The Celebrity, a satire of literary fame, in 1951. Both books were "experiments", moderate best sellers, but Hobson herself came to see them as something less than "major" works. Despite Hobson's feelings, both novels were cited by The New York Times as one of the "outstanding books" of their respective years. After beginning her fifth novel, to be a fictionalized account of her "radical childhood," Hobson became "blocked." Putting the manuscript aside, she returned to her career in promotion. In 1953, she began writing a daily newspaper column for the International News Service, entitled "Assignment America." During this decade she began to edit the double-crostic word puzzles for the Saturday Review, would continue to do so for nearly thirty years.

In 1959, she returned to her abandoned novel, published by Random House in 1964 as First Papers. Considered by many to be her finest novel, First Papers was praised; the Tenth Month, the autobiographical story of a divorced woman of forty who discovers she is pregnant, was published in 1971, filmed for television in 1979 with Carol Burnett. Hobson's next novel was the well-received Consenting Adult, about parents who learn that their son is homosexual, based on her experience with her own son, Christopher, it was followed by the neglected Over and Above, which explored concepts of Jewish identity in the story of three generations of women. Following publication of Untold Millions, Hobson wrote two acclaimed volumes of autobiography: Laura Z: A Life, which concludes with the publication of Gentleman'

Jorge Vinatea Reinoso

Jorge Segundo Vinatea Reinoso, or Reynoso was a Peruvian painter and caricaturist. His art falls within the indigenismo category, although he was not part of the movement led by José Sabogal, he was the eighth child of a poor family, but he was able to study at the "Colegio Nacional de la Independencia Americana", a government school created by order of Simón Bolívar. His talent for art had manifested itself at an early age, when he made watercolor landscapes of the area around his home, his first exhibition was held when he was only seventeen, in the photography studio of Max T. Vargas, father of Alberto Vargas; the following year, he went to Lima, where he found employment drawing caricatures and cartoons for the weekly cultural and literary magazine Sudamérica, whose contributors included José Carlos Mariátegui, César Vallejo and Abraham Valdelomar. That same year, he enrolled at the Escuela Nacional Superior Autónoma de Bellas Artes, where he studied with Daniel Hernández Morillo, a rigorous teacher in the Academic style who had spent most of his life in Europe.

He studied with the Spanish sculptor, Manuel Piqueras Cotolí. In the following years, he worked as an illustrator for the magazines Variedades. In 1922, his comic strip, Travesuras de Serrucho y Volatín, was one of the first in Peru to use speech balloons. In 1924, he joined the faculty at the Escuela. Two years he held a major exhibition and his works received critical praise. Together with his friend, Alejandro González Trujillo, he travelled to Puno and other parts of southern Peru, where he created some of his best known indigenista paintings. Intensely concentrated on his work, he ignored his health and died of tuberculosis, aged only thirty-one. Luis Enrique Tord Romero, Jorge Vinatea Reinoso, Banco del Sur del Perú, 1992 Luis Eduardo Wuffarden, Vinatea Reinoso: 1900-1931, Telefónica del Perú, 1997 "Jorge Vinatea Reinoso", series: Maestros de la pintura peruana, Punto y Coma, 2010 ISBN 612-300-026-8 Drawings by Vinatea Reinoso @ the Museo de Arte de Lima